The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Has Democratic Presidential Candidate Made Respondent Feel Hopeful 1980-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'No, Haven't Felt'


  % OF GROUP: '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 42 ** 64 ** 62 ** 52 ** 50 ** 57 ** 56 39 45
Females 38 ** 55 ** 56 ** 46 ** 36 ** 51 ** 51 40 38
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 42 ** 63 ** 64 ** 51 ** 46 ** 56 ** 58 46 49
Black non-Hispanic 22 ** 33 ** 37 ** 33 ** 26 ** 43 ** 33 15 9
Hispanic 46 ** 55 ** 45 ** 46 ** 36 ** 44 ** 58 32 31
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 50 ** 66 ** 39 ** 52 ** 38 ** 54 ** 52 17 39
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 42 ** 57 ** 61 ** 47 ** 57 ** 57 ** 50 45 44
High School Diploma 41 ** 59 ** 60 ** 50 ** 43 ** 56 ** 53 42 44
Some College, no Degree 37 ** 60 ** 58 ** 44 ** 40 ** 52 ** 55 39 42
College Degree/ Post-grad 40 ** 58 ** 53 ** 49 ** 40 ** 50 ** 53 38 37
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 36 ** 49 ** 57 ** 43 ** 34 ** 48 ** 49 36 39
Income 17-33 Percentile 38 ** 51 ** 55 ** 45 ** 41 ** 52 ** 43 31 38
Income 34-67 Percentile 37 ** 61 ** 55 ** 46 ** 41 ** 57 ** 55 39 43
Income 68-95 Percentile 45 ** 62 ** 61 ** 52 ** 47 ** 52 ** 58 43 44
Income 96-100 Percentile 49 ** 70 ** 79 ** 59 ** 51 ** 47 ** 58 54 33
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 42 ** 60 ** 54 ** 48 ** 42 ** 51 ** 49 ** **
White Collar 41 ** 62 ** 59 ** 48 ** 37 ** 54 ** 62 ** **
Blue Collar 40 ** 56 ** 61 ** 47 ** 45 ** 54 ** 50 ** **
Unskilled 47 ** 51 ** 59 ** 52 ** 39 ** 48 ** 39 ** **
Farmers 41 ** 77 ** 66 ** 59 ** 59 ** 66 ** 62 ** **
Housewives 37 ** 59 ** 59 ** 52 ** 47 ** 58 ** 65 ** **
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 38 ** 49 ** 50 ** 40 ** 40 ** 45 ** 43 34 36
Non-Union Households 41 ** 62 ** 60 ** 50 ** 43 ** 55 ** 56 40 42
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 36 ** 62 ** 60 ** 51 ** 42 ** 59 ** 57 47 45
Nonsouth 41 ** 58 ** 57 ** 48 ** 42 ** 51 ** 52 35 40
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 34
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** 62 ** 38 ** 55 ** 41 36 37
Born 1959-1974 37 ** 60 ** 58 ** 48 ** 42 ** 56 ** 58 39 39
Born 1943-1958 40 ** 61 ** 57 ** 48 ** 42 ** 54 ** 60 37 45
Born 1927-1942 44 ** 57 ** 59 ** 50 ** 43 ** 52 ** 50 51 53
Born 1911-1926 37 ** 55 ** 59 ** 46 ** 41 ** 44 ** 47 39 45
Born 1895-1910 40 ** 62 ** 61 ** 59 ** 61 ** 70 ** ** ** **
Born before 1895 33 ** 67 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 25 ** 35 ** 35 ** 25 ** 23 ** 34 ** 24 17 12
Independents 51 ** 75 ** 70 ** 58 ** 54 ** 71 ** 68 49 52
Republicans (incl leaners) 58 ** 83 ** 81 ** 77 ** 64 ** 74 ** 86 67 72
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals 28 ** 39 ** 36 ** 26 ** 21 ** 38 ** 20 14 11
Moderates 37 ** 56 ** 55 ** 44 ** 38 ** 50 ** 49 34 37
Conservatives 47 ** 76 ** 70 ** 64 ** 60 ** 69 ** 79 63 67

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 7B.3.2
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 02NOV15)