The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

How to Use                                                                                            List of Tables



Important Difference in What Democratic and Republican Parties Stand For 1952-2008
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'No Difference'


  % OF GROUP: '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Males 41 ** ** ** 44 ** 39 52 40 ** 46 ** 42 ** 33 ** 28 46 30 45 31 40 34 41 31 ** 22 22
Females 41 ** ** ** 43 ** 48 59 46 ** 42 ** 43 ** 34 ** 31 41 38 51 38 45 36 41 35 ** 17 20
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Whites 41 ** ** ** 44 ** 44 56 46 ** 46 ** 45 ** 35 ** 29 45 36 49 35 41 33 39 32 ** 17 20
Blacks 40 ** ** ** 35 ** 47 54 22 ** 22 ** 25 ** 26 ** 24 41 32 41 34 51 36 41 40 ** 30 26
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 45 ** ** ** 44 ** 59 65 49 ** 41 ** 39 ** 27 ** 32 38 46 52 46 51 73 62 48 ** 39 37
High School Diploma 40 ** ** ** 44 ** 43 57 46 ** 47 ** 47 ** 41 ** 36 51 42 55 43 52 43 51 45 ** 26 28
Some College, no Degree 32 ** ** ** 46 ** 34 41 41 ** 40 ** 42 ** 30 ** 24 44 27 45 32 36 25 36 28 ** 18 19
College Degree/ Post-grad 41 ** ** ** 38 ** 28 42 29 ** 39 ** 33 ** 20 ** 18 29 21 31 18 25 22 24 17 ** 9 11
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Income 0-16 Percentile 37 ** ** ** 45 ** 51 62 51 ** 37 ** 39 ** 33 ** 35 44 41 51 42 54 50 46 51 ** 29 29
Income 17-33 Percentile 47 ** ** ** 45 ** 46 54 49 ** 45 ** 38 ** 33 ** 32 44 44 56 37 43 37 45 41 ** 23 27
Income 34-67 Percentile 43 ** ** ** 43 ** 44 55 41 ** 47 ** 45 ** 34 ** 30 48 28 46 38 40 37 48 33 ** 20 19
Income 68-95 Percentile 42 ** ** ** 43 ** 38 55 39 ** 42 ** 45 ** 35 ** 22 42 33 42 28 38 27 33 18 ** 10 14
Income 96-100 Percentile 27 ** ** ** 37 ** 39 49 37 ** 48 ** 38 ** 19 ** 29 31 27 41 17 22 17 25 18 ** 10 16
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Professionals 40 ** ** ** 47 ** 35 ** 35 ** 45 ** 39 ** 26 ** 23 38 25 34 25 31 24 31 22 ** 13 **
White Collar 43 ** ** ** 44 ** 39 ** 43 ** 46 ** 43 ** 34 ** 25 45 35 53 33 41 35 37 35 ** 17 **
Blue Collar 38 ** ** ** 47 ** 45 ** 44 ** 44 ** 44 ** 38 ** 32 48 38 53 40 49 45 55 42 ** 26 **
Unskilled 40 ** ** ** 59 ** 38 ** 45 ** 44 ** 58 ** 23 ** 38 23 43 53 37 47 46 72 56 ** 45 **
Farmers 48 ** ** ** 36 ** 60 ** 47 ** 48 ** 46 ** 48 ** 39 69 47 57 49 38 56 64 46 ** 25 **
Housewives 42 ** ** ** 38 ** 51 ** 50 ** 42 ** 40 ** 34 ** 37 41 41 51 40 51 35 42 30 ** 16 **
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Union Households 41 ** ** ** 40 ** 38 53 44 ** 41 ** 43 ** 35 ** 29 46 32 45 31 45 36 39 24 ** 16 18
Non-Union Households 42 ** ** ** 44 ** 46 57 44 ** 44 ** 42 ** 33 ** 30 43 35 49 36 42 34 42 35 ** 20 21
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
South 39 ** ** ** 47 ** 48 62 48 ** 41 ** 37 ** 32 ** 29 40 40 50 38 48 37 44 37 ** 26 20
Nonsouth 42 ** ** ** 42 ** 43 54 42 ** 45 ** 44 ** 34 ** 30 45 32 47 34 40 33 40 31 ** 17 21
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 21
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 38 46 25 48 44 ** 23 21
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 34 ** 36 48 37 50 38 43 39 44 30 ** 14 21
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** ** ** ** 43 41 53 ** 45 ** 44 ** 35 ** 29 41 30 46 29 39 30 37 29 ** 18 21
Born 1927-1942 32 ** ** ** 39 ** 46 58 43 ** 46 ** 45 ** 31 ** 29 46 36 52 35 40 37 43 34 ** 24 21
Born 1911-1926 44 ** ** ** 43 ** 42 56 40 ** 44 ** 40 ** 35 ** 24 40 39 43 40 50 36 36 38 ** 28 **
Born 1895-1910 42 ** ** ** 45 ** 42 54 43 ** 39 ** 37 ** 30 ** 41 46 39 57 32 48 65 57 31 ** ** **
Born before 1895 39 ** ** ** 48 ** 50 64 54 ** 32 ** 46 ** 40 ** 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Democrats (incl leaners) 41 ** ** ** 40 ** 44 57 41 ** 40 ** 35 ** 34 ** 27 40 33 43 31 46 37 35 33 ** 23 18
Independents 56 ** ** ** 53 ** 63 74 60 ** 56 ** 64 ** 52 ** 45 59 61 67 56 63 50 70 48 ** 34 47
Republicans (incl leaners) 41 ** ** ** 46 ** 38 46 42 ** 44 ** 44 ** 26 ** 28 43 29 49 34 33 27 40 28 ** 13 16
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 36 ** 32 ** 27 ** 26 35 26 32 25 32 24 27 20 ** 14 12
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 47 ** 49 ** 38 ** 31 49 36 53 37 51 41 41 37 ** 24 27
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 42 ** 40 ** 24 ** 19 41 25 42 27 29 24 33 19 ** 13 12

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 2B.4.1
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 05AUG10)