The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Average Feeling Thermometer Toward Presidential Candidates 1968-2012
AVERAGE AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS FOR:      BOTH CANDIDATES


  AVG. OF GROUP: '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 62 ** 56 ** 60 ** 55 ** 59 ** 58 ** 53 ** 55 ** 56 ** 54 55 50
Females 65 ** 58 ** 63 ** 57 ** 60 ** 59 ** 55 ** 57 ** 58 ** 54 55 51
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
White non-Hispanic 63 ** 57 ** 62 ** 56 ** 59 ** 58 ** 54 ** 54 ** 56 ** 54 53 49
Black non-Hispanic 70 ** 63 ** 64 ** 59 ** 57 ** 57 ** 54 ** 64 ** 59 ** 54 61 57
Hispanic 69 ** 57 ** 58 ** 60 ** 62 ** 64 ** 59 ** 60 ** 58 ** 57 58 52
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 58 ** 58 ** 61 ** 54 ** 62 ** 60 ** 58 ** 59 ** 58 ** 55 55 49
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 64 ** 60 ** 63 ** 60 ** 61 ** 60 ** 58 ** 59 ** 61 ** 57 55 47
High School Diploma 65 ** 57 ** 62 ** 58 ** 59 ** 59 ** 55 ** 57 ** 57 ** 56 54 51
Some College, no Degree 63 ** 56 ** 61 ** 54 ** 59 ** 57 ** 54 ** 54 ** 56 ** 54 55 51
College Degree/ Post-grad 62 ** 56 ** 59 ** 52 ** 58 ** 59 ** 52 ** 55 ** 57 ** 52 56 51
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 66 ** 59 ** 64 ** 61 ** 60 ** 58 ** 56 ** 60 ** 58 ** 55 55 49
Income 17-33 Percentile 64 ** 59 ** 64 ** 58 ** 59 ** 59 ** 55 ** 57 ** 56 ** 54 55 52
Income 34-67 Percentile 63 ** 58 ** 62 ** 56 ** 59 ** 59 ** 54 ** 55 ** 55 ** 55 55 50
Income 68-95 Percentile 64 ** 56 ** 61 ** 54 ** 59 ** 59 ** 54 ** 55 ** 57 ** 53 54 51
Income 96-100 Percentile 60 ** 55 ** 58 ** 52 ** 62 ** 62 ** 51 ** 52 ** 59 ** 53 53 51
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 61 ** 56 ** 59 ** 54 ** 59 ** 59 ** 53 ** 55 ** 56 ** 51 ** **
White Collar 65 ** 58 ** 62 ** 55 ** 59 ** 59 ** 54 ** 55 ** 57 ** 55 ** **
Blue Collar 63 ** 58 ** 62 ** 58 ** 59 ** 58 ** 55 ** 57 ** 57 ** 56 ** **
Unskilled 73 ** 58 ** 64 ** 57 ** 56 ** 63 ** 53 ** 54 ** 58 ** 57 ** **
Farmers 64 ** 58 ** 61 ** 59 ** 60 ** 55 ** 56 ** 57 ** 54 ** 55 ** **
Housewives 66 ** 58 ** 63 ** 58 ** 62 ** 60 ** 55 ** 55 ** 57 ** 56 ** **
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 63 ** 57 ** 61 ** 55 ** 58 ** 58 ** 53 ** 56 ** 56 ** 53 54 51
Non-Union Households 64 ** 57 ** 62 ** 57 ** 59 ** 59 ** 54 ** 56 ** 57 ** 54 55 50
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 61 ** 58 ** 63 ** 60 ** 61 ** 60 ** 57 ** 58 ** 58 ** 56 55 51
Nonsouth 65 ** 57 ** 61 ** 55 ** 59 ** 58 ** 53 ** 55 ** 56 ** 53 55 50
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 52
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 54 ** 60 ** 56 ** 51 56 49
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** 53 ** 57 ** 59 ** 54 ** 55 ** 56 ** 54 55 50
Born 1943-1958 61 ** 57 ** 61 ** 54 ** 58 ** 57 ** 53 ** 55 ** 57 ** 55 53 51
Born 1927-1942 63 ** 56 ** 61 ** 56 ** 60 ** 60 ** 55 ** 58 ** 58 ** 54 56 52
Born 1911-1926 65 ** 57 ** 62 ** 59 ** 61 ** 60 ** 56 ** 57 ** 61 ** 62 55 53
Born 1895-1910 65 ** 59 ** 63 ** 61 ** 61 ** 59 ** 56 ** 58 ** 66 ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 68 ** 61 ** 64 ** 56 ** 62 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 65 ** 58 ** 63 ** 57 ** 58 ** 58 ** 55 ** 59 ** 58 ** 52 56 53
Independents & Apolitical 60 ** 56 ** 61 ** 53 ** 59 ** 56 ** 50 ** 53 ** 54 ** 50 55 48
Republicans (incl leaners) 64 ** 57 ** 61 ** 56 ** 61 ** 60 ** 55 ** 52 ** 57 ** 57 54 49
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals ** ** 58 ** 60 ** 52 ** 55 ** 57 ** 51 ** 57 ** 53 ** 49 56 52
Moderates ** ** 58 ** 63 ** 57 ** 60 ** 60 ** 54 ** 57 ** 59 ** 54 56 50
Conservatives ** ** 55 ** 59 ** 57 ** 60 ** 59 ** 54 ** 52 ** 55 ** 57 54 49

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group


table 7A.2.3
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table

(Table generated: 04NOV15)