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Previous Principal Investigators

Gary Segura, ANES Principal Investigator 2010-2015

Gary M. Segura

ANES Principal Investigator 2010-2015

Gary M. Segura is a Professor of American Politics in the Department of Political Science and Chair of Chicano/a Studies in the Center for Comparative Studies in Race and Ethnicity at Stanford University. He received his Ph.D. in American Politics and Political Philosophy from the University of Illinois in 1992. His work focuses on issues of political representation, and currently is focusing on the accessibility of government and politics to America's growing Latino minority, as well as a book-length project on the links between casualties in international conflict and domestic politics. In 2009-2010, he was the President of the Midwest Political Science Association. He is a member of the Editorial Boards of the Journal of Politics and the Political Research Quarterly. He is a former executive council member of the American Political Science Association, and Western Political Science Association. In 2006, he was the General Program Chair of the Midwest Political Science Association Annual Meeting, and in 2004-2005, he served as President of El Sector Latino de la Ciencia Politica (Latino Caucus in Political Science).
Jon Krosnick, ANES Principal Investigator 1999-2006

Jon Krosnick

ANES Principal Investigator 2005-2009

Jon Krosnick was named Frederic O. Glover Professor in Humanities and Social Sciences. He received a B.A. degree in psychology from Harvard University and M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in social psychology from the University of Michigan. He has taught courses on survey methodology around the world at universities, for corporations, and for government agencies as well as provided expert testimony in court. His scholarship has received many honors including the American Association for Public Opinion Research's AAPOR Award for Exceptionally Distinguished Achievement, the Phillip Brickman Memorial Prize for Research in Social Psychology, Midwest Political Science Association's Pi Sigma Alpha Award, a fellowship at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, the University of Wisconsin's Brittingham Visiting Scholar Position, and the American Political Science Association's Best Paper Award.
Arthur Lupia, ANES Principal Investigator 1999-2006

Arthur Lupia

ANES Principal Investigator 2005-2009

Arthur Lupia was named the Hal R. Varian Collegiate Professor of Political Science at the University of Michigan. He received a B.A. degree in Economics from the University of Rochester and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees from the California Institute of Technology. He conducts research on topics relevant to politics and policy including voting, elections, persuasion, opinion change, civic education, coalition governance, legislative-bureaucratic relationships and decision-making under uncertainty. His work has received many honors including the 2007 Warren Mitofsky Innovators Award from the American Association for Public Opinion Research. He has been awarded fellowships from Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences (1999-2000) and the John Simon Guggenheim Foundation. He was inducted as a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 2004.
Nancy Burns, ANES Principal Investigator 1999-2006

Nancy Burns

ANES Principal Investigator 2000-2004

Nancy Burns served as the National Election Studies' Principal Investigator from 1999-2006. Burns began her studies at the University of Kansas and continued to Harvard University where she obtained a Masters and Doctorate degree in Political Science. After completing her studies, Burns returned to the University of Michigan where she researched and taught in the Political Science department and the Institute for Social Research. Burns was named a Henry Simmons Frieze Collegiate professor and a Warren E. Miller Collegiate Professor at Michigan. She studies gender, race, political participation, public opinion, and intergovernmental relations in the American context. Her most recent book, The Private Roots of Public Action: Gender, Equality, and Political Participation (2001), won the Victoria Schuck Award from the American Political Science Association for the best book on gender and politics. Burns serves as the Director and Research Professor of the Center for Political Studies at the University of Michigan. She teaches courses on gender and race and politics, quantitative methods, research design, political participation, and urban politics.
Donald Kinder, ANES Principal Investigator 2000-2004

Donald Kinder

ANES Principal Investigator 1990-1992 and 2000-2004

Kinder was named a Phillip E. Converse Collegiate Professor of psychology and political science for his work at the University of Michigan. He also served as the Chair of the Political Science department and a research scientist for the Center for Political Studies. Kinder's research and teaching center on public opinion and elections, the impact of mass media, and race and politics. Before his contributions at the University of Michigan, Kinder obtained his doctorate degree at the University of California in Los Angeles. He contributed to many publications including Divided by Color: Racial Politics and Democratic Ideals and the Handbook of Social Psychology.
Virginia Sapiro, ANES Principal Investigator 1997-1999

Virginia Sapiro

ANES Principal Investigator 1998

Sapiro was named a Sophonisba P. Breckinridge Professor of Political Science and Women's Studies at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. While teaching, she maintained the title of Vice Chancellor for undergraduate Teaching and Learning. Sapiro primarily focuses on political behavior, political psychology, gender politics, and political and feminist theory. Just before her appointment at the University of Wisconsin, Sapiro earned a Bachelor's degree with high honors in government at Clark University, and a doctorate degree at the University of Michigan. During her work in Wisconsin, she served as the chair of the Department of Political Science and the Women's Studies Program, and also the director of the Social Science Data and Computation Center. Sapiro was the founding President of the American Political Science Association Organized Section on Women and Politics Research. She has worked among the editorial boards of the American Political Science Review, American Journal of Political Science, Political Psychology, Social Science History and Women and Politics. Sapiro has received numerous awards and recognitions for her work in the University as well as the community.
Steven Rosenstone, ANES Principal Investigator 1989-1993

Steven Rosenstone

ANES Principal Investigator 1990-1996

Rosenstone began his distinguished studies at Washington University and continued at the University of California-Berkely. He began working at Yale University, specializing in electoral politics. He served as Professor and Director for the Center of Political Studies at the University of Michigan. Rosenstone moved forward again to serve as the dean of the College of Liberal Arts at the University of Minnesota's Twin Cities campus. As the Dean, Rosenstone has shown insightful leadership, overseeing major renovations for teaching facilities, renewing partnerships with the community, and fostering substantial growths in faculty and research capabilities. Aside from his administrative feats, Rosenstone has provided insight to areas including: political systems, higher education in America, elections and voting, and political rules and norms.
F. Gerald Kline
ANES Principal Investigator 1974
Arthur Miller, ANES Principal Investigator 1973-1976 Arthur H. Miller
ANES Principal Investigator 1972-1976

Miller began his studies at the University of Minnesota. His interests began in engineering, but his knowledge of computers and statistics met with public opinion research during the end of his undergraduate career. He obtained his doctorate degree in Political Science at the University of Michigan. Miller worked as an assistant professor at Ohio State University. He soon returned to Michigan to teach in the Political Science department and to serve as the ANES Principal Investigator. Miller became an Associate Professor of Political Science and the Senior Study Director at the Center for Political Studies. He left the University of Michigan to serve as a full professor at the University of Iowa. He greatly contributed to social research directing the University of Iowa Social Science Institute and the University of Iowa International Evaluation Project. Miller regularly authored journal articles exploring his research and thoughts on public opinion and campaigns. His most cited and influential work remains his early publications on political trust within the constituency regarding candidates. Though his early work focused on American politics, he later embarked on several comparative studies of political behavior in Western and Eastern Europe.
Donald Stokes, ANES Principal Investigator 1956-1960

Donald Stokes

ANES Principal Investigator 1956-1960

Stokes received his Bachelor's degree from Princeton University and his doctorate degree in Political Science from Yale University. He immediately began work at the University of Michigan as a professor and administrator. In 1970, he became the chairman of the Department of Political Science until 1971, when he was appointed the Dean of the graduate school. Stokes left his positions at the University of Michigan for Princeton University's Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs in 1974. After eighteen years, Stokes stepped down as Dean in 1992 and continued as a regular faculty member. Stokes co-authored many significant books including The American Voter, Elections and the Political Order, and Political Change in Britain. Stokes was a member of the Advisory Committee on Research of the National Science Foundation and also the National Research Council. His contributions earned him the Elmer B. Staats Award for a distinguished career in public service.
Phillip E. Converse, ANES Principal Investigator 1956-1960

Phillip E. Converse

ANES Principal Investigator 1956-1960

Converse began his undergraduate studies in English Literature at Denison University and obtained a Master's Degree in Sociology at the University of Iowa in 1950. Immediately after graduating, he was drafted into the U.S. Army. He continued to study at Sorbonne University in Paris, pursuing graduate programs at the University of Michigan during his service. He obtained two graduate degrees at the University of Michigan during the 1950s, including a Doctorate degree in Social Psychology. He remained at the University of Michigan, teaching in the Sociology Department and directing the National Elections Studies Center. As the Principal investigator at the National Elections Studies, Converse conducted unmatched research on voter behavior and co-authored The American Voter and The Quality of American Life: Perceptions, Evaluations, and Satisfactions. Converse left Michigan to become the Director of the Center for Advanced Study in Behavioral Sciences at Stanford University. He retired from Stanford in 1994 but the awards and honors have continued. He received the Henry Russel Lectureship at the University of Michigan. Stokes is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, a member of the National Academy of Sciences, and a fellow of the American Philosophical Society. Converse has also received honorary degrees from Harvard the University of Michigan due to his groundbreaking work in voter behavior and electoral politics.
Gerald Gurin, ANES Principal Investigator 1952-1954

Gerald Gurin

ANES Principal Investigator 1952
Angus Campbell, ANES Principal Investigator 1948-1961

Angus Campbell

ANES Principal Investigator 1948-1960

Angus Campbell was one of the founding members of the Institute of Social Research, the Survey Research Center, the Center for Political Studies, and the Interuniversity Consortium for Political Research. Beyond his administrative roles at the Institute, Campbell continued to work on expansive research projects and publications. Among his most well-known collaborations are The American Voter and The Sense of Well-Being in America: Recent Patterns and Trends. He served as a professor in psychology and sociology at the University of Michigan and a lecturer at the University of Michigan Law School. Campbell received his Bachelors and Masters degrees from the University of Oregon and his doctorate degree from Stanford University. Upon leaving Stanford, Campbell accepted a position within Northwestern University's social psychology department, expanding beyond his primary interest in experimental psychology. Campbell joined Rensis Likert's Division of Program Surveys in the Department of Agriculture in Washington D.C. in 1942. The group conducted research on social economic problems during the wartime years. He developed skills in research administration but also in survey research methodology, particularly in probability, sampling, interview techniques, and questionnaire construction. Campbell came to the University of Michigan's newly established Survey Research Center, and spearheaded the center's expansion while establishing a permanent legacy in the world of social research.
Robert Kahn, ANES Principal Investigator 1948-1951

Robert Kahn

ANES Principal Investigator 1948

Kahn began his studies looking to enter dentistry, only to become interested in teaching and American Studies at the University of Michigan. In absence of an American Studies major, Kahn graduated in 1939 with an honors degree in English and a minor in economics. Kahn then pursued a Master's degree and received a teaching certificate. Though he wanted to continue in a doctorate program, uncontrollable circumstances led him to teaching in Detroit and gathering data for unemployment statistics. Though initially a secondary plan, this governmental job opened up a future in social science to the young Kahn. He soon was promoted to the state supervisor for the Michigan Employment Survey. Kahn sent monthly analyses to the federal government, and in 1942 the Census Bureau recruited him to work in the Washington. There he learned about quantitative survey methods and cemented his interest in pursuing survey research and social science. Thus, in 1948 Kahn returned to the University of Michigan to work in the newly established Survey Research Center. He continued to look into graduate programs and finally found a place within a new social psychology doctorate program at the University. He obtained his Ph.D. in 1952 while working to shape the new Institute and conduct research. He contributed to the field of survey methodology with one of his first books entitled, The Dynamics of Interviewing. He applied his survey research to pioneering the field of organizational behavior. He wrote The Social Psychology of Organizations, attempting to understand organization effectiveness and membership well-being. He linked this to social psychology and international studies, writing fundamental books entitled Work and Health and Organizations and Nation-States. Kahn truly shaped the field of survey research and altered common understanding of organizations and its members.
Warren E. Miller

Warren E. Miller

ANES Principal Investigator for over 20 years and founder of the Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR)

Warren E. Miller played a seminal role in political behavioral studies and survey research at the University of Michigan and beyond. Miller received his Bachelor's and Master's degrees from the University of Oregon in 1948 and 1950 respectively. He then attended Syracuse University to obtain a Doctorate in Philosophy by 1954, while also teaching for two years at the University of California-Berkeley. During his time at Syracuse and Berkeley, Miller conducted research the University of Michigan's new Survey Research Center. Miller came to Ann Arbor in 1951 to work directly with Angus Campbell and Robert Kahn during the 1952 elections. Miller became a professor in the political science department at Michigan in 1956, although he continued to play a leading role in the Survey Research Center. In 1960 Miller co-authored The American Voter with Angus Campbell, Philip E. Converse, and Donald E. Stokes. This book, along with the 1966 publication Elections and Political Order, completely altered nationwide conceptions of voting behavior. Miller and his colleagues spearheaded the research and voter surveys that confirmed the importance of candidates' personalities and values within these publications. The Survey Research Center transformed into a leader in political and electoral studies, increasing demand for data, training, and expertise. During the 1960s and 1970s, Miller consulted various news networks, developing better analytical election coverage. He coined the term "projection" that remains in use today when estimating election outcomes. To meet the demand for data and training, Miller founded the Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR) in 1962. With Miller as its first executive director, the ICPSR established a summer program in quantitative methods of social research and a growing archive of quantitative social science data. Years later in 1970, Miller founded the Center of Political Studies to utilize computers and surveys in better analyses of political behavior and the American voter. As the centers Principal Investigator from 1970 until 1981, Miller expanded the scope of the Center and secured funding from the National Science Foundation, which deemed the CPS a national resource for political scientists. Miller left his multiple roles at the University of Michigan to teach at Arizona State University starting in 1982. While serving as a professor, researcher, director, and consultant in Michigan and Arizona, Miller received countless awards and honors. The Frank J. Goodnow Award for Distinguished Service to the Profession of Political Science was due to his contributions to the field, but also in part to his service as President of the American Poltical Science Association. Moreover, several honors have been established in his name, like the ICPSR summer scholarship and the University of Michigan distinguished professor award. To this day, Warrren E. Miller is recognized as an innovator, an expert, and an unmatched asset to the field of field of electoral politics and voting behavior.