The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Attended Political Meeting 1952-2008
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Yes'


  % OF GROUP: '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Males 7 ** 9 ** 10 10 10 ** 10 11 10 5 6 11 8 10 9 7 9 7 9 6 7 7 6 7 7 9
Females 6 ** 6 ** 7 7 8 ** 9 8 8 6 7 8 7 8 7 6 6 5 7 5 4 4 4 4 7 8
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Whites 7 ** 7 ** 8 8 9 ** 10 9 9 6 7 10 8 9 8 7 6 6 8 6 6 5 5 5 8 8
Blacks 4 ** 3 ** 12 8 8 ** 5 8 7 5 4 9 7 14 10 5 10 7 8 5 2 7 6 5 4 11
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 4 ** 4 ** 6 4 3 ** 4 4 3 2 3 5 5 3 3 4 3 2 4 1 4 4 3 6 9 2
High School Diploma 7 ** 6 ** 8 7 7 ** 8 6 7 4 4 6 5 7 6 4 4 4 4 3 2 4 3 4 3 4
Some College, no Degree 13 ** 12 ** 15 10 13 ** 13 18 13 9 8 12 8 12 11 7 10 7 10 7 8 5 6 4 9 10
College Degree/ Post-grad 13 ** 16 ** 11 18 24 ** 18 28 19 14 15 20 15 15 12 13 14 12 15 11 10 8 8 8 12 13
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Income 0-16 Percentile 4 ** 3 ** 4 4 4 ** 3 3 2 1 3 4 6 10 5 4 4 3 4 1 5 4 3 ** 8 11
Income 17-33 Percentile 5 ** 6 ** 4 6 6 ** 7 5 7 4 4 7 6 9 8 5 4 5 4 5 3 2 3 ** 5 8
Income 34-67 Percentile 6 ** 5 ** 9 7 6 ** 9 6 8 6 5 11 6 8 10 6 6 4 9 5 4 5 4 ** 8 7
Income 68-95 Percentile 10 ** 10 ** 11 12 13 ** 11 15 14 8 8 11 10 10 6 8 11 9 11 6 7 7 9 ** 9 9
Income 96-100 Percentile 12 ** 16 ** 15 24 22 ** 20 28 20 18 17 20 15 14 12 16 20 15 14 23 15 11 7 ** 8 10
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Professionals 13 ** 11 ** 13 ** 17 ** 14 18 16 10 11 16 11 16 12 11 12 10 13 9 8 8 8 ** 11 **
White Collar 8 ** 8 ** 11 ** 12 ** 9 11 11 6 9 11 9 11 8 8 7 5 7 5 6 3 4 ** 8 **
Blue Collar 6 ** 6 ** 7 ** 5 ** 7 7 6 3 3 6 4 6 7 4 4 4 5 4 3 5 3 ** 4 **
Unskilled 5 ** 5 ** 3 ** 6 ** 5 0 3 0 4 3 8 3 9 5 0 5 2 2 10 7 0 ** 10 **
Farmers 2 ** 7 ** 13 ** 7 ** 5 3 11 3 6 7 7 7 3 4 7 8 5 0 5 16 7 ** 0 **
Housewives 6 ** 6 ** 6 ** 7 ** 9 5 6 7 6 8 7 5 2 2 5 5 5 6 2 4 3 ** 6 **
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Union Households 8 ** 7 ** 9 ** 7 ** 5 7 8 6 6 7 9 9 7 6 9 5 8 6 5 8 6 8 7 9
Non-Union Households 6 ** 7 ** 8 ** 9 ** 10 10 9 6 6 10 7 9 8 7 7 6 8 5 6 5 5 5 7 9
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
South 5 ** 6 ** 6 8 9 ** 8 6 6 5 5 10 6 9 6 6 5 6 9 6 4 5 4 4 7 7
Nonsouth 8 ** 7 ** 9 8 9 ** 9 11 10 6 7 9 8 9 8 7 8 6 8 5 6 5 5 6 7 10
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 9
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 23 1 3 4 4 3 8 7
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 4 6 12 8 4 6 3 7 3 5 5 3 5 7 12
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** ** ** ** 5 ** 9 8 10 6 6 9 7 10 9 8 8 8 10 8 6 7 7 6 8 6
Born 1927-1942 8 ** 5 ** 10 6 8 ** 12 12 11 9 7 12 8 8 7 6 8 8 9 6 7 5 6 7 6 2
Born 1911-1926 5 ** 8 ** 7 10 9 ** 9 11 8 5 6 10 9 9 7 9 6 7 6 6 3 5 2 5 6 **
Born 1895-1910 10 ** 7 ** 9 9 10 ** 7 6 5 5 6 7 8 8 6 3 8 2 5 3 7 0 0 0 ** **
Born before 1895 5 ** 6 ** 8 6 8 ** 5 3 2 0 0 8 0 0 0 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Democrats (incl leaners) 6 ** 8 ** 6 8 6 ** 9 9 9 6 6 9 7 10 9 8 8 7 10 4 4 5 6 7 7 11
Independents 4 ** 2 ** 9 6 2 ** 7 6 5 4 5 6 5 4 4 4 3 1 5 3 3 4 2 0 1 5
Republicans (incl leaners) 9 ** 8 ** 13 9 15 ** 10 11 11 6 8 12 10 10 7 6 8 6 7 7 8 5 5 5 9 6
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 15 9 10 13 13 10 12 9 11 10 14 7 6 7 7 5 13 17
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 9 5 6 10 6 12 7 8 8 4 8 4 3 4 7 7 3 6
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 10 7 10 12 8 14 10 7 8 9 8 8 8 6 5 5 10 9

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 6B.2.2
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 05AUG10)