The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

How to Use                                                                                            List of Tables



Important Difference in What Democratic and Republican Parties Stand For 1952-2008
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Yes, a Difference'


  % OF GROUP: '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Males 54 ** ** ** 53 ** 61 46 57 ** 48 ** 53 ** 62 ** 68 48 66 51 66 53 65 58 67 ** 75 78
Females 46 ** ** ** 48 ** 51 36 48 ** 45 ** 43 ** 55 ** 58 48 55 41 55 48 62 55 62 ** 76 78
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Whites 51 ** ** ** 51 ** 55 40 50 ** 44 ** 45 ** 58 ** 64 47 59 45 61 53 66 59 66 ** 79 79
Blacks 43 ** ** ** 50 ** 53 41 74 ** 63 ** 63 ** 61 ** 65 49 60 54 58 41 62 55 56 ** 65 72
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 43 ** ** ** 45 ** 40 31 45 ** 40 ** 42 ** 54 ** 51 43 41 40 45 32 20 34 37 ** 43 55
High School Diploma 53 ** ** ** 50 ** 56 38 49 ** 42 ** 42 ** 48 ** 55 39 50 38 49 39 55 45 52 ** 67 70
Some College, no Degree 62 ** ** ** 54 ** 66 57 57 ** 56 ** 53 ** 66 ** 71 51 70 51 65 57 75 62 71 ** 79 80
College Degree/ Post-grad 58 ** ** ** 60 ** 71 54 69 ** 58 ** 64 ** 79 ** 78 69 77 66 81 72 77 75 82 ** 91 88
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Income 0-16 Percentile 44 ** ** ** 40 ** 48 33 44 ** 46 ** 43 ** 51 ** 53 42 48 37 50 36 49 49 44 ** 63 67
Income 17-33 Percentile 45 ** ** ** 46 ** 53 37 46 ** 43 ** 49 ** 57 ** 56 42 51 41 56 48 59 53 58 ** 73 72
Income 34-67 Percentile 50 ** ** ** 52 ** 56 41 54 ** 42 ** 46 ** 59 ** 64 46 66 47 58 53 61 50 64 ** 75 79
Income 68-95 Percentile 54 ** ** ** 54 ** 61 44 59 ** 53 ** 50 ** 60 ** 73 55 64 53 69 56 73 65 81 ** 87 86
Income 96-100 Percentile 68 ** ** ** 63 ** 61 45 62 ** 52 ** 57 ** 79 ** 69 67 70 54 81 75 83 74 81 ** 90 84
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Professionals 58 ** ** ** 53 ** 65 ** 63 ** 52 ** 57 ** 72 ** 74 59 72 62 72 64 76 68 77 ** 86 **
White Collar 52 ** ** ** 52 ** 60 ** 54 ** 45 ** 47 ** 58 ** 66 46 60 40 62 52 65 60 63 ** 77 **
Blue Collar 56 ** ** ** 50 ** 55 ** 51 ** 45 ** 46 ** 53 ** 58 41 54 40 55 42 53 43 56 ** 67 **
Unskilled 46 ** ** ** 38 ** 63 ** 50 ** 50 ** 37 ** 65 ** 62 54 55 44 58 44 54 28 38 ** 55 **
Farmers 43 ** ** ** 52 ** 40 ** 45 ** 35 ** 37 ** 45 ** 45 25 53 34 43 48 44 36 50 ** 76 **
Housewives 45 ** ** ** 49 ** 48 ** 44 ** 42 ** 41 ** 49 ** 52 50 52 41 49 43 62 50 67 ** 79 **
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Union Households 52 ** ** ** 54 ** 62 44 52 ** 48 ** 49 ** 59 ** 64 50 62 53 66 50 63 59 73 ** 78 81
Non-Union Households 49 ** ** ** 49 ** 53 39 52 ** 46 ** 47 ** 58 ** 62 47 59 44 59 50 64 56 63 ** 75 77
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
South 45 ** ** ** 41 ** 52 35 47 ** 47 ** 46 ** 56 ** 59 48 54 42 55 44 60 52 60 ** 69 78
Nonsouth 51 ** ** ** 54 ** 56 42 54 ** 46 ** 48 ** 59 ** 64 48 62 47 62 53 66 58 66 ** 79 77
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 78
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 54 46 67 50 54 ** 70 78
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 52 ** 51 42 56 41 56 49 60 55 68 ** 83 77
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** ** ** ** 57 53 42 ** 44 ** 47 ** 57 ** 66 51 65 49 67 55 69 59 68 ** 77 77
Born 1927-1942 54 ** ** ** 51 ** 53 37 52 ** 47 ** 46 ** 63 ** 64 50 61 44 60 52 60 54 63 ** 72 72
Born 1911-1926 47 ** ** ** 52 ** 58 41 56 ** 48 ** 51 ** 57 ** 66 48 57 50 54 42 63 61 59 ** 65 **
Born 1895-1910 51 ** ** ** 50 ** 56 42 55 ** 45 ** 45 ** 58 ** 51 39 44 43 59 40 35 43 43 ** ** **
Born before 1895 51 ** ** ** 46 ** 50 31 41 ** 45 ** 45 ** 40 ** 100 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Democrats (incl leaners) 52 ** ** ** 54 ** 56 39 55 ** 49 ** 54 ** 58 ** 67 53 62 53 65 47 62 63 64 ** 73 81
Independents 35 ** ** ** 36 ** 37 20 35 ** 29 ** 22 ** 33 ** 40 22 26 16 34 27 46 22 45 ** 54 48
Republicans (incl leaners) 52 ** ** ** 50 ** 60 50 54 ** 49 ** 49 ** 69 ** 65 51 66 45 62 61 71 59 71 ** 84 83
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 61 ** 65 ** 67 ** 70 62 69 64 72 65 75 71 80 ** 82 87
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 44 ** 44 ** 58 ** 63 44 59 42 59 42 57 57 63 ** 75 72
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 51 ** 55 ** 74 ** 76 54 71 56 70 67 76 65 80 ** 85 87

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 2B.4.2
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 05AUG10)