The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Listened to Campaign Radio Programs 1952-2004
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Yes'


  % OF GROUP: '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Males 71 ** 48 ** 44 ** 51 ** 44 ** 48 ** 51 52 55 53 50 44 35 ** 41 ** 47 ** 45 ** 57
Females 68 ** 43 ** 40 ** 45 ** 39 ** 39 ** 41 42 41 42 41 38 28 ** 33 ** 30 ** 32 ** 45
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Whites non-Hispanic 70 ** 45 ** 42 ** 48 ** 39 ** 42 ** 45 47 47 46 45 39 31 ** 37 ** 40 ** 39 ** 52
Black non-Hispanic 64 ** 55 ** 46 ** 53 ** 57 ** 53 ** 45 45 48 54 48 50 33 ** 39 ** 36 ** 28 ** 50
Hispanic ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 36 ** 36 ** 36 32 45 41 37 41 31 ** 32 ** 30 ** 36 ** 46
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 50 ** 38 ** 34 44 24 36 51 35 36 ** 33 ** 29 ** 34 ** 59
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 67 ** 46 ** 44 ** 48 ** 44 ** 48 ** 42 46 47 50 46 42 31 ** 35 ** 20 ** 17 ** 29
High School Diploma 69 ** 41 ** 43 ** 45 ** 39 ** 39 ** 41 41 43 43 40 35 24 ** 29 ** 29 ** 26 ** 44
Some College, no Degree 79 ** 51 ** 38 ** 54 ** 40 ** 42 ** 48 48 45 47 48 43 35 ** 42 ** 43 ** 43 ** 52
College Degree/ Post-grad 79 ** 59 ** 39 ** 53 ** 45 ** 50 ** 59 60 59 51 55 51 43 ** 45 ** 52 ** 54 ** 64
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Income 0-16 Percentile 73 ** 61 ** 52 ** 51 ** 49 ** 46 ** 40 43 45 42 45 36 27 ** 31 ** 23 ** 25 ** 40
Income 17-33 Percentile 73 ** 48 ** 37 ** 46 ** 42 ** 44 ** 44 45 45 48 42 38 27 ** 26 ** 31 ** 32 ** 40
Income 34-67 Percentile 67 ** 37 ** 44 ** 46 ** 38 ** 40 ** 45 48 45 45 45 40 28 ** 39 ** 36 ** 38 ** 53
Income 68-95 Percentile 67 ** 44 ** 41 ** 47 ** 39 ** 43 ** 45 46 51 48 47 42 39 ** 41 ** 49 ** 49 ** 61
Income 96-100 Percentile 73 ** 46 ** 30 ** 51 ** 37 ** 45 ** 60 55 59 56 61 52 45 ** 54 ** 63 ** 57 ** 77
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Professionals 76 ** 52 ** 39 ** 52 ** 45 ** 50 ** 54 55 56 48 52 49 39 ** 44 ** 51 ** 50 ** 61
White Collar 71 ** 34 ** 41 ** 51 ** 38 ** 42 ** 47 45 42 51 42 41 30 ** 37 ** 35 ** 35 ** 52
Blue Collar 66 ** 42 ** 43 ** 47 ** 40 ** 44 ** 44 44 48 44 45 40 27 ** 34 ** 32 ** 33 ** 44
Unskilled 69 ** 45 ** 38 ** 53 ** 60 ** 44 ** 47 42 50 64 44 27 35 ** 20 ** 29 ** 15 ** 45
Farmers 78 ** 69 ** 40 ** 51 ** 47 ** 52 ** 48 51 57 52 53 44 34 ** 38 ** 53 ** 34 ** 51
Housewives 66 ** 44 ** 44 ** 43 ** 37 ** 34 ** 37 41 35 38 38 33 27 ** 31 ** 20 ** 34 ** 42
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Union Households 63 ** 36 ** 44 ** 44 ** 39 ** 43 ** 41 46 49 48 45 39 32 ** 35 ** 42 ** 42 ** 51
Non-Union Households 72 ** 49 ** 41 ** 49 ** 42 ** 43 ** 46 46 46 46 45 41 31 ** 37 ** 37 ** 37 ** 51
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
South 79 ** 47 ** 42 ** 48 ** 39 ** 40 ** 42 40 46 46 44 40 26 ** 33 ** 32 ** 33 ** 49
Nonsouth 67 ** 45 ** 42 ** 48 ** 41 ** 44 ** 46 49 47 47 46 41 34 ** 38 ** 41 ** 40 ** 52
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 42 ** 29 ** 28 ** 51
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 37 43 35 41 31 27 ** 35 ** 36 ** 41 ** 55
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** ** ** ** 38 ** 36 ** 36 ** 41 42 44 44 42 38 31 ** 38 ** 41 ** 44 ** 49
Born 1927-1942 74 ** 38 ** 37 ** 44 ** 36 ** 35 ** 46 48 47 48 49 46 33 ** 37 ** 42 ** 32 ** 49
Born 1911-1926 67 ** 41 ** 41 ** 49 ** 45 ** 48 ** 46 51 55 50 48 45 33 ** 35 ** 34 ** 31 ** 47
Born 1895-1910 68 ** 48 ** 45 ** 49 ** 40 ** 52 ** 51 52 45 56 53 61 38 ** 39 ** 26 ** 9 ** **
Born before 1895 74 ** 60 ** 48 ** 61 ** 59 ** 68 ** 48 35 30 50 100 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Democrats (incl leaners) 71 ** 43 ** 43 ** 47 ** 41 ** 44 ** 46 47 45 47 44 44 30 ** 36 ** 33 ** 36 ** 49
Independents 79 ** 41 ** 39 ** 46 ** 40 ** 39 ** 39 35 36 38 41 24 22 ** 30 ** 29 ** 26 ** 36
Republicans (incl leaners) 67 ** 49 ** 42 ** 51 ** 41 ** 43 ** 46 50 54 50 48 41 36 ** 40 ** 46 ** 44 ** 57
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 51 ** 51 54 47 50 48 45 37 ** 44 ** 43 ** 49 ** 56
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 41 ** 45 48 44 54 45 37 29 ** 37 ** 31 ** 40 ** 45
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 41 ** 53 49 55 52 49 47 39 ** 44 ** 51 ** 51 ** 62

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
....................

Table 6D.2.2
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)