The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Public Officials Don't Care What People Think 1988-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Neither (1988-later only)'


  % OF GROUP: '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 11 12 10 12 11 13 8 20 17 16 20
Females 12 13 10 11 17 13 13 25 14 17 21
  '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 11 12 9 11 14 12 10 23 14 17 19
Black non-Hispanic 10 11 9 10 15 12 12 17 16 16 26
Hispanic 12 22 15 12 19 17 13 29 14 15 30
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 10 23 23 8 23 18 9 26 38 16 17
  '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 11 10 9 3 9 7 11 8 8 4 17
High School Diploma 12 13 10 11 16 13 11 24 17 20 23
Some College, no Degree 13 15 12 17 15 14 12 25 15 17 23
College Degree/ Post-grad 9 11 9 10 13 13 8 21 14 13 17
  '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 11 12 9 10 18 11 13 ** 15 15 28
Income 17-33 Percentile 10 13 8 15 15 12 12 ** 16 12 21
Income 34-67 Percentile 12 15 12 11 17 13 9 ** 18 20 18
Income 68-95 Percentile 12 11 10 13 12 15 8 ** 10 16 21
Income 96-100 Percentile 11 14 5 7 8 10 12 ** 12 21 18
  '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 10 11 10 11 13 13 11 ** 10 ** **
White Collar 14 15 10 12 19 12 10 ** 16 ** **
Blue Collar 11 12 9 11 12 13 9 ** 19 ** **
Unskilled 10 12 6 8 6 12 7 ** 11 ** **
Farmers 11 20 17 13 17 43 8 ** 8 ** **
Housewives 11 11 8 11 21 11 14 ** 15 ** **
  '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 15 12 10 12 9 10 8 18 15 15 17
Non-Union Households 11 13 10 11 16 14 11 24 15 17 22
  '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 8 11 10 12 16 13 9 20 15 15 21
Nonsouth 13 13 10 11 14 13 11 24 15 18 21
  '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 22
Born 1975-1990 ** ** 31 20 20 13 16 26 16 25 27
Born 1959-1974 15 17 13 15 19 18 11 25 20 17 19
Born 1943-1958 13 12 11 10 13 10 9 21 12 10 17
Born 1927-1942 8 9 4 10 12 12 6 20 11 12 21
Born 1911-1926 11 10 6 6 10 8 14 16 17 18 16
Born 1895-1910 5 9 8 3 15 8 0 0 ** ** **
Born before 1895 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 11 11 9 11 15 12 12 23 16 17 22
Independents 14 14 10 11 22 17 9 22 16 25 24
Republicans (incl leaners) 10 14 10 13 12 13 9 22 14 13 18
  '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals 10 8 9 12 16 13 12 27 9 15 24
Moderates 12 18 11 13 18 15 12 25 21 15 24
Conservatives 10 8 10 11 10 10 11 20 9 15 17

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 5B.3.3
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)