The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Important Difference in What Democratic and Republican Parties Stand For 1952-2008
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'DK'


  % OF GROUP: '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Males 5 ** ** ** 2 ** 0 2 3 ** 6 ** 5 ** 5 ** 4 6 4 4 3 7 1 1 2 ** 3 0
Females 12 ** ** ** 9 ** 1 6 6 ** 14 ** 14 ** 11 ** 11 11 7 9 7 8 2 4 3 ** 6 3
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Whites 8 ** ** ** 5 ** 1 4 4 ** 10 ** 10 ** 7 ** 7 8 5 6 4 6 1 2 2 ** 4 1
Blacks 17 ** ** ** 15 ** 0 4 4 ** 15 ** 12 ** 13 ** 11 10 8 6 8 8 2 4 4 ** 5 2
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 12 ** ** ** 11 ** 1 4 6 ** 19 ** 19 ** 19 ** 17 20 13 9 9 17 7 4 15 ** 19 8
High School Diploma 7 ** ** ** 6 ** 1 5 5 ** 11 ** 12 ** 10 ** 9 10 7 8 8 8 2 4 3 ** 7 3
Some College, no Degree 6 ** ** ** 0 ** 1 2 2 ** 4 ** 5 ** 4 ** 5 4 3 4 3 7 0 2 1 ** 3 1
College Degree/ Post-grad 1 ** ** ** 2 ** 1 4 2 ** 3 ** 4 ** 0 ** 4 3 2 3 2 3 1 1 1 ** 0 0
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Income 0-16 Percentile 19 ** ** ** 15 ** 0 5 5 ** 17 ** 18 ** 16 ** 12 13 11 12 8 10 2 5 5 ** 8 4
Income 17-33 Percentile 8 ** ** ** 10 ** 2 9 5 ** 13 ** 13 ** 10 ** 12 15 5 3 8 8 4 2 1 ** 4 1
Income 34-67 Percentile 7 ** ** ** 5 ** 0 5 5 ** 11 ** 9 ** 7 ** 6 6 6 7 5 7 2 3 3 ** 4 2
Income 68-95 Percentile 4 ** ** ** 3 ** 1 2 2 ** 5 ** 5 ** 4 ** 5 3 3 4 2 6 0 1 1 ** 3 0
Income 96-100 Percentile 5 ** ** ** 0 ** 0 6 2 ** 0 ** 5 ** 3 ** 2 3 2 5 2 3 0 1 1 ** 0 1
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Professionals 2 ** ** ** 0 ** 0 ** 2 ** 3 ** 4 ** 2 ** 3 3 3 4 2 5 0 1 1 ** 1 **
White Collar 5 ** ** ** 4 ** 1 ** 3 ** 9 ** 10 ** 8 ** 8 9 5 8 5 8 0 3 2 ** 6 **
Blue Collar 6 ** ** ** 3 ** 1 ** 5 ** 11 ** 9 ** 9 ** 9 11 8 6 5 9 3 2 2 ** 8 **
Unskilled 14 ** ** ** 3 ** 0 ** 5 ** 6 ** 5 ** 13 ** 0 23 2 3 4 10 0 0 6 ** 0 **
Farmers 9 ** ** ** 12 ** 0 ** 7 ** 16 ** 17 ** 7 ** 15 6 0 9 8 14 0 0 4 ** 0 **
Housewives 13 ** ** ** 13 ** 1 ** 6 ** 16 ** 19 ** 17 ** 11 9 8 8 10 6 3 8 2 ** 6 **
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Union Households 7 ** ** ** 6 ** 1 4 3 ** 11 ** 8 ** 6 ** 7 4 6 2 3 5 2 3 3 ** 6 1
Non-Union Households 9 ** ** ** 6 ** 1 4 5 ** 10 ** 11 ** 9 ** 8 10 6 7 6 8 2 3 2 ** 4 2
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
South 16 ** ** ** 13 ** 0 3 5 ** 12 ** 17 ** 12 ** 12 12 6 8 7 8 3 4 3 ** 5 2
Nonsouth 7 ** ** ** 4 ** 1 4 4 ** 10 ** 8 ** 7 ** 7 7 6 6 4 7 1 2 2 ** 4 1
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 1
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 8 8 7 2 2 ** 7 1
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 14 ** 13 11 7 9 6 8 1 1 2 ** 3 2
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** ** ** ** 0 7 5 ** 10 ** 9 ** 8 ** 5 8 5 5 4 6 1 4 2 ** 5 1
Born 1927-1942 14 ** ** ** 10 ** 1 6 5 ** 7 ** 9 ** 5 ** 7 4 4 4 4 8 3 3 3 ** 4 8
Born 1911-1926 9 ** ** ** 5 ** 0 2 5 ** 8 ** 9 ** 8 ** 10 12 5 7 6 9 1 3 3 ** 6 **
Born 1895-1910 7 ** ** ** 5 ** 1 3 3 ** 17 ** 18 ** 13 ** 8 15 16 0 8 12 0 0 26 ** ** **
Born before 1895 10 ** ** ** 6 ** 1 5 5 ** 23 ** 9 ** 20 ** 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Democrats (incl leaners) 7 ** ** ** 6 ** 0 4 4 ** 11 ** 11 ** 8 ** 6 7 5 4 4 7 1 2 3 ** 5 1
Independents 10 ** ** ** 11 ** 0 6 5 ** 15 ** 14 ** 16 ** 15 18 13 17 10 11 4 7 6 ** 12 5
Republicans (incl leaners) 7 ** ** ** 3 ** 2 4 4 ** 7 ** 7 ** 6 ** 7 6 5 6 5 6 1 2 1 ** 3 1
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 4 ** 3 ** 6 ** 4 4 5 5 3 4 1 2 0 ** 5 0
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 9 ** 7 ** 5 ** 6 8 4 5 4 8 3 3 1 ** 2 1
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 7 ** 6 ** 2 ** 5 5 4 3 3 4 0 2 1 ** 1 1

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 2B.4.3
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 05AUG10)