The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Average Feelings Toward Congressional Candidates 1978-2000
AVERAGE AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS FOR:      DEMOCRATIC CANDIDATE


  AVG. OF GROUP: '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Males .5 .6 .7 .5 .6 .8 .6 .5 .2 .1 .5 .5
Females .7 .6 .9 .6 .9 .7 .8 .6 .5 .5 .6 .5
  '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
White non-Hispanic .6 .6 .7 .5 .7 .8 .7 .5 .3 .3 .5 .5
Black non-Hispanic .9 .8 1.3 .7 1 .6 .9 .7 .9 .6 1.4 .7
Hispanic .7 .3 .7 .5 .9 1.1 .9 .4 .4 .6 .8 .6
Race oth/mult non-Hisp .5 .1 .5 1.1 .5 .9 .4 .7 .1 -.2 .5 .6
  '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. .7 1 1.1 .9 1 .8 .9 .9 .6 1 1 .9
High School Diploma .6 .5 .9 .5 .7 .7 .6 .5 .4 .4 .6 .5
Some College, no Degree .5 .5 .6 .5 .5 .7 .7 .4 .2 .3 .5 .5
College Degree/ Post-grad .6 .6 .6 .6 1 .8 .8 .6 .4 .2 .6 .6
  '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Income 0-16 Percentile .7 .8 1.1 .6 .9 .7 .8 .6 .6 .5 .6 .5
Income 17-33 Percentile .6 .6 .8 .7 1 .9 .8 .7 .6 .6 .5 .6
Income 34-67 Percentile .6 .5 .8 .5 .7 .8 .7 .5 .3 .3 .6 .5
Income 68-95 Percentile .6 .6 .7 .5 .6 .7 .6 .5 .3 .1 .5 .6
Income 96-100 Percentile .6 .6 .4 .1 1.2 .7 -.1 0 .3 0 .6 0
  '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Professionals .6 .5 .6 .7 .9 .8 .8 .6 .3 .3 .7 .5
White Collar .6 .6 .8 .5 .6 .9 .7 .5 .5 .3 .7 .6
Blue Collar .5 .6 .9 .6 .7 .6 .6 .5 .3 .4 .5 .5
Unskilled .5 .7 .8 .5 .8 .3 .9 .9 .3 0 .6 .8
Farmers .4 .4 .5 .6 .5 .8 .7 .5 .6 -.1 1.5 .4
Housewives .7 .7 .7 .5 .8 .8 .9 .5 .4 .2 .2 .4
  '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Union Households .7 .7 1.1 .6 .8 .8 .9 .6 .7 .4 .6 .6
Non-Union Households .6 .5 .7 .6 .8 .8 .7 .5 .3 .3 .6 .5
  '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
South .9 .6 .9 .6 .9 .7 .7 .5 .5 .3 .6 .2
Nonsouth .5 .6 .7 .6 .7 .8 .7 .5 .3 .3 .6 .6
  '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** -.1 -.1 .2 .3 .4
Born 1959-1974 .5 0 .4 .2 .4 .5 .4 .2 .2 .1 .2 .3
Born 1943-1958 .5 .5 .7 .5 .7 .7 .7 .5 .3 .2 .7 .6
Born 1927-1942 .7 .6 .8 .7 .7 .7 .9 .6 .5 .4 .8 .5
Born 1911-1926 .8 .9 .9 .8 1.3 1 .9 1 .7 1 1.1 1.1
Born 1895-1910 .7 .7 1.1 1 1.2 .9 .9 .6 1 .9 1.0 2.7
Born before 1895 .5 .8 2 2 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Democrats (incl leaners) .8 .8 1.2 .9 1.1 1 1 .8 .8 .7 1 .9
Independents & Apolitical .3 .3 .3 .5 .3 .7 .3 .3 .3 .2 .2 .3
Republicans (incl leaners) .4 .3 .2 .2 .4 .4 .2 .2 -.1 -.2 .1 0
  '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00
Liberals .8 .8 1.1 .8 1 1.1 1.1 .8 .9 .8 1.2 .9
Moderates .6 .6 .9 .8 .9 .8 .7 .6 .5 .6 .5 .7
Conservatives .5 .3 .3 .3 .5 .6 .4 .3 0 -.2 .4 .2

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group


table 8A.2.1
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table

(Table generated: 04NOV15)