The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Congressional Vote 2 Major Parties 1952-2012
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Democrat'


  % OF GROUP: '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Males 48 ** 58 61 55 61 65 62 52 54 56 63 58 60 56 54 53 58 59 59 57 44 44 47 47 47 51 48 47
Females 49 ** 48 60 56 55 65 53 52 55 56 61 57 58 53 60 57 62 59 69 62 50 53 51 55 47 55 58 51
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Whites non-Hispanic 47 ** 52 59 54 56 62 54 49 52 53 60 53 55 50 54 51 54 53 59 55 40 43 42 46 42 44 46 40
Black non-Hispanic 92 ** 83 79 83 92 95 89 87 82 94 94 97 92 95 90 90 91 92 94 88 86 87 73 91 81 93 85 92
Hispanic ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 100 75 100 77 60 73 92 65 83 77 88 83 80 72 71 73 82 61 58 67 74 64
Race oth/mult non-Hisp ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 50 50 ** 75 75 40 44 20 25 67 62 74 78 66 61 32 60 65 50 51 67 52
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 55 ** 52 67 59 69 81 61 70 66 63 65 68 72 69 76 64 79 76 82 77 69 76 69 71 38 74 65 64
High School Diploma 47 ** 56 67 60 57 66 61 52 55 56 63 59 58 53 63 56 63 64 66 64 54 56 53 53 47 55 52 48
Some College, no Degree 43 ** 45 50 42 48 52 52 46 44 53 60 57 55 50 51 54 53 55 61 58 48 46 45 49 52 52 51 49
College Degree/ Post-grad 42 ** 48 40 46 55 48 45 41 50 54 60 47 56 56 51 51 58 52 60 52 38 39 46 50 44 50 56 49
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Income 0-16 Percentile 48 ** 50 59 55 51 74 60 66 65 68 67 73 70 63 74 74 79 73 76 71 67 64 56 75 ** 63 75 59
Income 17-33 Percentile 56 ** 57 71 58 65 66 59 55 61 59 75 63 57 65 58 62 72 62 77 71 69 67 58 60 ** 55 60 56
Income 34-67 Percentile 52 ** 59 64 58 62 69 56 51 55 56 65 60 61 52 63 54 59 57 71 61 48 50 49 54 ** 52 54 46
Income 68-95 Percentile 47 ** 51 59 55 57 59 60 48 52 54 56 52 54 50 53 50 53 55 56 54 35 37 42 47 ** 55 45 46
Income 96-100 Percentile 24 ** 38 22 41 40 51 46 43 35 37 46 38 49 41 40 41 52 35 26 31 33 38 46 34 ** 41 33 51
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Professionals 39 ** 49 52 46 ** 51 ** 46 46 52 63 50 54 49 48 54 58 54 63 57 38 44 50 51 ** 60 ** **
White Collar 50 ** 51 54 49 ** 59 ** 46 59 57 60 55 54 55 53 57 57 60 61 56 48 49 47 50 ** 48 ** **
Blue Collar 59 ** 59 72 65 ** 75 ** 60 62 63 66 65 66 59 66 59 68 65 69 64 53 60 54 54 ** 53 ** **
Unskilled 68 ** 67 77 58 ** 100 ** 89 86 75 71 69 74 59 75 72 71 60 68 72 60 60 100 68 ** 80 ** **
Farmers 43 ** 62 63 58 ** 70 ** 57 72 46 61 54 47 25 37 53 57 52 64 46 58 34 9 49 ** 60 ** **
Housewives 45 ** 47 56 57 ** 64 ** 49 49 49 56 55 57 55 69 41 52 57 63 60 49 34 34 46 ** 33 ** **
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Union Households 61 ** 62 78 69 ** 80 68 58 63 62 71 72 70 65 70 62 64 68 72 66 61 59 57 67 63 60 62 54
Non-Union Households 44 ** 49 54 51 ** 59 53 50 52 53 59 52 54 51 54 53 59 57 62 58 44 46 47 49 44 51 52 48
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
South 93 ** 81 86 75 73 80 74 70 68 72 70 70 80 65 61 63 74 72 69 60 45 49 32 42 40 51 43 43
Nonsouth 42 ** 47 56 50 54 61 54 47 51 52 60 53 53 51 56 52 55 55 63 59 48 49 54 55 50 53 61 51
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 61
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 75 37 57 36 65 45 68 60 52
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 33 49 27 58 64 67 67 54 44 48 44 50 39 52 53 50
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** ** ** ** 44 57 47 62 63 69 59 59 58 61 55 58 60 64 60 43 45 50 51 50 47 54 47
Born 1927-1942 50 ** 53 69 55 57 65 60 53 56 55 63 55 58 52 57 54 54 57 61 58 50 51 49 44 48 49 45 41
Born 1911-1926 55 ** 56 61 62 56 67 59 50 55 53 57 59 60 53 61 56 67 54 65 68 59 56 55 65 67 60 53 41
Born 1895-1910 47 ** 51 60 52 61 66 51 57 48 57 61 57 58 55 48 51 67 58 76 47 63 41 100 31 25 ** ** **
Born before 1895 41 ** 48 56 46 56 53 56 38 53 36 66 43 67 80 33 100 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Democrats (incl leaners) 80 ** 90 91 89 89 88 83 77 82 84 86 82 78 76 83 79 82 86 87 83 79 79 73 80 78 86 87 89
Independents 27 ** 37 46 50 63 73 53 50 52 56 57 57 57 55 33 60 62 66 61 60 51 41 47 51 40 57 42 48
Republicans (incl leaners) 10 ** 10 16 14 14 24 20 16 16 22 27 24 30 27 21 29 30 29 31 30 17 13 19 17 19 18 16 8
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 75 76 77 70 75 78 74 77 83 83 83 77 78 75 77 75 86 88 90
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 56 61 57 60 53 62 65 63 63 65 59 57 56 52 57 55 62 61 59
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 42 50 37 43 38 37 37 44 39 43 40 26 23 29 27 25 27 21 16

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 9B.1.1
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 26OCT15)