The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Watched Campaign on TV 1952-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'No'


  % OF GROUP: '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 46 ** 24 ** 13 ** 12 ** 10 ** 10 41 9 30 15 23 14 22 ** 35 9 ** 22 ** 17 32 14 15 23
Females 51 ** 28 ** 14 ** 10 ** 11 ** 13 48 13 31 14 25 14 27 ** 38 13 ** 29 ** 20 43 14 14 25
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 46 ** 24 ** 11 ** 10 ** 10 ** 12 45 10 30 13 24 13 24 ** 37 10 ** 25 ** 19 40 14 16 25
Black non-Hispanic 74 ** 48 ** 36 ** 14 ** 14 ** 8 40 16 30 18 21 17 23 ** 28 15 ** 26 ** 16 35 14 9 16
Hispanic ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 29 ** 17 84 21 44 25 31 18 30 ** 42 18 ** 31 ** 20 29 15 12 26
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 0 ** 0 47 14 42 18 45 20 43 ** 38 10 ** 37 ** 19 25 18 10 27
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 63 ** 40 ** 21 ** 16 ** 14 ** 17 51 17 31 20 27 17 24 ** 30 16 ** 28 ** 25 34 23 18 36
High School Diploma 38 ** 21 ** 11 ** 8 ** 11 ** 12 48 13 32 16 24 17 30 ** 39 14 ** 30 ** 23 44 17 18 26
Some College, no Degree 45 ** 18 ** 7 ** 11 ** 6 ** 11 37 8 28 12 25 11 21 ** 38 9 ** 23 ** 16 36 15 12 24
College Degree/ Post-grad 37 ** 16 ** 8 ** 15 ** 8 ** 5 37 3 30 8 20 8 18 ** 33 7 ** 20 ** 12 31 6 11 21
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 78 ** 56 ** 33 ** 20 ** 17 ** 19 41 19 34 19 25 20 29 ** 36 15 ** 26 ** 23 ** 18 19 27
Income 17-33 Percentile 61 ** 30 ** 23 ** 9 ** 11 ** 10 49 13 25 20 25 14 25 ** 35 13 ** 30 ** 21 ** 18 9 24
Income 34-67 Percentile 47 ** 21 ** 8 ** 6 ** 8 ** 13 49 10 32 12 26 13 27 ** 41 10 ** 29 ** 20 ** 14 17 24
Income 68-95 Percentile 31 ** 15 ** 6 ** 11 ** 10 ** 7 39 8 32 10 21 12 20 ** 35 9 ** 21 ** 16 ** 11 9 22
Income 96-100 Percentile 29 ** 10 ** 1 ** 10 ** 12 ** 6 32 6 24 4 18 5 16 ** 27 6 ** 17 ** 4 ** 6 11 20
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 36 ** 16 ** 4 ** 13 ** 11 ** 6 33 6 27 11 21 10 19 ** 30 8 ** 17 ** 15 ** 8 ** **
White Collar 36 ** 17 ** 17 ** 7 ** 13 ** 14 42 9 28 10 27 13 22 ** 38 11 ** 31 ** 18 ** 16 ** **
Blue Collar 41 ** 29 ** 16 ** 13 ** 11 ** 13 49 12 34 18 24 16 28 ** 39 13 ** 28 ** 21 ** 20 ** **
Unskilled 68 ** 40 ** 21 ** 16 ** 15 ** 6 70 28 29 13 28 18 36 ** 44 14 ** 46 ** 14 ** 20 ** **
Farmers 76 ** 45 ** 22 ** 15 ** 9 ** 16 32 17 36 21 30 14 23 ** 37 14 ** 36 ** 36 ** 15 ** **
Housewives 50 ** 26 ** 12 ** 8 ** 9 ** 13 51 13 30 13 23 14 29 ** 35 10 ** 30 ** 23 ** 8 ** **
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 35 ** 21 ** 10 ** 8 ** 11 ** 13 48 12 30 15 22 12 21 ** 40 14 ** 25 ** 19 50 17 18 23
Non-Union Households 54 ** 28 ** 14 ** 12 ** 11 ** 11 44 11 31 14 24 14 26 ** 36 11 ** 26 ** 18 35 13 14 24
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 80 ** 34 ** 15 ** 10 ** 8 ** 11 44 12 28 12 20 12 24 ** 35 12 ** 24 ** 19 34 15 12 23
Nonsouth 39 ** 24 ** 13 ** 11 ** 12 ** 12 45 11 32 15 25 15 25 ** 37 11 ** 26 ** 18 40 13 15 25
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 33
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 15 ** 33 ** 24 49 17 20 32
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 49 22 40 20 36 ** 49 15 ** 35 ** 21 46 17 14 25
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** ** ** ** 0 ** 14 ** 12 53 13 40 17 27 15 28 ** 39 11 ** 25 ** 18 35 13 12 19
Born 1927-1942 50 ** 25 ** 11 ** 11 ** 10 ** 12 47 9 28 12 23 12 20 ** 28 8 ** 17 ** 11 21 9 6 10
Born 1911-1926 43 ** 22 ** 9 ** 9 ** 8 ** 10 41 10 20 11 15 11 15 ** 20 8 ** 11 ** 12 17 4 19 10
Born 1895-1910 46 ** 25 ** 14 ** 12 ** 11 ** 9 35 10 20 12 17 7 11 ** 28 11 ** 25 ** 36 24 ** ** **
Born before 1895 62 ** 39 ** 25 ** 14 ** 19 ** 27 36 19 31 0 13 0 100 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 50 ** 26 ** 14 ** 10 ** 10 ** 12 44 10 31 15 21 13 22 ** 33 9 ** 25 ** 16 37 13 12 20
Independents 41 ** 21 ** 15 ** 21 ** 13 ** 16 60 15 39 22 48 24 42 ** 51 24 ** 44 ** 33 62 24 36 39
Republicans (incl leaners) 44 ** 23 ** 11 ** 9 ** 10 ** 10 38 10 26 10 19 13 21 ** 37 10 ** 22 ** 16 34 13 9 23
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 7 45 8 29 12 22 12 23 ** 32 7 ** 26 ** 16 39 11 12 20
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 12 38 9 29 9 22 15 25 ** 38 9 ** 27 ** 19 34 14 13 29
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 10 35 8 25 11 18 10 18 ** 30 9 ** 18 ** 13 30 10 11 21

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 6D.1.1
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)