The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Presidential Vote 2 Major Parties and Wallace/Anderson/Perot 1948-2008
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Democrat'


  % OF GROUP: '48 '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Males 56 43 ** 44 ** 52 ** 65 ** 38 ** 32 ** 51 ** 36 ** 38 ** 44 ** 43 ** 46 ** 47 ** 46 52
Females 53 41 ** 37 ** 47 ** 69 ** 43 ** 39 ** 51 ** 43 ** 45 ** 50 ** 53 ** 61 ** 56 ** 53 57
  '48 '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Whites 53 40 ** 39 ** 48 ** 65 ** 36 ** 30 ** 46 ** 33 ** 36 ** 39 ** 41 ** 46 ** 46 ** 42 44
Blacks 65 80 ** 64 ** 71 ** 100 ** 97 ** 87 ** 95 ** 92 ** 89 ** 92 ** 92 ** 97 ** 92 ** 90 99
  '48 '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 68 49 ** 42 ** 55 ** 80 ** 52 ** 40 ** 67 ** 63 ** 62 ** 61 ** 64 ** 84 ** 74 ** 73 76
High School Diploma 54 43 ** 44 ** 53 ** 69 ** 41 ** 33 ** 54 ** 43 ** 42 ** 51 ** 52 ** 59 ** 54 ** 50 59
Some College, no Degree 24 24 ** 31 ** 33 ** 58 ** 32 ** 35 ** 48 ** 34 ** 36 ** 42 ** 44 ** 51 ** 50 ** 46 54
College Degree/ Post-grad ** 29 ** 31 ** 38 ** 50 ** 36 ** 39 ** 37 ** 30 ** 41 ** 42 ** 44 ** 47 ** 50 ** 50 51
  '48 '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Income 0-16 Percentile 57 43 ** 41 ** 46 ** 74 ** 42 ** 44 ** 67 ** 57 ** 64 ** 59 ** 66 ** 71 ** 66 ** 58 68
Income 17-33 Percentile 67 46 ** 44 ** 45 ** 71 ** 43 ** 38 ** 60 ** 49 ** 53 ** 56 ** 56 ** 68 ** 57 ** 59 69
Income 34-67 Percentile 69 46 ** 42 ** 55 ** 74 ** 40 ** 37 ** 53 ** 38 ** 43 ** 49 ** 48 ** 53 ** 50 ** 52 56
Income 68-95 Percentile 49 40 ** 43 ** 51 ** 60 ** 42 ** 34 ** 45 ** 36 ** 34 ** 40 ** 39 ** 45 ** 52 ** 44 45
Income 96-100 Percentile 32 23 ** 23 ** 24 ** 54 ** 30 ** 18 ** 23 ** 15 ** 19 ** 23 ** 40 ** 47 ** 33 ** 38 27
  '48 '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Professionals ** 31 ** 33 ** 42 ** 54 ** 36 ** 34 ** 41 ** 34 ** 39 ** 45 ** 45 ** 50 ** 51 ** 56 **
White Collar ** 35 ** 37 ** 43 ** 66 ** 42 ** 37 ** 47 ** 36 ** 39 ** 46 ** 47 ** 56 ** 53 ** 38 **
Blue Collar ** 56 ** 49 ** 63 ** 79 ** 46 ** 39 ** 66 ** 48 ** 49 ** 50 ** 53 ** 60 ** 53 ** 54 **
Unskilled ** 66 ** 63 ** 33 ** 90 ** 73 ** 53 ** 66 ** 38 ** 72 ** 57 ** 48 ** 62 ** 76 ** 76 **
Farmers ** 36 ** 48 ** 47 ** 65 ** 37 ** 20 ** 44 ** 24 ** 23 ** 43 ** 34 ** 41 ** 46 ** 57 **
Housewives ** 37 ** 35 ** 43 ** 66 ** 39 ** 30 ** 46 ** 41 ** 35 ** 46 ** 45 ** 49 ** 47 ** 35 **
  '48 '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Union Households 81 56 ** 53 ** 64 ** 83 ** 48 ** 43 ** 64 ** 51 ** 57 ** 59 ** 54 ** 68 ** 61 ** 64 60
Non-Union Households 44 36 ** 36 ** 44 ** 62 ** 39 ** 33 ** 47 ** 36 ** 37 ** 44 ** 47 ** 50 ** 50 ** 46 54
  '48 '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
South ** 50 ** 52 ** 53 ** 65 ** 38 ** 33 ** 56 ** 45 ** 45 ** 49 ** 52 ** 55 ** 44 ** 51 45
Nonsouth ** 40 ** 38 ** 48 ** 68 ** 42 ** 37 ** 50 ** 38 ** 41 ** 47 ** 46 ** 53 ** 56 ** 49 62
  '48 '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 65
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 50 ** 52 ** 63 ** 66 56
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 43 ** 42 ** 48 ** 44 ** 53 ** 46 ** 45 54
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 70 ** 43 ** 47 ** 53 ** 36 ** 41 ** 47 ** 48 ** 52 ** 53 ** 44 41
Born 1927-1942 70 43 ** 42 ** 51 ** 70 ** 44 ** 35 ** 47 ** 36 ** 40 ** 49 ** 47 ** 54 ** 48 ** 51 52
Born 1911-1926 61 47 ** 41 ** 51 ** 69 ** 38 ** 30 ** 53 ** 44 ** 44 ** 44 ** 54 ** 60 ** 64 ** 52 **
Born 1895-1910 55 39 ** 39 ** 49 ** 66 ** 42 ** 32 ** 52 ** 50 ** 42 ** 47 ** 54 ** 57 ** 0 ** ** **
Born before 1895 46 38 ** 38 ** 40 ** 56 ** 35 ** 22 ** 33 ** 80 ** 100 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '48 '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Democrats (incl leaners) ** 70 ** 74 ** 82 ** 89 ** 68 ** 59 ** 81 ** 67 ** 79 ** 85 ** 79 ** 87 ** 89 ** 91 91
Independents ** 19 ** 17 ** 46 ** 77 ** 24 ** 28 ** 45 ** 24 ** 29 ** 36 ** 42 ** 41 ** 45 ** 56 55
Republicans (incl leaners) ** 4 ** 4 ** 8 ** 27 ** 6 ** 8 ** 14 ** 7 ** 5 ** 10 ** 9 ** 15 ** 10 ** 8 10
  '48 '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 69 ** 78 ** 61 ** 72 ** 82 ** 77 ** 88 ** 84 ** 92 90
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 31 ** 52 ** 35 ** 45 ** 51 ** 47 ** 59 ** 60 ** 58 61
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 13 ** 22 ** 22 ** 18 ** 23 ** 22 ** 24 ** 23 ** 18 18

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 9A.2.1
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 17AUG10)