The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Split Ticket Voting Presidential/Congressional 1952-2008
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Dem. Pres./ Rep. Congr.'


  % OF GROUP: '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Males 2 ** 2 ** 5 ** 8 ** 7 ** 3 ** 9 ** 7 ** 4 ** 5 ** 9 ** 12 ** 8 ** 8 10
Females 2 ** 2 ** 3 ** 10 ** 7 ** 6 ** 9 ** 9 ** 7 ** 9 ** 11 ** 14 ** 11 ** 6 8
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Whites 2 ** 2 ** 4 ** 9 ** 7 ** 5 ** 10 ** 8 ** 5 ** 7 ** 10 ** 14 ** 11 ** 9 8
Blacks 0 ** 0 ** 2 ** 5 ** 11 ** 5 ** 1 ** 2 ** 8 ** 6 ** 12 ** 11 ** 7 ** 4 16
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 2 ** 2 ** 4 ** 4 ** 6 ** 5 ** 7 ** 10 ** 6 ** 1 ** 7 ** 11 ** 0 ** 8 20
High School Diploma 3 ** 2 ** 5 ** 9 ** 6 ** 5 ** 10 ** 8 ** 6 ** 7 ** 10 ** 12 ** 10 ** 7 12
Some College, no Degree 2 ** 4 ** 2 ** 12 ** 9 ** 3 ** 10 ** 8 ** 5 ** 6 ** 11 ** 15 ** 11 ** 5 9
College Degree/ Post-grad 1 ** 1 ** 3 ** 11 ** 8 ** 6 ** 8 ** 5 ** 6 ** 7 ** 10 ** 15 ** 10 ** 9 6
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Income 0-16 Percentile 2 ** 2 ** 2 ** 2 ** 5 ** 7 ** 4 ** 10 ** 7 ** 4 ** 10 ** 11 ** 7 ** 6 6
Income 17-33 Percentile 1 ** 1 ** 6 ** 8 ** 7 ** 5 ** 9 ** 9 ** 6 ** 7 ** 6 ** 11 ** 8 ** 12 15
Income 34-67 Percentile 3 ** 2 ** 4 ** 12 ** 6 ** 4 ** 11 ** 8 ** 6 ** 8 ** 11 ** 11 ** 8 ** 8 9
Income 68-95 Percentile 2 ** 3 ** 5 ** 9 ** 9 ** 5 ** 11 ** 10 ** 6 ** 8 ** 8 ** 17 ** 12 ** 5 9
Income 96-100 Percentile 4 ** 1 ** 1 ** 12 ** 4 ** 2 ** 3 ** 0 ** 5 ** 3 ** 23 ** 13 ** 6 ** 6 2
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Professionals 1 ** 1 ** 5 ** 11 ** 7 ** 6 ** 8 ** 11 ** 5 ** 9 ** 11 ** 14 ** 10 ** 7 **
White Collar 3 ** 2 ** 7 ** 11 ** 9 ** 6 ** 9 ** 4 ** 6 ** 8 ** 11 ** 15 ** 11 ** 4 **
Blue Collar 2 ** 3 ** 4 ** 8 ** 7 ** 2 ** 12 ** 9 ** 5 ** 6 ** 9 ** 11 ** 10 ** 9 **
Unskilled 1 ** 2 ** 0 ** 0 ** 0 ** 6 ** 11 ** 5 ** 0 ** 5 ** 9 ** 11 ** 10 ** 10 **
Farmers 3 ** 1 ** 9 ** 0 ** 0 ** 0 ** 6 ** 8 ** 3 ** 9 ** 8 ** 11 ** 4 ** 0 **
Housewives 3 ** 2 ** 2 ** 8 ** 7 ** 6 ** 7 ** 6 ** 8 ** 3 ** 5 ** 18 ** 11 ** 9 **
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Union Households 2 ** 2 ** 4 ** 8 ** 9 ** 4 ** 10 ** 8 ** 10 ** 8 ** 11 ** 18 ** 9 ** 10 4
Non-Union Households 3 ** 2 ** 4 ** 9 ** 6 ** 5 ** 9 ** 8 ** 4 ** 7 ** 10 ** 12 ** 10 ** 7 10
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
South 0 ** 0 ** 0 ** 0 ** 5 ** 3 ** 5 ** 5 ** 6 ** 6 ** 10 ** 14 ** 12 ** 8 10
Nonsouth 3 ** 3 ** 5 ** 11 ** 7 ** 5 ** 10 ** 9 ** 6 ** 8 ** 10 ** 13 ** 9 ** 7 8
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 10
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 13 ** 0 ** 12 ** 5 9
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 12 ** 8 ** 4 ** 14 ** 12 ** 9 ** 7 8
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** ** ** ** 22 ** 18 ** 6 ** 13 ** 5 ** 6 ** 7 ** 10 ** 17 ** 11 ** 9 11
Born 1927-1942 3 ** 3 ** 1 ** 11 ** 8 ** 5 ** 7 ** 7 ** 7 ** 8 ** 11 ** 11 ** 11 ** 7 1
Born 1911-1926 2 ** 2 ** 5 ** 10 ** 6 ** 4 ** 10 ** 12 ** 3 ** 7 ** 5 ** 13 ** 7 ** 5 **
Born 1895-1910 2 ** 3 ** 6 ** 5 ** 4 ** 3 ** 7 ** 9 ** 3 ** 8 ** 10 ** 20 ** 0 ** ** **
Born before 1895 2 ** 1 ** 2 ** 4 ** 3 ** 0 ** 0 ** 0 ** 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Democrats (incl leaners) 4 ** 3 ** 5 ** 8 ** 11 ** 5 ** 11 ** 12 ** 10 ** 9 ** 13 ** 16 ** 14 ** 10 10
Independents 2 ** 4 ** 13 ** 13 ** 2 ** 7 ** 13 ** 5 ** 5 ** 8 ** 21 ** 25 ** 13 ** 15 27
Republicans (incl leaners) 1 ** 1 ** 2 ** 10 ** 2 ** 3 ** 6 ** 3 ** 1 ** 4 ** 5 ** 9 ** 4 ** 4 5
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 8 ** 12 ** 10 ** 10 ** 9 ** 10 ** 17 ** 11 ** 9 8
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 3 ** 11 ** 10 ** 6 ** 10 ** 13 ** 15 ** 17 ** 10 11
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 2 ** 6 ** 6 ** 2 ** 5 ** 5 ** 7 ** 7 ** 4 6

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
....................

Table 9B.2.2
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 05AUG10)