The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Republican Presidential Candidate Moral 1980-2008
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Not Too Well/ Not Well at All'


  % OF GROUP: '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Males 28 ** 18 ** 23 ** 19 ** 20 ** 28 ** 29 34
Females 29 ** 18 ** 22 ** 20 ** 26 ** 27 ** 32 33
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Whites non-Hispanic 25 ** 14 ** 18 ** 16 ** 18 ** 24 ** 24 26
Black non-Hispanic 57 ** 47 ** 41 ** 42 ** 50 ** 44 ** 55 55
Hispanic 33 ** 28 ** 34 ** 29 ** 33 ** 26 ** 40 47
Race oth/mult non-Hisp 36 ** 11 ** 36 ** 26 ** 28 ** 35 ** 28 55
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 27 ** 22 ** 33 ** 21 ** 35 ** 29 ** 53 35
High School Diploma 31 ** 19 ** 23 ** 21 ** 29 ** 30 ** 28 40
Some College, no Degree 27 ** 14 ** 20 ** 18 ** 20 ** 25 ** 32 33
College Degree/ Post-grad 24 ** 18 ** 21 ** 20 ** 13 ** 25 ** 31 24
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Income 0-16 Percentile 32 ** 28 ** 27 ** 28 ** 40 ** 30 ** 44 47
Income 17-33 Percentile 30 ** 22 ** 27 ** 22 ** 35 ** 30 ** 29 38
Income 34-67 Percentile 29 ** 16 ** 22 ** 19 ** 22 ** 28 ** 31 36
Income 68-95 Percentile 24 ** 14 ** 20 ** 16 ** 12 ** 27 ** 26 20
Income 96-100 Percentile 25 ** 6 ** 9 ** 18 ** 8 ** 18 ** 19 15
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Professionals 23 ** 15 ** 21 ** 19 ** 14 ** 25 ** 33 **
White Collar 24 ** 15 ** 19 ** 16 ** 22 ** 24 ** 26 **
Blue Collar 33 ** 21 ** 25 ** 22 ** 31 ** 31 ** 33 **
Unskilled 46 ** 32 ** 41 ** 21 ** 49 ** 54 ** 36 **
Farmers 17 ** 16 ** 22 ** 12 ** 22 ** 40 ** 26 **
Housewives 27 ** 14 ** 18 ** 21 ** 21 ** 18 ** 23 **
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Union Households 38 ** 21 ** 25 ** 19 ** 26 ** 30 ** 35 31
Non-Union Households 25 ** 17 ** 22 ** 20 ** 23 ** 27 ** 30 33
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
South 26 ** 18 ** 22 ** 20 ** 27 ** 24 ** 31 27
Nonsouth 29 ** 18 ** 22 ** 20 ** 21 ** 29 ** 31 38
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** 30 ** 24 ** 39 ** 46 44
Born 1959-1974 52 ** 26 ** 30 ** 26 ** 29 ** 26 ** 29 29
Born 1943-1958 35 ** 17 ** 25 ** 21 ** 22 ** 28 ** 25 30
Born 1927-1942 22 ** 16 ** 16 ** 14 ** 16 ** 21 ** 21 25
Born 1911-1926 25 ** 15 ** 14 ** 15 ** 17 ** 23 ** 42 32
Born 1895-1910 16 ** 12 ** 18 ** 10 ** 33 ** 0 ** ** **
Born before 1895 0 ** 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Democrats (incl leaners) 39 ** 30 ** 35 ** 29 ** 32 ** 40 ** 50 49
Independents 32 ** 17 ** 25 ** 30 ** 33 ** 33 ** 36 37
Republicans (incl leaners) 11 ** 4 ** 8 ** 6 ** 10 ** 10 ** 6 12
  '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Liberals 39 ** 32 ** 37 ** 30 ** 27 ** 44 ** 52 46
Moderates 25 ** 17 ** 20 ** 18 ** 23 ** 26 ** 30 35
Conservatives 17 ** 8 ** 13 ** 9 ** 9 ** 17 ** 11 14

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 7C.7.2
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 02NOV15)