The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Contacted by Democratic Party 1956-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'No'


  % OF GROUP: '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 87 ** 88 ** 83 80 84 ** 80 83 80 79 87 78 85 84 86 89 85 86 87 80 77 73 70 68 72
Females 89 ** 87 ** 86 84 84 ** 81 86 83 82 86 78 86 84 86 89 88 85 84 83 79 71 67 67 68
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 88 ** 87 ** 85 81 85 ** 80 84 81 81 86 78 85 84 86 89 86 85 85 81 78 70 64 66 70
Black non-Hispanic 90 ** 88 ** 83 89 78 ** 84 87 85 79 84 76 89 83 85 88 87 88 87 85 76 72 76 65 64
Hispanic ** ** ** ** ** 100 93 ** 92 89 86 86 98 83 88 90 81 92 85 84 90 82 89 82 86 74 75
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** ** ** 100 75 ** 88 94 100 92 88 90 90 89 86 92 96 83 80 77 68 80 74 71 78
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 90 ** 91 ** 89 90 89 ** 86 90 87 83 89 88 91 91 92 92 92 86 90 92 79 64 77 78 72
High School Diploma 88 ** 86 ** 86 81 86 ** 81 86 84 83 88 80 87 86 88 90 89 89 88 83 82 78 74 71 70
Some College, no Degree 85 ** 81 ** 80 80 80 ** 76 79 79 83 82 76 82 82 85 90 86 84 83 80 79 73 68 69 72
College Degree/ Post-grad 87 ** 89 ** 74 75 73 ** 74 80 75 70 86 72 81 79 79 84 81 80 83 78 70 61 60 60 68
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 91 ** 93 ** 90 92 88 ** 88 90 91 86 90 83 92 88 91 90 92 92 90 87 89 ** 82 69 71
Income 17-33 Percentile 86 ** 91 ** 86 90 89 ** 82 88 84 82 85 82 85 84 87 91 90 85 86 85 80 ** 69 68 73
Income 34-67 Percentile 90 ** 85 ** 88 84 83 ** 80 83 80 82 85 82 84 86 83 92 87 86 87 83 78 ** 72 65 69
Income 68-95 Percentile 87 ** 84 ** 82 76 78 ** 75 81 80 74 88 71 82 80 84 87 81 81 83 74 73 ** 58 67 68
Income 96-100 Percentile 89 ** 92 ** 67 70 85 ** 79 82 69 79 87 72 90 78 84 85 85 82 78 78 78 ** 54 69 72
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 87 ** 84 ** 76 ** 78 ** 75 78 77 74 83 75 84 79 82 86 82 79 82 74 72 ** 63 ** **
White Collar 85 ** 87 ** 84 ** 80 ** 77 81 81 79 87 75 82 83 84 89 87 86 84 82 80 ** 64 ** **
Blue Collar 88 ** 87 ** 86 ** 87 ** 83 87 83 83 87 81 87 86 89 91 89 88 87 86 82 ** 71 ** **
Unskilled 86 ** 97 ** 87 ** 95 ** 100 95 82 87 90 84 86 95 93 88 87 88 93 84 81 ** 82 ** **
Farmers 91 ** 96 ** 93 ** 91 ** 83 92 99 86 97 79 95 93 85 93 95 91 91 72 90 ** 69 ** **
Housewives 90 ** 86 ** 86 ** 86 ** 81 87 83 84 86 79 87 83 89 88 85 82 88 81 78 ** 83 ** **
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 88 ** 83 ** 81 80 86 ** 78 83 77 77 85 77 83 81 84 88 80 81 81 75 69 69 56 62 65
Non-Union Households 88 ** 89 ** 86 83 83 ** 81 85 84 82 87 79 86 85 86 89 88 86 86 83 80 72 71 68 71
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 90 ** 91 ** 87 85 86 ** 89 92 87 82 88 78 90 86 89 89 88 88 90 90 85 76 80 71 72
Nonsouth 88 ** 86 ** 84 82 83 ** 77 82 80 80 85 78 84 83 84 89 86 84 83 77 75 70 63 64 69
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 82
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 100 97 92 93 92 91 82 79 83
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 91 91 90 92 91 92 95 90 92 90 86 84 73 69 70 71
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** ** 90 86 90 ** 79 83 83 83 90 77 85 85 86 89 86 82 85 78 72 68 66 62 59
Born 1927-1942 92 ** 84 ** 83 82 81 ** 79 85 80 80 83 75 85 80 84 87 83 80 81 75 71 60 59 51 54
Born 1911-1926 86 ** 86 ** 84 79 84 ** 82 85 82 77 80 77 80 78 79 83 84 80 78 74 68 61 59 55 72
Born 1895-1910 88 ** 91 ** 87 85 88 ** 80 85 83 79 90 81 88 84 85 88 86 88 88 40 77 81 ** ** **
Born before 1895 90 ** 90 ** 87 89 83 ** 86 89 83 88 80 67 ** 100 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 87 ** 86 ** 84 82 83 ** 76 81 79 79 85 75 84 80 82 86 83 82 83 80 74 70 65 59 64
Independents 86 ** 86 ** 91 84 91 ** 86 88 88 89 89 89 91 88 89 94 94 91 91 82 83 78 69 81 70
Republicans (incl leaners) 90 ** 87 ** 83 83 84 ** 84 88 83 81 87 81 86 88 89 92 88 87 87 84 81 73 72 74 77
  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 71 78 75 77 78 74 82 80 80 84 83 80 82 76 68 68 63 57 63
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 82 81 81 79 86 77 85 83 82 89 85 84 84 83 81 69 69 67 68
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 78 84 79 79 87 76 83 83 87 88 85 83 87 78 77 72 67 69 73

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 6C.1b.2
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)