The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Approval of Performance of Congress 1980-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Approve'


  % OF GROUP: '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 33 35 52 46 50 34 27 30 45 47 53 61 49 24 19
Females 35 33 54 43 53 37 29 34 46 49 51 66 44 27 24
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 33 35 55 45 52 33 26 28 46 48 52 66 47 23 17
Black non-Hispanic 37 28 40 43 45 40 30 53 41 45 58 63 44 30 34
Hispanic 33 39 57 48 50 52 42 39 45 56 58 61 48 38 37
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 29 36 51 45 70 48 34 28 41 26 42 50 51 33 23
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 33 25 44 39 45 36 37 38 30 53 51 57 35 30 35
High School Diploma 33 29 54 45 51 40 31 36 46 48 50 65 50 27 27
Some College, no Degree 36 42 57 43 52 37 28 30 47 47 53 63 46 26 21
College Degree/ Post-grad 31 42 52 49 57 27 20 23 47 50 56 64 42 23 14
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 33 24 44 43 45 40 34 42 44 52 53 ** 48 31 32
Income 17-33 Percentile 32 39 49 42 50 37 28 35 46 49 47 ** 48 28 24
Income 34-67 Percentile 34 38 59 46 53 39 29 32 44 42 54 ** 44 25 20
Income 68-95 Percentile 38 38 55 49 56 32 26 27 49 53 57 ** 50 23 16
Income 96-100 Percentile 26 42 56 52 69 25 20 28 42 51 62 ** 47 24 16
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 31 40 54 46 54 30 25 25 46 48 50 ** 42 ** **
White Collar 36 39 56 47 56 38 30 31 49 51 57 ** 52 ** **
Blue Collar 34 28 52 43 48 38 29 36 43 44 51 ** 46 ** **
Unskilled 40 44 55 48 40 44 41 48 43 33 48 ** 54 ** **
Farmers 28 27 42 51 62 42 33 34 41 64 53 ** 43 ** **
Housewives 29 28 54 39 53 32 27 28 40 52 52 ** 50 ** **
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 33 33 57 45 52 36 31 35 38 48 48 67 42 21 19
Non-Union Households 33 35 52 45 52 36 28 31 47 48 53 64 47 26 22
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 35 36 51 45 56 37 31 34 48 53 54 62 50 27 24
Nonsouth 33 34 54 44 50 36 27 31 44 45 51 65 45 25 20
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 43
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** 46 45 67 59 60 62 52 33 26
Born 1959-1974 56 48 60 49 56 45 32 39 46 54 55 70 53 26 22
Born 1943-1958 35 36 56 45 55 35 28 27 43 49 51 62 43 20 15
Born 1927-1942 34 35 55 44 52 33 26 29 45 39 47 56 37 21 15
Born 1911-1926 29 29 43 41 46 27 21 25 43 34 45 55 39 22 14
Born 1895-1910 24 24 42 34 35 29 31 22 39 48 40 90 ** ** **
Born before 1895 30 25 100 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 40 34 55 48 58 38 32 40 40 42 50 61 40 29 26
Independents 24 28 46 36 46 33 20 27 35 42 44 52 36 27 19
Republicans (incl leaners) 29 39 53 44 46 35 26 24 55 58 58 69 57 21 17
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals 41 40 58 47 58 36 31 37 35 35 55 65 33 28 20
Moderates 37 40 57 47 58 40 27 35 47 48 51 66 49 24 24
Conservatives 28 34 51 42 45 30 22 24 53 56 56 63 54 20 18

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 5C.4.1
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 02NOV15)