The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

How to Use                                                                                            List of Tables



Read Magazine Articles on the Campaign 1952-2004
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Yes'


  % OF GROUP: '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Males 42 ** 35 ** 43 ** 42 ** 37 ** 36 ** 53 28 41 34 42 ** 30 ** 24 ** 38 ** ** ** 30
Females 39 ** 28 ** 40 ** 38 ** 34 ** 31 ** 45 23 30 28 29 ** 21 ** 21 ** 28 ** ** ** 26
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Whites non-Hispanic 43 ** 33 ** 43 ** 41 ** 37 ** 33 ** 50 26 37 32 37 ** 27 ** 23 ** 34 ** ** ** 30
Black non-Hispanic 15 ** 12 ** 27 ** 25 ** 26 ** 26 ** 33 16 17 24 24 ** 18 ** 15 ** 21 ** ** ** 20
Hispanic ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 29 ** 50 ** 46 22 27 31 29 ** 17 ** 24 ** 25 ** ** ** 26
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 25 ** 88 ** 40 28 59 18 32 ** 18 ** 27 ** 46 ** ** ** 37
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 23 ** 14 ** 19 ** 18 ** 12 ** 13 ** 18 7 8 15 12 ** 10 ** 9 ** 12 ** ** ** 11
High School Diploma 45 ** 30 ** 41 ** 36 ** 31 ** 27 ** 41 19 23 22 23 ** 15 ** 13 ** 20 ** ** ** 17
Some College, no Degree 75 ** 57 ** 68 ** 62 ** 54 ** 51 ** 67 33 47 36 44 ** 31 ** 25 ** 38 ** ** ** 30
College Degree/ Post-grad 75 ** 67 ** 77 ** 75 ** 71 ** 61 ** 81 51 69 55 64 ** 47 ** 42 ** 54 ** ** ** 46
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Income 0-16 Percentile 22 ** 13 ** 20 ** 19 ** 17 ** 19 ** 25 17 16 22 17 ** 13 ** 14 ** 23 ** ** ** 18
Income 17-33 Percentile 33 ** 25 ** 27 ** 37 ** 26 ** 27 ** 36 19 23 26 24 ** 18 ** 13 ** 23 ** ** ** 21
Income 34-67 Percentile 38 ** 32 ** 38 ** 38 ** 35 ** 33 ** 51 22 35 32 34 ** 23 ** 23 ** 29 ** ** ** 28
Income 68-95 Percentile 52 ** 39 ** 55 ** 49 ** 52 ** 39 ** 59 34 49 36 48 ** 35 ** 29 ** 43 ** ** ** 43
Income 96-100 Percentile 75 ** 62 ** 86 ** 70 ** 62 ** 69 ** 79 42 68 48 57 ** 43 ** 55 ** 59 ** ** ** 46
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Professionals 63 ** 51 ** 70 ** 59 ** 55 ** 50 ** 72 41 57 44 56 ** 36 ** 35 ** 51 ** ** ** 41
White Collar 51 ** 34 ** 45 ** 43 ** 43 ** 41 ** 54 28 36 35 36 ** 27 ** 24 ** 31 ** ** ** 26
Blue Collar 32 ** 22 ** 33 ** 27 ** 25 ** 23 ** 38 16 24 23 26 ** 18 ** 15 ** 20 ** ** ** 19
Unskilled 19 ** 12 ** 18 ** 19 ** 20 ** 25 ** 23 12 20 23 20 ** 15 ** 9 ** 20 ** ** ** 11
Farmers 45 ** 33 ** 28 ** 28 ** 24 ** 23 ** 24 32 29 23 23 ** 24 ** 11 ** 25 ** ** ** 37
Housewives 39 ** 30 ** 37 ** 40 ** 34 ** 27 ** 40 21 22 23 19 ** 17 ** 19 ** 15 ** ** ** 27
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Union Households 33 ** 27 ** 35 ** 34 ** 30 ** 32 ** 52 23 33 27 35 ** 25 ** 24 ** 33 ** ** ** 31
Non-Union Households 43 ** 32 ** 43 ** 41 ** 38 ** 34 ** 47 26 35 32 35 ** 24 ** 22 ** 32 ** ** ** 28
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
South 39 ** 26 ** 38 ** 33 ** 31 ** 26 ** 39 21 33 27 27 ** 20 ** 20 ** 31 ** ** ** 26
Nonsouth 41 ** 33 ** 42 ** 41 ** 37 ** 36 ** 51 27 35 33 38 ** 27 ** 24 ** 33 ** ** ** 29
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 17 ** 38 ** ** ** 25
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 21 32 23 33 ** 18 ** 19 ** 28 ** ** ** 29
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** ** ** ** 29 ** 41 ** 37 ** 52 26 37 32 38 ** 27 ** 27 ** 37 ** ** ** 29
Born 1927-1942 44 ** 26 ** 41 ** 41 ** 40 ** 37 ** 55 26 43 30 36 ** 24 ** 21 ** 32 ** ** ** 30
Born 1911-1926 41 ** 34 ** 47 ** 42 ** 36 ** 32 ** 44 25 27 34 31 ** 29 ** 23 ** 32 ** ** ** 25
Born 1895-1910 42 ** 33 ** 38 ** 35 ** 30 ** 25 ** 36 22 25 28 25 ** 20 ** 20 ** 25 ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 37 ** 24 ** 32 ** 34 ** 22 ** 18 ** 27 27 20 14 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Democrats (incl leaners) 37 ** 29 ** 35 ** 36 ** 31 ** 31 ** 47 23 31 31 34 ** 24 ** 22 ** 30 ** ** ** 29
Independents 42 ** 29 ** 50 ** 27 ** 30 ** 24 ** 44 18 29 20 24 ** 18 ** 18 ** 20 ** ** ** 19
Republicans (incl leaners) 49 ** 36 ** 51 ** 50 ** 46 ** 38 ** 52 34 42 36 38 ** 27 ** 26 ** 38 ** ** ** 29
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 48 ** 67 32 49 47 48 ** 33 ** 32 ** 46 ** ** ** 39
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 32 ** 51 28 38 35 35 ** 27 ** 25 ** 31 ** ** ** 28
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 43 ** 62 33 44 37 44 ** 31 ** 27 ** 38 ** ** ** 32

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
....................

Table 6D.3.2
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)