The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Average Feelings Toward Presidential Candidates 1952-2004
AVERAGE AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS FOR:      DEMOCRATIC CANDIDATE


  AVG. OF GROUP: '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Males .5 ** .1 ** .5 ** .9 ** -.2 ** -.8 ** .2 ** -.6 ** -.2 ** -.2 ** .2 ** -.2 ** 0 ** -.2
Females .4 ** 0 ** .4 ** 1.1 ** .1 ** -.6 ** .3 ** -.3 ** .2 ** .1 ** .6 ** .4 ** .4 ** .3
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
White non-Hispanic .4 ** 0 ** .4 ** .8 ** -.3 ** -.8 ** .1 ** -.6 ** -.2 ** -.3 ** .2 ** -.2 ** 0 ** -.2
Black non-Hispanic .9 ** .6 ** .9 ** 2.5 ** 2.2 ** 1 ** 1.4 ** .9 ** 1.4 ** 1 ** 1.4 ** 1.6 ** 1.1 ** 1.1
Hispanic ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** .6 ** -.2 ** 1 ** 0 ** .4 ** .7 ** .8 ** .9 ** .5 ** 0
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** .8 ** -.3 ** -.3 ** -.8 ** 0 ** .9 ** -.1 ** .1 ** .2 ** -.4
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. .6 ** .1 ** .2 ** 1.3 ** .4 ** -.3 ** .7 ** .3 ** .6 ** .6 ** .8 ** .7 ** .7 ** .6
High School Diploma .4 ** 0 ** .6 ** 1.1 ** 0 ** -.7 ** .4 ** -.3 ** 0 ** 0 ** .5 ** .3 ** .3 ** .1
Some College, no Degree .3 ** -.3 ** .5 ** .7 ** -.7 ** -.7 ** .2 ** -.8 ** -.2 ** -.3 ** .5 ** 0 ** .1 ** -.2
College Degree/ Post-grad .4 ** 0 ** .5 ** .3 ** -.2 ** -.8 ** -.3 ** -.9 ** -.1 ** -.2 ** .2 ** -.1 ** 0 ** 0
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Income 0-16 Percentile .4 ** .1 ** .2 ** 1.3 ** .4 ** -.2 ** .7 ** .2 ** .7 ** .4 ** .9 ** .8 ** .7 ** .5
Income 17-33 Percentile .5 ** .2 ** .2 ** 1.2 ** 0 ** -.4 ** .7 ** -.2 ** .4 ** .3 ** .7 ** .5 ** .4 ** .5
Income 34-67 Percentile .6 ** 0 ** .6 ** 1.1 ** -.3 ** -.6 ** .4 ** -.5 ** -.1 ** .1 ** .5 ** .2 ** -.1 ** 0
Income 68-95 Percentile .5 ** -.1 ** .6 ** .7 ** -.1 ** 1.0 ** 0 ** -.9 ** -.4 ** -.4 ** .1 ** -.2 ** .1 ** -.3
Income 96-100 Percentile -.1 ** -.3 ** .4 ** .3 ** -.7 ** -1.6 ** -.8 ** -1.5 ** 1.0 ** -1.1 ** -.4 ** -.6 ** -.5 ** -.4
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Professionals .3 ** -.1 ** .5 ** .5 ** -.5 ** 1.0 ** -.2 ** -.7 ** -.2 ** -.1 ** .3 ** .1 ** 0 ** .2
White Collar .5 ** -.2 ** .2 ** .9 ** -.1 ** -.6 ** .1 ** -.6 ** -.2 ** -.2 ** .3 ** .2 ** .2 ** -.1
Blue Collar .7 ** .2 ** .6 ** 1.4 ** 0 ** -.4 ** .6 ** -.3 ** .2 ** .1 ** .6 ** .3 ** .4 ** .1
Unskilled .8 ** .3 ** .2 ** 2 ** .7 ** -.4 ** .9 ** -.3 ** .4 ** .3 ** .6 ** .1 ** .4 ** .3
Farmers .3 ** 0 ** .1 ** .9 ** 0 ** -.9 ** -.1 ** -.5 ** -.4 ** -.2 ** .1 ** -.3 ** .3 ** .1
Housewives .3 ** 0 ** .4 ** 1 ** .1 ** -.7 ** .3 ** -.1 ** -.1 ** 0 ** .3 ** -.4 ** 0 ** -.6
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Union Households .9 ** .2 ** 1.1 ** 1.7 ** .2 ** -.5 ** .5 ** -.2 ** .4 ** .2 ** .8 ** .6 ** .4 ** .6
Non-Union Households .3 ** 0 ** .2 ** .8 ** -.1 ** -.7 ** .2 ** -.5 ** -.1 ** -.1 ** .4 ** .1 ** .2 ** -.1
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
South .4 ** .2 ** .1 ** .8 ** -.1 ** -.6 ** .5 ** -.2 ** .1 ** 0 ** .4 ** .3 ** 0 ** -.1
Nonsouth .5 ** 0 ** .6 ** 1.1 ** 0 ** -.7 ** .2 ** -.5 ** -.1 ** -.1 ** .4 ** .1 ** .3 ** .1
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** -.1 ** .5 ** .4 ** .2
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** -.3 ** .1 ** 0 ** .4 ** .1 ** -.1 ** 0
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** ** ** ** 1.2 ** -.2 ** -.3 ** .4 ** -.5 ** -.1 ** -.1 ** .3 ** 0 ** .1 ** -.2
Born 1927-1942 .3 ** 0 ** .7 ** 1.1 ** -.1 ** -.7 ** .1 ** -.8 ** 0 ** 0 ** .4 ** .1 ** .4 ** .1
Born 1911-1926 .6 ** .1 ** .5 ** 1 ** .1 ** -.9 ** .3 ** -.2 ** .1 ** 0 ** .7 ** .5 ** .9 ** .5
Born 1895-1910 .5 ** 0 ** .3 ** 1 ** -.1 ** -.7 ** .3 ** 0 ** 0 ** .4 ** .4 ** 0 ** -.6 ** **
Born before 1895 .3 ** 0 ** .1 ** .8 ** -.1 ** -.5 ** 0 ** .8 ** 1 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Democrats (incl leaners) 1.1 ** .8 ** 1.3 ** 1.8 ** .8 ** 0 ** 1 ** .4 ** 1.2 ** 1.1 ** 1.6 ** 1.4 ** 1.3 ** 1.3
Independents & Apolitical .2 ** -.4 ** .5 ** .7 ** -.5 ** -.7 ** .1 ** -.8 ** -.3 ** -.1 ** .3 ** 0 ** -.1 ** .3
Republicans (incl leaners) -.5 ** -.9 ** -.8 ** -.4 ** -1.4 ** -1.6 ** -.8 ** -1.6 ** -1.4 ** -1.3 ** -1.1 ** -1.4 ** -1.2 ** -1.7
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** .4 ** .9 ** .1 ** 1 ** 1.1 ** 1.6 ** 1.4 ** 1.2 ** 1.5
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** -.8 ** .3 ** -.5 ** .1 ** .2 ** .6 ** .5 ** .5 ** .2
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** -1.5 ** -.6 ** -1.2 ** -1.1 ** -1.1 ** -.7 ** -1.2 ** -.8 ** -1.3

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group


table 7A.1.1
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table

(Table generated: 04NOV15)