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Conference Citations

November 13, 2012 Version


Aberbach, Joel D. 1974. "Alienation and American Voting Behavior: 1968 and Beyond." in Presented at the Eighth World Congress of Sociology. Toronto.

Abney, Ronni. 2009. "Exploring the Racial Divide on a Non-Racial Issue: Racism, Authoritarianism, and White Death Penalty Support." in Annual meeting of the WPSA: "Ideas, Interests and Institutions". Hyatt Regency Vancouver, BC Canada, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Abrajano, Marisa and Keith Poole. 2009. "Assessing the Ethnic/Racial Diversity of American Public Opinion." in Midwest Political Science Association 67th Annual National Conference. The Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL.

Abramowitz, Alan I. 1980. "Party and Individual Accountability in the 1978 Congressional Election." in Presented at the Houston Conference on Congressional Elections.

—. 1983. "Candidates, Coattails and Strategic Politicians in the 1980 Congressional Elections: Explaining the Republican Victory." in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago.

—. 1984. "The Midterm Election as a Referendum: Reaganomics, Strategic Politicians, and Voting Behavior in 1982." in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington.

—. 1994. "Value Conflict and Policy-Based Voting in the 1992 Presidential Election." in Presented at the annual meeting of the Western Political Science Association. Albuquerque, NM.

—. 1999. "It's Monica, Stupid: Voting Behavior in the 1998 Midterm Election." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

—. 2007. "Constraint, Ideology, and Polarization in the American Electorate: Evidence from the 2006 Cooperative Congressional Election Study." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

—. 2009. "US Senate Elections in a Polarized Era." in Conference on Legislative Elections, Process and Policy: The Influence of Bicameralism. Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee.

Abramowitz, Alan I. and Brad Alexander. 2003. "The 2002 Midterm Election and the Future of American Politics." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Philadelphia Mariott Hotel, Philadelphia, PA.

Abramowitz, Alan I., Susan H. Allen, Gibbs Knotts, and Kyle L. Saunders. 2002. "Racial Attitudes, Ideology, and the Rise of Republican Identification Among Southern Whites, 1982-2000." in Paper prepared for delivery at the annual meeting of the American Association of Political Science. Boston, MA.

Abramowitz, Alan I., Albert D. Cover, and Helmut Norpoth. 1984. "The President's Party in Midterm Elections: Going from Bad to Worse." in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago.

Abramowitz, Alan I. and Kenneth J. Cribbs. 1989. "Don't Worry, Be Happy: Evaluations of Senate and House Incumbents in 1988." in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Abramowitz, Alan I. and Suzie Ishikawa. 1995. "Explaining the Republican Takeover of the House of Representatives: Evidence from the 1992-94 NES Panel Survey." in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Abramowitz, Alan I. and Kyle Saunders. 2004. "Racial Hearts and Minds: Social Identity, Ideology, and Party Identification in the American Electorate." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

—. 2006. "Is Polarization a Myth?" in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Political Research Online.

Abramowitz, Alan I. and Kyle L. Saunders. 1996. "The Incredible Shrinking Party: Ideological Realignment in the U.S. Electorate, 1976-1994." in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. San Francisco, CA.

—. 2000. "Ideological Realignment and US Congressional Elections." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Political Science Association. Washington D.C.

—. 2004. "Rational Hearts and Minds: Social Identity, Ideology, and Party Identification in the American Electorate." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Hilton Chicago and the Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL.

Abramowitz, Alan I., Kyle L. Saunders, and Jonathan Wiliamson. 1998. "Voting for Gridlock: Ticket-Splitting, Balancing, and Divided Government." in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Boston, MA.

Abramowitz, Alan I. and Jeffrey A. Segal. 1989. "Beyond Willie Horton and the Pledge of Allegiance: National Issues in the 1988 Senate, House and Presidential Elections." in Presented at the Conference on Electing the Senate. Houston, TX.

Abramowitz, Alan I. and Walter J. Stone. 2005. "The Bush Effect: Polarization, Turnout, and Activism in the 2004 Presidential Election." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington D.C.

Abrams, Samuel. 2005. "Social Embeddedness and Voting: The Paradox of Voter Turnout Revisited." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington D.C.

Abramson, Paul R. 1980. "The Decline of Electoral Participation in America: Political Attitudes and Behavioral Change." in Presented at the annual meeting of the Western Political Science Association. San Francisco, CA.

Abramson, Paul R. and John H. Aldrich. 1981. "The Decline of Electoral Participation in America." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. New York.

Abramson, Paul R., John H. Aldrich, Philip Paolino, and David W. Rohde. 1994. "The Problem of Third-Party and Independent Candidates in the American Political System: Wallace, Anderson, and Perot in Comparative Perspective." in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. New York.

Abramson, Paul R. and William Claggett. 1996. "Resources, Benefits, Mobilization and Political Participation in Rosenstone and Hansen's Mobilization, Participation and Democracy in America." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. San Francisco, CA.

Adams, Greg D. 1994. "Incumbent Vulnerability and Challenger Emergence in the 1992 Senate Elections." in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Adams, James and III Merrill, Samuel. 2003. "Policy-seeking Motivations when One Candidate Has a Valence Advantage: Strategic Implications and Empirical Applications to Presidential Elections." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Philadelphia Mariott Hotel, Philadelphia, PA.

—. 2004. "Candidate Equilibrium and the Behavioral Model of Voter Choice and Turnout: Theoretical Results and Empirical Tests." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Adkins, Todd, Geoffrey Layman, and David Campbell. 2011. "Religious Group Affect in Social Policy Opinion." in Annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association. Hotel InterContinental, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Adler, E.., Michael. Ensley, and John Wilkerson. 2008. "Are Congressional Incumbents Accountable?". Palmer House Hotel, Hilton, Chicago, IL.

Ainsworth, Scott H. 1998. "A Game Theoretic Model of Efficacy and Political Participation." in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Boston, MA.

Aistrup, Joseph. 2011. "Picturing the Realignment of the American South in the Modern Era: Time, Place and Space." in Annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association. Hotel InterContinental, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Aistrup, Joseph A. 2007

2008. "Southern Exceptionalism? Presidential voting in the South and non-South." in 2008 SPSA Meetings. New Orleans, LA.

Aldrich, John, Claire Kramer, Peter Lange, Renan Levine, Jennifer Merolla, Laura Stephenson, and Elizabeth Zechmeister. 2002. "In Pursuit of the Missing Link: Do Voters Make the Connection Between Macroeconomic Change and Welfare State Growth?" in Annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Boston Marriott Copley Place, Sheraton Boston & Hynes Convention Center, Boston, Massachusetts.

Aldrich, John, Claire Kramer, and Jennifer Merolla. 2004. "Tough Choices: The Influence of Electoral Context and Constituencies on Senators' Trade Votes." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Aldrich, John, Jennifer Merolla, and Claire Kramer. 2007. "The Political Consequences of Economic Globalization: Public Opinion and Senate Roll Call Voting on Trade and Social Welfare Liberalization." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Aldrich, John and David Sparks. 2010. "Political Figures in a Social and Cultural Context: Dimensionality of Candidate Evaluations"." in Annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association. Crowne Plaza Hotel Ravinia, Atlanta, Georgia.

Aldrich, John, Ashley Taylor, Wendy Wood, and Jacob Montgomery. 2007. "Repeated Turnout as a Habit." in Annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Palmer House Hotel, Chicago, IL.

Aldrich, John H., Paul W. Gronke, and Jeffrey D. Grynaviski. 1999. "Policy, Personality, and Presidential Performance." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Aldrich, John H., Claire Kramer, Peter Lange, Renan Levine, John Rattliff, Laura Stephenson, and Elizabeth Zechmeister. 1999. "Job Insecurity and Globalization: Evidence from Europe." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Alford, John R. and John R. Hibbing. 1989. "The Disparate Electoral Security of House and Senate Incumbents." in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta.

Allsop, Dee and Herbert F. Weisberg. 1986. "Measuring Change in Party Identification in an Election Campaign." in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Althaus, Scott. 2009. "Measuring News Exposure in Contemporary Media Systems: Lessons From American National Election Studies." in International Communication Association 2009 Annual Meeting, edited by S. Althaus and D. Tewksbury.

Althaus, Scott L. 1993. "Who's Afraid of the Moral Vote? The Electoral Behavior of Born-Again Christians in the 1988 Presidential Election." in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Alvarez, R. Michael. 1991. "When Can Voters Tell If There's A Dime's Worth of Difference? Modeling Voter Uncertainty About Candidate Issue Placements." in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington.

—. 1996. "Studying Congressional and Gubernatorial Campaigns." in Presented at the NES Research and Development Conference on Congressional Elections. Chicago.

—. 1998. "Uncertainty and Candidate Personality Traits." in Presented at the Annual Meetings of the Midwest Political Science Association.

Alvarez, R. Michael and John Brehm. 1993. "When Core Beliefs Collide: Conflict, Complexity, or Just Plain Confusion?" in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington, D.C.

—. 1996. "Uncertainty and Ambivalence in the Ecology of Race." in Presented at the 1996 annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. San Francisco, CA.

Alvarez, R. Michael, John Brehm, and Catherine Wilson. 2001. "Uncertainty and American Public Opinion." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Alvarez, R. Michael and Garrett Glasgow. 1996. "Do Voters Learn from Presidential Election Campaigns?" in Presented at the Southern Political Science Association annual meeting.

Alvarez, R. Michael and Paul W. Gronke. 1992. "Learning and Forgetting: Political Information and the Persian Gulf War." in Presented at the Conference on the Political Consequences of War. Washington.

—. 1992. "Perception and Misperception: Constituent Knowledge of Their Representative's Persian Gulf War Vote." Pp. Washington, D.C. in Presented at the NES Conference on the Political Consequences of War.

—. 1996. "Constituents and Knowledge of Senate Roll Call Votes." in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.

Alvarez, R. Michael and Dean Lacy. 1994. "Heterogeneity in Economic Voting." in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. New York.

Alvarez, R. Michael and Edward J. McCaffery. 2000. "Is There a Gender Gap in Fiscal Political Preferences." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington DC.

Alvarez, R. Michael and Jonathan Nagler. 1993. "Change or Continuity in Presidential Politics: A Multinomial Probit Model of Candidate Choice in the 1992 Election." in Presented at the annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association. Savannah, GA.

—. 1997. "Economics, Entitlements, and Social Issues: Voter Choice in the 1996 Presidential Election." in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington, D.C.

Andersen, David. 2009. "Electoral Effects on the Distribution of Political Knowledge." in Midwest Political Science Association 67th Annual National Conference. The Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL.

Andersen, Kristi and Hannah Allerdice. 2009. "Local Context as a Factor in Attitudes Toward Immigration." in Midwest Political Science Association 67th Annual National Conference. The Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL.

Anderson, Barbara A., Brian D. Silver, and Paul R. Abramson. 1986. "The Effects of Race of Interviewer in SRC National Election Studies." in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington.

—. 1987. "The Effects of the Race of the Interviewer on Race-Related Attitudes of Black Respondents in SRC National Election Studies." in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago.

Anderson, Christopher J. and Raymond M. Duch. 1996. "Comparing Economic Realities and Voter Responses." in Paper presented at the American Political Science Association annual meeting. San Francisco, CA.

Anderson, Eric. 1990. "Participation and Profession: The Impact of Occupational Prestige on Political Participation in the United States, 1956-1988." in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago.

Ang, Adrian. 2007. "Who Would Jesus Bomb? The Religious Impulse, Public Opinion, and Foreign Policy Attitudes." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Ang, Adrian U. 2008. "Who Would Jesus Bomb? Religion, Public Opinion, and Foreign Policy." in 2008 SPSA Convention. Hotel Intercontinental, New Orleans, LA.

Ansolabehere, Stephen D., Erik Snowberg, and James Snyder. 2004. "Television and the Incumbency Advantage in US Elections." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Arceneaux, Kevin. 2001. "Attributing Responsibility for Economic Conditions in Congressional Elections." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southwestern Political Science Association: Fort Worth, TX.

—. 2001. "Is the Road to Bad Inference Paved with Good Intentions? An Audit of Vote Intention Survey Items." in Paper prepared for delivery at the 2001 Summer Methods Conference. Atlanta, GA.

—. 2001. "Taking Federalism Seriously: A Cross-Level Theory of Voting Behavior." in Papered prepared for presentation at the annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Archer, Keith and David Coletto. 2007. "Groups who vote and groups who don’t: Political engagement in 6 countries." in Annual Meeting of the Canadian Political Science Association. University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK.

Arnold, Laura W. and Herbert F. Weisberg. 1994. "Murphy Brown Meets Al Bundy: Parenthood, Family Values and the 1992 Presidential Election." in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Arseneau, Robert B. 1975. "Motivational Conflict and Split Ticket Voting." in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. San Francisco.

Arsneault, Shelly. 1994. "Workfare or Welfare: Economic Influence on Public Support for Social Spending." in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Artime, Michael. 2009. "The Modernization of Political Information: The Internet and the Changing Landscape of American Politics." in Midwest Political Science Association 67th Annual National Conference. The Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL.

Asp, Kent and Arthur H. Miller. 1980. "Learning About Politics From the Media in Sweden and the United States." in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington.

Atkeson, Lonna Rae. 1992. "Moving Toward Unity: An Experimental Look at Attitude Change During a Presidential Election." in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

—. 1994. "Presidential Nomination Campaigns and General Elections: The Divisive Primary Hypothesis Revisited." in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. New York City.

Atkeson, Lonna Rae and Nancy Carrillo. 2001. "More is Better: The Impact of Female Descriptive Representation on Citizen Attitudes toward Government Responsiveness." in Paper prepared for delivery at the 2001 annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. San Francisco.

Babbitt, Paul R. and Richard R. Lau. 1994. "The Impact of Negative Political Campaigns on Political Knowledge." in Presented at the annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Baek, Mijeong. 2002. "Framing Effects and Political Sophistication." in Paper prepared for delivery at the 2002 annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Boston, MA.

Bafumi, Joseph. 2003. "The Regress of Ideological Sophisticates." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Philadelphia Mariott Hotel, Philadelphia, PA.

—. 2003. "The Regress of Ideological Sophisticates." in Annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Philadelphia Marriott Hotel, Philadelphia, PA.

—. 2004. "The Macro Micro Link in Vote Choice Models: A Bayesian Multilevel Approach." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

—. 2004. "The Stubborn American Voter." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Bailey, Martha. 1992. "Working Class Identification and Political Attitudes, 1964-1986." in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago.

Baker, Paul and Costas Panagopoulos. 2003. "Great Expectations: The Promise of Digital Government in the American States." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Philadelphia Mariott Hotel, Philadelphia, PA.

Baldassarri, Delia and Amir Goldberg. 2010. "Political Belief Networks: Socio-Cognitive Heterogeneity in American Public Opinion." in American Sociological Association Annual Meeting. Hilton Atlanta and Atlanta Marriott Marquis, Atlanta, GA.

Ban, Carolyn K. 1972. "Factionalism in the Democratic Party: Social Origins and Attitudes of Southern and Northern Democratic Party Activists." in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington.

Banaszak, Lee Ann and Jan E. Leighley. 1987. "Education, Employment and Social Context in the Development of Gender Consciousness." in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Banducci, Susan A., Richard L. Fox, Sonia R. Garcia, Donald E. Mason, Audrey E. O'Connell, Eric R.A.N. Smith, and Dale Wheatley. 1990. "The Spiral of Silence and Participation in American Elections." in Presented at the annual meeting of the Western Political Science Association. Newport Beach.

Banducci, Susan A. and Jeffrey A. Karp. 2001. "Mobilizing American Voters: A Reassessment." in Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the American Political Science Association. San Francisco, CA.

Banks, Antoine. 2007. "Anger and Fear's Impact on Whites' Racial Policy Opinions." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

—. 2008. "The Emotion Residing in Old-fashioned and Today’s Subtle Form of Racism." in Annual meeting of the MPSA Annual National Conference. Palmer House Hotel, Hilton, Chicago, IL.

Barabas, Jason. 1998. "Wage Erosion, Economic Assessments, and Social Welfare Opinions." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Barclay, Scott and Daniel Chomsky. 2007. "Grocery Shops or Newspapers: Explaining Media Opinion on Same Sex Marriage." in Annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Palmer House Hotel, Chicago, IL.

Barclay, Scott and Audrey Comstock. 2008. "Reading the Writing on the Wall: Print Media as Prompts to Cause Lawyer’s Legal Activities." in Annual meeting of the Western Political Science Association. Manchester Hyatt, San Diego, California.

Bardes, Barbara A. 1992. "Women and the Persian Gulf War: Patriotism and Emotion." in Presented at the Conference on Political Consequences of War. Washington.

Barreto, Matt and David Leal. 2005. "Latinos, the Military, and the 2004 Presidential Election." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington D.C.

Barreto, Matt and Matthew Streb. 2007. "Barn Burners and Burn Out: The Effects of Competitive Elections on Efficacy and Trust." in Annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Palmer House Hotel, Chicago, IL.

Barry-Goodman, Colleen. 2004. "Contacting and Identification as an Independent Leaning Partisan." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association. New Orleans, LA.

Bartels, Larry M. 1992. "Messages Received: The Political Impact of Media Exposure." in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago.

—. 1995. "Where the Ducks Are: Voting Power in a Party System." in Presented at the Conference on New Perspectives on Party Politics honoring Stanley Kelley, Jr. Princeton University.

—. 1997. "Three Virtues of Panel Data for the Analysis of Campaign Effects." in Paper presented at the Conference on "Capturing Campaign Effects". Vancouver, British Columbia.

—. 1998. "Panel Effects in the American National Election Studies." in Presented at the annual meeting of the Political Methodology Group. San Diego, CA.

—. 2001. "A Generational Model of Political Learning." in Paper prepared for delivery at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. San Francisco.

Bartels, Larry M. 2003. "Homer Gets a Tax Cut: Inequality and Public Policy in the American Mind." in Paper prepared for the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Philadelphia, PA.

Bartels, Larry M. 2005. "What's the Matter with "What's the Matter with Kansas?"." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington D.C.

—. 2010. "Base Appeal: The Political Attitudes and Priorities of Core Partisans." in Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington, DC.

Bartels, Larry M. and Wendy Rahn. 2000. "Political Attitudes in the Post-Network Era." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.

Basinger, Scott, Howard Lavine, and Scott Mellon. 2004. "Voter Heterogeneity: The Consequences of Ambivalence for Senate Elections." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Baughman, John. 1998. "Deciding to Vote, Deciding to Tell: A Bivariate Probit Model of Overreported Vote." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Baum, Matthew. 2004. "High-Quality vs. High-Brow: Can Soft News Ever be the Best News?". Hilton Chicago and the Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL.

Baumgartner, Frank R. and Jack L. Walker. 1987. "Survey Research and Membership in Voluntary Organizations." in Presented at the NES Conference on Groups and American Politics. Stanford.

Beatty, Kathleen Murphy and Oliver Walter. 1983. "The Religious Right and Electoral Change." in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Beck, Paul, Richard Gunther, and Corwin Smidt. 2005. "Communication and Mobilization in 2004: Intermediaries and Voters in the American Presidential Contest." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington D.C.

Beck, Paul Allen. 1974. "A Socialization Theory of Realignment: The South." in Presented at the Southwestern Social Science Association Convention.

—. 1983. "Context, Choice, and Consequence: Beaten and Unbeaten Paths toward a Science of Electoral Behavior." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, Illinois.

Becker, Henk A. 1991. "Dynamics of Cohort and Generations Research." in Proceedings of a Symposium at the University of Utrecht. The Netherlands: Thesis Publishers.

Beckman, Arthur. 2011. "Sophisticated Volatility: Demographics and Attitudes of Inconsistent Voters Who Are Politically Engaged and Informed." in Annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association. Hotel InterContinental, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Bejarano, Christina. 2005. "Effect of Social Identity on Party Affect." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Political Research Online. Marriott Hotel, Oakland, California.

Belanger, Eric and Jean-François Godbout. 2005. "Economic Voting and Political Sophistication in the U.S.A Reassessment." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington D.C.

Bell, Melissa. 2010. "A Feminist by Any Other Name: Public Opinion Measures and Feminism." in Annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association. Crowne Plaza Hotel Ravinia, Atlanta, Georgia.

Belt, Todd. 2004. "Public Support for the War on Terror." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Belt, Todd, Marion Just, and Ann Crigler. 2005. "Accentuating the Positive in US Presidential Elections." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington D.C.

Bennett, Stephen. 2007. "Another Look at Nonvoting’s Implications for Democracy in America." in Annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Hyatt Regency Chicago and the Sheraton Chicago Hotel and Towers, Chicago, IL.

Bennett, Stephen Earl. 1983. "The Withered Roots: Apathy in America, 1964 to 1980." in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

—. 1989. "Left Behind: Economic Adversity and Declining Turnout among Noncollege Young Whites, 1964-1988." in Presented at the annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association. Memphis.

—. 1992. "The Persian Gulf War's Impact on Americans' Political Information." in Presented at the Conference on the Political Consequences of War. Washington.

—. 2007. "Another Look at Nonvoting's Implications for Democracy in America." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Bennett, Stephen Earl and Linda L.M. Bennett. 1986. "The Long Season: Causes of the Stability of Interest in American Presidential Campaign." in Presented at the annual meeting of the International Society of Political Psychology. Amsterdam.

Bennett, Sherry L. and Renee M. Smith. 1998

1999. "Representation and Salient Issues: Legislator Responsiveness to the Service Constituency." Pp. Polmeth Working Paper in Revised version of the paper presented at the 1998 annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.

Berinsky, Adam. 2006. "Group Attachments and Public Support for War." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Philadelphia, PA.

—. 2008. "Education and Political Participation: Uncovering the Causal Link." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Boston, MA.

Berinsky, Adam., Donald Kinder, and Elizabeth Suhay. 2006. "Public Comprehension of Political Events: 9/11 and Beyond." Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois.

Berinsky, Adam J. 1996. "Media Effects in Modern Presidential Campaign: An Empirical Test of the Patterson Hypothesis." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Association of Public Opinion Research. Chicago, IL.

—. 1997. "Heterogeneity and Bias in Models of Vote Choice." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

—. 1997. "The "Miracle" Revisited." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington DC.

—. 1998. "The Two Faces of Public Opinion." in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, Illinois.

—. 2001. "Public Opinion During the Vietnam War: A Revised Measure of the Public Will." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Bernstein, Robert A., Anita Chadha, and Robert Montjoy. 1998. "Overreporting Voting: Why People Lie." in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Boston, MA.

Bimber, Bruce A. 1998. "Toward an Empirical Map of Political Participation on the Internet." in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Boston, MA.

Bishin, Benjamin and Daniel Stevens. 2006. "Targeting Turnout: Partisan Mobilization, Non-Partisan Mobilization and Vote Choice." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Philadelphia, PA.

Bishop, George F. , Robert W. Oldendick, and Alfred J. Tuchfarber. 1980. "Experiments in Using Survey Filter Questions with American Public Affairs Issues." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

—. 1982. "What Must My Interest in Politics Be If I Just Told You "I Don't Know?"." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Denver, CO.

Bishop, George F., Robert W. Oldendick, and Alfred J. Tuchfarber. 1983. "Voting, Memory, and Interest in Following Political Campaigns." in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago.

Bishop, George F. , Robert W. Oldendick, Alfred J. Tuchfarber, and Stephen Earl Bennett. 1979

1978. "Opinion Filtering and Political Attitude Structure." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Bishop, George F. , Alfred J. Tuchfarber, and Robert W. Oldendick. 1984. "Opinions on Fictitious Public Affairs Issues: Unwillingness To Admit Ignorance or Conformity to Situational Demands?" in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.

Bittner, Amanda. 2007. "Competence or Charisma? The Effects of Measurement on Why Some Leaders' Traits Matter More Than Others." in Prepared for Presentation at the Canadian Political Science Annual Meeting. University of Saskatchewan. Saskatoon, SK.

—. 2007. "Survey Structure, Measurement Effects, and the Evaluation of Party Leaders." in Midwest Political Science Association Annual Meeting,. Chicago, IL.

Bizer, George., Jon. Krosnick, Allyson. Holbrook, Richard. Petty, Derek. Rucker, and S. Wheeler. 2002. "The Impact of Personality on Political Beliefs, Attitudes, and Behavior: Need for Cognition and Need To Evaluate." Sheraton Boston & Hynes Convention Center, Boston, Massachusetts.

Blais, André, Elisabeth Gidengil, Richard Nadeau, and Neil Nevitte. 1999. "Measuring Party Identification: Canada, Britain, and the United States." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Atlanta, GA.

Blinder, Scott and Meredith Rolfe. 2007. "Partisan or Gendered? The Gender Gap and Public Opinion among African American Men." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, IL.

Block, Ray. 2007. "Some Like It Hot: A Political Climate Theory of Racial Differences in Political Interest." in Annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association. Hotel InterContinental, New Orleans, LA.

Bloom, Joel David. 1993. "Major-Party Ticket Splitting, Attachment to Political Parties, and the Perot Vote: A Research Note." in Presented at the annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association. Savannah, GA.

Blydenburgh, John C. and Roberta S. Sigel. 1983. "Key Factors in the 1982 Elections as Seen by Men and Women Voters: An Exploration into the Vulnerability Thesis." in Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago.

Boatright, Robert and Michael J. Malbin. 2003. "Political Contribution Tax Credits and Citizen Participation." in Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.

Boesch, Joseph. 2007. "When Messages Matter: Heterogeneous Effects of Campaign Appearances - The 2004 U.S. Presidential Election." in Annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Palmer House Hotel, Chicago, IL.

Bokowski, Deborah and Aage R. Clausen. 1979. "Federalism, Representation, and the Amendment Process: The Case of the Equal Rights Amendment." in Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago.

Bolce, Louis and Gerald De Maio. 2007. "A ‘Prejudice’ for the Thinking Classes: The Impact of Media Frames of the New Religious Divide on how Political Sophisticates Perceive Christian Fundamentalists." in Annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association. Hotel InterContinental, New Orleans, LA.

—. 2009. "A 'Prejudice' for the Thinking Classes: The Impact of Media Frames of the New Religious Divide and how Political Sophisticates Perceive Christian Fundamentalists"." Hotel InterContinental, New Orleans, LA.

—. 2009. "Trait Transference as a Factor in the Politicization of Anti-Christian Fundamentalist Affect." in Annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association. Hotel Intercontinental, New Orleans, LA.

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