The ANES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior

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Respondent's Social Class, Self-Identification 1956-2012

  '56 '58 '60 '62 '64 '66 '68 '70 '72 '74 '76 '78 '80 '82 '84 '86 '88 '90 '92 '94 '96 '98 '00 '02 '04 '08 '12
Average Working : 52 52 - ** - 47 44 44 44 43 43 42 41 42 42 - 42 45 42 42 ** ** 39 ** 38 41 37
Working, NA Avg. or Upper: 2 1 67 ** 59 2 2 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 51 2 1 2 1 ** ** 1 ** 1 1 0
Upper Working : 9 7 - ** - 10 10 9 10 11 9 10 10 10 9 - 9 8 8 8 ** ** 8 ** 8 10 8
Average Middle : 30 30 - ** - 30 33 35 35 34 34 36 37 36 38 - 35 36 36 37 ** ** 38 ** 37 39 43
Middle, NA Avg. or Upper : 0 1 33 ** 41 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 49 2 1 1 1 ** ** 1 ** 1 0 0
Upper Middle : 7 9 - ** - 8 11 10 9 10 11 11 10 9 10 - 11 9 10 12 ** ** 13 ** 15 10 12
N   1694 1755 1861   1499 1247 1495 1452 2614 2384 2745 2206 1501 1354 2173 2081 1938 1921 2394 1740     1721   1150 2149 5566

PERCENTAGE WITHIN STUDY YEAR
Table 1A.8
Source: The American National Election Studies
Link to the ASCII text version of this table  
Link to see 2012 data by mode  


QUESTION TEXT:

"Most people say they belong either to the middle class or the
working class. Do you ever think of yourself as belonging in
one of these classes?"
(IF YES:) "Which one?" /
(IF NO:) "Well, if you had to make a choice, would you call yourself
middle class or working class?"
(IF MIDDLE CLASS/WORKING CLASS:) "Would you say that you are about
average middle/working class or that you are in the upper part of
the middle/working class?"


NOTE: In 1960,1964 and 1986, the final question was not asked and all
responses in these 3 years have been coded middle or working class
'NA average or upper.'

2012 data are for the combined (face-to-face and internet) sample.

This question is variable VCF0148A in the ANES Cumulative Data File dataset.
Consult the Cumulative Data File codebook for complete question text and annotation.
Weight variable VCF0009z was used to produce this table (see weight documentation)

(Table generated: 11NOV15)


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