The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Average Feeling Thermometer Toward Presidential Candidates 1968-2008
AVERAGE AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS FOR:      NET PRO DEM. - PRO REP.


  AVG. OF GROUP: '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Males 46 ** 41 ** 51 ** 49 ** 46 ** 47 ** 51 ** 51 ** 49 ** 47 53
Females 49 ** 43 ** 52 ** 52 ** 50 ** 50 ** 53 ** 57 ** 52 ** 51 55
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Whites 46 ** 39 ** 49 ** 48 ** 45 ** 45 ** 50 ** 51 ** 48 ** 46 49
Blacks 65 ** 64 ** 67 ** 67 ** 68 ** 62 ** 65 ** 67 ** 61 ** 64 74
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 51 ** 43 ** 57 ** 56 ** 57 ** 54 ** 56 ** 61 ** 52 ** 54 65
High School Diploma 48 ** 42 ** 53 ** 50 ** 49 ** 49 ** 53 ** 56 ** 51 ** 49 55
Some College, no Degree 44 ** 40 ** 48 ** 48 ** 46 ** 46 ** 52 ** 53 ** 50 ** 48 53
College Degree/ Post-grad 46 ** 43 ** 46 ** 49 ** 46 ** 47 ** 50 ** 49 ** 50 ** 50 52
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Income 0-16 Percentile 50 ** 45 ** 56 ** 56 ** 58 ** 54 ** 57 ** 61 ** 55 ** 53 62
Income 17-33 Percentile 50 ** 44 ** 55 ** 53 ** 54 ** 50 ** 54 ** 58 ** 52 ** 54 58
Income 34-67 Percentile 47 ** 42 ** 53 ** 50 ** 47 ** 48 ** 53 ** 53 ** 49 ** 49 53
Income 68-95 Percentile 47 ** 40 ** 48 ** 46 ** 45 ** 45 ** 49 ** 48 ** 51 ** 47 48
Income 96-100 Percentile 45 ** 34 ** 38 ** 41 ** 37 ** 36 ** 46 ** 45 ** 44 ** 43 42
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Professionals 45 ** 41 ** 46 ** 48 ** 46 ** 47 ** 52 ** 51 ** 50 ** 53 **
White Collar 47 ** 43 ** 49 ** 50 ** 47 ** 47 ** 50 ** 55 ** 50 ** 47 **
Blue Collar 50 ** 44 ** 56 ** 51 ** 51 ** 50 ** 55 ** 56 ** 52 ** 49 **
Unskilled 50 ** 48 ** 56 ** 52 ** 54 ** 50 ** 53 ** 58 ** 52 ** 56 **
Farmers 45 ** 38 ** 49 ** 47 ** 40 ** 45 ** 46 ** 49 ** 48 ** 42 **
Housewives 48 ** 40 ** 51 ** 51 ** 47 ** 49 ** 51 ** 49 ** 46 ** 38 **
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Union Households 50 ** 45 ** 55 ** 53 ** 53 ** 52 ** 56 ** 58 ** 54 ** 56 56
Non-Union Households 47 ** 41 ** 50 ** 49 ** 47 ** 48 ** 51 ** 53 ** 50 ** 48 53
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
South 46 ** 40 ** 54 ** 52 ** 49 ** 48 ** 52 ** 54 ** 47 ** 46 49
Nonsouth 48 ** 43 ** 51 ** 50 ** 48 ** 49 ** 52 ** 54 ** 52 ** 50 57
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 58
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 54 ** 56 ** 53 ** 57 54
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** 53 ** 49 ** 48 ** 51 ** 54 ** 48 ** 47 53
Born 1943-1958 46 ** 46 ** 53 ** 51 ** 47 ** 47 ** 52 ** 53 ** 50 ** 45 48
Born 1927-1942 50 ** 42 ** 50 ** 46 ** 49 ** 49 ** 52 ** 53 ** 51 ** 48 52
Born 1911-1926 48 ** 40 ** 51 ** 51 ** 51 ** 50 ** 54 ** 56 ** 55 ** 55 **
Born 1895-1910 47 ** 41 ** 51 ** 52 ** 48 ** 50 ** 52 ** 50 ** 47 ** ** **
Born before 1895 45 ** 33 ** 42 ** 58 ** 62 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Born before 1895 57 ** 52 ** 61 ** 61 ** 64 ** 63 ** 65 ** 67 ** 63 ** 67 67
Democrats (incl leaners) 46 ** 42 ** 49 ** 48 ** 45 ** 47 ** 52 ** 53 ** 48 ** 51 54
Independents & Apolitical 34 ** 26 ** 37 ** 35 ** 31 ** 32 ** 35 ** 36 ** 34 ** 27 35
  '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Republicans (incl leaners) ** ** 58 ** 60 ** 60 ** 61 ** 61 ** 65 ** 67 ** 63 ** 70 69
Liberals ** ** 40 ** 52 ** 50 ** 50 ** 51 ** 53 ** 57 ** 53 ** 53 55
Moderates ** ** 30 ** 41 ** 41 ** 35 ** 38 ** 41 ** 40 ** 39 ** 32 38

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group


table 7A.2.4
Source: The National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table

(Table generated: 17AUG10)