The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Average Feeling Thermometer Toward Presidential Candidates 1968-2008
AVERAGE AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS FOR:      BOTH CANDIDATES


  AVG. OF GROUP: '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Males 62 ** 56 ** 60 ** 55 ** 59 ** 58 ** 53 ** 55 ** 56 ** 54 55
Females 65 ** 58 ** 63 ** 57 ** 60 ** 59 ** 55 ** 57 ** 58 ** 54 55
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Whites 63 ** 57 ** 62 ** 56 ** 59 ** 58 ** 54 ** 54 ** 57 ** 54 53
Blacks 70 ** 63 ** 64 ** 59 ** 57 ** 57 ** 54 ** 63 ** 59 ** 54 60
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 64 ** 60 ** 63 ** 60 ** 61 ** 60 ** 58 ** 59 ** 61 ** 57 55
High School Diploma 65 ** 57 ** 62 ** 58 ** 59 ** 59 ** 55 ** 57 ** 57 ** 56 54
Some College, no Degree 63 ** 56 ** 61 ** 54 ** 59 ** 57 ** 54 ** 54 ** 56 ** 54 55
College Degree/ Post-grad 62 ** 56 ** 59 ** 52 ** 58 ** 59 ** 52 ** 55 ** 57 ** 52 56
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Income 0-16 Percentile 66 ** 59 ** 64 ** 61 ** 60 ** 58 ** 56 ** 60 ** 58 ** 55 55
Income 17-33 Percentile 64 ** 59 ** 64 ** 58 ** 59 ** 59 ** 55 ** 57 ** 56 ** 54 55
Income 34-67 Percentile 63 ** 58 ** 62 ** 56 ** 59 ** 59 ** 54 ** 55 ** 55 ** 55 55
Income 68-95 Percentile 64 ** 56 ** 61 ** 54 ** 59 ** 59 ** 54 ** 55 ** 57 ** 53 54
Income 96-100 Percentile 60 ** 55 ** 58 ** 52 ** 62 ** 62 ** 51 ** 52 ** 59 ** 53 53
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Professionals 61 ** 56 ** 59 ** 54 ** 59 ** 59 ** 53 ** 55 ** 56 ** 51 **
White Collar 65 ** 58 ** 62 ** 55 ** 59 ** 59 ** 54 ** 55 ** 57 ** 55 **
Blue Collar 63 ** 58 ** 62 ** 58 ** 59 ** 58 ** 55 ** 57 ** 57 ** 56 **
Unskilled 73 ** 58 ** 64 ** 57 ** 56 ** 63 ** 53 ** 54 ** 58 ** 57 **
Farmers 64 ** 58 ** 61 ** 59 ** 60 ** 55 ** 56 ** 57 ** 54 ** 55 **
Housewives 66 ** 58 ** 63 ** 58 ** 62 ** 60 ** 55 ** 55 ** 57 ** 56 **
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Union Households 63 ** 57 ** 61 ** 55 ** 58 ** 58 ** 53 ** 56 ** 56 ** 53 54
Non-Union Households 64 ** 57 ** 62 ** 57 ** 59 ** 59 ** 54 ** 56 ** 57 ** 54 55
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
South 61 ** 58 ** 63 ** 60 ** 61 ** 60 ** 57 ** 58 ** 58 ** 56 55
Nonsouth 65 ** 57 ** 61 ** 55 ** 59 ** 58 ** 53 ** 55 ** 56 ** 53 55
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 56
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 54 ** 60 ** 56 ** 51 55
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** 53 ** 57 ** 59 ** 54 ** 55 ** 56 ** 54 53
Born 1943-1958 61 ** 57 ** 61 ** 54 ** 58 ** 57 ** 53 ** 55 ** 57 ** 55 56
Born 1927-1942 63 ** 56 ** 61 ** 56 ** 60 ** 60 ** 55 ** 58 ** 58 ** 54 55
Born 1911-1926 65 ** 57 ** 62 ** 59 ** 61 ** 60 ** 56 ** 57 ** 61 ** 62 **
Born 1895-1910 65 ** 59 ** 63 ** 61 ** 61 ** 59 ** 56 ** 58 ** 66 ** ** **
Born before 1895 68 ** 61 ** 64 ** 56 ** 62 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Born before 1895 65 ** 58 ** 63 ** 57 ** 58 ** 58 ** 55 ** 59 ** 58 ** 52 56
Democrats (incl leaners) 60 ** 56 ** 61 ** 53 ** 59 ** 56 ** 50 ** 53 ** 54 ** 50 55
Independents & Apolitical 64 ** 57 ** 61 ** 56 ** 61 ** 60 ** 55 ** 52 ** 57 ** 57 54
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Republicans (incl leaners) ** ** 58 ** 60 ** 52 ** 55 ** 57 ** 51 ** 57 ** 53 ** 49 56
Liberals ** ** 58 ** 63 ** 57 ** 60 ** 60 ** 54 ** 57 ** 59 ** 54 56
Moderates ** ** 55 ** 59 ** 57 ** 60 ** 59 ** 54 ** 52 ** 55 ** 57 54

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group


table 7A.2.3
Source: The National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table

(Table generated: 17AUG10)