The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Listened to Campaign Radio Programs 1952-2004
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'No'


  % OF GROUP: '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Males 29 ** 52 ** 56 ** 49 ** 56 ** 52 ** 49 48 45 47 50 56 65 ** 60 ** 53 ** 55 ** 43
Females 32 ** 57 ** 60 ** 55 ** 61 ** 61 ** 59 58 59 58 59 62 72 ** 67 ** 70 ** 68 ** 55
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Whites non-Hispanic 30 ** 55 ** 58 ** 52 ** 61 ** 58 ** 55 53 53 54 55 61 69 ** 63 ** 60 ** 61 ** 48
Black non-Hispanic 36 ** 45 ** 54 ** 47 ** 43 ** 47 ** 56 55 52 46 52 50 67 ** 61 ** 64 ** 72 ** 50
Hispanic ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 64 ** 64 ** 64 68 55 59 63 59 69 ** 68 ** 70 ** 64 ** 54
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 50 ** 63 ** 66 56 76 64 49 65 64 ** 67 ** 71 ** 66 ** 41
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 33 ** 54 ** 56 ** 52 ** 56 ** 52 ** 58 54 53 50 54 58 69 ** 65 ** 80 ** 83 ** 71
High School Diploma 31 ** 59 ** 57 ** 55 ** 61 ** 61 ** 59 59 57 57 60 65 76 ** 71 ** 71 ** 74 ** 56
Some College, no Degree 21 ** 49 ** 62 ** 46 ** 60 ** 58 ** 52 52 55 53 52 57 65 ** 58 ** 57 ** 57 ** 48
College Degree/ Post-grad 21 ** 41 ** 61 ** 47 ** 55 ** 50 ** 41 40 41 49 45 49 57 ** 55 ** 48 ** 46 ** 36
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Income 0-16 Percentile 27 ** 39 ** 48 ** 49 ** 51 ** 54 ** 60 57 55 58 55 64 73 ** 69 ** 77 ** 75 ** 60
Income 17-33 Percentile 27 ** 52 ** 63 ** 54 ** 58 ** 56 ** 56 55 55 52 58 62 73 ** 74 ** 69 ** 68 ** 60
Income 34-67 Percentile 33 ** 63 ** 56 ** 54 ** 62 ** 60 ** 55 52 55 55 55 60 72 ** 61 ** 64 ** 62 ** 47
Income 68-95 Percentile 33 ** 56 ** 59 ** 53 ** 61 ** 57 ** 55 54 49 52 53 58 61 ** 59 ** 51 ** 51 ** 39
Income 96-100 Percentile 27 ** 54 ** 70 ** 49 ** 63 ** 55 ** 40 45 41 44 39 48 55 ** 46 ** 37 ** 43 ** 23
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Professionals 24 ** 48 ** 61 ** 48 ** 55 ** 50 ** 46 46 44 52 48 51 61 ** 56 ** 49 ** 50 ** 39
White Collar 29 ** 66 ** 59 ** 49 ** 62 ** 58 ** 53 55 58 49 58 59 70 ** 63 ** 65 ** 65 ** 48
Blue Collar 34 ** 58 ** 57 ** 53 ** 60 ** 56 ** 56 56 52 56 55 60 73 ** 66 ** 68 ** 67 ** 56
Unskilled 31 ** 55 ** 62 ** 47 ** 40 ** 56 ** 53 58 50 36 56 73 65 ** 80 ** 71 ** 85 ** 55
Farmers 22 ** 31 ** 60 ** 49 ** 53 ** 48 ** 52 49 43 48 47 56 66 ** 62 ** 47 ** 66 ** 49
Housewives 34 ** 56 ** 56 ** 57 ** 63 ** 66 ** 63 59 65 62 62 67 73 ** 69 ** 80 ** 66 ** 58
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Union Households 37 ** 64 ** 56 ** 56 ** 61 ** 57 ** 59 54 51 52 55 61 68 ** 65 ** 58 ** 58 ** 49
Non-Union Households 28 ** 51 ** 59 ** 51 ** 58 ** 57 ** 54 54 54 54 55 59 69 ** 63 ** 63 ** 63 ** 49
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
South 21 ** 53 ** 58 ** 52 ** 61 ** 60 ** 58 60 54 54 56 60 74 ** 67 ** 68 ** 67 ** 51
Nonsouth 33 ** 55 ** 58 ** 52 ** 59 ** 56 ** 54 51 53 53 54 59 66 ** 62 ** 59 ** 60 ** 48
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 58 ** 71 ** 72 ** 49
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 63 57 65 59 69 73 ** 65 ** 64 ** 59 ** 45
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** ** ** ** 62 ** 64 ** 64 ** 59 58 56 56 58 62 69 ** 62 ** 59 ** 56 ** 51
Born 1927-1942 26 ** 62 ** 63 ** 56 ** 64 ** 65 ** 54 52 54 52 51 54 67 ** 63 ** 58 ** 68 ** 51
Born 1911-1926 33 ** 59 ** 59 ** 51 ** 55 ** 52 ** 54 49 45 50 52 55 67 ** 65 ** 66 ** 69 ** 53
Born 1895-1910 32 ** 52 ** 55 ** 51 ** 60 ** 48 ** 49 48 55 44 47 39 62 ** 61 ** 74 ** 91 ** **
Born before 1895 26 ** 40 ** 52 ** 39 ** 41 ** 32 ** 52 65 70 50 0 100 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Democrats (incl leaners) 29 ** 57 ** 57 ** 53 ** 59 ** 56 ** 54 53 55 53 56 56 70 ** 64 ** 67 ** 64 ** 51
Independents 21 ** 59 ** 61 ** 54 ** 60 ** 61 ** 61 65 64 62 59 76 78 ** 70 ** 71 ** 74 ** 64
Republicans (incl leaners) 33 ** 51 ** 58 ** 49 ** 59 ** 57 ** 54 50 46 50 52 59 64 ** 60 ** 54 ** 56 ** 43
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 49 ** 49 46 53 50 52 55 63 ** 56 ** 58 ** 51 ** 44
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 59 ** 55 52 56 46 55 63 71 ** 63 ** 69 ** 60 ** 55
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 59 ** 47 51 45 48 51 53 61 ** 56 ** 49 ** 50 ** 38

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
....................

Table 6D.2.1
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)