The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Democratic Presidential Candidate Moral 1980-2008
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Not Too Well/ Not Well at All'


  % OF GROUP: '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Males 22 ** 15 ** 20 ** 53 ** 65 ** 30 ** 36 33
Females 17 ** 15 ** 20 ** 50 ** 54 ** 23 ** 29 27
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Whites non-Hispanic 20 ** 16 ** 21 ** 56 ** 67 ** 27 ** 37 36
Black non-Hispanic 11 ** 9 ** 19 ** 29 ** 29 ** 20 ** 17 5
Hispanic 22 ** 13 ** 17 ** 39 ** 41 ** 30 ** 31 18
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 27 ** 15 ** 6 ** 55 ** 53 ** 30 ** 28 13
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 19 ** 12 ** 19 ** 31 ** 50 ** 17 ** 35 21
High School Diploma 20 ** 17 ** 23 ** 46 ** 50 ** 27 ** 33 30
Some College, no Degree 20 ** 17 ** 20 ** 53 ** 64 ** 27 ** 34 32
College Degree/ Post-grad 14 ** 10 ** 15 ** 65 ** 74 ** 25 ** 30 27
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Income 0-16 Percentile 17 ** 15 ** 18 ** 37 ** 41 ** 21 ** 29 21
Income 17-33 Percentile 17 ** 11 ** 20 ** 43 ** 50 ** 26 ** 25 25
Income 34-67 Percentile 19 ** 19 ** 22 ** 53 ** 60 ** 29 ** 35 34
Income 68-95 Percentile 21 ** 13 ** 20 ** 58 ** 73 ** 26 ** 35 27
Income 96-100 Percentile 21 ** 9 ** 21 ** 74 ** 77 ** 27 ** 37 41
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Professionals 18 ** 11 ** 14 ** 61 ** 68 ** 27 ** 28 **
White Collar 19 ** 14 ** 21 ** 57 ** 60 ** 27 ** 33 **
Blue Collar 19 ** 17 ** 24 ** 41 ** 51 ** 26 ** 34 **
Unskilled 34 ** 21 ** 31 ** 43 ** 58 ** 21 ** 17 **
Farmers 28 ** 18 ** 18 ** 47 ** 70 ** 28 ** 46 **
Housewives 16 ** 15 ** 22 ** 51 ** 63 ** 25 ** 47 **
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Union Households 21 ** 16 ** 20 ** 46 ** 57 ** 20 ** 24 29
Non-Union Households 18 ** 15 ** 20 ** 52 ** 59 ** 27 ** 35 29
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
South 16 ** 16 ** 21 ** 47 ** 55 ** 30 ** 36 36
Nonsouth 20 ** 15 ** 20 ** 54 ** 61 ** 25 ** 31 25
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** 55 ** 50 ** 28 ** 26 25
Born 1959-1974 23 ** 22 ** 28 ** 50 ** 56 ** 31 ** 35 31
Born 1943-1958 22 ** 16 ** 24 ** 52 ** 63 ** 27 ** 38 32
Born 1927-1942 19 ** 12 ** 13 ** 53 ** 65 ** 21 ** 28 28
Born 1911-1926 16 ** 10 ** 12 ** 50 ** 53 ** 15 ** 27 26
Born 1895-1910 13 ** 15 ** 12 ** 52 ** 64 ** 32 ** ** **
Born before 1895 10 ** 50 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Democrats (incl leaners) 12 ** 8 ** 13 ** 36 ** 40 ** 12 ** 11 12
Independents 29 ** 18 ** 26 ** 55 ** 58 ** 38 ** 37 33
Republicans (incl leaners) 25 ** 23 ** 28 ** 71 ** 85 ** 42 ** 58 51
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Liberals 12 ** 9 ** 12 ** 42 ** 47 ** 14 ** 12 8
Moderates 17 ** 13 ** 18 ** 53 ** 55 ** 19 ** 25 23
Conservatives 20 ** 21 ** 25 ** 68 ** 78 ** 43 ** 53 51

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 7C.3.2
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 02NOV15)