The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Average Feeling Thermometer Toward Presidential Candidates 1968-2008
AVERAGE AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS FOR:      DEMOCRATIC CANDIDATE


  AVG. OF GROUP: '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Males 58 ** 47 ** 61 ** 54 ** 55 ** 55 ** 54 ** 56 ** 54 ** 51 56
Females 64 ** 50 ** 64 ** 58 ** 59 ** 58 ** 58 ** 62 ** 59 ** 55 59
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Whites 59 ** 46 ** 60 ** 54 ** 54 ** 53 ** 53 ** 55 ** 55 ** 49 52
Blacks 85 ** 76 ** 80 ** 76 ** 75 ** 69 ** 69 ** 80 ** 70 ** 67 83
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 64 ** 53 ** 70 ** 66 ** 68 ** 64 ** 64 ** 69 ** 64 ** 61 66
High School Diploma 62 ** 49 ** 65 ** 58 ** 58 ** 57 ** 58 ** 62 ** 58 ** 54 57
Some College, no Degree 57 ** 46 ** 59 ** 52 ** 55 ** 53 ** 55 ** 57 ** 56 ** 51 57
College Degree/ Post-grad 57 ** 49 ** 54 ** 50 ** 54 ** 56 ** 52 ** 54 ** 56 ** 51 57
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Income 0-16 Percentile 66 ** 54 ** 69 ** 67 ** 68 ** 62 ** 63 ** 70 ** 63 ** 57 64
Income 17-33 Percentile 63 ** 53 ** 68 ** 61 ** 63 ** 59 ** 59 ** 65 ** 57 ** 59 62
Income 34-67 Percentile 59 ** 50 ** 64 ** 55 ** 55 ** 56 ** 56 ** 58 ** 54 ** 53 58
Income 68-95 Percentile 60 ** 45 ** 59 ** 50 ** 53 ** 53 ** 52 ** 53 ** 57 ** 50 52
Income 96-100 Percentile 55 ** 39 ** 46 ** 42 ** 48 ** 48 ** 47 ** 47 ** 52 ** 45 44
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Professionals 56 ** 46 ** 55 ** 52 ** 54 ** 56 ** 54 ** 55 ** 56 ** 54 **
White Collar 62 ** 50 ** 60 ** 54 ** 55 ** 55 ** 54 ** 60 ** 57 ** 51 **
Blue Collar 63 ** 51 ** 69 ** 59 ** 61 ** 57 ** 59 ** 63 ** 59 ** 55 **
Unskilled 71 ** 55 ** 68 ** 59 ** 60 ** 63 ** 56 ** 62 ** 60 ** 63 **
Farmers 58 ** 45 ** 60 ** 55 ** 51 ** 50 ** 52 ** 57 ** 52 ** 46 **
Housewives 63 ** 48 ** 63 ** 59 ** 58 ** 59 ** 55 ** 53 ** 54 ** 44 **
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Union Households 63 ** 52 ** 65 ** 57 ** 61 ** 59 ** 59 ** 64 ** 60 ** 58 59
Non-Union Households 61 ** 48 ** 62 ** 56 ** 56 ** 56 ** 55 ** 58 ** 57 ** 51 57
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
South 57 ** 47 ** 67 ** 61 ** 60 ** 58 ** 58 ** 62 ** 56 ** 52 53
Nonsouth 63 ** 50 ** 61 ** 54 ** 56 ** 56 ** 55 ** 58 ** 58 ** 53 60
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 63
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 58 ** 65 ** 59 ** 57 58
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** 56 ** 56 ** 56 ** 55 ** 58 ** 54 ** 51 55
Born 1943-1958 57 ** 52 ** 64 ** 55 ** 55 ** 54 ** 55 ** 58 ** 57 ** 50 52
Born 1927-1942 62 ** 48 ** 61 ** 52 ** 58 ** 59 ** 57 ** 60 ** 59 ** 52 55
Born 1911-1926 62 ** 47 ** 63 ** 60 ** 61 ** 59 ** 60 ** 63 ** 66 ** 66 **
Born 1895-1910 61 ** 49 ** 63 ** 63 ** 58 ** 58 ** 57 ** 58 ** 62 ** ** **
Born before 1895 63 ** 44 ** 55 ** 67 ** 74 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Born before 1895 71 ** 60 ** 73 ** 68 ** 71 ** 70 ** 69 ** 76 ** 70 ** 69 72
Democrats (incl leaners) 55 ** 48 ** 59 ** 51 ** 54 ** 53 ** 52 ** 56 ** 52 ** 51 56
Independents & Apolitical 47 ** 33 ** 48 ** 41 ** 41 ** 42 ** 40 ** 38 ** 41 ** 34 37
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Republicans (incl leaners) ** ** 65 ** 70 ** 61 ** 66 ** 67 ** 66 ** 74 ** 66 ** 68 75
Liberals ** ** 48 ** 64 ** 57 ** 60 ** 60 ** 57 ** 64 ** 62 ** 57 60
Moderates ** ** 35 ** 49 ** 48 ** 45 ** 46 ** 44 ** 42 ** 43 ** 38 41

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group


table 7A.2.1
Source: The National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table

(Table generated: 17AUG10)