The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Split Ticket Voting Presidential/Congressional 1952-2008
PERCENT AMONG DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS WHO RESPONDED :      'Rep. Pres./ Rep. Congr.'


  % OF GROUP: '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Males 49 ** 40 ** 41 ** 27 ** 43 ** 41 ** 33 ** 36 ** 42 ** 36 ** 34 ** 44 ** 45 ** 42 42
Females 48 ** 50 ** 40 ** 25 ** 42 ** 39 ** 34 ** 39 ** 37 ** 33 ** 26 ** 33 ** 34 ** 38 34
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Whites 51 ** 46 ** 42 ** 28 ** 46 ** 43 ** 37 ** 43 ** 44 ** 41 ** 35 ** 45 ** 43 ** 48 47
Blacks 8 ** 17 ** 16 ** 0 ** 2 ** 1 ** 1 ** 2 ** 3 ** 2 ** 1 ** 0 ** 2 ** 2 1
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Grade Sch./Some High Sch. 42 ** 45 ** 37 ** 15 ** 27 ** 33 ** 26 ** 21 ** 29 ** 21 ** 14 ** 11 ** 29 ** 18 17
High School Diploma 51 ** 42 ** 35 ** 25 ** 42 ** 40 ** 31 ** 38 ** 38 ** 29 ** 25 ** 32 ** 37 ** 38 36
Some College, no Degree 56 ** 50 ** 56 ** 36 ** 47 ** 44 ** 34 ** 43 ** 40 ** 39 ** 32 ** 41 ** 40 ** 43 40
College Degree/ Post-grad 57 ** 51 ** 52 ** 40 ** 51 ** 41 ** 45 ** 40 ** 42 ** 42 ** 37 ** 48 ** 40 ** 41 38
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Income 0-16 Percentile 50 ** 48 ** 42 ** 23 ** 31 ** 27 ** 24 ** 27 ** 18 ** 22 ** 17 ** 24 ** 18 ** 32 20
Income 17-33 Percentile 42 ** 42 ** 36 ** 25 ** 38 ** 36 ** 27 ** 26 ** 31 ** 30 ** 20 ** 23 ** 32 ** 33 25
Income 34-67 Percentile 45 ** 39 ** 38 ** 19 ** 45 ** 40 ** 29 ** 40 ** 40 ** 35 ** 29 ** 39 ** 38 ** 41 38
Income 68-95 Percentile 50 ** 46 ** 41 ** 31 ** 43 ** 42 ** 37 ** 41 ** 44 ** 38 ** 37 ** 46 ** 42 ** 40 45
Income 96-100 Percentile 72 ** 61 ** 58 ** 37 ** 56 ** 61 ** 60 ** 63 ** 54 ** 62 ** 45 ** 48 ** 59 ** 53 65
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Professionals 61 ** 50 ** 51 ** 37 ** 48 ** 42 ** 42 ** 41 ** 41 ** 38 ** 30 ** 43 ** 40 ** 33 **
White Collar 47 ** 47 ** 44 ** 29 ** 45 ** 37 ** 36 ** 41 ** 36 ** 32 ** 33 ** 37 ** 39 ** 48 **
Blue Collar 39 ** 38 ** 32 ** 17 ** 34 ** 35 ** 22 ** 31 ** 36 ** 29 ** 26 ** 28 ** 36 ** 39 **
Unskilled 30 ** 31 ** 42 ** 0 ** 14 ** 19 ** 17 ** 42 ** 28 ** 37 ** 24 ** 29 ** 22 ** 14 **
Farmers 54 ** 37 ** 33 ** 28 ** 45 ** 57 ** 43 ** 62 ** 41 ** 38 ** 48 ** 53 ** 47 ** 40 **
Housewives 52 ** 51 ** 42 ** 28 ** 45 ** 46 ** 38 ** 40 ** 51 ** 41 ** 34 ** 52 ** 43 ** 57 **
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Union Households 37 ** 35 ** 27 ** 12 ** 33 ** 33 ** 18 ** 27 ** 28 ** 25 ** 22 ** 23 ** 24 ** 31 34
Non-Union Households 54 ** 49 ** 45 ** 32 ** 45 ** 43 ** 39 ** 42 ** 43 ** 36 ** 31 ** 42 ** 42 ** 43 38
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
South 6 ** 19 ** 26 ** 21 ** 29 ** 25 ** 24 ** 29 ** 31 ** 23 ** 29 ** 38 ** 47 ** 40 47
Nonsouth 55 ** 50 ** 45 ** 28 ** 45 ** 44 ** 37 ** 41 ** 42 ** 38 ** 30 ** 38 ** 36 ** 40 31
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Born 1991 or later ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 29
Born 1975-1990 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 13 ** 58 ** 21 ** 27 39
Born 1959-1974 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 39 ** 35 ** 29 ** 34 ** 42 ** 42 ** 42 38
Born 1943-1958 ** ** ** ** ** ** 33 ** 33 ** 30 ** 29 ** 38 ** 38 ** 33 ** 29 ** 37 ** 39 ** 44 45
Born 1927-1942 47 ** 44 ** 43 ** 23 ** 38 ** 40 ** 38 ** 42 ** 39 ** 35 ** 29 ** 39 ** 46 ** 43 47
Born 1911-1926 42 ** 43 ** 33 ** 23 ** 47 ** 44 ** 31 ** 34 ** 40 ** 40 ** 26 ** 31 ** 27 ** 35 **
Born 1895-1910 51 ** 46 ** 43 ** 28 ** 40 ** 41 ** 37 ** 36 ** 47 ** 33 ** 45 ** 40 ** 100 ** ** **
Born before 1895 57 ** 51 ** 53 ** 43 ** 58 ** 66 ** 57 ** 20 ** 0 ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Democrats (incl leaners) 16 ** 8 ** 6 ** 4 ** 12 ** 11 ** 7 ** 11 ** 10 ** 5 ** 3 ** 4 ** 6 ** 4 3
Independents 70 ** 59 ** 40 ** 15 ** 47 ** 36 ** 30 ** 39 ** 36 ** 25 ** 15 ** 37 ** 31 ** 28 31
Republicans (incl leaners) 89 ** 89 ** 84 ** 66 ** 82 ** 75 ** 69 ** 70 ** 70 ** 67 ** 69 ** 79 ** 78 ** 78 80
  '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
Liberals ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 18 ** 12 ** 14 ** 16 ** 8 ** 5 ** 4 ** 11 ** 4 5
Moderates ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 41 ** 31 ** 33 ** 28 ** 27 ** 27 ** 27 ** 26 ** 29 27
Conservatives ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 55 ** 57 ** 56 ** 61 ** 57 ** 56 ** 71 ** 66 ** 70 73

    ___   (underline) indicates 50 or fewer total respondents within group
    **     indicates question not asked or no cases within group
          2008 NOTE: open-ended coding of occupation is not yet complete.
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Table 9B.2.4
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table
NOTE: variable used for race grouping has changed. See Table 1A.3

(Table generated: 05AUG10)