The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Voter Turnout 1948-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Yes, voted'


  % OF GROUP: '48 '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 69 80 ** 80 67 84 64 80 65 78 62 76 56 77 55 73 63 74 53 72 49 77 57 74 52 75 68 75 74 77
Females 59 69 ** 68 50 75 58 76 60 74 58 70 50 68 54 70 58 74 52 68 45 74 55 72 52 71 58 78 80 79
  '48 '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 67 78 ** 76 60 82 63 80 63 77 61 74 55 73 57 73 61 76 55 73 50 78 59 76 54 75 64 80 79 80
Black non-Hispanic 37 33 ** 35 36 53 39 65 54 68 47 65 35 65 44 68 62 65 51 61 41 67 46 64 53 73 60 70 79 83
Hispanic ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 50 36 64 60 29 56 43 55 42 63 35 65 34 60 40 67 39 54 47 64 66 68
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 50 100 38 63 24 66 36 41 45 56 35 47 23 59 55 63 51 72 58 71 78 64
  '48 '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 56 62 ** 60 49 67 51 68 52 60 49 58 42 60 48 59 45 58 45 50 36 55 36 52 49 51 56 51 51 55
High School Diploma 67 80 ** 74 56 81 60 78 62 78 56 70 48 66 48 65 54 66 44 59 38 65 46 63 41 61 51 67 66 69
Some College, no Degree 79 87 ** 90 70 88 72 89 69 79 71 84 59 83 62 76 67 81 56 78 53 83 61 79 53 77 61 80 82 80
College Degree/ Post-grad ** 93 ** 89 77 93 72 88 81 89 83 90 75 87 72 91 77 91 72 92 67 93 79 89 72 92 85 93 92 89
  '48 '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 33 53 ** 53 41 65 49 64 41 60 43 60 39 54 46 56 46 53 38 47 29 52 35 56 37 48 ** 56 64 65
Income 17-33 Percentile 55 69 ** 65 46 71 47 73 54 66 54 63 49 65 46 68 54 69 46 59 42 68 46 61 43 69 ** 68 73 69
Income 34-67 Percentile 61 76 ** 76 59 81 62 79 63 79 56 70 50 71 56 72 66 74 53 71 47 77 55 71 53 70 ** 82 78 79
Income 68-95 Percentile 74 85 ** 83 71 85 68 86 72 87 72 86 65 80 61 81 68 84 63 82 57 88 67 86 59 86 ** 90 85 86
Income 96-100 Percentile 82 95 ** 90 91 94 84 88 82 93 78 90 75 91 73 87 68 91 65 96 58 90 82 97 80 88 ** 89 89 89
  '48 '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals ** 92 ** 89 72 88 ** 85 ** 88 73 85 70 85 68 86 72 87 71 86 61 88 71 87 70 84 ** 90 ** **
White Collar ** 84 ** 84 64 90 ** 86 ** 85 67 78 54 78 56 75 61 79 57 75 49 81 59 75 52 73 ** 82 ** **
Blue Collar ** 76 ** 71 57 80 ** 75 ** 69 55 69 45 66 47 64 54 65 42 54 39 68 47 64 46 66 ** 66 ** **
Unskilled ** 54 ** 56 63 71 ** 63 ** 65 45 57 30 58 37 68 53 60 25 60 38 59 44 45 33 57 ** 42 ** **
Farmers ** 72 ** 70 67 78 ** 71 ** 68 46 76 59 68 61 62 57 63 44 69 45 63 50 61 41 68 ** 76 ** **
Housewives ** 70 ** 68 47 69 ** 75 ** 73 53 67 47 65 54 67 57 70 51 69 45 67 53 68 54 66 ** 75 ** **
  '48 '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 73 76 ** 76 61 77 ** 83 63 76 60 75 50 77 57 75 65 79 55 75 53 85 65 82 66 77 62 85 81 85
Non-Union Households 62 73 ** 72 57 80 ** 76 62 76 59 72 54 70 54 71 59 72 52 69 46 73 54 71 49 72 63 75 77 77
  '48 '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South ** 48 ** 53 37 66 47 62 53 68 47 61 42 64 48 69 55 66 44 57 36 65 47 65 38 68 55 69 77 76
Nonsouth ** 81 ** 79 64 83 66 82 65 79 64 77 57 74 57 72 63 77 57 76 52 80 60 77 59 75 66 80 78 79
  '48 '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 58
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 77 20 47 15 54 31 65 67 68
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 26 57 29 53 29 49 26 65 42 64 42 68 60 74 79 78
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 48 38 61 41 66 38 62 43 63 56 74 47 73 50 78 63 77 58 79 72 83 82 86
Born 1927-1942 41 58 ** 58 36 70 49 71 58 75 58 77 53 79 61 78 68 80 66 77 62 83 69 81 76 82 78 85 86 90
Born 1911-1926 61 73 ** 74 60 83 62 83 69 84 66 79 66 79 68 82 73 83 72 81 61 81 70 86 69 80 78 71 79 92
Born 1895-1910 70 78 ** 78 66 82 68 82 67 76 65 73 63 74 61 76 60 69 64 70 50 72 62 81 49 59 100 ** ** **
Born before 1895 64 77 ** 76 67 78 66 77 57 62 61 55 56 47 73 50 43 100 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '48 '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) ** 73 ** 73 59 79 60 76 62 75 58 73 54 73 55 72 64 74 56 69 50 78 54 73 53 74 62 76 78 81
Independents ** 76 ** 77 48 74 55 62 46 65 46 50 30 55 33 49 31 55 27 45 22 56 34 42 36 48 35 49 48 53
Republicans (incl leaners) ** 83 ** 78 63 87 69 87 71 82 69 81 63 79 67 79 66 80 57 77 50 79 64 80 56 79 69 85 86 83
  '48 '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 82 54 79 55 78 68 80 60 69 58 83 64 79 54 83 68 80 85 83
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 76 59 73 57 77 66 74 52 74 50 78 53 67 51 79 63 74 75 72
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 83 64 82 65 80 69 83 62 81 54 84 69 86 63 84 73 87 85 84

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 6A.2.2
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)