The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Gave Money to Help a Campaign 1952-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'No'


  % OF GROUP: '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 94 ** 89 ** 89 90 88 90 89 ** 88 89 79 85 91 89 91 89 90 93 91 93 90 93 89 85 87 87 87
Females 97 ** 91 ** 88 91 91 93 92 ** 91 93 87 89 93 93 93 91 92 94 94 95 94 93 93 93 87 87 89
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 95 ** 90 ** 88 90 89 91 91 ** 89 91 83 86 91 90 91 89 90 93 92 93 91 92 91 89 85 86 88
Black non-Hispanic 99 ** 98 ** 91 94 93 95 94 ** 91 96 92 93 99 95 97 95 94 95 97 95 97 97 94 90 92 91 86
Hispanic ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 100 93 ** 96 97 89 95 96 100 96 97 97 96 96 98 94 95 92 92 95 94 92
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 100 100 ** 87 94 86 88 81 100 93 85 94 94 96 93 92 91 95 88 91 80 87
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 98 ** 95 ** 95 97 98 96 94 ** 97 97 95 96 97 97 98 98 98 98 98 98 97 96 92 87 100 97 91
High School Diploma 97 ** 90 ** 88 90 91 93 93 ** 93 94 87 90 96 95 96 94 96 96 96 97 96 96 94 92 92 95 94
Some College, no Degree 88 ** 86 ** 87 90 81 85 89 ** 84 88 81 85 88 92 90 89 88 94 93 93 92 94 93 90 88 90 88
College Degree/ Post-grad 83 ** 78 ** 74 79 73 83 79 ** 72 79 64 74 82 75 81 79 80 82 84 87 85 85 84 84 78 73 82
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 99 ** 99 ** 97 96 97 98 97 ** 98 98 97 96 97 98 99 97 98 97 97 99 97 96 99 ** 91 92 93
Income 17-33 Percentile 97 ** 94 ** 95 94 93 97 95 ** 97 96 89 93 97 95 96 97 96 97 96 97 97 98 93 ** 94 93 92
Income 34-67 Percentile 98 ** 93 ** 94 92 93 92 91 ** 92 94 85 89 93 93 93 93 93 95 94 95 94 96 93 ** 89 90 89
Income 68-95 Percentile 93 ** 83 ** 81 86 83 90 89 ** 82 85 75 81 89 86 89 82 84 90 90 92 88 89 86 ** 84 82 84
Income 96-100 Percentile 83 ** 69 ** 52 71 69 66 70 ** 65 65 66 68 68 73 79 72 64 71 76 65 74 82 81 ** 69 66 76
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 86 ** 82 ** 78 ** 77 ** 86 ** 79 85 74 77 87 81 85 81 85 87 88 89 86 87 87 ** 80 ** **
White Collar 94 ** 91 ** 83 ** 87 ** 89 ** 89 93 81 88 91 91 92 91 91 95 92 93 91 95 91 ** 86 ** **
Blue Collar 97 ** 92 ** 91 ** 94 ** 95 ** 94 94 87 92 96 96 96 94 97 97 96 97 97 96 94 ** 93 ** **
Unskilled 99 ** 94 ** 100 ** 100 ** 89 ** 91 97 89 93 93 97 98 96 100 98 94 98 99 93 97 ** 98 ** **
Farmers 99 ** 93 ** 99 ** 92 ** 91 ** 96 93 95 89 90 89 95 96 87 93 94 93 93 100 92 ** 96 ** **
Housewives 98 ** 91 ** 91 ** 92 ** 92 ** 92 94 87 89 93 93 95 92 92 91 94 95 95 92 92 ** 89 ** **
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 97 ** 89 ** 88 ** 90 93 94 ** 92 90 84 86 92 92 90 89 91 96 95 95 94 94 90 89 82 85 87
Non-Union Households 96 ** 91 ** 89 ** 89 91 90 ** 89 92 84 88 92 91 93 90 91 93 92 93 92 93 91 89 89 87 88
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 98 ** 94 ** 92 93 91 97 92 ** 94 94 90 89 94 92 94 92 96 95 93 94 94 94 91 88 89 88 89
Nonsouth 95 ** 89 ** 87 90 89 90 91 ** 88 91 82 87 91 90 92 89 89 93 93 94 91 92 92 90 87 87 88
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 93
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 92 99 100 100 98 95 96 92 94
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 97 97 97 98 96 96 98 97 97 96 97 96 93 92 88 90
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** ** ** ** 95 94 96 ** 91 94 85 90 93 92 92 92 93 91 92 92 92 91 87 87 83 84 83
Born 1927-1942 97 ** 95 ** 88 94 89 93 92 ** 86 88 79 84 89 89 91 83 88 90 89 91 88 87 88 83 79 82 79
Born 1911-1926 97 ** 89 ** 89 89 88 88 89 ** 88 91 80 85 91 88 89 88 86 92 90 90 88 92 85 78 83 82 73
Born 1895-1910 95 ** 88 ** 87 90 91 91 89 ** 93 92 92 89 93 92 94 92 91 98 97 91 72 93 100 43 ** ** **
Born before 1895 96 ** 94 ** 91 91 90 99 93 ** 96 98 94 100 90 67 100 100 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 96 ** 90 ** 93 91 93 94 93 ** 90 93 85 89 95 92 92 91 93 93 93 95 94 93 92 91 88 85 87
Independents 96 ** 94 ** 93 93 97 94 95 ** 95 95 88 94 98 97 97 96 97 99 95 98 98 98 96 98 97 96 95
Republicans (incl leaners) 95 ** 88 ** 81 88 80 86 87 ** 87 89 80 80 85 87 91 87 88 92 91 90 89 92 88 86 84 87 88
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 81 91 77 85 87 84 86 87 90 88 89 92 89 89 90 91 82 78 81
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 91 92 83 88 94 92 92 90 92 94 93 95 96 94 94 92 93 92 93
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 87 85 78 81 87 85 90 86 86 90 90 90 88 92 89 85 81 84 87

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 6B.5.1
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)