The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Party Identification 3-Point Scale (revised in 2008) 1952-2008
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Democrat (incl leaners)'


  % OF GROUP: '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Males 60 61 55 59 54 58 61 55 54 54 48 50 50 52 49 50 45 47 43 50 45 41 45 49 46 47 45 47
Females 59 56 49 58 52 54 62 56 58 54 53 53 52 55 55 59 50 53 50 53 54 53 58 53 53 51 53 55
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Whites 58 57 51 57 52 55 59 53 52 51 48 49 46 50 48 50 43 44 39 47 45 42 47 45 44 43 42 43
Blacks 76 69 68 70 59 74 86 74 94 85 75 82 85 82 81 90 76 85 81 78 77 81 78 84 83 85 82 85
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 64 63 52 60 55 64 71 60 69 61 55 56 61 65 62 70 53 67 56 63 64 60 67 67 59 57 56 65
High School Diploma 59 59 54 60 57 56 63 57 57 55 52 54 53 55 52 57 49 50 49 53 53 51 53 52 54 53 49 54
Some College, no Degree 49 49 49 61 38 46 52 50 46 48 50 45 47 50 51 51 45 47 43 46 46 47 51 49 48 50 47 49
College Degree/ Post-grad 44 41 44 40 42 48 48 42 40 46 43 47 41 45 47 48 44 48 42 49 45 37 46 48 44 42 51 49
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Income 0-16 Percentile 64 64 55 54 51 55 67 56 65 61 57 54 59 58 60 66 56 60 56 57 55 61 63 53 62 ** 54 63
Income 17-33 Percentile 61 58 57 63 56 53 66 61 56 57 53 58 60 58 62 63 55 54 53 58 57 60 61 61 53 ** 54 62
Income 34-67 Percentile 61 59 53 63 55 58 66 56 55 56 53 55 54 55 50 58 48 51 46 50 52 45 52 52 47 ** 50 50
Income 68-95 Percentile 58 59 51 57 54 54 55 56 53 52 48 46 45 50 48 49 43 44 42 51 44 37 40 47 50 ** 46 43
Income 96-100 Percentile 30 32 37 32 24 39 44 42 41 37 34 29 23 46 32 35 29 35 19 24 30 27 41 37 36 ** 46 28
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Professionals 52 ** 45 51 45 ** 49 ** 44 45 45 54 44 49 47 47 46 47 43 51 47 41 47 49 46 ** 56 **
White Collar 56 ** 51 62 50 ** 60 ** 51 52 53 52 52 54 51 50 43 46 45 51 50 48 50 47 51 ** 43 **
Blue Collar 67 ** 58 65 62 ** 70 ** 63 60 55 54 58 60 57 62 54 56 52 54 55 51 57 59 55 ** 49 **
Unskilled 71 ** 68 74 53 ** 86 ** 81 88 58 51 51 57 56 66 53 62 48 61 46 52 52 53 50 ** 55 **
Farmers 59 ** 57 54 40 ** 63 ** 54 68 49 38 48 53 47 48 32 48 36 51 35 32 49 27 51 ** 46 **
Housewives 56 ** 47 54 52 ** 60 ** 57 53 50 47 47 48 51 61 44 44 47 49 49 45 42 43 49 ** 41 **
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Union Households 67 69 60 71 66 ** 77 66 63 65 58 60 61 63 58 63 57 58 55 65 61 61 62 59 61 59 59 60
Non-Union Households 56 54 49 54 48 ** 57 51 54 51 49 49 48 50 50 53 45 48 45 49 48 44 50 50 48 47 48 50
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
South 83 ** 71 72 63 64 74 64 68 58 58 57 59 57 57 61 52 57 55 56 51 50 52 48 46 49 49 45
Nonsouth 53 ** 46 54 50 53 58 53 52 53 49 50 49 52 50 53 46 47 43 50 49 46 52 53 52 50 50 56
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 56
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 31 40 55 39 51 62 61 49
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 40 50 47 45 42 43 43 45 46 50 48 45 39 46 52
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** ** ** ** 67 52 55 53 51 54 51 53 50 55 45 50 45 55 50 46 51 51 51 53 44 45
Born 1927-1942 64 57 54 62 56 57 64 58 58 55 50 49 49 54 48 57 53 52 52 52 52 48 53 62 50 50 50 63
Born 1911-1926 64 63 55 62 55 59 62 56 55 57 54 52 54 56 59 59 51 60 51 58 56 55 58 55 64 62 58 **
Born 1895-1910 58 55 48 57 50 55 62 51 56 52 52 52 54 54 56 54 44 48 47 66 54 41 46 48 59 8 ** **
Born before 1895 52 51 47 47 47 47 49 56 56 49 41 52 39 58 42 29 25 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 70 72 75 74 77 80 73 74 73 75 77 83 84 80 78 81 86 88
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 53 53 51 57 57 62 52 53 50 53 50 54 58 55 52 56 58 53
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 34 33 31 32 33 32 25 30 27 34 27 21 25 27 26 23 19 19

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 2A.2.1
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 05AUG10)