The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Presidential Vote 2 Major Parties 1948-2008
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Republican'


  % OF GROUP: '48 '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Males 44 57 ** 56 ** 48 ** 35 ** 55 ** 68 ** 49 ** 61 ** 63 ** 56 ** 45 ** 49 ** 53 ** 54 48
Females 47 59 ** 63 ** 53 ** 31 ** 53 ** 61 ** 49 ** 53 ** 55 ** 50 ** 39 ** 35 ** 44 ** 47 43
  '48 '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Whites 47 60 ** 61 ** 52 ** 36 ** 59 ** 70 ** 54 ** 63 ** 64 ** 61 ** 48 ** 49 ** 54 ** 58 56
Blacks 35 20 ** 36 ** 29 ** 0 ** 3 ** 13 ** 5 ** 7 ** 11 ** 8 ** 6 ** 1 ** 8 ** 10 1
  '48 '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 32 51 ** 58 ** 45 ** 20 ** 39 ** 60 ** 33 ** 36 ** 38 ** 39 ** 30 ** 12 ** 26 ** 27 24
High School Diploma 46 57 ** 56 ** 47 ** 31 ** 52 ** 67 ** 46 ** 55 ** 58 ** 49 ** 37 ** 36 ** 46 ** 50 41
Some College, no Degree 76 76 ** 69 ** 67 ** 42 ** 64 ** 65 ** 52 ** 62 ** 64 ** 58 ** 42 ** 44 ** 50 ** 53 46
College Degree/ Post-grad ** 71 ** 69 ** 62 ** 50 ** 63 ** 61 ** 63 ** 65 ** 59 ** 58 ** 48 ** 51 ** 50 ** 50 49
  '48 '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Income 0-16 Percentile 43 57 ** 59 ** 54 ** 26 ** 51 ** 56 ** 33 ** 40 ** 36 ** 41 ** 27 ** 23 ** 34 ** 42 32
Income 17-33 Percentile 33 54 ** 56 ** 55 ** 29 ** 52 ** 62 ** 40 ** 48 ** 47 ** 44 ** 35 ** 25 ** 43 ** 41 31
Income 34-67 Percentile 31 54 ** 58 ** 45 ** 26 ** 54 ** 63 ** 47 ** 59 ** 57 ** 51 ** 40 ** 43 ** 50 ** 48 44
Income 68-95 Percentile 51 60 ** 57 ** 49 ** 40 ** 53 ** 66 ** 55 ** 60 ** 66 ** 60 ** 49 ** 50 ** 48 ** 56 55
Income 96-100 Percentile 68 77 ** 77 ** 76 ** 46 ** 67 ** 82 ** 77 ** 82 ** 81 ** 77 ** 53 ** 52 ** 67 ** 62 73
  '48 '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Professionals ** 69 ** 67 ** 58 ** 46 ** 60 ** 66 ** 59 ** 61 ** 61 ** 55 ** 43 ** 47 ** 49 ** 44 **
White Collar ** 65 ** 63 ** 57 ** 34 ** 55 ** 63 ** 53 ** 61 ** 61 ** 54 ** 44 ** 40 ** 47 ** 61 **
Blue Collar ** 44 ** 51 ** 37 ** 21 ** 46 ** 61 ** 34 ** 49 ** 51 ** 50 ** 34 ** 33 ** 47 ** 46 **
Unskilled ** 34 ** 37 ** 67 ** 10 ** 20 ** 47 ** 34 ** 58 ** 28 ** 43 ** 41 ** 38 ** 24 ** 24 **
Farmers ** 64 ** 52 ** 53 ** 35 ** 58 ** 80 ** 56 ** 71 ** 77 ** 57 ** 59 ** 56 ** 54 ** 43 **
Housewives ** 63 ** 65 ** 57 ** 34 ** 56 ** 70 ** 54 ** 56 ** 65 ** 54 ** 48 ** 49 ** 53 ** 65 **
  '48 '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Union Households 19 44 ** 47 ** 36 ** 17 ** 44 ** 57 ** 36 ** 45 ** 43 ** 41 ** 32 ** 25 ** 39 ** 36 40
Non-Union Households 56 64 ** 64 ** 56 ** 38 ** 57 ** 67 ** 53 ** 60 ** 63 ** 56 ** 43 ** 46 ** 50 ** 54 46
  '48 '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
South ** 50 ** 48 ** 47 ** 35 ** 49 ** 67 ** 44 ** 53 ** 55 ** 51 ** 41 ** 41 ** 57 ** 49 55
Nonsouth ** 60 ** 62 ** 52 ** 32 ** 55 ** 64 ** 50 ** 58 ** 59 ** 53 ** 42 ** 42 ** 44 ** 50 38
  '48 '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 35
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 44 ** 39 ** 37 ** 34 44
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 48 ** 58 ** 52 ** 42 ** 42 ** 54 ** 55 46
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 30 ** 51 ** 53 ** 47 ** 59 ** 59 ** 53 ** 42 ** 42 ** 47 ** 56 59
Born 1927-1942 30 57 ** 58 ** 49 ** 30 ** 50 ** 65 ** 53 ** 62 ** 60 ** 51 ** 44 ** 44 ** 52 ** 49 48
Born 1911-1926 39 53 ** 59 ** 49 ** 31 ** 57 ** 70 ** 47 ** 53 ** 56 ** 56 ** 38 ** 36 ** 36 ** 48 **
Born 1895-1910 45 61 ** 61 ** 51 ** 34 ** 54 ** 68 ** 48 ** 50 ** 58 ** 53 ** 42 ** 43 ** 100 ** ** **
Born before 1895 54 62 ** 62 ** 60 ** 44 ** 62 ** 78 ** 67 ** 20 ** 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '48 '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Democrats (incl leaners) ** 30 ** 26 ** 18 ** 11 ** 23 ** 41 ** 20 ** 26 ** 21 ** 15 ** 9 ** 6 ** 11 ** 9 9
Independents ** 81 ** 83 ** 54 ** 23 ** 70 ** 72 ** 55 ** 73 ** 71 ** 64 ** 35 ** 48 ** 55 ** 44 45
Republicans (incl leaners) ** 96 ** 96 ** 92 ** 73 ** 94 ** 92 ** 86 ** 93 ** 95 ** 90 ** 88 ** 84 ** 90 ** 92 90
  '48 '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 31 ** 22 ** 26 ** 28 ** 18 ** 8 ** 6 ** 16 ** 8 10
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 69 ** 48 ** 61 ** 55 ** 49 ** 39 ** 34 ** 40 ** 42 39
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 87 ** 78 ** 77 ** 82 ** 77 ** 73 ** 74 ** 77 ** 82 82

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 9A.1.2
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 05AUG10)