The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Democratic Presidential Candidate Knowledgeable 1980-2008
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Quite Well/ Extremely Well'


  % OF GROUP: '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Males 75 ** 78 ** 80 ** 82 ** 80 ** 83 ** 80 77
Females 76 ** 83 ** 84 ** 84 ** 85 ** 84 ** 77 78
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Whites non-Hispanic 74 ** 80 ** 81 ** 82 ** 81 ** 83 ** 76 72
Black non-Hispanic 88 ** 91 ** 89 ** 90 ** 95 ** 87 ** 89 96
Hispanic 78 ** 84 ** 84 ** 85 ** 83 ** 87 ** 82 85
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 67 ** 84 ** 94 ** 82 ** 76 ** 83 ** 81 99
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 83 ** 84 ** 85 ** 83 ** 84 ** 79 ** 67 71
High School Diploma 78 ** 82 ** 82 ** 84 ** 81 ** 82 ** 77 77
Some College, no Degree 71 ** 80 ** 83 ** 83 ** 84 ** 83 ** 78 74
College Degree/ Post-grad 70 ** 80 ** 81 ** 81 ** 85 ** 87 ** 84 81
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Income 0-16 Percentile 79 ** 87 ** 83 ** 87 ** 85 ** 81 ** 74 85
Income 17-33 Percentile 77 ** 83 ** 86 ** 82 ** 83 ** 83 ** 84 78
Income 34-67 Percentile 75 ** 80 ** 81 ** 83 ** 80 ** 83 ** 76 76
Income 68-95 Percentile 72 ** 81 ** 82 ** 82 ** 85 ** 85 ** 81 80
Income 96-100 Percentile 74 ** 79 ** 74 ** 79 ** 84 ** 84 ** 85 58
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Professionals 72 ** 79 ** 82 ** 83 ** 84 ** 85 ** 86 **
White Collar 70 ** 84 ** 82 ** 83 ** 85 ** 85 ** 72 **
Blue Collar 78 ** 81 ** 83 ** 84 ** 82 ** 82 ** 79 **
Unskilled 74 ** 81 ** 83 ** 73 ** 66 ** 81 ** 92 **
Farmers 76 ** 77 ** 80 ** 79 ** 97 ** 82 ** 91 **
Housewives 81 ** 84 ** 83 ** 83 ** 71 ** 78 ** 64 **
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Union Households 77 ** 83 ** 85 ** 86 ** 86 ** 85 ** 83 79
Non-Union Households 75 ** 81 ** 82 ** 82 ** 82 ** 83 ** 78 77
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
South 78 ** 82 ** 85 ** 85 ** 84 ** 80 ** 78 75
Nonsouth 74 ** 81 ** 81 ** 82 ** 82 ** 85 ** 79 79
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** 69 ** 82 ** 84 ** 88 84
Born 1959-1974 77 ** 82 ** 81 ** 81 ** 79 ** 84 ** 79 81
Born 1943-1958 75 ** 82 ** 81 ** 84 ** 84 ** 84 ** 72 74
Born 1927-1942 72 ** 81 ** 83 ** 86 ** 85 ** 81 ** 79 67
Born 1911-1926 78 ** 81 ** 85 ** 82 ** 84 ** 82 ** 74 61
Born 1895-1910 78 ** 77 ** 81 ** 80 ** 84 ** 100 ** ** **
Born before 1895 80 ** 50 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Democrats (incl leaners) 85 ** 89 ** 92 ** 92 ** 93 ** 90 ** 92 90
Independents 71 ** 78 ** 81 ** 78 ** 77 ** 85 ** 67 70
Republicans (incl leaners) 62 ** 72 ** 72 ** 73 ** 69 ** 74 ** 65 63
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Liberals 78 ** 85 ** 88 ** 93 ** 93 ** 92 ** 90 92
Moderates 78 ** 84 ** 82 ** 81 ** 81 ** 89 ** 81 72
Conservatives 67 ** 75 ** 79 ** 77 ** 77 ** 73 ** 72 67

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 7C.2.1
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 02NOV15)