The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Race of Respondent 1948-2008

  '48 '52 '54 '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08
White : 91 90 90 91 90 90 91 89 88 89 89 87 88 84 86 83 84 79 77 76 75 77 78 72 74 74 75 70 74
Black : 9 10 9 8 9 9 9 10 11 10 10 10 9 10 10 12 11 11 15 13 13 13 12 14 12 13 12 16 12
Asian : - - - - - - - - - - - 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 2 1 3 2 3 3
Native American: - - - - - - - - - - - 1 1 3 1 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 5 3 3 2 4 1
Hispanic : - - - - - - - - - - - 1 2 2 2 3 3 6 5 6 7 6 6 8 9 7 8 8 9
Other : 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 - -
N   645 1795 1130 1762 1822 1954 1296 1571 1291 1557 1507 2704 2505 2846 2293 1612 1413 2248 2174 2033 1979 2460 1765 1708 1274 1767 1503 1204 2313

PERCENTAGE WITHIN STUDY YEAR
Table 1A.3
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table  


QUESTION TEXT:

SEE ANNOTATION DESCRIBING SIGNIFICANT CHANGE IN CODING BEGINNING 1972.


NOTE: In all NES studies prior to 2002, race was identified by interviewer observation (note: codes White/Black/Other were the only categories available in earlier years; codes for Asian/Pacific Islander, Native American and Hispanic were added later). Prior to 1972, the variable for interviewer observation of race provided the only data about race of study respondents, and that variable is represented in this Guide table for those years. However, beginning in 1972, respondents have also been asked for ethnic self-identification. A newer Cumulative Data File race variable used here includes interviewer observation race data for years 1948-1970 but reclassifies that coding of race for 1972-1998 respondents who were observed as White or Other if their primary (first) mention for ethnic self- identification was an Asian/Pacific Islander, Native American, Hispanic or Black mention. (These reclassifications of race from specific mentions for ethnic/national self-identification are in conformity with available Census definitions.) For the 2000 study, although interviewer observation of race was obtained for personal interviews, it was not utilized in the construction of the newer Cumulative Data File race variable used in this table. 2000 respondents had also been asked to self-identify their own racial group, followed by the same ethnic self-identification asked since 1972. 2000 respondents with a primary (first) mention for race which was not Black, Asian, Native American, or Hispanic were reclassified for race from primary ethnic self-identification in the same manner as for 1972-1998. In 2002, the ethnicity question was not asked and this variable was coded from the racial self-identification mentions. Since order of mentions was not determined, combined mention of white and other racial group has been recoded to the nonwhite racial group. In the 2004 and 2008 studies, interviewer observation for race was not ; obtained; respondent race has been identified from primary (first) mention for race and from primary ethnic self-identification in the same manner as in 2000.

This question is variable VCF0106A in the ANES Cumulative Data File dataset.
Consult the Cumulative Data File codebook for complete question text and annotation.
Weight variable VCF0009A was used to produce this table (see weight documentation)

(Table generated: 05AUG10)


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