The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Average Feeling Thermometer Toward Presidential Candidates 1968-2012
AVERAGE AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS FOR:      NET PRO DEM. - PRO REP.


  AVG. OF GROUP: '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 46 ** 41 ** 51 ** 49 ** 46 ** 47 ** 51 ** 51 ** 49 ** 47 53 52
Females 49 ** 43 ** 52 ** 52 ** 50 ** 50 ** 53 ** 57 ** 52 ** 51 55 55
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
White non-Hispanic 46 ** 39 ** 49 ** 48 ** 45 ** 45 ** 50 ** 51 ** 48 ** 46 49 48
Black non-Hispanic 65 ** 64 ** 67 ** 68 ** 70 ** 62 ** 65 ** 67 ** 61 ** 64 74 80
Hispanic 48 ** 49 ** 65 ** 49 ** 54 ** 55 ** 54 ** 61 ** 53 ** 50 59 63
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 52 ** 47 ** 50 ** 44 ** 48 ** 54 ** 52 ** 48 ** 51 ** 47 60 57
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 51 ** 43 ** 57 ** 56 ** 57 ** 54 ** 56 ** 61 ** 52 ** 54 65 59
High School Diploma 48 ** 42 ** 53 ** 50 ** 49 ** 49 ** 53 ** 56 ** 51 ** 49 55 55
Some College, no Degree 44 ** 40 ** 48 ** 48 ** 46 ** 46 ** 52 ** 53 ** 50 ** 48 53 53
College Degree/ Post-grad 46 ** 43 ** 46 ** 49 ** 46 ** 47 ** 50 ** 49 ** 50 ** 50 52 53
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 50 ** 45 ** 56 ** 56 ** 58 ** 54 ** 57 ** 61 ** 55 ** 53 62 61
Income 17-33 Percentile 50 ** 44 ** 55 ** 53 ** 54 ** 50 ** 54 ** 58 ** 52 ** 54 58 58
Income 34-67 Percentile 47 ** 42 ** 53 ** 50 ** 47 ** 48 ** 53 ** 53 ** 49 ** 49 53 52
Income 68-95 Percentile 47 ** 40 ** 48 ** 46 ** 45 ** 45 ** 49 ** 48 ** 51 ** 47 48 50
Income 96-100 Percentile 45 ** 34 ** 38 ** 41 ** 37 ** 36 ** 46 ** 45 ** 44 ** 43 42 51
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 45 ** 41 ** 46 ** 48 ** 46 ** 47 ** 52 ** 51 ** 50 ** 53 ** **
White Collar 47 ** 43 ** 49 ** 50 ** 47 ** 47 ** 50 ** 55 ** 50 ** 47 ** **
Blue Collar 50 ** 44 ** 56 ** 51 ** 51 ** 50 ** 55 ** 56 ** 52 ** 49 ** **
Unskilled 50 ** 48 ** 56 ** 52 ** 54 ** 50 ** 53 ** 58 ** 52 ** 56 ** **
Farmers 45 ** 38 ** 49 ** 47 ** 40 ** 45 ** 46 ** 49 ** 48 ** 42 ** **
Housewives 48 ** 40 ** 51 ** 51 ** 47 ** 49 ** 51 ** 49 ** 46 ** 38 ** **
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 50 ** 45 ** 55 ** 53 ** 53 ** 52 ** 56 ** 58 ** 54 ** 56 56 57
Non-Union Households 47 ** 41 ** 50 ** 49 ** 47 ** 48 ** 51 ** 53 ** 50 ** 48 53 53
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 46 ** 40 ** 54 ** 52 ** 49 ** 48 ** 52 ** 54 ** 47 ** 46 49 52
Nonsouth 48 ** 43 ** 51 ** 50 ** 48 ** 49 ** 52 ** 54 ** 52 ** 50 57 55
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 61
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 54 ** 56 ** 53 ** 57 58 58
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** 53 ** 49 ** 48 ** 51 ** 54 ** 48 ** 47 54 55
Born 1943-1958 46 ** 46 ** 53 ** 51 ** 47 ** 47 ** 52 ** 53 ** 50 ** 45 53 51
Born 1927-1942 50 ** 42 ** 50 ** 46 ** 49 ** 49 ** 52 ** 53 ** 51 ** 48 48 44
Born 1911-1926 48 ** 40 ** 51 ** 51 ** 51 ** 50 ** 54 ** 56 ** 55 ** 55 52 47
Born 1895-1910 47 ** 41 ** 51 ** 52 ** 48 ** 50 ** 52 ** 50 ** 47 ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 45 ** 33 ** 42 ** 58 ** 62 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 57 ** 52 ** 61 ** 61 ** 64 ** 63 ** 65 ** 67 ** 63 ** 67 67 76
Independents & Apolitical 46 ** 42 ** 49 ** 48 ** 45 ** 47 ** 52 ** 53 ** 48 ** 51 54 53
Republicans (incl leaners) 34 ** 26 ** 37 ** 35 ** 31 ** 32 ** 35 ** 36 ** 34 ** 27 35 28
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals ** ** 58 ** 60 ** 60 ** 61 ** 61 ** 65 ** 67 ** 63 ** 70 69 76
Moderates ** ** 40 ** 52 ** 50 ** 50 ** 51 ** 53 ** 57 ** 53 ** 53 55 59
Conservatives ** ** 30 ** 41 ** 41 ** 35 ** 38 ** 41 ** 40 ** 39 ** 32 38 33

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group


table 7A.2.4
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table

(Table generated: 04NOV15)