CHAPTER III CONTENTS

                     III.   Public Opinion:  Issues and Ideology     

                         Note: entries are in alphabetical order


                                                                      
Please see p.xxix "HOW TO READ A CONTINUITY GUIDE ENTRY" before
consulting individual entries



   III.A.  Issues:  Civil Order and Crime
              1.  AMNESTY FOR DRAFT EVADERS . . . . . . . . . . .  287
              2.  CRIME AND DRUGS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  287
                       a. Controlling crime/drugs, gun control, . . .
                            death penalty . . . . . . . . . . . .  288
                       b. Legal status of marijuana . . . . . . .  291
                       c. R's exposure to crime . . . . . . . . .  291
              3.  POLICE/LAW ENFORCEMENT/TRIALS . . . . . . . . .  292
              4.  PROTEST, CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE, UNREST . . . . . .  293
                       a. Opinion of disobedience/protest . . . .  293
                       b. Solutions to unrest/rioting . . . . . .  295
                          (1) Campus unrest . . . . . . . . . . .  295
                          (2) Urban unrest. . . . . . . . . . . .  295


   III.B.  Issues:  Domestic Social Welfare
              1.  EDUCATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  297
                       a. Government's role . . . . . . . . . . .  297
                       b. R's opinions and involvement. . . . . .  299
              2.  GOVERNMENT SERVICES/SPENDING TRADEOFF . . . . .  300
              3.  GUARANTEED JOB/STANDARD OF LIVING . . . . . . .  304
              4.  MEDICAL CARE AND HEALTH INSURANCE . . . . . . .  307
                       a. Fighting the disease AIDS . . . . . . .  307
                       b. Government health insurance plan. . . .  307
                       c. Government help for medical care. . . .  309
                       d. R's current health insurance. . . . . .  311
              5.  SOCIAL SECURITY AND OTHER ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS .  311
              6.  SOCIAL WELFARE IN GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . .  315


   III.C.  Issues:  Economic
              1.  ECONOMIC CONDITIONS, GENERAL. . . . . . . . . .  317
                       a. Nation's economy. . . . . . . . . . . .  317
                          (1) Present . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  317
                          (2) Prospective . . . . . . . . . . . .  319
                          (3) Retrospective . . . . . . . . . . .  320
                       b. R's personal financial situation. . . .  323
                          (1) Present . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  323
                          (2) Prospective . . . . . . . . . . . .  324
                          (3) Retrospective . . . . . . . . . . .  325
                       c. Social groups' economic conditions. . .  328
                       d. State economy . . . . . . . . . . . . .  330


                                                                      
Please see p.xxix "HOW TO READ A CONTINUITY GUIDE ENTRY" before
consulting individual entries


              2.  FEDERAL BUDGET, BUDGET DEFICIT . . . . . . . .  330
              3.  IMPORTS, BALANCE OF TRADE. . . . . . . . . . .  336
              4.  INFLATION AND UNEMPLOYMENT . . . . . . . . . .  337
                       a. Assessments and experience of R. . . .  337
                          (1) Degree of inflation. . . . . . . .  337
                          (2) Degree of unemployment . . . . . .  338
                       b. Causes and nature of unemployment. . .  340
                       c. Control of inflation . . . . . . . . .  341
                       d. Control of unemployment. . . . . . . .  343
                       e. Inflation/unemployment tradeoff. . . .  345
              5.  INTEREST RATES AND PRICES. . . . . . . . . . .  346
                       a. Interest rates . . . . . . . . . . . .  346
                       b. Prices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  346
                          (1) In the economy . . . . . . . . . .  346
                          (2) R's own purchases and sales. . . .  348
              6.  LABOR AND 'BIG BUSINESS' . . . . . . . . . . .  349
              7.  SAVINGS AND LOAN CRISIS/BAILOUT. . . . . . . .  352
              8.  TAXES. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  353
                       a. R's own taxes. . . . . . . . . . . . .  353
                       b. Specific taxes or changes/proposals. .  356
                       c. Taxes in general . . . . . . . . . . .  360


   III.D.  Issues:  Foreign Relations, Defense
              1.  ARMS CONTROL, DISARMAMENT. . . . . . . . . . .  365
              2.  DEFENSE SPENDING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  366
              3.  ECONOMIC AID TO FOREIGN COUNTRIES. . . . . . .  369
              4.  FOREIGN RELATIONS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  371
                       a. In general . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  371
                       b. Specific countries/areas . . . . . . .  375
                          (1) Central America. . . . . . . . . .  375
                          (2) Communist Countries. . . . . . . .  376
                          (3) Japan. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  378
                          (4) Middle East. . . . . . . . . . . .  378
                          (5) Miscellaneous. . . . . . . . . . .  382
                          (6) South Africa . . . . . . . . . . .  383
                          (7) Soviet Union . . . . . . . . . . .  383
              5.  WAR, THE MILITARY, NATIONAL DEFENSE. . . . . .  387
                       a. Perceptions about the Military . . . .  387
                       b. Use of the military, national defense.  388
                       c. War. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  392
                          (1) Conventional or in general . . . .  392
                          (2) Korea. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  393
                          (3) Nuclear. . . . . . . . . . . . . .  393
                          (4) Persian Gulf . . . . . . . . . . .  393
                          (5) Vietnam. . . . . . . . . . . . . .  397



                                                                     
Please see p.xxix "HOW TO READ A CONTINUITY GUIDE ENTRY" before
consulting individual entries






   III.E.  Issues:  Minorities
              1.  AFFIRMATIVE ACTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  401
                       a. Admissions: colleges and universities.  401
                       b. Jobs:  hiring and promotion. . . . . .  402
                       c. Preference in general. . . . . . . . .  404
              2.  CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT AND ACTIVISM . . . . . .  404
              3.  DISCRIMINATION VERSUS EQUAL OPPORTUNITY. . . .  407
                       a. Government's role in solving . . . . .  407
                       b. In general . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  410
                       c. Specific areas . . . . . . . . . . . .  411
                          (1) Equal access . . . . . . . . . . .  412
                          (2) Jobs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  412
                          (3) Open housing . . . . . . . . . . .  414
              4.  GOVERNMENT AID PROGRAMS. . . . . . . . . . . .  416
              5.  INTEGRATION/DESEGREGATION. . . . . . . . . . .  420
                       a. In general . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  420
                       b. R's exposure . . . . . . . . . . . . .  420
                       c. Schools. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  421
                          (1) Court/Government-Ordered Admissions 422
                          (2) School Busing. . . . . . . . . . .  423
              6.  PERCEPTIONS ABOUT BLACKS/WHITES/HISPANICS. . .  425
                       a. Asians . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  425
                       b. Blacks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  426
                       c. Blacks and whites: comparative or both  430
                       d. Hispanics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  430
                       e. Whites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  431


   III.F.  Issues:  Miscellaneous
              1.  CHURCH AND STATE/POLITICS. . . . . . . . . . .  435
              2.  ENERGY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  440
              3.  ENVIRONMENT AND POLLUTION. . . . . . . . . . .  442
              4.  IMMIGRATION AND ENGLISH AS THE OFFICIAL U.S. . . .
                    LANGUAGE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  445
              5.  NONRACIAL CIVIL RIGHTS /EQUAL OPPORTUNITY. . .  447
                       a. Civil rights . . . . . . . . . . . . .  447
                          (1) Miscellaneous. . . . . . . . . . .  447
                          (2) Rights of the accused. . . . . . .  450
                       b. Equal opportunity. . . . . . . . . . .  451
                          (1) Efficacy of 'hard work'. . . . . .  452
                          (2) In general . . . . . . . . . . . .  453
                          (3) Poverty and causes of poverty. . .  455


                                                                      
Please see p.xxix "HOW TO READ A CONTINUITY GUIDE ENTRY" before
consulting individual entries





              6.  PATRIOTISM AND NATIONALISM . . . . . . . . . .  458
              7.  POWER/SIZE OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT,. . . . . . .
                    GOVERNMENT REGULATION AND INTERVENTION . . .  459
                       a. Intervention in issues . . . . . . . .  459
                          (1) Current government activity. . . .  459
                          (2) Current government positions . . .  461
                          (3) What issues are appropriate for. . . .
                                intervention . . . . . . . . . .  463
                       b. Power/size of the federal government .  466
                       c. Regulation of business . . . . . . . .  468
              8.  SOCIAL TOLERANCE AND SOCIAL STANDARDS. . . . .  471


   III.G.  Issues:  Role of Women and Women's Rights
              1.  ABORTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  475
              2.  AFFIRMATIVE ACTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  477
              3.  DISCRIMINATION/ EQUAL OPPORTUNITY. . . . . . .  477
              4.  EQUAL RIGHTS AMENDMENT . . . . . . . . . . . .  480
              5.  GOVERNMENT AID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  480
              6.  MATERNAL LEAVE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  482
              7.  PERCEPTIONS ABOUT WOMEN /MEN . . . . . . . . .  482
                       a. Character. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  482
                       b. Equal role . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  483
                       c. Miscellaneous. . . . . . . . . . . . .  487
                       d. Reasons women lack success . . . . . .  489
                       e. Self (female Rs) . . . . . . . . . . .  490
              8.  SEXUAL HARASSMENT. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  491


   III.H.  Liberal/Conservative and Left/Right Placements         493


   III.J.  Most Important Problems/Issues/Goals/Conditions
              1.  CONDITIONS AND GOALS OF THE U.S. . . . . . . .  503
              2.  MOST IMPORTANT PROBLEMS. . . . . . . . . . . .  504
              3.  WHAT ISSUES ARE IMPORTANT. . . . . . . . . . .  509
                       a. Campaigns. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  509
                       b. National . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  511






                     PUBLIC OPINION:  ISSUES AND IDEOLOGY





                                     III.A

                        Issues:  Civil Order and Crime




          For rights of the accused, see:  Chapter III, Section F.a(2).





                                                                   
  Amnesty for Draft Evaders                               III.A.1  
                                                                   

         - Whether R Favors Amnesty for Draft Evaders
              72: V586*  

         - Party More Likely to Favor Amnesty For Draft Evaders
              72: V587*  

         - Does R Think Those Who Tried to Avoid Military Service  
            During War in Vietnam Should Have Served Despite Personal 
            Beliefs
              92: V3525



                                                                   
  Crime and Drugs                                         III.A.2  
                                                                   

         - Should the Government Be Able to Wiretap Phones for
            National Security Reasons
              76: V3565


         - People Who Use Marijuana, Feeling Thermometer  
              70: V251             72: V726            74: V2371  
              76: V3840 

         - Does R Think U.S. Representatives Who Wrote Bad Checks 
            (House Check Scandal) Broke Any Laws
              92: V5720


                                                                              
CONTROLLING CRIME/DRUGS, GUN CONTROL, DEATH PENALTY                III.A.2.a 

         - Party Perceived to Be More Likely to Make Streets Safe
              72: V585

         - Do the Courts Treat Criminals Too Harshly/Too Leniently
              76: V3913 

         - Sex Criminals Deserve More Than Prison, Should Be  
             Publicly Whipped  
              52: V227*            56: V284* 

         - Does R Think Candidate as President Would Control Crime:  
            (7-Pt. Agree/Disagree)
           . McGovern  
              72: V226  
           . Nixon  
              72: V222  
           . Wallace  
              72: V230  

         - How Important is the U.S. Drug Problem
              88: V393[&410]

                   --(if very important or somewhat important) Which
                     Presidential Candidate Will Do a Better Job of Solving
                       (FOLLOWUP)
                         88: V394[&411]

         - Was the Issue of 'Combatting Crime and Drugs' Emphasized in
            the 1974 Senate Campaign [list of issues shown to R]
              74: V2134 

         - Is the Issue of 'Combatting Crime and Drugs' Important At
            All or Not Important to R [list of issues shown to R]
              74: V2144            76: V3712 

                   --(if important) How Much Responsibility Does the
                      Government in Washington Have in Solving
                      (FOLLOWUP)
                         76: V3723 




         - How Would R Rank the Importance of 'Combatting Crime and
             Drugs' Among Issues [list of issues shown to R]
              74: V2154            76: V3733 

         - Does 'Tough on Criminals' Describe George Bush
              88: V632

         - Does 'Tough on Criminals' Describe Michael Dukakis
              88: V634

         - Do People in These Groups Tend to be Violent or Peaceful,
            7-Point Scale, R's Opinion
           . Whites
              92: V6229
           . Blacks
              92: V6230
           . Asian Americans
              92: V6231
           . Hispanic Americans
              92: V6232

         - If R Had a Say in the Federal Budget, Which Programs Would
             R Like to See Increased or Decreased [list shown to R]:
           . Dealing with Crime
              84: V997;CM888       92: V3814
           . War on Drugs
              88: V386[&409]       90: V381            CWP:V381
              PS: V508

         - How Would R Rate Amount of Federal Spending on [list shown to R]:
           . Halting the Rising Crime Rate
              80: I556             82: V313
           . Dealing with Drug Addiction
              80: I557             82: V314

         - Which Party is More Likely to Do a Better Job of Dealing
             with Crime
              90: V392             CWP:V392

         - Should a Person Be Punished for Breaking a Law Which S/he 
             Believes is Against His/Her Religion.  Comments.  
              66: V178,179

         - Should a Newsstand be Able to Sell Indecent Magazines to
             Adults
              66: V159

                  --(if R has opinion) Does R Feel Strongly About This or Not
                     Strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                         66: V160
                  --(if R's opinion is 'depends' or has qualifications) What
                    Conditions Does R have in Mind (FOLLOWUP)
                         66: V161


                  --(if yes) Would R's Feeling Change if the Supreme
                     Court Decided that Newsstands Did Not Have this
                     Right (FOLLOWUP)
                         66: V162
                  --(if yes) Would R's Feelings about the Supreme Court
                     Change if the Supreme Decided that Newsstands Did
                     Not Have this Right (FOLLOWUP)
                         66: V163
                  --(if no) Would R's Feeling Change if the Supreme
                     Court Decided that Newsstands Did Have this Right
                     (FOLLOWUP)
                         66: V164
                  --(if no) Would R's Feelings about the Supreme Court
                     Change if the Supreme Decided that Newsstands Did
                     Have this Right (FOLLOWUP)
                         66: V165

         - Should Burning or Destroying the American Flag as a Form of
             Political Protest be Legal or Should it be Against the
             Law
               90: V471            CWP:V471 

                   --(if against the law) Does R Favor a Constitutional
                       Amendment Making it Illegal to Destroy the Flag
                       for Political Reasons (FOLLOWUP)
                         90: V472            CWP:V472

         - Whether R Favors Stricter Hand Gun Control 
              76: V3911 

                   --(if opposes or DK) If Control Merely Meant Requirement
                       to Obtain a Permit Would R be in Favor
                       (FOLLOWUP)
                         76: V3912 

         - Does R Favor or Opppose the Death Penalty for Persons
             Convicted of Murder
              88: V854[&886]       90: V477            CWP:V477     
              92: V5933            PS: V587*,590*

                   --(if R favors/opposes) Strongly or Not Strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                         88: V855            90: V478
                         CWP:V478            92: V5934
                         PS: V588*,589*











                                                                   
         LEGAL STATUS OF MARIJUANA                       III.A.2.b 
                                                                   

         - Legal Status of Marijuana, Should Marijuana be Legalized or
             Should Penalties for Using Marijuana be Higher, 7-Point
             Scale, R's Position
               72: V196*            76: V3772  

         - Legal Status of Marijuana, Should Marijuana be Legalized or
             Should Penalties for Using Marijuana be Higher, 7-Point
             Scale, Perceived Positions of:
           . Jimmy Carter 
               76: V3774 
           . Democratic Party  
               72: V200             76: V3775  
           . Gerald Ford 
               76: V3773 
           . George McGovern  
               72: V198  
           . Most Older People 
               76: V3778 
           . Most Young People 
               76: V3777 
           . Richard Nixon  
               72: V197  
           . Republican Party  
               72: V201             76: V3776  
           . George Wallace  
               72: V199  


                                                               
         R'S EXPOSURE TO CRIME                       III.A.2.c 
                                                               

         - How Does R Feel About His/Her Security From People Who
            Might Rob or Vandalize
               72: V788*

         - What Precautions Against Crime Has R Taken [list shown to R]:
           . Bought Dog for Protection 
               76: V3914 
           . Replaced Window and Door Locks 
               76: V3915 
           . Put Alarm in Car or Residence 
               76: V3916 
           . Kept Gun for Protection 
               76: V3917 
           . Stayed Away from Certain Areas 
               76: V3918 






         - Which Criminal Events Have Occurred to R in the Last Year
            [list shown to R]:
           . Witnessed a Crime 
               76: V3919 
           . Had Residence Broken Into 
               76: V3920 
           . Had Car Broken Into or Stolen 
               76: V3921 
           . Been Attacked or Forceably Robbed 
               76: V3922 

         - Is it Safe to Walk in R's Neighborhood at Night  
               72: V584             76: V3910  



                                                                   
  Police/ Law Enforcement/ Trials                         III.A.3  
                                                                   

        - Policemen/the Police, Feeling Thermometer  
              66: V125             68: V228             70: V240  
              72: V714             74: V2360            76: V3828  
              92: V5340                   CF: V214,240

        - Policemen, R's Opinion of Influence of
              74: V2381  

        - If R Had Trouble with Police, How Would R be Treated
              66: V180

        - Any Relative or Friend a Policeman
              66: V132

        - Any Relative or Friend a Lawyer
              66: V133

        - R Ever Taken Part in a Trial
              66: V134

        - Does R Know Where the Courts Get Their Lists of Names Used
            for Selecting Individuals to Serve on Jury Duty
              CWP:V2840

                --(if R knows) From Where
                     CWP:V2841-2843

        - If R Were Selected to Serve on a Jury, Would R Be Happy to
            Do So or Would R Rather Not Serve
               CWP:V284            92: V6143





        - If R Had Some Trouble with the Police, How Would R be
            Treated: Given a Harder Time than Other People, the Same
            as Anyone Else, or a Little Better than Most Other People
              66: V180  

                --(if R has opinion) Would R be Better Off if R Went to an
                   Elected Official and Had Him Talk to the Police
                   for R, or Wouldn't it Make any Difference or Would
                   R be Worse Off (IF BETTER OFF) How Much Good Would
                   it do: Very Much, Some or Not Much (FOLLOWUP)
                     66: V181  

        - How Much of the Time Does R Think that Courts in the U.S.
            Guarantee Everyone a Fair Trial, 7-Point Scale ('None' to
            'a Great Deal')
              76: V3355 

        - Generally Everyone Is Treated Equally by the Law in this
            Country (Agree/Disagree)
              74: V2228  



                                                                   
  Protest, Civil Disobedience, Unrest                     III.A.4  
                                                                   

                                                                         
         OPINION OF DISOBEDIENCE/PROTEST                       III.A.4.a 
                                                                         

         - Should Burning or Destroying the American Flag as a Form of
             Political Protest be Legal or Should it be Against the
             Law
               90: V471             CWP:V471

                   --(if against the law) Does R Favor a Constitutional
                       Amendment Making it Illegal to Destroy the Flag
                       for Political Reasons (FOLLOWUP)
                         90: V472            CWP:V472

         - Approve/Disapprove of Legally Permitted Protest (1968:
             reasons)
               68: V472,473         70: V141*           72: V275
               74: V2238            CF: V601

         - Approve/Disapprove of Disobeying Unjust Law if Means Going
             to Jail (1968: reasons)
               68: V474,475         70: V142*           72: V276
               74: V2239            CF: V602

         - Approve of Protest Index
               CF: V642,645



         - Approve/Disapprove of Disruptive Demonstrations (1968:
             reasons)
               68: V476,477         70: V142*           72: V277
               74: V2240            76: V3909           CF: V603

         - Has R Taken Part in a Sit-In, Demonstration or Protest
             about National, Local Problem
               76: V3050,3070

                   --(if yes) Whether Successful or Not, Was Protest
                      Worthwhile (FOLLOWUP)
                         76: V3061,3083

         - Has R Signed a Petition Either For or Against Action by the
             National, Local Government
               76: V3049,3069

                   --(if yes) Whether Successful or Not, Was it Worth
                      Doing (FOLLOWUP)
                         76: V3059,3081

         - Ministers Who Lead Protest Marches, Feeling Thermometer
               70: V241              72: V733

         - People Who Riot in Cities, Feeling Thermometer
               70: V243              72: V728

         - Protesters, R's Opinion of Influence of
               72: V741

         - Radical Students, Feeling Thermometer
               70: V156             72: V713            74: V2359
               76: V3827            80: V864;I672

         - Anti-War Protesters, Feeling Thermometer
               CWP:V2227

         - Vietnam Protesters, Feeling Thermometer
              68: V234

         - R's Opinion of the Amount of Force Used by Police During
             the Demonstrations at the Chicago Democratic National
             Convention
              68: V608,609

         - Should a Person Be Punished for Breaking a Law Which S/he 
             Believes is Against His/Her Religion.  Comments.  
              66: V178,179







                                                                     
         SOLUTIONS TO UNREST/RIOTING                       III.A.4.b 
                                                                     

                                                      
                           Campus Unrest III.A.4.b(1) 
                                                      

         - Campus Unrest Solution, Does R Feel Sympathetic with
             Student and Faculty or Favor Using Police/National Guard
             to Prevent or Stop Unrest, 7-Point Scale: R's position
               70: V99              72: V678* 

         - Campus Unrest Solution, Does R Feel Sympathetic with
             Student and Faculty or Favor Using Police/National Guard
             to Prevent or Stop Unrest, 7-Point Scale, Perceived
             Positions of:
           . Democratic Party  
               70: V100             72: V682*  
           . George McGovern  
               72: V680*  
           . Most Conservatives  
               72: V685*  
           . Most Liberals  
               72: V684*  
           . Edmund Muskie  
               70: V103  
           . Richard Nixon  
               70: V102             72: V679*  
           . Republican Party  
               70: V101             72: V683*  
           . George Wallace  
               70: V104             72: V681*  

         - Importance of Campus Unrest Issue to R  
               70: V105 



                                                     
                           Urban Unrest III.A.3.b(2) 
                                                     

         - Urban Unrest/Rioting Solution, Should All Available Force
             be Used to Reestablish Law and Order or is it More
             Important to Correct the Poverty and Unemployment which
             Causes the Unrest, 7-Point Scale:  R's Position
                68: V464            70: V85            72: V670*
                74: V2273           76: V3767          92: V3746
                CF: V811,812







         - Urban Unrest/Rioting Solution, Should All Available Force
             be Used to Reestablish Law and Order or is it More
             Important to Correct the Poverty and Unemployment which
             Causes the Unrest, 7-Point Scale, Perceived Positions of:
           . Jimmy Carter 
                76: V3769 
           . Gerald Ford  
                74: V2274           76: V3768  
           . Hubert Humphrey  
                68: V461  
           . Lyndon Johnson  
                68: V460  
           . George McGovern  
                72: V672*  
           . Most City Residents  
                72: V677*  
           . Most Suburban Residents  
                72: V676*  
           . Edmund Muskie  
                70: V89  
           . Richard Nixon  
                68: V462            70: V88             72: V671*
                74: V2276  
           . George Wallace  
                68: V463            70: V90             72: V673*
                74: V2275  
           . Democratic Candidate for U.S. Senate  
                74: V2279  
           . Democratic Party  
                70: V86             72: V674*           74: V2277
                76: V3770           CF: V528,530
           . Republican Candidate for U.S. Senate  
                74: V2280  
           . Republican Party  
                70: V87             72: V675*           74: V2278
                76: V3771           CF: V529,531

         - Importance of Handling Urban Unrest/Rioting Issue in
             Deciding R's Vote  
              68: V465  

         - Importance of Urban Unrest/Rioting Issue to R  
              70: V91  

         - Perceived Proximity of R to Democratic or Republican Party
             on Urban Unrest/Rioting 7-Point Scale
              CF: RV568

         - Perceived Distance between Democratic and Republican
             Parties on Urban Unrest/Rioting 7-Point Scale
              CF: RV557







                                     III.B

                       Issues:  Domestic Social Welfare


          For unemployment, see:  Chapter III, Section C. Issues: Economic,
               Inflation and Unemployment.
          For social welfare of minorities or women specifically, see:  Chapter
               III, Section E, Issues: Minorities, OR Chapter III, Section G, 
               Issues: Role of Women and Women's Rights.
          For poverty and its causes, see Chapter III, Section F.5.b(3), Issues:
               Miscellaneous. 
          For solving urban unrest as it relates to poverty/unemployment, see: 
             Chapter III, Section A.4.b(2), Issues: Civil Order and Crime, Urban 
               Unrest. 




                                                                   
  Education                                               III.B.1  
                                                                   

             SEE ALSO:  III.E. (Issues:  Minorities) and III.G.
               (Issues: Role of Women and Women's Rights) for school
               admission quotas and school desegregation/busing.

             For prayer in public schools, see III.F.1., Issues: Miscellaneous,
                Church and State/Politics.
             For R's/head's/spouse's education history, see Chapter I, Sections
                   A.4.a, I.A.4.b, and I.A.4.c.
             For school attendance of R's children, see Chapter I, Section A.3,
               Children.

                                                                    
                  GOVERNMENT'S ROLE                       III.B.1.a 
                                                                    

         - If Cities Need Help to Build More Schools, the Federal
             Government Ought to Give Them Money (1956,1958:  Agree/
             Disagree; 1964,1968: or Should This be Handled Locally;
             1964: Is R's Mind Made Up or Does R Have Doubts)
              56: V53              58: V27              60: V58  
              62: V55              64: V66,67           68: V60  


                  --(if R has opinion) Does R Think Federal Government is
                     Currently Doing Too Much or Not Enough (FOLLOWUP)
                         56: V54
                  --(if R has opinion) Party Closer to R's View   (FOLLOWUP)
                         56: V55              58: V28  
                  --(if R has opinion) Which Party is Move Likely to Favor
                     Federal Aid to Education (FOLLOWUP)
                         60: V59              64: V68  
                         68: V61  

         - Does R Favor Aid to Parochial Schools.  (1964: Reasons)
              62: V56              64: V69,70           92: V6023

         - Does Federal Government Have Too Much/Too Little Control
            Over Local Education  
              68: V456  

         - Does State Government Have Too Much/Too Little Control
            Over Local Education  
              68: V457

         - Does R or Anyone in Family Receive Government Student Loans
            for the Current Academic Year
              82: V349[C]

         - Has Federal Spending on Public Schools Increased, Decreased
            or Stayed about the Same Since 1980
              88: V919

                  --(if increase) Does R Approve/Disapprove (FOLLOWUP)
                         88: V920
                  --(if same) Does R Approve/Disapprove (FOLLOWUP)
                         88: V921
                  --(if decrease) Does R Approve/Disapprove (FOLLOWUP)
                         88: V922

         - Summary. R's Opinion on Federal Spending on Public Schools
            Since 1980
              88: V923

         - If R Had a Say in the Federal Budget, Which Programs Would
             R Like to See Increased and Which Decreased [list shown to R]:
           . Financial Aid for College Students
              86: V328[&336]       88: V378[&401]       92: V3728
           . Public Schools (ST: 'Education')
              84: V998;CM889       88: V383[&406];      90: V383
              CWP:V383                 ST522            92: V3818 
              PS: V499

         - Should the Government Spend Less Even If It Means Cutting
             Back on Programs Like Health and Education (Agree/
             Disagree)
              76: V3353


         - How Would R Rate the Amount of Federal Spending on [list shown to
            R]:
           . Government-Guaranteed Student Loans
              82: V322
           . Improving the Nation's Education System
              80: I558             82: V315



                                                                              
                 R'S OPINIONS AND INVOLVEMENT                       III.B.1.b 
                                                                              

         - Poor People Have No chance to Get Good Education Because of
            Inferior Neighborhood Schools:  Agree/Disagree
              72: V691*            76: V3753

         - Should Teachers Feel Free to Strike  
              68: V454,455  
 
                  --(if yes) Is R's Mind Made Up or Does R Have Doubts
                     (FOLLOWUP)
                         68: V55

         - School Teachers, Feeling Thermometer  
              68: V238  

         - Should a School Board Member Act Upon His Own Judgement or
            Do What the Public Wants. Reasons
              68: V441,442  

         - What is the Most Important Problem Facing Education in R's
            School District.  Second Most Important Problem.  How
            Should First Problem be Handled.  How Should Second
            Problem be Handled.
              68: V443-446  

         - Should Teachers in R's District Have Greater Voice in
             School Policy.
              68: V452

                  --(if yes) In What Ways (FOLLOWUP)
                         68: V453

         - Does R Feel that R's Education was Ever Responsible for Not
            Getting Job or Promotion 
              72: V987*

         - How Would R Rate His/Her Interest in Local School Board
              68: V439  

                  --(if interest is more than 'very low') How Often Does
                      R Disagree with the School Board (FOLLOWUP)
                         68: V440  


         - Has R Ever Voted in Any Election Having to Do with the
            Schools
              68: V447

                  --(if yes) When Was the Last Time (FOLLOWUP)
                         68: V448
                  --(if yes) Does R Recall What the Election Was About
                     (FOLLOWUP)
                         68: V449

         - Has R Taken Part in Any Local School Matters or Activities
            in the Last Two years.  In What Way(s).
              68: V450,451  

         - Would Going to Child's School be Helpful if R's Child Were
            in Trouble at School [asked of Rs with child/children of
            school age]
              72: V1025

         - Does R Think Parent or Community Groups Can Do Anything to
            Improve the Quality of Schools in R's Area [asked of Rs with
            child/children of school age]
              72: V1026  

         - Does R Belong to Any Parent or Community Groups to Improve
            the Quality of Schools in R's Area [asked of Rs with
            child/children of school age]
              72: V1027  

         - Parent-Teacher Organizations: Membership of R (1972:
            Includes 'Level of 'Activity')
              52: V215*  


                                             
                                                                     
  Government Services/Spending Cut Tradeoff                 III.B.2  
                                                                     

               For allocation of the federal budget, see III.C.2, Issues:
               Economic, Federal Budget, Budget Deficit.

         - Should the Government Spend Less Even If It Means Cutting
            Back on Programs Like Health and Education (Agree
            /Disagree)
              76: V3353            92: V5922

         - Government Services/Spending Cut Tradeoff, 7-Point Scale 
            (Should the Federal Government Reduce Services in Order to
            Reduce Spending/Should it Provide More Services Even if
            This Means Spending More), R's Position
              80: V291;I519        82: V443[C]          84: V375,1028
              86: V448[&458]       88: V302             90: V452
              CWP:V452             92: V3701            CF: V839,840


         - Government Services/Spending Cut Tradeoff, 7-Point Scale,
            Perceived Position of:
           . John Anderson 
              80: V294;I522 
           . Howard Baker 
              80: I526 
           . Jerry Brown 
              80: I525 
           . George Bush 
              80: I527             88: V304             90: V453
              CWP:V453             92: V3702
           . Jimmy Carter 
              80: V292;I520 
           . Bill Clinton
              92: V3703
           . Congress 
              82: V450 
           . John Connally 
              80: I524 
           . Democratic Candidate for House 
              82: V447[C]          84: V1031         86: V450[&460]
              90: V454             CWP:V454          CF: V9099
           . Democratic Candidate for Senate 
              86: V453[&463]
           . Democratic Party 
              80: V297;I529        82: V445[C]       84: V378
              86: V455[&465]       88: V308          90: V456
              CWP:V456             92: V3705         CF: V541,543
           . Democratic Presidential Candidate
              CF: V9086
           . Michael Dukakis
              88: V303
           . House Challenger Candidate
              CF: V9114
           . House Incumbent Candidate
              CF: V9109
           . Independent/Third Party Candidate for House 
              82: V449[C]          84: V1033          86: V452[&462] 
           . Jesse Jackson
              88: V305
           . Ted Kennedy 
              80: V295;I523 
           . Walter Mondale 
              84: V377,1030 
           . Most Conservatives 
              84: V1035 
           . Most Liberals 
              84: V1034 
           . President
              CF: V9078
           . Republican Candidate for House 
              82: V448[C]          84: V1032         86: V451[&461]
              90: V455             CWP:V455          CF: V9104


       SERVICES/SPENDING CUT TRADEOFF   [con't]
           . Republican Candidate for Senate 
              86: V454[&464]
           . Republican Party 
              80: V296;I528        82: V446[C]       84: V379
              86: V456[&466]       88: V307          90: V457
              CWP:V457             92: V3704         CF: V542,544
           . Republican Presidential Candidate
              CF: V9094
           . Ronald Reagan 
              80: V293;I521        82: V444[C]       84: V376,1029
              86: V449[&459]       88: V309
           . What the Federal Government Is Doing Now
              80: V298;I530        82: V451[C]       84: V380
              86: V457[&467]       88: V306          90: V458
              CWP:V458             92: V3706         CF: V9120

         - Checkpoint: R's Position and Federal Government Position
            on 7-Point Scale for Government Services/Spending Compared 
              80: V299;I531 

         - Importance of Government Position on Government Services/
            Spending Changing (If Different from R's Position) or
            Staying the Same (If Close to R's Position)
              80: V300;I532        84: V381,1036 

         - Distance Between Parties on 7-Point Scale, Government
            Services/Spending Cut Tradeoff
              CF: V561

         - Proximity of R's Position to Parties' Positions on 7-Point
            Scale, Government Services/Spending Cut Tradeoff
              CF: V572

         - How Important is It that the Federal Government Agree with
            R on Government Services/Spending
              84: V420,1056 

         - Government Services, New 7-Point Scale ['spending' level not
             included in scale labels; spending only mentioned in question
             frame]
              CWP:V2700

         - ## Government Services/Spending Cut Tradeoff, Branching
            Format (Should the Federal Government Reduce Services in
            Order to Reduce Spending/Should it Provide More Services
            Even If This Means Spending More), R's Position. Does R
            Have Opinion.
              84: CM801            88: ST501

                  --(if yes) What is R's Opinion (FOLLOWUP)
                         84: CM802            88: ST502




                              ---(if reduction or increase) Moderate or Large
                                   84: CM803 
                                   88:  ST503,504

         - Government Services/Spending Cut Tradeoff, Branching 
            Format, Perceived Positions of:
           . John Glenn 
              84: CM810
           . Gary Hart 
              84: CM812
           . Jesse Jackson 
              84: CM814
           . Walter Mondale 
              84: CM807
           . Ronald Reagan 
              84: CM804

                  --(if reduction or increase) Moderate or Large (FOLLOWUP)
                       . John Glenn
                          84: CM811
                       . Gary Hart
                          84: CM813 
                       . Jesse Jackson
                          84: CM815 
                       . Walter Mondale
                          84: CM808 
                       . Ronald Reagan
                          84: CM805 

         - ## Government Services and Spending Cut, Branching Format,
            R's Opinion.
              CWP:V2800

                  --(if reduce) Reduce a Lot or a Little
                         CWP:V2801
                  --(if increase) Increase a Lot or a Little
                         CWP:V2802
                  --(if R has opinion) Summary
                         CWP:V2803

         - If the U.S. Saves a Lot of Money on Defense Spending in the
            Next Few Years, What Should the Money be Spent on--
            Reducing the Federal Budget Deficit, Cutting Taxes, or
            Increased Spending on Domestic Programs
              90: V490             CWP:V490

         - Which Economic Policies Would R Like to See the Government
            Choose to Cope With the Current Economic Situation [list shown to
            R],  First, Second, Third Priority:
           . Reduce Spending on Government Services 
              82: V330-332 




         - Which Economic Policies Does R Think Ronald Reagan Would
            Choose to Cope With the Current Economic Situation [list shown to
            R],  First, Second, Third Priority:
           . Reduce Spending on Government Services 
              82: V333-335 

         - Federal Income Taxes Should Be Cut Even If Means Reduced  
             Military Spending and Government Services 
              78: V449

         - Does R Approve or Disapprove of Recent Agreements Made to
             Increase Taxes and Reducing Government Services in Order
             to Reduce the Budge Deficit
              90: V355             CWP:V355

         - How Likely is it that the Growing Number of Hispanics in
             the United States Will:
            . Cause Higher Taxes Due to More Demands for Public
               Services
              CWP:V2622            92: V6237

         - How Likely is it that the Growing Number of Asians in the 
             United States Will: 
            . Cause Higher Taxes Due to More Demands for Public
               Services
              92: V6240



                                                                     
  Guaranteed Job/Standard of Living                         III.B.3  
                                                                     

         - The Government Should Guarantee Everyone a Job (Agree
            /Disagree)
              56: V32              58: V23              60: V54,235  
              CF: V808

                  --(if R has opinion) Is Government Currently Doing
                      Too Much or Too Little on This Issue (FOLLOWUP)
                         56: V33  
                  --(if R has opinion) Which Party is Closer to R's View 
                     (FOLLOWUP) 
                         56: V34              58: V24  
                  --(if R has opinion) Which Party is More Likely to Favor
                      Guaranteed Job (FOLLOWUP)
                         60: V55              CF: V512

         - The Government Should Guarantee Everyone a Job and Good
            Standard of Living (Yes/No)
              64: V78              68: V66  




                  --(if R has opinion) Is R's Mind Made Up or Does
                      R Have Doubts) (FOLLOWUP)
                         64: V79  
                  --(if R has opinion) Party More Likely to Favor Guaranteed
                      Job and Standard of Living (FOLLOWUP)
                        64: V80              68: V67  
                        CF: V512

         - Should the Government Guarantee Everyone a Job and Good
            Standard of Living, 7-Point Scale, R's Position
              72: V172*,613*       74: V2265            76: V3241,3758
              78: V357             80: V1110;I563       82: V425[C] 
              84: V414,1048        86: V486(B)          88: V323
              90: V446             CWP:V446             92: V3718
              CF: V809,810

         - Should the Government Guarantee Everyone a Job and Good
            Standard of Living, 7-Point Scale, Perceived Positions of:
           . John Anderson 
              80: V1113;I566 
           . Jerry Brown 
              80: I568 
           . George Bush 
              80: I569             88: V325             92: V3719
           . Jimmy Carter 
              76: V3243,3760       78: V358             80: V1111;I564 
           . Bill Clinton
              92: V3720
           . Democratic Candidate for House (by name) 
              78: V361             80: V1115            82: V429[C]
              84: V1051            CF: V9100
           . Democratic Candidate for U.S. Senate (1978ff., by name) 
              74: V2271            78: V363             80: V1118 
           . Democratic Party  
              72: V176*,617*       74: V2269            76: V3244,3761
              78: V359             80: V1122;I571       82: V427[C] 
              84: V417             88: V329             92: V3722
              CF: V513,515
           . Democratic Presidential Candidate
              CF: V9087
           . Michael Dukakis
              88: V324
           . Gerald Ford  
              74: V2266            76: V3242,3759  
           . House Incumbent Candidate 
              78: RV2093           CF: V9110
           . House Challenger Candidate
              78: RV2094           CF: V9115
           . Independent/Third Party Candidate for House (by name) 
              80: V1117            82: V431[C]          84: V1053 
           . Independent/Third Party Candidate for U.S. Senate (by
              name)
              80: V1120 


          GUARANTEED JOB/STANDARD OF LIVING  [con't]
           . Jesse Jackson
              88: V326
           . Ted Kennedy 
              80: V1114;I567 
           . George McGovern  
              72: V174*,615*  
           . Walter Mondale 
              84: V416,1050 
           . Most Black People  
              72: V619*            76: V3765  
           . Most Businessmen 
              76: V3764 
           . Most Conservatives 
              76: V3247            82: V433             84: V1055 
           . Most Liberals 
              76: V3246            82: V432             84: V1054 
           . Most Poor People 
              76: V3763 
           . Most White People  
              72: V620*            76: V3766  
           . Richard Nixon  
              72: V173*,614*       74: V2268  
           . President
              CF: V9079
           . Ronald Reagan 
              80: V1112;I565       82: V426[C]          84: V415,1049 
              88: V330
           . Republican Candidate for House (by name) 
              78: V362             80: V1116            82: V430[C]
              84: V1052            CF: V9105
           . Republican Candidate for U.S. Senate (1978ff., by name) 
              74: V2272            78: V364             80: V1119 
           . Republican Party  
              72: V177*,618*       74: V2270            76: V3245,3762 
              78: V360             80: V1121;I570       82: V428[C] 
              84: V418             88: V328             92: V3721
              CF: V514,516
           . Republican Presidential Candidate
              CF: V9095
           . Senate Incumbent Candidate 
              78: RV2095
           . Senate Non-incumbent Challenger 
              78: RV2096
           . George Wallace  
              72: V175*,616*       74: V2267  
           . What Federal Government is Doing Now
              80: V1123;I572       82: V434[C]          84: V419 
              88: V327             92: V3723            CF: V9121






         - Checkpoint: R's Position and Federal Government Position
             on 7-Point Scale for Guaranteed Job/Standard of Living
             Compared 
              80: V1124;I573 

         - Importance of Government Position on Guaranteed Job 
            /Standard of Living Changing (If Different from R's 
            Position) or Staying the Same (If Close to R's Position)
              80: V1125;I574

         - Distance Between Parties on 7-Point Scale, Guaranteed Job/
            Standard of Living
              CF: V559

         - Proximity of R's Position to Parties' Positions on 7-Point
            Scale, Guaranteed Job/Standard of Living
              CF: V570



                                                                     
  Medical Care and Health Insurance                         III.B.4  
                                                                     

                                                                         
              FIGHTING THE DISEASE AIDS                        III.B.4.a 
             |-                                                          

         - If R Had a Say in the Federal Budget, Which Programs Would
            R Like to See Increased and Which Decreased [list shown to R]
           . Fighting the Disease AIDS  (92: AIDS Research) 
              88: V352[&359];      90: V379             CWP:V379
                  ST526            92: V3727            PS: V506



                                                                               
              GOVERNMENT HEALTH INSURANCE PLAN                       III.B.4.b 
                                                                               

         - Government Health Insurance Plan, 7-Point Scale, R's 
            Position
              70: V134             72: V208*            76: V3273
              78: V381             84: V1058            88: V318
              92: V3716            CF: V806,807

         - Government Health Insurance Plan, 7-Point Scale, Perceived
            Position of:
           . George Bush
              88: V320
           . Jimmy Carter 
              76: V3275            78: V382 
           . Democratic Candidate for House (by name) 
              78: V385 



        GOVERNMENT HEALTH INSURANCE PLAN   [CON'T]
           . Democratic Candidate for Senate (by name) 
              78: V387 
           . Democratic Party  
              70: V135             72: V212*            76: V3276 
              78: V383             88: V322             CF: V508,510
           . Democratic Presidential Candidate
              CF: V9085
           . Michael Dukakis
              88: V319
           . Gerald Ford 
              76: V3274 
           . House Incumbent Candidate 
              78: RV2105
           . House Challenger Candidate
              78: RV2106
           . George McGovern  
              72: V210*  
           . Most Blacks 
              76: V3280 
           . Most Businessmen 
              76: V3278 
           . Most Poor People 
              76: V3279 
           . Most Whites 
              76: V3281 
           . Edmund Muskie  
              70: V138*  
           . Richard Nixon  
              70: V137             72: V209*  
           . President
              CF: V9077
           . Republican Candidate for House (by name) 
              78: V386 
           . Republican Candidate for Senate (by name) 
              78: V388 
           . Republican Party  
              70: V136             72: V213*            76: V3277
              78: V384             88: V321             CF: V509,511
           . Republican Presidential Candidate
              CF: V9093
           . Senate Incumbent Candidate 
              78: RV2107
           . Senate Non-incumbent Challenger 
              78: RV2108
           . George Wallace  
              70: V139             72: V211*  

         - How Important is the Government Health Insurance Plan Issue
            to R  
              70: V140  




         - Distance Between Parties on 7-Point Scale, Government  
            Health Insurance Plan
              CF: V558

         - Proximity of R's Position to Parties' Positions on 7-Point
            Scale, Government Health Insurance Plan
              CF: V569


                                                                              
             GOVERNMENT HELP FOR MEDICAL CARE                       III.B.4.c 
                                                                              

         - Does R Think the Government Should Require Companies to  
            Allow Six Months Unpaid Leave to Parents of Newborns and 
            Newly-Adopted Children
              92: V3717

         - If R Had a Say in the Federal Budget, Which Programs Would
            R Like to See Increased or Decreased [list shown to R]:
           . Fighting the Disease AIDS
              88: V352[&359];      92: V3727            PS: V506
                  ST526
           . Medical Care
              PS: V510
           . Medicare 
              84: V1001;CM892

         - How Would R Rate the Amount of Federal Spending on [list shown to
            R]:
           . Improving and Protecting Nation's Health 
              80: I554             82: V311 

         - ## Should the Government Help People Get Medical Care at 
            Low Cost.  Does R Have an Opinion on This
              62: V57              CF: V805

                  --(if yes) ## What is R's Opinion (FOLLOWUP)
                         62: V58
                  --(if yes) ## Why Does R Have Given Opinion (FOLLOWUP)
                         62: V59
                  --(if yes) ## Which Party Is More Likely to Favor
                     Government Help for Low Cost Medical Care
                     (FOLLOWUP)
                         62: V60              CF: V507

         - ## Should the Government Help People Get Medical Care at
            Low Cost (1956,1960: Agree/Disagree; 1964, 1968: If R Has 
            an Interest in this Issue, What is R's Opinion)
              56: V38              60: V66              64: V74
              68: V64              CF: V805

                  --(if 'depends') ## R's Frame of Reference (FOLLOWUP)
                         64: V75


                  --(if R Has interest/opinion) Is R's Mind Made Up or Does R
                     Have Doubts (FOLLOWUP)
                         64: V76
                  --(if R Has interest/opinion) ## Reasons for Given Opinion
                     (FOLLOWUP)
                         64: V67
                  --(if R has interest/opinion) ## Which Party Is More Likely to
                     Favor Government Help for Low Cost Medical Care
                     (FOLLOWUP)
                         60: V68              64: V77
                         68: V65              CF: V507
                            ---(if R indicates opinion about parties) Has R
                                Heard Anything Recently which Influences R's
                                Opinion About Parties
                                   60: V59
                  --(if R has opinion) Is the Government Currently Doing Too
                     Much or Not Enough to Help People Obtain Low Cost
                     Medical Care (FOLLOWUP)
                         56: V39  
                  --(if R has opinion) Which Party's Stand is Closer to R's
                     Stand on This Issue (FOLLOWUP)
                         56: V40  

         - Does R Favor or Oppose Expanding Medicare to Pay for  
            Nursing Home Care and Long Hospital Stays for the Elderly
              CWP:V2815,2818       92: V6136

                  --(if favor/oppose) Does R Favor/Oppose Strongly or Not
                     Strongly
                         CWP:V2816,2817       92: V6137

         - Should the Government Spend Less Even If It Means Cutting
            Back on Programs Like Health and Education (Agree
            /Disagree)
              76: V3353

         - Should the Government Increase Taxes to Pay for the
            Increasing Costs of Medical Care for the Elderly or Should
            Medical Care for the Elderly be Reduced Instead of Raising
            Taxes
              CWP:V2819

                  --(if medical benefits reduced) Reduced a Lot or a Little
                         CWP:V2820
                  --(if taxes increased) Increased a Lot or a Little
                         CWP:V2821
                  --(if R has opinion) Summary: R's Opinion
                         CWP:V2822

         - Which Party Does R Think Would Do a Better Job of Making 
            Health Care More Affordable
              92: V3548


         - Which Presidential Candidate Does R Think Would Do a  
            Better Job of Making Health Care More Affordable
              92: V3331


                                                                          
             R'S CURRENT HEALTH INSURANCE                       III.B.4.d 
                                                                          

         - Does R Currently Have Any Health Insurance (1972: Full or)
            Partial)
              76: V3282            92: V3714

                  --(if yes) What Are R's Costs for Health Insurance:  Is
                     Cost Right, Too High, or Paid by Others 
                     (FOLLOWUP)
                         76: V3283 
                  --(if yes) Does Health Insurance Cover Extended Illness
                     or Would R Have to Spend Savings or Borrow Money
                     (FOLLOWUP)
                         76: V3284 
                  --(if no) Would Extended Illness Mean Spending R's
                     Savings or Borrowing Money (FOLLOWUP)
                         76: V3285 

         - Does R or Any Family Member Receive Medicaid or Medicare 
              82: V346[C] 

         - In the Past Year, Did R or Anyone in Family Put Off Medical
             or Dental Treatment Because Didn't Have Money
              84: V157 

         - Can You (and Your Family) Afford to Pay for the Health Care
             You Need
              92: V3713

         - Is R Satisfied or Dissatisfied with Quality of Health Care
            Available to R and Family
              92: V3715


                                                                     
  Social Security and Other Assistance Programs             III.B.5  
                                                                     

          For causes of poverty, see III.F.5.b(3).

          For aid programs specifically for minorities or women, see:  III.E.
             Issues: Minorities, Government Aid Programs OR:  III.G.
             Issues: Role of Women and Women's Rights, Government Aid.

         - Has Federal Spending on Social Security Benefits Increased,
            Decreased, or Stayed about the Same Since 1980
              88: V904,908


                  --(if increase) Does R Approve/Disapprove (FOLLOWUP)
                         88: V905
                  --(if same) Does R Approve/Disapprove (FOLLOWUP)
                         88: V906
                  --(if decrease) Does R Approve/Disapprove (FOLLOWUP)
                         88: V907

         - Which Party is More Likely to Cut Social Security
              88: V353[&360]       90: V388              CWP:V388
              92: V3549            PS: V220           

         - Are Social Security Payments to the Elderly Too Low, About
             Right, or Too High
              CWP:V2811,2814       92: V6132

                  --(if too low/high) Much Too Low/High or Somewhat 
                     Too Low/High
                         CWP:V2812,2813       92: V6133

         - How Likely is It is That Social Security Will Exist When
            it is Time for R to Retire
              CWP:V2827

         - Does R Favor or Oppose Taxing Social Security Retirement 
            Benefits 
              CWP:V2823,2826       92: V6134

                  --(if favor/oppose) Does R Favor/Oppose Strongly or 
                     Not Strongly
                         CWP:V2824,2825       92: V6135

         - Does R Favor or Oppose Expanding Medicare to Pay for  
            Nursing Home Care and Long Hospital Stays for the Elderly
              CWP:V2815,2818       92: V6136

                  --(if favor/oppose) Does R Favor/Oppose Strongly or Not
                     Strongly
                         CWP:V2816,2817       92: V6137

         - Has Federal Spending on Poverty Increased, Decreased, or
            Stayed about the Same Since 1980
              88: V914,918

                  --(if increase) Does R Approve/Disapprove (FOLLOWUP)
                         88: V915
                  --(if same) Does R Approve/Disapprove (FOLLOWUP)
                         88: V916
                  --(if decrease) Does R Approve/Disapprove (FOLLOWUP)
                         88: V917






         - If R Had a Say in the Federal Budget, Which Programs Would
            R Like to See Increased or Decreased [list shown to R]:
           . Aid to Big Cities 
              92: V3819            PS: V516*
           . Assistance for the Poor
              88: ST523            92: V3817
           . Care for the Elderly
              88: V384[&407];      PS: V505*
           . Childcare
              88: V382[&405]      90: V385            CWP:V385
              92: V3813           PS: V507
           . Fighting the Disease AIDS
              88: V352[&359];      90: V379           CWP:V379
                  ST526            PS: V506
           . Food Stamps 
              84: V1000;CM891      86: V330[&338]      88: V349[&356]
              90: V382             CWP:V382            92: V3725
              PS: V501             CF: V9046
           . Government Assistance to the Unemployed
              88: V379[&402]       92: V3816           PS: V503*
           . Homeless People
              88: V385[&408]       92: V3730           PS: V513*
           . Job Training Programs
              88: ST527
           . Medical Care
              PS: V510
           . Medicare 
              84: V1001;CM892 
           . Social Security 
              84: V999;CM890       86: V329[&337]      88: V348[&355];
              90: V380             CWP:V380                ST521
              92: V3811            PS: V500            CF: V9049
           . Welfare Programs
              92: V3726

         - How Would R Rate Amount of Federal Spending on [list shown to R]:
           . Aid to the Handicapped 
              82: V324 
           . Food Stamps 
              82: V321 
           . Social Security 
              82: V320 
           . Solving Problems of Big Cities 
              80: I555            82: V312 
           . Welfare 
              80: I562            82: V319 

         - Should the Government Provide Child Care Assistance to Low
            and Middle Income Working Parents
              90: V488             CWP:V488            92: V3745



         - If the U.S. Saves a Lot of Money on Defense Spending in the
            Next Few Years, What Should the Money be Spent on--
            Reducing the Federal Budget Deficit, Cutting Taxes, or
            Increased Spending on Domestic Programs
              90: V490            CWP:V490

         - Does R or Any Family Member Receive: 
           . Aid to Families with Dependent Children
              82: V348[c]          92: V3445
           . Aid to the Handicapped 
              82: V350[C] 
           . Disability Payments
              92: V3448
           . Federal Retirement Pensions 
              82: V352[C] 
           . Food Stamps 
              82: V345[C]          92: V3441
           . Medicaid OR Medicare
              82: V346[C]
           . Medicaid
              92: V3443
           . Medicare
              92: V3442
           . Retirement Pensions for Federal Government Employees
              92: V3447
           . Social Security Payments 
              82: V344[C]          92: V3440
           . Unemployment Compensation
              82: V347[C]          92: V3444
           . Veteran's Benefits 
              82: V351[C]          92: V3446
           . Workmen's Compensation
              92: V3449

                  --(if any) Have Benefits Been Lost or Reduced in Last
                     Year  (FOLLOWUP)
                         82: V353[C] 
                             ---(if yes) Which Benefits 
                                   82: V354-362[C] 
                  --(if any) Whether R Expects Loss or Reduction in
                     Benefits Next Year  (FOLLOWUP)
                         82: V364[C] 
                             (if yes) Which Benefits 
                                  82: V365-373[C] 

         - Has R or Any Family Member Had Any of the Following Occur
            in the last few years [list shown to R] 
           . Rely on Food Stamps or Other Government Assistance
              76: V3152

                   --(if yes) Was it R Personally (FOLLOWUP)
                         76: V3160



         - Party Perceived to be More Likely to Get Government Agency
           to Help With R's Personal Problem (in cases where R has a personal
           problem and perceives that government could or should help)
              72: V545*  

         - Would R Favor or Oppose a State Law to Allow Use of
             Government Funds to Help Pay the Costs of Abortion for
             Women Who Can't Afford Them
              90: V482             CWP:V482            PS: V583*,586*

                   --(if favors/opposes) Strongly or Not Strongly
                         90: V483            CWP:V483
                         PS: V584*,585*

         - Most Blacks on Welfare Could do Without it if They Tried
             (Agree/Disagree)
              86: V565[&571](B)

         - People on Welfare, Feeling Thermometer 
              76: V3834            80: V872;I680       84: V777 
              86: V154[&181]       88: V607[&651]      90: V159[&193]
              CWP: V159[&193]      92: V5318           CF: V220,246

         - People on Welfare, R's Opinion of Influence of
              72: V753             74: V2391            76: V3582 

         - People on Welfare and Taxpayers: Perceived Agreement 7-pt.
             Scale
              72: V648  



                                                                     
  Social Welfare in General                                 III.B.6  
                                                                     

         - Which Presidential Candidate Does R Think Would Do a Better
             Job of Solving the Problem of Poverty
              92: V3329

         - Which Party Does R Think Would Do a Better Job of Solving 
             theProblem of Poverty
              92: V3547

         - Does R Think the Federal Government Should Do More in Areas
             of Domestic Social Welfare or is it Doing Enough
              52: V45

         - Are There Differences Between the Major Parties' Views
             About Size of Federal Government's Role in Social Welfare
              52: V46



         - All Except the Old and the Handicapped Should Have to Take
             Care of Themselves without Social Welfare Benefits
             (Agree/Disagree)
              72: V696*

         - Charity or Social Welfare Organizations: Membership of R
             (1972: Includes 'Level of 'Activity') 
              52: V215*            72: V393  

         - Federal Income Taxes Should Be Cut Even If Means Reduced  
             Military Spending and Government Services 
              78: V449

         - If the U.S. Saves a Lot of Money on Defense Spending in the
             Next Few Years, What Should the Money be Spent on--
             Reducing the Federal Budget Deficit, Cutting Taxes, or
             Increased Spending on Domestic Programs
              90: V490             CWP:V490

         - Would R Favor or Oppose a Law Requiring All Young Adults to
             Serve the Country in the Military, the Peace Corps, or 
             Some Other Kind of National Service
              90: V489             CWP:V489

         - Has R Has Heard or Read About Probable Effects of the 1980
             Proposed 30% Cut (Over 3-Year Period) in Federal Income
             Taxes
              80: V333;I545 

                  --(if yes) Does R Think the Following Would Occur as a
                     Result:  [list read to R] (FOLLOWUP)
                   . Government Services Cut 
                       80: V337;I549 

         - Does R Approve or Disapprove of Recent Agreements Made to
             Increase Taxes and Reducing Government Services in Order
             to Reduce the Budge Deficit
              90: V355             CWP:V355

         - Which Does R Agree With:  People Should Take Care of
             Themselves and Their Families and Let Others Do the Same;
             OR:  People Should Care Less About Their Own Success and
             More About the Needs of Society
              90: V329             CWP:V329









                                     III.C

                               Issues:  Economic




     For government services/spending tradeoff, see III.B.2.
     For U.S. economic aid to foreign countries, see III.D.3.
     For defense spending, see III.D.2.
     For government regulation of business, see III.F.7.c.
     For poverty and its causes, see III.F.5.b(3).



                                                                   
  Economic Conditions, General                            III.C.1  
                                                                   

                                                              
             NATION'S ECONOMY                       III.C.1.a 
                                                              

                                                    
                               Present III.C.1.a(1) 
                                                    

       - How Does R Feel About What Government Is Doing About the
           Economy
              72: V780*  

       - During the Last Few Months, Has R Heard of Any Changes in
           Business Conditions - What
              66: V53              68: V287             72: V508*  

       - Does the Current World Situation Affect Business Conditions 
           (Have Good Times or Bad Times)
              62: V24              66: V61

                  --(if R recognizes affect) Why R Believes This (FOLLOWUP)
                        62: V25              66: V62


       - How Good a Job Does R Think the Government Is Doing with
           Economic Policy, Particularly with Inflation and
           Unemployment
              72: V512*            74: V2317            76: V3748  
              CF: V822

       - Does R Approve or Disapprove of the Way President is Handling
           the Economy 
              84: V260;CM303       86: V98              88: V226
              90: V100             CWP:V100,2116,2119   92: V3323
              PS: V46,43*          CF: V9008

                  --(if approve or disapprove) Approve/Disapprove Strongly or
                     Not Strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                          84: V261;CM304       86: V99 
                          88: V227             90: V101
                          CWP:V101,2117,2118   92: V3324
                          PS: V41,42*          CF: V9009

       - Do Japanese Companies Compete Unfairly or is the U.S. to
           Blame for its Own Economic Problems
            90: V492               CWP:V492             92: V3803

       - To Cope With the Current Economic Situation, Which Economic
           Policies Would R Like to See the Government Choose [list shown to
           R],  First, Second, Third Priority:
        . Reduce the Budget Deficit 
        . Lower Federal Income Taxes 
        . Reduce Spending on Government Services 
        . Reduce Defense Spending 
        . Increase Federal Income Taxes 
              82: V330-332 

       - To Cope With the Current Economic Situation, Which Economic
           Policies Does R Think Ronald Reagan Would Choose [list shown to R], 
           First, Second, Third Priority:
        . Reduce the Budget Deficit 
        . Lower Federal Income Taxes 
        . Reduce Spending on Government Services 
        . Reduce Defense Spending 
        . Increase Federal Income Taxes 
              82: V333-335 

       - Which Does R Agree With:  We Need a Strong Government to
           Handle Today's Complex Economic Problems;  OR:  the Free
           Market Can Handle These Problems Without the Government
              90: V331             CWP:V331           92: V5730

       - Which Party is More Likely to Do a Better Job in Handling the
           Economy
              90: V390             CWP:V390,2415      92: V3545




                                                        
                               Prospective III.C.1.a(2) 
                                                        

       - Does R Think Nation Will Have Good Times or Bad Times
           Financially in the Next Year
              62: V22              66: V50              68: V283  
              72: V505*            74: V2315            78: V338 

                  --(if R has opinion) Reasons Why Good/Bad (FOLLOWUP)
                         66: V51              68: V284  
                         72: V506*  

       - Does R Think the Next Five Years Will Bring Continuous Good
           Times in the Country or Periods of Unemployment/Recession
              62: V32              66: V57              68: V285  
              72: V511*            74: V2316  

       - Does R Think Recession and Unemployment Similar to Conditions
           in 1958, 1960-61 Might Occur Again
              62: V34              66: V58              68: V289  

                  --(if R mentions any possibility) Reason R Expects This and
                    When. (FOLLOWUP)
                         66: V59,60           68: V290,291  

       - Does R Think Something Like the Depression of the 30s is
           Likely in the Next Five Years
              62: V33  

       - Does R Think that Twenty Years from Now, the Standard of 
           Living for Those Who are Children Now, Will be Better, 
           Same, or Worse than Today
              92: V3540

       - Does R Expect Business Conditions in the Nation to Become
           Better or Worse in the Next Year  
              62: V31              66: V54              68: V288  
              72: V509*            76: V3140            78: V339 
              80: V771;I481 

       - Does R Expect the Nation's Economy to Become Better or Worse
           or Stay the Same in the Next Year 
              80: V151;I478        82: V329[C]          84: V243 
              86: V381             88: V247             90: V424
              CWP:V424             92: V3537,6148       CF: V872

                  --(if R replies better or worse) Much Better/Worse or
                     Somewhat Better/Worse (FOLLOWUP)
                         80: V152;I479        92: V6149






       - In the Long Run, Does R Feel the Nation's Economic Situation
           Will be Better or Worse Because of Reagan's Economic
           Policies
              82: V343[C] 

       - Has R Has Heard or Read About Probable Effects of the 1980
           Proposed 30% Cut (Over 3-Year Period) in Federal Income
           Taxes
              80: V333;I545 

                  --(if yes) Does R Think the Following Would Occur as a
                     Result:  [list read to R] (FOLLOWUP)
                    . Tax Revenue Same - Economy Stronger 
                         80: V339;I551 

         Behavior - Pres. Candidate:
       - Solve Economic Problems:  How Well Does R Think Candidate
           as President Would 
            . John Anderson 
              80: V389;I312
            . Howard Baker 
              80: I339
            . George Bush 
              80: I348
            . Jimmy Carter 
              80: V398;I294 
            . John Connally 
              80: I330
            . Ted Kennedy 
            . 80: I321
            . Ronald Reagan 
              80: V380;I303       

       - Which Party is More Likely to Do a Better Job in Handling the
           Economy
              90: V390             CWP:V390,2415        92: V3545

       - Which Presidential Candidate Does R Think Would Do a Better 
           Job at Handling the Nation's Economy
              92: V3327


                                                         
                              Retrospective III.C.1.a(3) 
                                                         

       - Does R Think the Economic Policies of the Federal Government
           Have Made the Nation's Economy Better, Worse or Haven't
           Made Much Difference
              84: V244             86: V374             88: V245
              92: V3541            CF: V9044





                  --(if better or worse) Much Better/Worse or Somewhat Better/
                     Worse (FOLLOWUP)
                         84: V245             86: V375 
                         88: V246             CF: V9044
                         92: V3542

       - Are Business Conditions in the Nation Better or Worse or the
           Same as a Year Ago  
              62: V23              66: V52              68: V286  
              72: V507*            76: 3139             80: V770;I480 

       - Who Does R Blame for the Economic Problems of the Last Few
           Years:  Congress, the President, Labor Unions or Big
           Business
              76: V3750 

       - Has the Nation's Economy Gotten Better or Worse or Stayed the
           Same in the Past Year 
              80: V149;I476       82: V327[C]          84: V227;CM601
              86: V372            88: V243,ST104       90: V422
              CWP:V422,2459,2462  92: V3531            PS: V539,542
              CF: V870
                  --(if better or worse) Much Better/Worse or Somewhat Better/
                     Worse (FOLLOWUP)
                         80: V150;I477        82: V328
                         84: V228;CM602       86: V373
                         88: V244,ST105,106   90: V423
                         CWP:V423,2460,2461   92: V3532
                         PS: V540,541         CF: V871
                  --(if better, worse or same) Why Did This Happen OR Why are
                     Things Same: Mention Event/Condition/Cause
                     [3 possible mentions] (FOLLOWUP)
                         84: V229,232,235 
                              ---(if event/condition/cause mentioned is among
                                  list of items such as:  Social Security, R's
                                  income, inflation, etc., AND R indicates that
                                  cause has gotten better or worse) Cause Better
                                  or Worse  [indicated as 'increasing' or
                                  'decreasing']
                                        84: V230,233,236 
                              ---(if event/condition/cause mentioned is a
                                 person(s) such as: the President,
                                 'politicians,' etc.) Which Actor(s)
                                        84: V231,234,237
                              ---(if R mentions more than 1 event/condition/
                                  cause) Link(s) Between Mentioned Causes
                                        84: V238 

       - In the Last Few Months, Has the Nation's Economy Gotten  
           Better, Stayed the Same, or Gotten Worse
              92: V3533



                  --(if better or worse) Much Better/Worse or Somewhat Better/
                     Worse (FOLLOWUP)
                         92: V3534

       - Compared to Four Years Ago, Does R Think the Nation's Economy
           Has Gotten Better, Stayed the Same, or Gotten Worse
              92: V3535

                  --(if better or worse) Much Better/Worse or Somewhat Better/
                     Worse (FOLLOWUP)
                         92: V3536

       - Does R Think Reagan's Economic Program Has Helped or Hurt
           (1988: Made Better or Worse) the Nation's Economy so Far
           (1988: Over the Past 8 Years)
             82: V342[C]           88: V1031[&1046,1059]

                  --(if better or worse) Much Better/Worse or Somewhat Better/
                     Worse (FOLLOWUP)
                         88: V1032  

       - Whether House Incumbent Supported or Opposed Reagan's
          Economic Program Last Year [running incumbent only]
             82: V208,245,262[C] 

                   --(If supported) Whether Continues to Support; (If opposed)
                       Whether Continues to Oppose (FOLLOWUP)
                         82: V209,246,263[C] 

       - In the Last Year or So, Who Has Had the Most Say About the
           Government's Handling of the Economy, Congress, the
           President, or About the Same for Both
            82: V340[C] 

       - Over the Past Year, Does R Think the Nation's Ability to 
           Compete in the World Economy Has Gotten Better, Stayed the 
           Same, or Gotten Worse
              92: V3538

                  --(if better or worse) Much Better/Worse or Somewhat Better/
                     Worse (FOLLOWUP)
                         92: V3539













                                                                              
             R'S PERSONAL FINANCIAL SITUATION                       III.C.1.b 
                                                                              

                                                     
                                Present III.C.1.b(1) 
                                                     

       - How Satisfied Is R with R's Present Financial Situation  
              56: V77              58: V48              60: V74  
              64: V128  

       - Is the Present a Good or Bad Time for R to be Able to Spend
           Money
              72: V535*  

       - At the Present Time Is it More Important then Usual for R to
           Add to Savings
              72: V536*  

       - How Satisfied is R About Own Standard of Living
              74: V2404

       - Does R/(R's family) own home or rent
              52: V156             64: V271             68: V262  
              70: V389             72: V421             74: V2550  
              76: V3509            78: V629             80: V719;I967 
              82: V761             84: V706             86: V754 
              88: 552              90: V685             CWP:V685
              92: V4135            CF: V146

       - How R Feels About Family Income  
              72: V803*            74: V2403  
              72: V979*

       - Family Income, Estimated Current Year  
              52: V160             56: V190             58: V203  
              60: V189             62: V75              64: V269  
              66: V235             68: V261             70: V388  

       - Family Income, Previous Year  
              72: V420             74: V2549            76: V3507  
              78: V598             80: V686;I935        82: V725,      
              84: V680;CM1122      86: V733                  726[C]
              88: V520;            90: V663             CWP:V663
                  ST551-556        92: V4104,4107,      PS: V623-629
              CF: V114                  4108
                                                             

       - R's Income, Previous Year 
              76: V3508            78: V599             80: V687;I936
              82: V727,728         84: V681             86: V734
              88: V734             90: V664             CWP:V664
              92: V4105,4109,4110




       - Income of Head  
              56: V191             64: V270             


                                                         
                                Prospective III.C.1.b(2) 
                                                         

       - Do People Like R Have Worries About How They'll Get Along
           Financially in the Next Year or So
              58: V53              62: V16  

                  --(if yes) What Kind of Things Do They/R Worry About
                     (FOLLOWUP)
                         58: V54

       - ## Does R Think that R's/R's Family Financial Situation Will
           Be Affected by Whether the Democrats or Republicans Win
            the Election (Incl. Yes/No & Party to Make R Better/Worse
            Off)
              52: V25              56: V82              58: V55
              60: V79              64: V133             68: V68
              72: V53*  

                  --(if any difference mentioned) ## Type of Difference Will
                    Make (FOLLOWUP)
                         52: V26              56: V82,83
                         60: V80              64: V134     
                         68: V69

       - How Likely Will it Be that R's Standard of Living in the
           Years to Come Will be Good Enough to Purchase the Things R
           Would Like to Own
              72: V537*

       - Does R Expect R's/ Family's financial Situation to Get
           Better, Get Worse or Stay About the Same in the Next Year
           (1956,1958,1960,1964: Next Few Years)
              56: V80              58: V51              60: V77  
              62: V17              64: V131             66: V47  
              68: V278             70: V50*             72: V504*  
              74: V2314            76: V3138            78: V322 
              80: V148;I475        82: V326]C:          84: V151 
              86: V358(A)          88: V208             90: V420
              CWP:V420             92: V3427,6146       CF: V881

                  --(if better or worse) Much Better/Worse or Somewhat Better/
                     Worse (FOLLOWUP)
                         86: V359(A)          88: V209
                         90: V421             CWP:V421
                         92: V3428,6147
                  --(if better, worse or same) Reason(s) (FOLLOWUP)
                         56: V81              58: V52  
                         60: V78              64: V132  


                  --(if better, worse or same) ## Did the Outcome of the
                     Congressional Election Affect R's Assessment of
                     Whether R/R's Family Will be Better Off or Worse
                     Off or Stay the Same in the Next Year (FOLLOWUP)
                         70: V51*
                            ---(if yes) Checkpoint: Mention of Party to
                                Make R Better/Worse Off [3 mentions]
                                   70: V52,54,56
                            ---(if yes) ## Type of Difference it Made [3
                                mentions]
                                   70: V53,55,57



                                                           
                                Retrospective III.C.1.b(3) 
                                                           

       - Has R Personally Been Helped or Hurt by Reagan's Economic
           Program
              82: V341[C]          88: V1033[&1047,1060]

       - Has R's Family Income in the Last Year (1980: Last Five 
           Years) Gone Up with the Cost of Living, Fallen Behind, or
           Stayed About Even
              80: V153;I482        84: V154;CM122       86: V362(A) 
              88: V210             92: V3429            CF: V9053

                  --(if gone up or fallen behind) Gone Up/Fallen Behind a Lot
                     or Gone Up/Fallen Behind a Little (FOLLOWUP)
                         84: V155;CM123       86: V363(A) 
                         88: V211             92: V3430

       - Is R's Family Income More or Less than it Was a Year Ago
              62: V15              66: V45              68: V277  
              72: V503*  

       - Is R and R's Family Better Off or Worse Off or the Same
           Financially as a Year Ago
              62: V14              66: V44              68: V275  
              70: V48*             72: V501*            74: V2313  
              76: V3137            78: V321             80: V147;I474 
              82: V325[C]          84: V139;CM118       86: V355 
              88: V206,ST101       90: V416             CWP:V416,2455,
              92: V3425            PS: V535,538             2458
              CF: V880

                  --(if better or worse off) Much Better/Worse Off or Somewhat
                     Better/Worse Off (FOLLOWUP)
                         84: V140;CM119       86: V356 
                         88: V207;ST102,103   90: V417
                         CWP:V417,2456,2457   92: V3426
                         PS: V536,537


                  --(if better or worse off) Why is This So (FOLLOWUP)
                         66: V46              68: V276  
                         70: V49*             72: V502*  
                  --(if better or worse off or same)  Why Did This Happen OR Why
                     are Things Same: Mention Event/Condition/Cause
                     (FOLLOWUP) [3 possible mentions]
                         84: V141,144,147 
                              ---(if event/condition/cause mentioned is among
                                  list of items such as:  Social Security, R's
                                  income, inflation, etc., AND R indicates that
                                  cause has gotten better or worse) Cause Better
                                  or Worse  [indicated as 'increasing' or
                                  'decreasing']
                                      84: V142,145,148 
                              ---(if event/condition/cause mentioned is a
                                  person(s) such as: the President,
                                  'politicians,'etc.) Which Actor(s)
                                      84: V143,146,149 
                              ---(if R mentions more than 1 event/condition/
                                  cause) Link(s) Between Mentioned Causes
                                      84: V150 

       - Have the Economic Policies of the Federal Government Made R
           Better Off, Worse Off or Not Made Much Difference
              84: V167             88: V212             90: V418
              CWP:V418             92: V3431

                  --(if better or worse off) Much Better/Worse Off or Somewhat
                     Better/ Worse Off (FOLLOWUP)
                         84: V168             88: V213
                         90: V419             CWP:V419
                         92: V3432

       - During the Past Few Years, Has R's Financial Situation Been
           Getting Better, Getting Worse or Stayed the Same
              56: V78              58: V49              60: V75  
              64: V129  

                  --(if getting better or worse; 1956: or stayed same)
                     Reason(s) (FOLLOWUP)
                         56: V79              58: V50  
                         60: V76              64: V130  

       - During the Past Year, Has R/R's Family Had to Watch Their
           Budget More Closely than Before
              84: V152;CM120       86: V360(A) 

                  --(if yes) Much More Closely or a Little More Closely
                     (FOLLOWUP)
                         84: V153;CM121       86: V361(A) 

       - Has R Been Able to Contribute Any Money to Church or Charity
           in the Last 12 Months (or Has it Been More Difficult)
              CWP:V2846            92: V6145


                 --(if yes) How Much
                         CWP:V2847

       - Has Any of the Following Happened to R or to a Family Member
         in the Last Few Years (1976:  Because of Economic Bad Times)
        . Was Unemployed 
              76: V3146,3154       78: V328,336 
        . Was Temporarily Laid Off 
              76: V3147,3155       78: V327,335 
        . Had Working Hours Reduced 
              76: V3148,3156       78: V323,331 
        . Had to Work Different Shift 
              76: V3149,3157       78: V324,332 
        . Took Pay Cut 
              76: V3150,3158       78: V325,333 
        . Had to Take Job Below Qualifications 
              76: V3151,3159       78: V326,334 
        . None of Above 
              76: V3153,3161       78: V329,337 

       - During the Past Year, Was R/R's Family Able to Buy Most
           of the Things Needed or Planned for or Did R/R's Family
           Have to Put Off Buying Them
              84: V156             92: V3433

       - During the Past Year, Did R/R's Family Have to Put off
           Medical or Dental Treatment due to Lack of Money
              84: V157             92: V3434

       - During the Past Year, Did R/R's Family Have to Borrow Money  
              84: V158             92: V3435

                  --(if yes) Was it More, the Same, or Less Than R/ R's
                     Family Borrowed the Previous Year  (FOLLOWUP)
                         84: V159 
                  --(if no) Did R Borrow Money the Year Before Last
                     (FOLLOWUP) 
                         84: V160 

       - During the Past Year, Did R or Any Family Member Look for a
           New Job or a Second Job or Work More Hours in Order to Make
           Ends Meet
              84: V166             92: V3437

       - During the Past Year, Did R/R's Family Have to Use Savings to
           Make Ends Meet (92: Have to Dip into Savings) 
              84: V161             92: V3436

                  --(if yes) Was it More, the Same, or Less Savings Used
                     Than was Used the Year Before  (FOLLOWUP)
                         84: V162 




                  --(if no) ## Has R/R's Family Been Able to Save Any  
                     Money in the Past Year (FOLLOWUP)
                         84: V163 
                            ---(if yes) Did R/R's Family Save More, the
                                Same, or Less Money Than the Year 
                                Before 
                                    84: V164 

       - ## Over the Past Year, Have You (and Your Family) Been Able 
           to Save Any Money
              92: V3438

       - During the Past Year, Has R/R's Family Fallen Behind in Rent
          or House Payments 
              84: V165             92: V3439


                                                                              
             SOCIAL GROUPS' ECONOMIC CONDITIONS                     III.C.1.c 
                                                                              

       - What Groups of People Does R Feel Close to, in Terms of
           Economic matters [3 mentions]
              84: V170-172;CM124-126 

                  --(if any mentions) Checkpoint: Number of Mentions
                     (FOLLOWUP)
                        84: V173
                  --(if necessary) Checkpoint: Was Definition of 'Group'
                     Read to R (FOLLOWUP)
                        84: V169;CM158 
                  --(if more than 1 mention) Which Group Does R Feel Closest to
                        84: V174;CM128 (FOLLOWUP)
                            ---(if R chooses) Has the Economic Situation of
                                this Group Gotten Better, Stayed the
                                Same or Gotten Worse in the Past Year
                                    84: V175;CM129 
                                      (if better or worse) Much Better/Worse or
                                       Somewhat Better/Worse
                                            84: V176;CM130 
                                      (if better, worse or same) Why Did This
                                       Happen OR Why are Things Same:
                                       Mention Event/Condition/Cause
                                       [3 possible mentions]
                                            84: V177,180,183 
                                                (if event/condition/cause is
                                                 among list of items such as:
                                                 Social Security, R's income,
                                                 inflation, etc., AND R
                                                 indicates that cause has
                                                 gotten better or worse) Cause
                                                 Better or Worse [indicated as
                                                 'increasing' or 'decreasing']
                                                    84: V178,181,184 
                                                 (if event/condition/cause
                                                   mentioned is a person(s)
                                                   such as: the President,
                                                   'politicians,'etc.) Which
                                                    Actor(s)
                                                    84: V179,182,185
                                                 (if R mentions more than 1
                                                  event/condition/cause)
                                                  Link(s) Between Mentioned
                                                  Causes
                                                    84: V186 
                            ---(if R chooses) Have the Incomes of this
                                Group Gone Up More than the Cost of
                                Living, Stayed Even, or Fallen Behind
                                in the Past Year
                                    84: V187;CM131 
                                        (if gone up or fallen behind) Gone Up/
                                         Fallen Behind a Lot or Gone
                                         Up/ Fallen Behind a Little
                                            84: V188;CM132 
                            ---(if R chooses) Does R Believe that the
                                Economic Policies of the Federal
                                Government Have Made this Group Better
                                Off, Worse Off or Haven't Made Much
                                Difference
                                    84: V189 
                                        (if better off or worse off) Much
                                        Better/Worse Off or Somewhat Better/
                                        Worse Off
                                            84: V190 
                            ---(if R chooses) Have Members of this Group
                                Had a Harder or Easier Time Finding
                                Work or Has it Stayed the Same
                                    84: V191;CM133 
                                        (if harder or easier) Much Harder/
                                         Easier or Somewhat Harder/
                                         Easier
                                            84: V192;CM134 
                  --(if any mentions) Checkpoints: Did R Mention: (FOLLOWUP)
                    . Women 
                        84: V194;CM136 
                    . Blacks 
                        84: V195;CM137 
                    . The Elderly 
                        84: V196;CM138 
                    . The Poor 
                        84: V197;CM139 
                    . The Middle Class 
                        84: V198;CM140 
                  --(if women mentioned) Has the Economic Position of Women
                     Gotten Better, Worse, or Stayed the Same
                     (FOLLOWUP)
                        84: V199;CM141 


                  --(if blacks mentioned) Has the Economic Position of Blacks
                     Gotten Better, Worse, or Stayed the Same
                     (FOLLOWUP)
                        84: V200;CM142 
                  --(if elderly mentioned) Has the Economic Position of the
                     Elderly Gotten Better, Worse, or Stayed the Same
                    (FOLLOWUP)
                        84: V201;CM143 
                  --(if the poor mentioned) Has the Economic Position of the
                     Poor Gotten Better, Worse, or Stayed the Same
                     (FOLLOWUP)
                        84: V202;CM144 
                  --(if the middle class mentioned) Has the Economic Position of
                     the Middle Class Gotten Better, Worse, or Stayed
                     the Same (FOLLOWUP)
                        84: V203;CM145 



                                                            
             STATE ECONOMY                        III.C.1.d 
                                                            

         - Have Economic Conditions in R's State Gotten Better or 
             Worse or Stayed the Same in the Past Year 
              86: V370             88: V250             92: V3543
              PS: V543,546

                  --(if better or worse) Much Better/Worse or Somewhat Better/
                      Worse (FOLLOWUP)
                         86: V371             88: V251
                         92: V3544            PS: V544,545
                         



                                                                   
  Federal Budget, Budget Deficit                          III.C.2  
                                                                   

          For government services/spending tradeoff, see III.B.2.
          For U.S. economic aid to foreign countries, see III.D.3.
          For aid to minorities/blacks, see III.E.4.
          For aid to improve economic (and social) status of Women, see III.G.5.
          For defense spending, see III.D.2.
          For government spending on savings and loan bailout, see III.C.7.


         - Is the Budget Deficit Larger or Smaller than It Was in 1980
             or is it About the Same
              88: V1036[&1049,1062]





                  --(if larger or smaller) Much Smaller/Larger or Somewhat
                     Smaller/Larger (FOLLOWUP)
                         88: V1037

         - Which Party Would be Better Able to Handle the Budget
             Deficit
              PS: V217

         - Which Presidential Candidate Would Do a Better Job at 
             Reducing the Budget Deficit
              92: V3332

         - How Serious a Problem is the Budget Deficit
              88: V248[&269]

         - Would R be Willing to Pay More Taxes in Order to Reduce the
             Budget Deficit
              88: V249[&270]

         - Would R Support or Oppose a Tax Increase to Reduce the
             Federal Budget Deficit
              90: V484             CWP:V484             PS: V575,578

                  --(if support/oppose) How Strongly Support/Oppose
                         90: V485          CWP:V485
                         PS: V576*,577*

         - How Worried R Is About Federal Budget Deficit 
              86: V382 

         - Does R Approve or Disapprove of Reagan's Handling of
             Balancing the Federal Budget 
              82: V457[C]          84: V262,847;CM799  

                  --(if approve or disapprove) Approve/Disapprove Strongly or
                     Not Strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                         84: V263,848;CM800 

         - Who Does R Think is Most Responsible (1992: More to Blame)
             for the Budget Deficit:  Congress or the President
              86: V383             92: V3551

         - Which Party Does R Think is More Responsible for the Budget
             Deficit 
              86: V384 

         - Which Party Worked Hardest to Produce a Fair Solution to
             Reducing the Budget Deficit
              90: V356             PS: V597            CWP:V356
              




         - If R Had a Say in the Federal Budget, Which Programs Would
              R Like to See Increased and Which Decreased [list shown to R]
          . Aid to Big Cities
              92: V3819            PS: V516*
          . Aid to the Contras in Nicaragua
              86: V331[&339]       88: V350[&357];      PS: V502*
                                        ST524
          . Aid to Countries of the Former Soviet Union
              92: V3731
          . Assistance to Blacks
              84: V1005            86: V334[&342]       88: V381[&404]
              90: V386             CWP:V386             92: V3729
              PS: V514*            CF: V9050
          . Assistance to the Poor
              88: ST523            92: V3817
          . Care for the Elderly
              88: V384[&407]       PS: V505*
          . Childcare
              88: V382[&405]       90: V385             CWP:V385
              92: V3813            PS: V507*
          . Dealing with Crime
              84: V997;CM888       92: V3814
          . Defense
              84: V1004            88: ST519            PS: V509*
          . Farm Support Programs 
              88: ST520
          . Fighting the Disease AIDS (92: Spending on AIDS Research)
              88: V352[&359];      90: V379             CWP:V379
                  ST526            92: V3727            PS: V506*
          . Fighting Racial Discrimination
              PS: V511
          . Financial Aid for College Students 
              86: V328[&336]       88: V378[&401]       92: V3728
          . Food Stamps 
              84: V1000;CM891      86: V330[&338]       88: V349[&356]
              90: V382             CWP:V382             92: V3725
              PS: V501*            CF: V9046
          . Foreign Aid
              90: V378             PS: V512*            CWP:V378
          . Government Assistance for the Unemployed
              88: V379[&402]       92: V3816            PS: V503*
          . Government Jobs for the Unemployed
              84: V1002;CM893      86: V332[&340] 
          . Homeless People
              88: V385[&408]       90: V384             CWP:V384
              92: V3730            PS: V513*
          . Improving and Protecting the Environment 
              84: V996;CM887       86: V327[&335]      88: V377[&400];
              90: V377             CWP:V377                ST518
              92: V3815            PS: V498            CF: V9047




        FEDERAL SPENDING INCREASE/DECREASE   (cont'd)
          . Job Training Programs
              88: ST527
          . Medical Care
              PS: V510
          . Medicare 
              84: V1001;CM892 
          . Public Schools (ST: Education)
              84: V998;CM889       88: V383[&406];     90: V383
              CWP:V383                 ST522           92: V3818
              PS: V499
          . Social Security 
              84: V999;CM890       86: V329[&337]      88: V348[&355];
              90: V380             CWP:V380                ST521
              92: V3811            PS: V500            CF: V9049
          . Space and Scientific Research (1984, 1992: Science and
             Technology; 1990: the Space Program)
              84: V1003;CM894      86: V333[&341]      88: V380[&403]
              90: V387             CWP:V387            92: V3812
              PS: V515*            CF: V9048
          . Welfare Programs
              92: V3726
          . Star Wars
              88: V351[&358];      PS: V504*
                  ST525
          . War on Drugs
              88: V386[&409];      90: V381            CWP:V381
              PS: V508
         - Budget Allocation:  Has Federal Spending Increased,
             Decreased, or Stayed About the Same Since 1980 for:
          . Defense Spending
              88: V909,913
          . Education (Public Schools)
              88: V919,923
          . Improving and Protecting the Environment
              88: V899,903
          . Poverty
              88: V914,918
          . Social Security
              88: V904,908

                  --(if increase) Does R Approve/Disapprove (FOLLOWUP)
                    . Defense Spending
                         88: V910
                    . Education (Public Schools)
                         88: V920
                    . Improving and Protecting the Environment
                         88: V900
                    . Poverty
                         88: V915
                    . Social Security
                         88: V905


                  --(if same) Does R Approve/Disapprove (FOLLOWUP)
                    . Defense Spending
                         88: V911
                    . Education (Public Schools)
                         88: V921
                    . Improving and Protecting the Environment
                         88: V901
                    . Poverty
                         88: V916
                    . Social Security
                         88: V906
                  --(if decrease) Does R Approve/Disapprove (FOLLOWUP)
                    . Defense Spending
                         88: V912
                    . Education (Public Schools)
                         88: V922
                    . Improving and Protecting the Environment
                         88: V902
                    . Poverty
                         88: V917
                    . Social Security
                         88: V907

         - How Would R Rate the Amount of Federal Spending on [list shown to
            R]:
          . Aid to the Handicapped 
              82: V324 
          . Dealing with Drug Addiction 
              80: I557             82: V314 
          . Food Stamps 
              82: V321
          . Foreign Aid 
              80: I561             82: V318 
          . Government-Guaranteed Student Loans 
              82: V322 
          . Halting the Rising Crime Rate
              80: I556             82: V313 
          . Improving and Protecting the Environment 
              80: I553             82: V310 
          . Improving and Protecting the Nation's Health 
              80: I554             82: V311 
          . Improving the Conditions of Blacks
              80: I559             82: 316 
          . Improving the Nation's Education System
              80: I558             82: V315 
          . Military, Armaments and Defense
              80: I560             82: V317 
          . Social Security 
              82: V320
          . Solving Problems of Big Cities 
              80: I555             82: V312 
          . Space Exploration Program  
              80: I552             82: V309 


        RATE FEDERAL SPENDING   (cont'd)
          . Unemployment Compensation 
              82: V323 
          . Welfare 
              80: I562             82: V319 

         - Which Economic Policies Would R Like to See the Government
             Choose to Cope With the Current Economic Situation [list shown
                                    to R],  First, Second, Third Priority:
          . Reduce the Budget Deficit 
          . Reduce Spending on Government Services 
              82: V330-332 

         - Which Economic Policies Does R Think Ronald Reagan Would
             Choose to Cope With the Current Economic Situation [list shown
                                     to R],  First, Second, Third Priority:
          . Reduce the Budget Deficit 
          . Reduce Spending on Government Services 
              82: V333-335 

         - Does R Approve or Disapprove of Recent Agreements Made to
             Increase Taxes and Reducing Government Services in Order
             to Reduce the Budget Deficit
              90: V355             CWP:V355

         - Does R Think the Following Would Occur as a Result of the 
             1980 Proposed Cut (Over 3-Year Period) in Federal Income
             Taxes:  [list read to R]
          . Government Deficit Spending Increase 
              80: V338;I550 

         - If the U.S. Saves a Lot of Money on Defense Spending in the
             Next Few Years, What Should the Money be Spent on--
             Reducing the Federal Budget Deficit, Cutting Taxes, or
             Increased Spending on Domestic Programs
              90: V490             CWP:V490

         - Which Party is More Likely to Cut Social Security
              88: V353[&360]       90: V388             CWP:V388
              92: V3549            PS: V220
              
         - How Likely is it that the Growing Number of Hispanics in
             the United States Will:
            . Cause Higher Taxes Due to More Demands for Public
               Services
              CWP:V2622            92: V6237

         - How Likely is it that the Growing Number of Asians in the 
             United States Will:
            . Cause Higher Taxes Due to More Demands for Public
                Services
              92: V6240



                                                                      
  Imports, Balance of Trade                               III.C.3  
                                                                   

       - Has R Thought About the Issue of Limiting Imports Coming Into
           the Country
              86: V520  

                  --(if yes) ## Does R Favor or Oppose Restricting Imports
                     (FOLLOWUP)
                       86: V521              

       - ## Does R Favor or Oppose Restricting Imports
              88: V376;ST528       92: V3802         PS: V570
                 

       - ## Does R Favor Increasing or Decreasing the Limits on
           Foreign Imports, 7-Point Scale
              90: V432(A)          CWP:V432(A)

       - ## Does R Favor Increasing or Decreasing the Limits on
           Foreign Imports
              90: V434(B)          CWP:V434(B)

                  --(if yes) Does R Favor Increasing/Decreasing Strongly
                     or Not Strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                       90: V435(B)           CWP:V435(B)

       - Do Japanese Companies Compete Unfairly or is the U.S. to
           Blame for its Own Economic Problems
              90: V492             CWP:V492             92: V3803

       - Which is a Bigger Threat to the U.S.--the Military Power of
           the Soviet Union or the Economic Power of Japan
            90: V354(B)            CWP:V354(B)

       - Should the U.S. Increase or Decrease Trade and Business
           with the Soviet Union, 7-Point Scale, R's Opinion
            82: V462 



                                                                   
  Inflation and Unemployment                              III.C.4  
                                                                   

                                                                          
          ASSESSMENTS AND EXPERIENCE OF R                       III.C.4.a 
                                                                          

                                                         
                        Degree of Inflation III.C.4.a(1) 
                                                         

          See also:  III.C.5.b., Prices.


     - Has the National Inflation Rate Gotten Better or Worse in the
         Past Year 
             86: V379(A)          88: V241             92: V3529

                  --(if better or worse) Much Better/Worse or Somewhat
                     Better/Worse (FOLLOWUP)
                        86: V380(A)         88: V242 
                        92: V3530

     - How Serious a National Problem Is Inflation 
             80: V203;I485 

     - Is the Problem of Inflation Important or Not Important to R
             74: V2139            76: V3707

     - Has the National Inflation Rate Gotten Better or Worse Since
           1980
             88: V1029[&1045,1058]

                  --(if better or worse) Much Better/Worse or Somewhat
                     Better/Worse (FOLLOWUP)
                        88: V1030

     - How Good a Job Has the Government Been Doing with Inflation 
             76: V3142          78: V340 

     - Was the Inflation Issue Emphasized in the 1974 Senatorial
         Campaign 
             74: V2129

     - How Would R Rate the Importance of the Inflation Issue to R
             74: 2149             76: V3728

     - How Has Inflation Affected R: How Badly Has R Been Hurt
         by Inflation, or Has R Been Helped
             80: V205;I483 

     - Has the Cost of Things Gone Up or Gone Down in the Past Year 
             84: V241;CM605 



     - Has R's Family Income in the Last Year (1980: Last Five 
         Years) Gone Up with the Cost of Living, Fallen Behind, or
         Stayed About Even
             80: V153;I482        84: V154;CM122       86: V362(A) 
             88: V210

                  --(if gone up or fallen behind) Gone Up/Fallen Behind a Lot
                     or Gone Up/Fallen Behind a Little (FOLLOWUP)
                        84: V155;CM123      86: V363(A) 
                        88: V211

      - Has R Has Heard or Read About Probable Effects of the 1980
          Proposed 30% Cut (Over 3-Year Period) in Federal Income
          Taxes
             80: V333;I545 

                  --(if yes) Does R Think the Following Would Occur as a
                     Result:  [list read to R] (FOLLOWUP)
                    . Inflation Get Worse 
                        80: V334;I546 


                                                           
                       Degree of Unemployment III.C.4.a(2) 
                                                           

        SEE ALSO:  Chapter I, Section A.5, Demographics, Employment Status and
            Occupation, for R's (and head's, spouse's) unemployment history and
            prospects for layoff.
        For employment problems specifically among blacks or women, see Chapter
            III, Section E, Issues: Minorities OR  Chapter III, Section G,
            Issues: Role of Women and Women's Rights.

       - During the Coming 12 Months, Does R Think there will be More 
           Unemployment, About the Same, or Less
              92: V6152

       - How Serious a National Problem is Unemployment 
              80: V207;I489 

       - How Would R Rank the Importance of the Unemployment Issue
              74: V2151            76: V3730 

       - Have People Had Harder or Easier Time Finding Work in the
           Past Year 
              84: V239;CM603 

                  --(if harder or easier) Much Harder/Easier or a Little Harder
                     /Easier (FOLLOWUP)
                         84: V240;CM604 

       - Has the National Unemployment Rate Gotten Better or Worse in
           the Past Year 
              86: V377(A)          88: V239             92: V3527


                  --(if better or Worse) Much Better/Worse or Somewhat
                     Better/Worse (FOLLOWUP)
                         86: V378(A)          88: V240   
                         92: V3528

       - Has the National Unemployment Rate Gotten Better or Worse 
           Since 1980
              88: V1027[&1044,1057]

                  --(if better or Worse) Much Better/Worse or Somewhat
                     Better/Worse (FOLLOWUP)
                         88: V1028

       - How Good a Job Has the Government Been Doing with Solving
           Unemployment 
              76: V3144            78: V343 

       - Does R Expect Higher Unemployment in R's Area During the Next
           Year
              62: V29              66: V55              72: V510*  
              76: V3141 

                  --(if yes) Reason (FOLLOWUP)
                        62: V30               66: V56

       - Was the Unemployment Issue Emphasized in the 1974 Senatorial
           Campaign 
              74: V2131 

       - Does R Think Recession and Unemployment Similar to Conditions
           in 1958, 1960-61 Might Occur Again
              62: V34              66: V58              68: V289  

                  --(if R mentions any possibility) Reason R Expects This and
                    When. (FOLLOWUP)
                       66: V59,60           68: V290,291  

       - Does R Think the Next Five Years Will Bring Continuous Good
           Times in the Country or Periods of Unemployment/Recession
              62: V32              66: V57              68: V285  
              72: V511*            74: V2316  

       - Has R Has Heard or Read About Probable Effects of the 1980
           Proposed 30% Cut (Over 3-Year Period) in Federal Income
           Taxes
              80: V333;I545 

                  --(if yes) Does R Think the Following Would Occur as a
                     Result:  [list read to R] (FOLLOWUP)
                   . More People Employed
                       80: V335;I547




       - Is There Any Unemployment in R's Area, How Much
              62: V27  

                  --(if any) Has There Been a Recent Change in
                     Unemployment in R's Area.   (FOLLOWUP)
                        62: V28  

       - Is the Unemployment Problem Important or Not Important to R 
              74: V2141            76: V3709 

       - Has Any of the Following Happened to R or to a Family Member
         in the Last Few Years (1976:  Because of Economic Bad Times)
        . Was Unemployed 
              76: V3146,3154       78: V328,336 
        . Was Temporarily Laid Off 
              76: V3147,3155       78: V327,335 

       - Whether Education Ever Limited Getting Job or Promotion 
              72: V987*

       - Does R or Any Family Member Receive: 
         . Unemployment Compensation
              82: V347[C]          92: V3444

       - Whether Race, Nationality, or Religion Ever Affected Job
           Opportunity  
              72: V988*

       - How Likely is it that the Growing Number of Hispanics in
           the United States Will 
          . Take Jobs Away from People Already Here
              CWP:V2621            92: V6238

       - How Likely is it that the Growing Number of Asians in the 
           United States Will: 
          . Take Jobs Away from People Already Here
              92: V6241


                                                                            
          CAUSES AND NATURE OF UNEMPLOYMENT                       III.C.4.b 
                                                                            

       - Does R Think High Unemployment of the Past Year is Mainly Due
           to Government Policies or Are There Other Reasons  
              72: V936  

       - With Which of These Statements Does R Agree Most:  Lack of
           Skills Keep the Unemployed from Having Jobs  OR  Many
           People with Skills Can't Even Get Jobs, There Aren't Any
           for Them  
              72: V856  




       - People are Poor Because There Aren't Enough Good Jobs for
           Everybody (Agree/Disagree)
              72: V687*           76: V3752  

       - With Today's Training Programs, Anyone Who Wants to Work Can
           Do So (Agree/Disagree)
              72: V688*  

       - The Seniority System in Most Companies Works Against Poor
           People, They are the Last to be Hired and the First to be 
           Fired  
              72: V692*           76: V3754  

       - With Which Statement Does R Agree Most:  Blacks and Other
           Minorities No Longer Face Unemployment and Are Favored in
           Training and Job Programs  OR  Even with Job Programs,
           Minorities Still Face Job Discrimination Once the Program
           is Over
              72: V862           76: V3814

       - Will There Always be Periods of Unemployment and Recession or
           is This Something That Can be Prevented
              72: V698*  

       - Does R Believe Women with Working Husbands Should Be Laid Off
           First or that Male and Female Employees Should be Treated
           the Same  
              72: V239           76: V3798

       - How Likely is it that the Growing Number of Hispanics in
           the United States Will: 
          . Take Jobs Away from People Already Here
              CWP:V2621            92: V6238

       - How Likely is it that the Growing Number of Asians in the 
           United States Will: 
          . Take Jobs Away from People Already Here
              92: V6241


                                                                  
             CONTROL OF INFLATION                       III.C.4.c 
                                                                  

          SEE ALSO:  III.C.5.b., Prices.


       - How Good a Job Has the Government Been Doing with Inflation 
              76: V3142          78: V340 

       - Does R Believe the Government Will Succeed in Reducing
           Inflation  
              72: V513*  



       - Does R Believe Something Can be Done to Successfully Deal
           with Inflation
              80: V202;I484 

       - Which Party is Better Able to Handle Inflation 
              76: V3143            78: V341             80: V204;I486 
              82: V337[C]          PS: V215             CF: V9010
                         
       - How Serious a National Problem Is Inflation 
              80: V203;I485 

       - How Good a Job Does R Think the Government Is Doing with
           Economic Policy, Particularly with Inflation and
           Unemployment
              72: V512*            74: V2317            76: V3748  
              CF: V822

       - Which Party Which Can Best Handle Inflation and Unemployment
              74: V2318            76: V3749  

       - How Much Government Action is Required to Control the Problem
           of Inflation, 7-point Scale, R's Position
              70: V113             72: V190*,598*  

                  --(if R does not reply "haven't thought much about this")
                    Importance to R of Degree of Government Action Against
                    Inflation (FOLLOWUP)
                        70: V119  

       - How Much Government Action is Required to Control the Problem
           of Inflation, 7-Point Scale, Perceived Positions of:
         . Democratic Party  
              70: V114             72: V194*,602*  
         . George McGovern  
              72: V192*,600*  
         . Most Conservatives  
              72: V605*  
         . Most Liberals  
              72: V604*  
         . Edmund Muskie  
              70: V117  
         . Richard Nixon  
              70: V116             72: V191*,599*  
         . Republican Party  
              70: V115             72: V195*,603*  
         . George Wallace  
              70: V118             72: V193*,601*  

       - How Much Responsibility Does the Government Have for Solving
          the Problem of Inflation [asked of Rs who said inflation was an
          "important" issue to R, see III.C.4.e, R's Assessments and Experience]
              76: V3718 


       - Does R Approve or Disapprove the Way the President is
          Handling Inflation (1980: Carter; 1982: Reagan)
              80: V197;I471        82: V336[C] 

                  --(if approve or disapprove) Approve/Disapprove Strongly or
                     Approve/Disapprove Not Strongly  (FOLLOWUP)
                        80: V198;I471 

         Behavior - Pres. Candidate:
       - Reduce Inflation:  Does R Think Candidate as President
           Would (7-Pt. Agree/Disagree)
         . Carter 
              76: V3240 
         . Ford 
              76: V3233 

         Reagan Performance:
       - Inflation, Handling of:  Approve/Disapprove
              82: V336[C] 

       - Does the Congress or the President Have the Most Say in
           Handling Inflation
              78: V342



                                                                     
             CONTROL OF UNEMPLOYMENT                       III.C.4.d 
                                                                     

               For government-guaranteed job (and standard of living), see
                  III.B.3.


       - Will the Government Succeed in Reducing Unemployment  
              72: V514*  

       - Will There Always be Periods of Unemployment and Recession or
           is This Something That Can be Prevented
              72: V698*  

       - How Good a Job Does R Think the Government Is Doing with
           Economic Policy, Particularly with Inflation and
           Unemployment
              72: V512*            74: V2317            76: V3748  
              CF: V822

       - Does R Believe Something Can be Done to Successfuly Deal with
           Unemployment
              80: V206;I488 

       - How Serious a National Problem is Unemployment 
              80: V207;I489 



       - Which Party is Better Able to Handle Unemployment 
              76: V3145            78: V344             80: V208;I490 
              82: V339[C]          PS: V216             CF: V9011

       - Does R Approve or Disapprove of the Way the President is
           Handling Unemployment (1980: Carter; 1982: Reagan)  
              80: V199;I472        82: V338[C]  

                  --(if approve or disapprove) Approve/Disapprove Strongly or
                     Approve/Disapprove Not Strongly  (FOLLOWUP)
                        80: V200;I472

       - Which Party Which Can Best Handle Inflation and Unemployment
              74: V2318            76: V3749  

       - How Much Responsibility Does the Government Have for Solving
           the Problem of Unemployment [asked of Rs who said inflation was an
           "important" issue to R,see III.C.4.e, R's Assessments and Experience]
              76: V3720 

       - Does the Congress or the President Have the Most Say in
           Handling Unemployment
              78: V345

       - When it Comes to Doing Something About Problems Like
           Unemployment and Recession, Which is More Important, the
           Congress or the President, or are They About Equally
           Important 
              58: V153  

         Behavior - Pres. Candidate:
       - Reduce Unemployment:  Does R Think Candidate as President
          Would (7-Pt. Agree/Disagree)
           . Carter 
              76: V3237 
           . Ford 
              76: V3230 

       - If R Had a Say in the Federal Budget, Which Programs Would
           R Like to See Increased and Which Decreased [list shown to R]:
           . Government Assistance for the Unemployed
              88: V379[&402]       92: V3816       PS: V503*
           . Government Jobs for the Unemployed
              84: V1002;CM893     86: V332[&340] 
           . Job Training Programs
              88: ST527

       - How Would R Rate the Amount of Federal Spending on [list shown to
          R]:
         . Unemployment Compensation 
              82: V323 



                                                                             
             INFLATION/UNEMPLOYMENT TRADEOFF                       III.C.4.e 
                                                                             

       - Inflation/Unemployment Tradeoff (Which Problem Should Be
           Reduced, Even if the Other Problem Gets Worse), 7-Point
           Scale, Perceived Positions of:
         . John Anderson 
              80: V304;I494 
         . Howard Baker 
              80: I498 
         . Jerry Brown 
              80: I497 
         . George Bush 
              80: I499 
         . Jimmy Carter 
              80: V302;I492 
         . John Connally 
              80: I496 
         . Democratic Party 
              80: V307;I501 
         . Ted Kennedy 
              80: V305;I495 
         . Ronald Reagan 
              80: V303;I493 
         . Republican Party 
              80: V306;I500 
         . What the Federal Government Is Doing Now
              80: V308;I502 

       - Checkpoint: How do R's and the Perceived Government Positions
           on the 7-Point Inflation/Unemployment Tradeoff Scale
           Compare 
             80: V309;I503 

                  --(if R has chosen positions for self and government) How
                     Important is it that the Government Comes Closer to/ Stays
                     Close to R's Opinion on the 7-Point Scale for
                     Inflation/Unemployment Tradeoff (FOLLOWUP)
                       80: V310;I504 

       - Is There a Connection Between Inflation and Unemployment Such
           That One's Reduction Results in the Other's Increase
              80: V201;I487 

       - Inflation/Unemployment Tradeoff (Which Problem Should Be
           Reduced, Even if the Other Problem Gets Worse), 7-point
           Scale, R's Position
              80: V301;I491 







                                                                   
  Interest Rates and Prices                               III.C.5  
                                                                   

                                                            
             INTEREST RATES                       III.C.5.a 
                                                            

       - Does R Think Interest Rates Will Rise, Fall or Stay the Same
           in the Next Year
              72: V520*  

       - Does R Approve or Disapprove of Reagan's Handling of High
           Interest Rates 
              82: V375[C] 



                                                    
             PRICES                       III.C.5.b 
                                                    

          SEE ALSO:  inflation topics in III.C.4, Inflation and Unemployment.


                                                 
                     In the Economy III.C.5.b(1) 
                                                 

       - How Does R Feel About the Cost of Necessities
             72: V798*

       - Does R Think Prices in the Next Year Will Rise, Fall or Stay
           the Same
              62: V19              66: V48              68: V281  
              72: V515*  

                  --(if rise, fall or stay the same) Will Event Predicted
                     by R be a Good or Bad Thing (FOLLOWUP)
                        62: V20              66: V49  
                  --(if rise) How Much of an Increase (in Percent)
                     (FOLLOWUP)
                        68: V282             72: V516*  
                  --(if rise) Will the Price Increase be Larger, Smaller
                     or the Same as Last Year (FOLLOWUP)
                        72: V517*  

       - Since the Government Announced Wage and Price Controls More
           Than a Year Ago, Have Prices Risen, Fallen or Stayed the
           Same
              72: V518*,519*  

                  --(if rose) Did it Rise Substantially or Just a Bit
                     (FOLLOWUP)
                        68: V282             72: V516*  


       - Does R Think Prices in the Past Year Have Risen, Fallen or
           Stayed the Same
              62: V18

       - In the Next Five Years, Does R Expect that Prices Will Be
           Higher, Lower or About the Same
              62: V18,21  

       - Should the Government Continue to Control the Price of Gas
           and Oil or Should these Prices be Allowed to Rise in Order
           to Encourage Energy Conservation by Consumers
              80: V1145;I648 

                --(if allow prices to rise) Should Prices be Allowed to Rise a
                   Little, Some, or a Lot (FOLLOWUP)
                     80: V1146;I649 

       - Should we Charge Higher Prices for Energy to Discourage
           People from Using it or Limit the Amount of Energy which
           People are Allowed to Use in Order to Reduce the Amount of
           Energy Which the U.S. Consumes
              76: V3928 

       - Will we Have to Live with Rising Prices and Energy Shortages
           or Does R Think Something Can be Done to Deal Successfully
           with the Energy Problem
              80: V209;I652 

       - Should the Government Provide Farm Price Support and Limit
           the Amount a Farmer Can Produce (Agree/Disagree, incl.
           strength of agreement/disagreement) [asked of Rs in farm households]
              56: V141             58: V201             60: V149  
              64: V227             66: V214             68: V199,200  

       - If R Had a Say in the Federal Budget, Which Programs Would
           R Like to See Increased and Which Decreased [list shown to R]:
         . Farm Support Programs
              88: ST520

       - Has R's Family Income in the Last Year (1980: Last Five 
           Years) Gone Up with the Cost of Living, Fallen Behind, or
           Stayed About Even
              80: V153;I482        84: V154;CM122       86: V362(A) 
              88: V210             92: V3431

                  --(if gone up or fallen behind) Gone Up/Fallen Behind a
                     Lot or Gone Up/Fallen Behind a Little (FOLLOWUP)
                          84: V155;CM123       86: V363(A) 
                          88: V211             92: V3432

       - Does R Think it is Currently a Good or Bad Time to Buy a
           House
              72: V521*


                  --(if R has opinion) Reason (FOLLOWUP)
                        72: V522*

       - Does R Think it is Currently a Good or Bad Time to Buy a Car
              72: V523-525*

                  --(if R has opinion) Reason (FOLLOWUP)
                        72: V526*
                            ---(if reason is that car prices will go up) Why
                               Does R Expect Car Prices to Go Up
                                    72: V527*

       - Does R Think it is Currently a Good or Bad Time to Buy Major
           Household Items
              72: V533*,534*  



                                                             
                        R's Purchases and Sales III.C.5.b(2) 
                                                             

       - How Likely Will it Be that R's Standard of Living in the
           Years to Come Will be Good Enough to Purchase the Things R
           Would Like to Own
              72: V537*

       - Over the Past Four Years, Have the Prices of R's Farm
           Products Gone Up, Gone Down or Stayed the Same, Degree of
           Change.  [Asked of Rs in Farm Households]
              56: V236             58: V199             60: V147  
              64: V225             66: V212             68: V197  

       - How Much Effect Has Government Farm Policies Had on the Price
           R Gets for Farm Products [Asked of Rs in Farm Households]
              56: V237             58: V200             60: V148  
              64: V226             66: V213             68: V198  

       - Has R's Family Income in the Last Year (1980: Last Five 
           Years) Gone Up with the Cost of Living, Fallen Behind, or
           Stayed About Even
              80: V153;I482        84: V154;CM122       86: V362(A) 
              88: V210             92: V3431

                  --(if gone up or fallen behind) Gone Up/Fallen Behind a Lot
                    or Gone Up/Fallen Behind a Little (FOLLOWUP)
                          84: V155;CM123       86: V363(A) 
                          88: V211             92: V3432

       - Does R or Anyone in R's Household Own a Car; Does Anyone
           Expect to to Buy or Lease a Car in the Next Year
              72: V523,524,528*




                  --(if R does not state that s/he will 'never buy a car')
                    Classification of Possibility Whether R Will or Will Not
                    Buy or Lease a Car in the Next Year (FOLLOWUP)
                        72: V529*
                            ---(if at least 'less than even' chance of buying
                                or leasing a car) Will it Be a New or Used Car
                                    72: V530
                            ---(if at least 'less than even' chance of buying
                                or leasing a car) When Would This Happen
                                (Time of Year)
                                    72: V531
                            ---(if less than an even chance of buying a car
                                in the next year) How Long Will it Probably be
                                Before R Buys or Leases a Car
                                    72: V532
                  --(if R has opinion) Reason (FOLLOWUP)
                        72: V33

       - Should the Government Provide Farm Price Support and Limit
           the Amount a Farmer Can Produce (Agree/Disagree, incl.
           strength of agreement/disagreement) [asked of Rs in farm households]
              56: V141             58: V201             60: V149  
              64: V227             66: V214             68: V199,200  

       - Effect of Recent (1968) Income Tax Increase on R's Spending
           and Saving 
              68: V279,280 



                                                                   
  Labor and 'Big Business'                                III.C.6  
                                                                   

       For R's Union Affiliation, see Chapter I, Section A.18.

       For how labor union members/leaders will vote and how 'big business'
        interests will vote, see Chapter V, Section D.1.b., How Others Vote/
        Will Vote.

       For 'savings and loan' industry problems, see Chapter III, Section C.7.

       - Labor Unions: Opinion of Own Group's Efforts to Influence
           Congress
              56: V248*

       - Labor Unions:  Opinion of Own Group's Aid to Political
           Candidates
              56: V249*

       - Labor Unions, R's Opinion of Influence of
              72: V737             74: V2379            76: V3566 

       - Labor Unions and Democrats: Perceived Agreement 7-Point
           Scale
              72: V644  

       - Workingmen and Labor Unions: Perceived Agreement 7-Point
           Scale
              72: V641  

       - Government Should See That Labor Unions Don't Have Much Say
           About How Government Is Run:  Agree/Disagree
              56: V62              60: V237  

                  --Opinion of Existing Government Action (FOLLOWUP)
                         56: V63  
                             ---(if has opinion and knows what govt is doing)
                                 Party Closer to R's View
                                  56: V64  

       - Group(s) That R Trusts/Distrusts to Recommend Candidates
        . Labor Unions
              56: V263             60:  V162

       - Does R Think Union Members Will Vote Mostly Democratic,
           Mostly Republican or About Evenly Split (1956 also
           includes R's/ Head's Union Members)
              52: V101             56: V149,151,153

                  --(if R has opinion) Reasons (FOLLOWUP)
                         52: V100             56: V150,152,154

       - Labor Unions, Feeling Thermometer  
              64: V246             66: V127             68: V235
              72: V722             74: V2367            76: V3836
              80: V874;I682        84: V767             86: V151[&178]
              88: V604[&648]       90: V157[&191]       CWP:V157[&191]
              92: V5316            CF: V210,236

       - Labor Unions, Whether R Feels Close to
              80: V1157;I704       84: V1088            88: V1101
              92: V6206

       - Group(s) That R Trusts/Distrusts to Recommend Candidates
        . Big Business
              56: V268             60:  169

       - Businessmen, R's Opinion of Influence of
              76: V3589 

         Perceptions 1976, presidential:
       - Groups R Sees As Better Off by Electing Carter
        . Businessmen 
              76: V3316 

         Perceptions 1976, presidential:
       - Groups R Sees As Better off by Electing Ford
        . Businessmen 
              76: V3332   

       - Government Should See That Business Corporations Don't Have
           Much to Say About How Government Is Run:  Agree/Disagree
              56: V47  

                  --Opinion of Existing Government Action (FOLLOWUP)
                         56: V48  
                             ---(if has opinion and knows what govt is doing)
                                 Party Closer to R's View
                                     56: V49  

       - Big Business and Republicans: Perceived Agreement 7-pt.
           Scale
              72: V649  

       - Should the Government Guarantee Everyone a Job and Good
           Standard of Living, 7-Point Scale, Perceived Positions of:
        . Most Businessmen 
              76: V3764 

       - Government Health Insurance Plan, 7-Point Scale, Perceived
           Position of:
        . Most Businessmen 
              76: V3278 

       - Should the Tax Rate be Changed so that Those with High
           Incomes Pay a Higher Rate of Income Tax than People Who
           Earn Less, 7-Point Scale, Perceived Positions of:
        . Most Big Businessmen
              72: V669*            76: V3786 

       - Government Aid to Minorities, 7-Point Scale:  Should the
           Government Help Blacks and Other Minority Groups or Should
           Minorities Help Themselves (in 1988, the first variable
           specifies "blacks" only, not "blacks and other
           minorities" while the second variable reads "blacks and
           other minorities"). Perceived Positions of:  
        . Most Businessmen 
              76: V3269 

       - Do the High-Up People in Government Give Everyone a Fair
           Break or Do Some of Them Pay More Attention to Big
           Business
              58: V158

       - Has R Has Heard or Read About Probable Effects of the 1980
           Proposed 30% Cut (Over 3-Year Period) in Federal Income
           Taxes
              80: V333;I545 


                  --(if yes) Does R Think the Following Would Occur as a
                     Result:  [list read to R] (FOLLOWUP)
                   . Most Savings Go to Business 
                       80: V336;I548 

       - Does R Think Big Business Will Vote Mostly Democratic,
           Mostly Republican or About Evenly Split
              52: V100

                  --(if R has opinion) Reasons (FOLLOWUP)
                         52: V109

       - Is R's Local Government Run by a Few Big Interests Looking
           Out for Selves or Run for the Benefit of all the People
              76: V3908 

       - Is the Government Run by a Few Big Interests Looking Out for
           Themselves or is it Run for the Benefit of All the People
              58: V158             64: V405             66: V176  
              68: V505             70: V152             72: V91*,572  
              74: V2231            76: V3164            78: V348 
              80: V403;I430        82: V530             84: V1065  
              88: V957             90: V506             CWP:V506,2488
              CF: V605

       - Business Interests/'Big Business,' Feeling Thermometer
              64: V241             66: V119             68: V224
              72: V707             74: V2356            76: V3821
              80: V859;I667        84: V773             88: V612[&656]
              92: V5322            CF: V209,235

       - Big Business, Whether R Feels Close to (92: Business People)
              80: V1149;I696       92: V6209



                                                                   
  Savings and Loan Crisis/Bailout                         III.C.7  
                                                                   

       - Has R Heard or Read Anything About the Problems in the
           Savings and Loan Business
              90: V473             CWP:V473             92: V3748

                  --(if yes) Who Does R Think is More to Blame-- Reagan,
                      Bush, Congress or the Owners and Managers of the
                      Savings and Loans (FOLLOWUP)
                         90: V474             CWP:V474
                         92: V3749
                            ---(if owners and managers) Leaving Aside Owners
                                and Managers, Who is More to Blame--
                                Reagan, Bush or Congress
                                    90: V475
                                    CWP:V475
                  --(if yes) Who Does R Think is More to Blame-- the
                      Democratic or Republican Party (FOLLOWUP)
                         90: V476             CWP:V476

       - Who is More Responsible for the Savings and Loan Problems--
           the President or Congress
              PS: V223*

       - Which Party is More Responsible for the Savings and Loan
           Problems-- the Democratic or Republican Party
              PS: V224*

       - Which Party Would Do a Better Job in Cleaning Up the Savings
           and Loan Crisis
              90: V394             CWP:V394



                                                                   
  Taxes                                                   III.C.8  
                                                                   

                                                           
             R'S OWN TAXES                       III.C.8.a 
                                                           

     SEE Chapter V, Section A.2.a(2) for R's Use of $1 check-off option for 
         political campaigns on income tax return.


       - Did R Receive an Income Tax Refund This Year or Did R Owe the
           Government Money or Did R not Have to File a Return
              72: V865

                    --(if R did not have to file or doesn't know if had to file)
                       Does R Expect to be Required to File a Return Next Time
                       (FOLLOWUP)
                          72: V866
                              ---(if yes) ## Does R Expect to Receive a
                                  Refund, Owe Money, or Come out Even
                                    72: V874
                                        (if owe) ## Where Will R Get the
                                         Money to Pay the IRS 
                                            72: V875
                    --(if R did not receive a refund and did not owe) ## Does R
                       Expect to Receive a Refund, Owe Money or Come Out Even
                       When R Files the Next Tax Return (FOLLOWUP)
                          72: V874



                              ---(if owe) ## Where Will R Get the Money
                                  to Pay the IRS
                                    72: V875
                    --(if R received a refund) In the Last 3 or 4 Years, Has R
                       Usually Received a Refund or Was the Refund R's
                       First or What (FOLLOWUP)
                          72: V867
                    --(if R received a refund) Was the Amount of the Refund More
                       or Less than R Expected or Just About What R
                       Expected (FOLLOWUP)
                          72: V868
                              ---(if larger) Why Was it Larger
                                    72: V869
                    --(if R received a refund) About How Much Was Refund
                       (FOLLOWUP)
                          72: V870
                              ---(if more than $25) What Did R Do with Refund
                                    72: V871
                    --(if R received a refund) Does R Expect a Refund Next Time
                       (FOLLOWUP)
                          72: V872
                              ---(if no) Does R Expect to Owe or Come Out
                                  Even
                                    72: V873
                              ---(if yes) Why Does R Expect This
                                    72: V882
                              ---(if yes) Does R Expect it to be About the
                                  Same Size, or Larger or Smaller
                                    72: V883
                                        (if larger) Why Does R Expect it to
                                         be Larger
                                            72: V884
                                        (if larger) What Would R do with
                                         the Extra Money
                                            72: V886
                              ---(if yes) ## What Will R Do With the Money
                                            72: V885
                    --(if R owed money) How Much Did R Owe (FOLLOWUP)
                          72: V876
                    --(if R owed money) Where Did R Get the Money to Pay the
                       Government (FOLLOWUP)
                          72: V877
                    --(if R owed money) Does R Expect to Owe the Same Amount
                       Next Time or Does R Expect a Refund or What
                       (FOLLOWUP)
                          72: V878
                              ---(if will owe) Where Will R Get the Money to
                                  Pay the Government
                                    72: V879
                              ---(if will owe less) Why Will it be Less
                                    72: V880



                              ---(if R does not expect refund) What Would R do
                                  with the Money if R Received a
                                  Refund Equal to One Week's Salary
                                    72: V881
                              ---(if R expects refund) ## What Will R Do With
                                  the Money
                                    72: V885

       - Does R File Estimates of Current Year's Income or Does R File
           a Return the Following Year
              72: V887

       - Did R File Joint or Separate Returns  [asked of married Rs]
              72: V889

       - ## Did R Earn any Money From Which Federal Income Tax was
           Withheld this Year  [asked of married Rs]
              72: V890
                    --(if yes) ## How Does the Proportion Withheld Compare
                       with the Proportion Withheld Last Year
                       (FOLLOWUP)
                           72: V894
                               ---(if larger) ## Why is it Larger
                                   (FOLLOWUP)
                                     72: V895
                    --(if yes) ## Has the Number of Exemptions Changed
                       Since Last Year Such that the Amount Withheld
                       is Different  (FOLLOWUP)
                           72: V896
                               ---(if yes) ## More or Fewer Exemptions
                                     72: V897
                               ---(if yes) ## Why was it Changed
                                     72: V898
                    --(if yes) ## Has R Had a Second Job this Year
                       (FOLLOWUP)
                           72: V899

       - ## Did R Earn any Money From Which Federal Income Tax was
           Withheld this Year  [asked of unmarried Rs]
                72: V893

                    --(if yes) ## How Does the Proportion Withheld Compare
                       with the Proportion Withheld Last Year
                       (FOLLOWUP)
                           72: V894
                               ---(if larger) ## Why is it Larger
                                     72: V895
                    --(if yes) ## Has the Number of Exemptions Changed
                       Since Last Year Such that the Amount Withheld
                       is Different  (FOLLOWUP)
                           72: V896



                               ---(if yes) ## More or Fewer Exemptions
                                     72: V897
                               ---(if yes) ## Why was it Changed
                                     72: V898
                    --(if yes) ## Has R Had a Second Job this Year
                       (FOLLOWUP)
                           72: V899

       - Did R's Spouse Earn any Money From Which Federal Income Tax
           was Withheld this Year  [asked of married Rs]
              72: V891
 
                    --(if yes) How Does the Proportion Withheld Compare
                        with the Proportion Withheld Last Year
                        (FOLLOWUP)
                           72: V894
                               ---(if larger) Why is it Larger     
                                     72: V895
                    --(if yes) Has Spouse's Number of Exemptions Changed
                       Since Last Year Such that the Amount Withheld
                       is Different  (FOLLOWUP)
                           72: V896
                               ---(if yes) More or Fewer Exemptions
                                     72: V897
                               ---(if yes) Why was it Changed
                                     72: V898
                    --(if yes) Has Spouse Had a Second Job this Year
                           72: V899 (FOLLOWUP)

       - Effect of Recent (1968) Income Tax Increase on R's Spending
           and Saving 
              68: V279,280 

       - What Have Been the Effects on R of the Two 1982 Federal
           Income Tax Cuts
              82: V452[C] 

       - Is R's Federal Income Tax a Fair Share 
              80: V321;I533 

       - Most People with Higher Incomes Than R Pay Less Than Their
           Fair Share of Taxes (Agree/Disagree)
              78: V447 



                                                                            
         SPECIFIC TAXES OR CHANGES/PROPOSALS                      III.C.8.b 
                                                                            

       - Opinion of 1962 Proposal to Reduce Income Tax Rate 
              62: V26 



       - 1980 Proposed 30% Cut (Over 3 Year Period) in Federal Income
           Taxes.  Does R Have an Opinion
              80: V322;I534 

                  --(if yes) R's Position on 5-Point Scale (FOLLOWUP)
                       80: V323;I535 
                  --(if yes) Perceived Positions on 5-Point Scale of:
                     (FOLLOWUP)
                   . John Anderson 
                       80: V326;I538 
                   . Jimmy Carter 
                       80: V324;I536 
                   . Democratic Party 
                       80: V329;I541 
                   . Federal Government's Position 
                       80: V330;I542 
                   . Ted Kennedy 
                       80: V327;I539 
                   . Ronald Reagan 
                       80: V325;I537 
                   . Republican Party 
                       80: V328;I540 
                           ---(if R rates both self and federal government)
                               Checkpoint: R's/Government Positions
                               Compared 
                                   80: V331;I543 
                           ---(if R rates both self and federal government)
                               How Important is it that the Government
                               Changes/Maintains its Position so that
                               it Comes Closer/Matches R's
                                   80: V332;I544 

       - Has R Has Heard or Read About Probable Effects of the 1980
           Proposed 30% Cut (Over 3-Year Period) in Federal Income
           Taxes
              80: V333;I545 

                  --(if yes) Does R Think the Following Would Occur as a
                     Result:  [list read to R] (FOLLOWUP)
                   . Government Deficit Spending Increase 
                       80: V338;I550 
                   . Government Services Cut 
                       80: V337;I549 
                   . Inflation Get Worse 
                       80: V334;I546 
                   . More People Employed 
                       80: V335;I547 
                   . Most Savings Go to Business 
                       80: V336;I548 
                   . Tax Revenue Same Because Economy Stronger 
                       80: V339;I551 




       - Has R Heard of California Proposition 13 
              78: V445 

                  --(if yes) Would R Vote for a Similar Measure 
                     (FOLLOWUP)
                       78: V446 

       - Effect of Recent (1968) Income Tax Increase on R's Spending
           and Saving 
              68: V279,280 

       - Does R Approve or Disapprove of Reagan's 1982 Handling of
           Changes in Federal Taxes 
              82: V374[C] 

       - What Have Been the Effects on R of the Two 1982 Federal
           Income Tax Cuts
              82: V452[C] 

       - Does R Have an Opinion on Recent (1986) Changes in the Tax
           Laws.
              86: V494[&499]

                  --(if yes) Does R Approve or Disapprove of the Changes 
                     (FOLLOWUP)
                       86: V495[&500]
                           ---(if approve or disapprove) Approve/Disapprove
                               Strongly  or Approve/Disapprove Not
                               Strongly 
                                  86: V496[&501]
                           ---(if approve or disapprove) Is the President or
                               is Congress More Responsible for What R
                               Likes/ Doesn't Like About the New Tax
                               Laws
                                  86: V497[&502]
                                      (if congress or equally) Which Party in
                                       Congress is Most Responsible
                                       for the Things R Likes/ Doesn't
                                       Like
                                          86: V498[&503]

       - Would R be Willing to Pay More Taxes in Order to Reduce the
           Budget Deficit
              88: V249[&270]     

       - Would R Support or Oppose a Tax Increase to Reduce the
           Federal Budget Deficit
              90: V484          CWP:V484        PS: V575*,578*
                 --(if support/oppose) How Strongly Support/Oppose
                    (FOLLOWUP)
                       90: V485             CWP:V485
                       PS: V576*,577*

       - Would R Support or Oppose a Tax Increase to Clean Up the
           Nation's Air and Water
              90: V486             CWP:V486

                 --(if support/oppose) How Strongly Support/Oppose
                    (FOLLOWUP)
                       90: V487              CWP:V487

       - Does R Approve or Disapprove of Recent Agreements Made to
           Increase Taxes and Reducing Government Spending in Order
           to Reduce the Budget Deficit
              90: V355             CWP:V355

       - If the U.S. Saves a Lot of Money on Defense Spending in the
           Next Few Years, What Should the Money be Spent on--
           Reducing the Federal Budget Deficit, Cutting Taxes, or
           Increased Spending on Domestic Programs
              90: V490             CWP:V490

       - Would R Be Against or in Favor of Allowing People, When They
           Figure Their Income Tax, to Deduct the Money They Give to
           Parties and Candidates in the Same Way that Money Given to
           Charities Can be Deducted
              64: V339
                 --(if yes/no) Why (FOLLOWUP)
                       64: V340

        - Does R Favor or Oppose Taxing Social Security Retirement 
            Benefits 
              CWP:V2823,2826       92: V6134
                 --(if favor/oppose) Does R Favor/Oppose Strongly or
                    Not Strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                         CWP:V2824,2825       92: V6134

       - Should the Government Increase Taxes to Pay for the
           Increasing Costs of Medical Care for the Elderly or Should
           Medical Care for the Elderly be Reduced Instead of Raising
           Taxes
            CWP:V2819,2822
                 --(if medical benefits reduced) Reduced a Lot or a Little
                        CWP:V2820 (FOLLOWUP
                 --(if taxes increased) Increased a Lot or a Little
                        CWP:V2821 (FOLLOWUP)




                                                           
          TAXES IN GENERAL                       III.C.8.c 
                                                           

       - Will What R Pays in Federal Income Taxes Over the Next Year 
           Go Up, Go Down, or Stay About the Same, R's Opinion.
              92: V6150

                  --(if go up/go down) Will R's Taxes Go Up/Go Down a 
                     Lot or a Little (FOLLOWUP)
                        92: V6151

       - Which Party is More Likely to Raise Taxes
              88: V354[&361];    90: V389;SS197;       CWP:V389,2414
              92: V3550          PS: V221

       - Which Presidential Candidate is More Likely to Try to Raise 
           Taxes
              92: V3450 

       - Most People with Higher Incomes Than R Pay Less Than Their
           Fair Share of Taxes (Agree/Disagree)
              78: V447 

       - People on Welfare and Taxpayers: Perceived Agreement 7-pt.
           Scale
              72: V648 

       - Federal Taxes Are Not Too High Considering the Services Which
           Are Provided (Agree/Disagree)
              78: V448 

       - Federal Income Taxes Should Be Cut Even If Means Reduced  
            Military Spending and Government Services 
              78: V449

       - Government Should Cut Taxes Even If Some Important Things
           Must be Put Off (Agree/Disagree)
              56: V29            88: V944[&983,1096]

                  --(if R has opinion) On the Issue of Cutting Taxes, Is the
                     Federal Government Going Too Far, Doing Less than
                     It Should or Doing About Right  (FOLLOWUP)
                        56: V30
                  --(if R has opinion) Which Party is Closer to R's Opinion
                     (FOLLOWUP)
                        56: V29-31 

       - Has R Heard of California Proposition 13 
              78: V445 

                  --(if yes) Would R Vote for a Similar Measure 
                     (FOLLOWUP)
                        78: V446 


       - Which Economic Policies Would R Like to See the Government
           Choose to Cope With the Current Economic Situation [list shown to
           R],  First, Second, Third Priority:
        . Lower Federal Income Taxes 
        . Increase Federal Income Taxes 
              82: V330-332 

       - Which Economic Policies Does R Think Ronald Reagan Would
           Choose to Cope With the Current Economic Situation [list shown to
           R],  First, Second, Third Priority:
        . Lower Federal Income Taxes 
        . Increase Federal Income Taxes 
              82: V333-335 

       - Should the Tax Rate be Changed so that Those with High
           Incomes Pay a Higher Rate of Income Tax than People Who
           Earn Less, 7-Point Scale, R's Position
              72: V178*,661*     76: V3779  

       - Is the Problem of (1976: High) Taxes Important or Not
           Important to R
              74: V2138          76: V3706

       - How Would R Rate the Importance of the Issue of (1976: High)
           Taxes to R
              74: V2148          76: V3727 

                 --(if important) How Much Responsibility Does the
                     Government Have for Solving the Problem of High
                     Taxes (FOLLOWUP)
                       76: V3717 

       - Does R Know if Federal Tax Rates Have Gone Up, Gone Down, or
           Remained the Same as 2 or 3 Years Ago
              72: V864

       - Would R be Willing to Pay More Taxes in Order to Reduce the
           Budget Deficit
              88: V249[&270]

       - Would R Support or Oppose a Tax Increase to Reduce the
           Federal Budget Deficit
              90: V484          CWP:V484         PS: V575*,578*
              

                 --(if support/oppose) How Strongly Support/Oppose
                       90: V485             CWP:V485
                       PS: V576*,577*

       - Would R Support or Oppose a Tax Increase to Clean Up the
           Nation's Air and Water
              90: V486             CWP:V486             



                 --(if support/oppose) How Strongly Support/Oppose
                       90: V487              CWP:V487

       - Should the Government Increase Taxes to Pay for the
           Increasing Costs of Medical Care for the Elderly or Should
           Medical Care for the Elderly be Reduced Instead of Raising
           Taxes
            CWP:V2819

                 --(if medical benefits reduced) Reduced a Lot or a Little
                        CWP:V2820
                 --(if taxes increased) Increased a Lot or a Little
                        CWP:V2821
                 --(if R has opinion) Summary: R's Opinion
                        CWP:V2822

       - Should the Tax Rate be Changed so that Those with High
           Incomes Pay a Higher Rate of Income Tax than People Who
           Earn Less, 7-Point Scale, Perceived Positions of:
         . Jimmy Carter 
              76: V3781 
         . Democratic Party
              72: V182*,665*     76: V3782
         . Gerald Ford 
              76: V3780 
         . George McGovern  
              72: V180*,663*  
         . Most Big Businessmen
              72: V669*          76: V3786 
         . Most Middle Class People
              72: V668*
         . Most Poor People
              76: V3785
         . Most Workingmen
              72: V667*          76: V3784
         . Richard Nixon  
              72: V179*,662*
         . Republican Party  
              72: V183*,666*     76: V3783  
         . George Wallace  
              72: V181*,664*

       - Does R Approve or Disapprove of Recent Agreements Made to
           Increase Taxes and Reducing Government Spending in Order
           Order to Reduce the Budget Deficit
              90: V355           CWP:V355

       - If the U.S. Saves a Lot of Money on Defense Spending in the
           Next Few Years, What Should the Money be Spent on--
           Reducing the Federal Budget Deficit, Cutting Taxes, or
           Increased Spending on Domestic Programs
              90: V490           CWP:V490



       - Was the Issue of Taxes Emphasized in 1974 Senatorial
           Campaign 
              74: V2128 

       - Do the People in Government Waste a Lot OR Not Much Tax Money
              58: V156           64: V402             68: V503  
              70: V150           72: V89*,570         74: V2229  
              76: V3162          78: V346             80: V401;I428
              82: V528           84: V1063            88: V956
              90: V505           CWP:V505             92: V6121
              CF: V606

       - How Likely is it that the Growing Number of Hispanics in
           the United States Will:
          . Cause Higher Taxes Due to More Demands for Public
             Services
              CWP:V2622           92: V6237

       - How Likely is it that the Growing Number of Asians in the 
           United States Will: 
          . Cause Higher Taxes Due to More Demands for Public
             Services
              92: V6240














                                     III.D

                    Issues:  Foreign Relations and Defense



          For amnesty for draft evaders see Chapter III, Section A.1.
          For patriotism and nationalism see Chapter III, Section F.6. 
          For recognition/knowledge of foreign leaders, see Chapter V, 
              SectionC.2., Knowledge of Political Information.



                                                                   
  Arms Control, Disarmament                               III.D.1  
                                                                   

       - Should the U.S. Freeze Production of Nuclear Weapons 
           Unilaterally or Only if the Soviet Union Freezes Production
           Also or Should the U.S. Not Freeze Production at All
            82: V305[C] 

       - What is the Likelihood of a U.S.-Soviet Agreement on Freeze 
           of Nuclear Weapon Production
            82: V306 

       - Does R Approve or Disapprove of the Way Reagan Is Handling 
            Nuclear Arms Control 
            82: V455[C] 

       - Does R Approve or Disapprove of the Recent Agreements Between
           the U.S. and the Soviet Union to Reduce the number of
           Nuclear Arms
            88: V364
              
                --(if approve or disapprove) approve/disapprove strongly or
                   approve/disapprove not strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                     88: V365



       - Is Preventing the Spread of Nuclear Weapons Very Important,
           Somewhat Important or Not Important as a U.S. Foreign
           Policy Goal
            CWP:V2404            92: V5941



                                                                   
  Defense Spending                                        III.D.2  
                                                                   

       - The U.S. Should Remain the World's Strongest Military Power 
           Even if it Means Continuing High Defense Spending (5-point
           Agree/Disagree)
            92: V3603

       - Which Party is More in Favor of Cutting Military Spending 
            72: V589*            76: V3359            CF: V523

       - How Would R Rate the Amount of Federal Spending on [list shown to
            R]:
         . Military, Armaments and Defense
            80: I560             82: V317 

       - Defense Spending, 7-Point Scale (from Spend Much Less to
           Spend Much More), R's Position
            80: V281;I505        82: V407[C]          84: V395
            86: V405[&415]       88: V310             90: V439
            CWP:V439,2475        92: V3707            CF: V843,844

       - Defense Spending, 7-Point Scale (from Spend Much Less to
           Spend Much More), Perceived Positions of:
         . John Anderson 
            80: V284;I508 
         . Howard Baker 
            80: I512 
         . Jerry Brown 
            80: I511 
         . George Bush 
            80: I513             88: V312             90: V440
            CWP:V440,2476        92: V3708
         . Jimmy Carter 
            80: V282;I506 
         . Bill Clinton 
            92: V3709
         . John Connally 
            80: I510 
         . Democratic Candidate for House (by name) 
            82: V411[C]          86: V407[&417]       90: V441
            CWP:V441
         . Democratic Candidate for Senate (by Name) 
            86: V410[&420]



       DEFENSE SPENDING   [con't]
         . Democratic Party 
            80: V287;I515        82: V409[C]          84: V398
            86: V412[&422]       88: V316             90: V443
            CWP:V443,2477        92: V3711            CF: V549,550
         . Democratic Presidential Candidate
            CF: V9081
         . Michael Dukakis
            88: V311
         . Independent/Third Party Candidate for House (by name) 
            82: V413[C]          86: V409[&419]
         . Jesse Jackson
            88: V313
         . Ted Kennedy 
            80: V285;I509 
         . Walter Mondale 
            84: V397 
         . President
            CF: V9073
         . Ronald Reagan 
            80: V283;I507        82: V408[C]          84: V396
            86: V406[&416]       88: V317
         . Republican Candidate for House (by name) 
            82: V412[C]          86: V408[&418]       90: V442
            CWP:V442
         . Republican Candidate for Senate (by Name) 
            86: V411[&421]
         . Republican Party 
            80: V286;I514        82: V410[C]          84: V399
            86: V413[&423]       88: V315             90: V444
            CWP:V444,2478        92: V3710            CF: V551,552
         . Republican Presidential Candidate
            CF: V9089
         . What Federal Government Is Doing 
            80: V288;I516        82: V414[C]          84: V400
            86: V414[&424]       88: V314             90: V445
            CWP:V445             92: V3712            CF: V9118

       - Checkpoint:  How Does R's Position on 7-Point Defense
           Spending Scale Compare with the Perceived Position of the
           Federal Government [asked of Rs who rated both self and government]
            80: V289;I517 

                 --(if self and government rated) How Important is it to R that
                    the Government Stays Close to/ Comes Closer to R's
                    Position (FOLLOWUP)
                     80: V290;518 

       - Defense Spending, Branching Format, Should Defense Spending
           be Decreased or Increased:  Does R Have an Opinion
            84: CM873 




                 --(if yes) Does R Think Defense Spending Should Be
                    Decreased or Increased  (FOLLOWUP)
                     84: CM874 
                         ---(if decreased or increased) Decreased/Increased
                             a Lot or Decreased/Increased a Little
                               84: CM875 

       - Defense Spending, Branching Format, Should Defense Spending
           be Decreased or Increased or Kept the Same:  Perceived
           Positions of:
         . John Glenn 
            84: CM882,883 
         . Gary Hart 
            84: CM884,885 
         . Walter Mondale 
            84: CM879,880 
         . Ronald Reagan 
            84: CM876,877 

       - Has Government Spending on Defense Increased, Decreased or
           Stayed the Same Since 1980
            88: V909

                --(if increased) Does R Approve or Disapprove of Increase
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     88: V910
                --(if stayed the same) Does R Think Spending Should Have Been
                   Kept the Same or Should it Have Been Increased or
                   Decreased (FOLLOWUP)
                     88: V911
                --(if decreased) Does R Approve or Disapprove of Decrease
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     88: V912

       - Summary:  R's Attitude on Level of Defense Spending Since
           1980
            88: V913

       - Perceived Distance Between Parties on Issues: 
         . Defense Spending, 7-Point Scale
            CF: RV563

       - Perceived Proximity of R to Democratic or Republican Party:
         . Defense Spending, 7-Point Scale
            CF: V574

       - Should Military Spending Be Cut or Continue at Least at the
           Present Level
            72: V588*            76: V3357           CF: V828






                 --(if cut) Should it Still be Cut Even If U.S. Military
                    Strength Would Fall Behind that of the Soviets 
                    (FOLLOWUP)
                     76: V3358 
                 --(if continue at least at present level) Even If Could be Sure that
                    Cut Would Not Mean U.S. Military Strength Falls
                    Behind that of the Soviets  (FOLLOWUP)
                     76: V3358 

       - If R Had a Say in the Federal Budget, for Which Programs
           Would R Like to See Spending Increased or Decreased [list shown to
           R]
         . Aid to the Contras in Nicaragua
            88: V350[&357];ST524  PS: V502*
         . Defense Spending
            88: ST519             PS: V509
         . Star Wars
            88: V351[&358];ST525  PS: V504*

       - Which Economic Policies Would R Like to See the Government
           Choose to Cope With the Current Economic Situation [list shown to
           R],  First, Second, Third Priority:
        . Reduce Defense Spending 
            82: V330-332 

       - Which Economic Policies Does R Think Ronald Reagan Would
           Choose to Cope With the Current Economic Situation [list shown to
           R],  First, Second, Third Priority:
        . Reduce Defense Spending 
            82: V333-335 

       - Federal Income Taxes Should Be Cut Even If Means Reduced  
           Military Spending and Government Services 
            78: V449

       - If the U.S. Saves a Lot of Money on Defense Spending in the
           Next Few Years, What Should the Money be Spent on--
           Reducing the Federal Budget Deficit, Cutting Taxes, or
           Increased Spending on Domestic Programs
            90: V490               CWP:V490



                                                                   
  Economic Aid to Foreign Countries                       III.D.3  
                                                                   

       - Should the U.S. Give Economic Help to Poorer Countries Even
           if They Can't Pay for It 
            56: V41              58: V29              60: V60,236  



                --(if R has opinion) Is the Government Currently Doing Too
                   Much or Not Enough with Foreign Aid (FOLLOWUP)
                     56: V42
                         ---(if R rates government action) Which Party is Closer
                             to R's View
                               56: V43
                --(if R has opinion) Which Party is Closer to R's Opinion
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     58: V30
                --(if R has opinion) ## Which Party is More Likely to Favor
                   Foreign Aid (FOLLOWUP)
                     60: V61

       - Should the U.S. Give Help to Foreign Countries or Should Each
           Country be on Its Own
            64: V84              68: V96            

                --(if R has opinion) Is R's Mind Made Up or Does R Have Some
                   Doubts (FOLLOWUP)
                     64: V85  
                --(if R has opinion) ## Which Party is More Likely to Favor
                   Foreign Aid (FOLLOWUP)
                     64: V86             68: V97

       - Should the U.S. Help Foreign Countries Even if They Don't
           Stand for the Same Things We Do (Agree/Disagree)
            72: V292             76: V3927

       - Should the U.S. Give Help to Foreign Countries Even if They
           Are Not as Much Against Communism as We Are (Agree/
           Disagree)
            56: V71

                --(if R has opinion) Is the Government Currently Doing Too
                   Much or Not Enough with Foreign Aid (FOLLOWUP)
                     56: V72  
                         ---(if R rates government action) Which Party is Closer
                             to R's View
                               56: V73 

       - Does the 1958 Democratic US House Candidate Oppose or Support
           Foreign Aid [asked of Rs who said they had 'heard or read something'
            about this candidate AND who has an opinion on at least 1 of 2
            questions:  1) is the 1958 Dem. House candidate the right type for
            a congressman; or  2) does the 1958 Dem. House candidate understand
            problems of people like R]
                58: V138

                --(if R knows) Does R Like Candidate's Stand (FOLLOWUP)
                     58: V139
                --(if R knows) Has Candidate Done Anything About Stand
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     58: V144




       - Does the 1958 Republican US House Candidate Oppose or Support
           Foreign Aid [asked of Rs who said they had 'heard or read something'
           about this candidate AND who has an opinion on at least 1 of 2
           questions:  1) is the 1958 Rep. House candidate the right type for a
           congressman; or  2) does the 1958 Rep. House candidate understand
           problems of people like R]
            58: V114

                --(if R knows) Does R Like Candidate's Stand (FOLLOWUP)
                     58: V115
                --(if R knows) Has Candidate Done Anything About Stand
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     58: V120

       - If R Had a Say in the Federal Budget, Which Programs Would
           R Like to See Increased and Which Decreased [list shown to R]
         . Foreign Aid
            90: V378               CWP:V378
            PS: V512*
         . Aid to Countries of the Former Soviet Union
            92: V3731

       - Should the U.S. Give Economic Assistance to East European
           Countries That Have Turned Toward Democracy
            90: V353(B)            CWP:V353(B),2401

       - How Would R Rate the Amount of Federal Spending on [list shown to
            R]:
         . Foreign Aid 
            80: I561            82: V318 



                                                                   
  Foreign Relations                                       III.D.4  
                                                                   

                                                     
          IN GENERAL                       III.D.4.a 
                                                     

          For limiting imports coming into the U.S. from other countries, see
             Chapter III, Section C.3.


       - Does R Approve or Disapprove of the Way President Is Handling
           Relations with Foreign Countries 
            84: V264;CM305       88: V255             90: V102
            CWP:V102,2120,2123   92: V3321            PS: V44,47*

                 --(if approve or disapprove) Approve/Disapprove Strongly or
                    Approve/Disapprove Not Strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                     84: V265;CM306      88: V256
                     90: V103            CWP:V103,2121,2122
                     92: V3322           PS: V45,46*

       - What is the Most Important Problem(s) the U.S. Faces in
           Foreign Relations (3 mentions)
            76: V3923-3925 

       - How Well Has the U.S. Done Recently in Dealing with Foreign  
           Countries.  Explanation.
            58: V56,57           60: V81,82           64: V135,136  
            68: V112,113 

       - Would R Say that in the Past Year or So the Position of the
           U.S. in the World Has Become Stronger, Weaker or Stayed the
           Same.  Explanation
            58: V58,59           60: V83,84           64: V137,138  
            68: V114,115         84: V246;CM607       86: V523 
            88: V252             90: V494             CWP:V494,2482
            92: V3601            CF: V9045

       - The U.S. Should Be Willing to Go More Than Half-Way in Being
           Friendly With the Rest of the World (Agree/Disagree)
            56: V65  

                --(if R has opinion) Is the Government Currently Going Too
                   Far or Doing Less Than it Should in Being Friendly
                   with Other Countries (FOLLOWUP)
                     56: V66  
                --(if R has opinion) Which Party is Closer to R's View
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     56: V67

       - Isolationist Attitudes:  U.S. Better Off Not to Concern
           Itself with Problems Elsewhere: How Do the Positions of the
           Major Parties Compare
            52: V52 

       - Isolationist Attitudes:  U.S. Better Off Not to Concern
           Itself with Problems Elsewhere (Agree/Disagree)
            52: V51              56: V35              58: V25  
            60: V56              68: V522             72: V291  
            76: V3926            80: V1036;I427       84: V1057 
            86: V535(A)          88: V254             90: V498(B)
            CWP:V498(B),2485     92: V3604            CF: V823

                --(if R has opinion) Is the Government Currently Doing Too
                   Much or Not Enough with Problems in the Rest of the
                   World (FOLLOWUP)
                     56: V36  
                --(if R has opinion) Which Party is Closer to R's View
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     56: V37             58: V26
                --(if R has opinion) Which Party is More Likely to Favor
                   Staying Home (FOLLOWUP)
                     60: V57

       - Which is the Best Way to Keep Peace:  Have a Strong Military
           or Work out Disagreements at the Bargaining Table
            88: V966[&993];ST512
                --(if R chooses) Strength of R's Feeling (FOLLOWUP)
                     88: ST513,514

       - How Would R Rate the Importance to R of the Issue of U.S.
          Foreign Relations to R 
            74: V2152            76: V3731 

       - Is the Issue of U.S. Relations with Foreign Countries
           Important or Not Important to R 
            74: V2142            76: V3710 

                --(if important) How Much Responsibility Does the Government
                   Have for Solving the Problem of Relations with
                   Foreign Countries (FOLLOWUP)
                     76: V3721 

         Behavior - Pres. Candidate:
       - Develop Good Foreign Relations:  How Well Does R Think
           Candidate as President Would 
         . John Anderson 
            80: V391;I314
         . Howard Baker 
            80: I341 
         . George Bush 
            80: I350 
         . Jimmy Carter 
            80: V400;I296 
         . John Connally 
            80: I332
         . Ted Kennedy 
            80: I323     
         . Ronald Reagan [How well does...describe Reagan as President]
            80: V382;I305        82: V385[C] 

       - Was the Issue of U.S. Relations with Foreign Countries
           Emphasized in the 1974 Senatorial Campaign 
            74: V2132 

       - The U.S. Should Maintain its Position as the World's Most
           Powerful Nation Even if it Means Going to the Brink of War
           (Agree/Disagree)
            88: V972[&999,1081]

       - The U.S. Should Remain the World's Strongest Military Power 
           Even if it Means Continued High Defense Spending (5-point 
           (Agree/Disagree)
            92: V3603

       - How Important is it for the U.S. to Have a Strong Military in
           Order to Deal Effectively with Our Enemies
            88: V967[&994]        90: V496(B)          CWP:V496(B),
                                                           2483

       - Have the Policies of the Reagan Administration Made the U.S.
           More Secure or Less Secure From its Foreign Enemies Since
           1980 or Hasn't it Changed Much
            88: V1034[&1048,1061]

                --(if more or less secure) Much More/Less Secure or Somewhat
                   More/Less Secure (FOLLOWUP)
                     88: V1035

       - Which Party is More Likely to Do a Better Job in Handling
           Foreign Affairs
            90: V393           CWP:V393,2416          92: V3546
            PS: V219*

       - Which Presidential Candidate Would Do a Better Job at 
           Handling Foreign Affairs
            92: V3328

       - Is Securing Adequate Supplies of Energy Very Important,
           Somewhat Important or Not Important as a U.S. Foreign
           Policy Goal
            CWP:V2403              92: V5940

       - Is Preventing the Spread of Nuclear Weapons Very Important,
           Somewhat Important or Not Important as a U.S. Foreign
           Policy Goal
            CWP:V2404              92: V5941

       - Is Reducing Environmental Pollution Around the World Very
           Important, Somewhat Important or Not Important as a U.S.
           Foreign Policy Goal
            CWP:V2405              92: V5942

       - Is Protecting Weaker Nations Against Foreign Aggression Very
           Important, Somewhat Important or Not Important as a U.S.
           Foreign Policy Goal 
            CWP:V2406              92: V5943

       - Is Helping to Bring a Democratic Form of Government to Other
           Nations Very Important, Somewhat Important or Not Important
           as a U.S. Foreign Policy Goal
            CWP:V2407              92: V5944









                                                                   
          SPECIFIC COUNTRIES/AREAS                       III.D.4.b 
                                                                   

                                                     
                        Central America III.D.4.b(1) 
                                                     

       - Should the U.S. Become More or Less Involved in the Internal
           Affairs of Central America, 7-Point Scale, R's Position
            84: V388,1039        86: V428[&438]

                --(if R has opinion) How Important is it That the Federal
                   Government Does What R Wants on the Issue of
                   Involvement in Central America (FOLLOWUP)
                     84: V394,1047 

       - Should the U.S. Become More or Less Involved in the Internal
           Affairs of Central America, 7-Point Scale, Perceived
           Positions of:
         . Democratic Candidate for House (by Name) 
            84: V1042            86: V430[&440] 
         . Democratic Candidate for Senate (by Name) 
            86: V433[&443]
         . Democratic Party 
            84: V391             86: V435[&445]
         . Independent/Third Party Candidate for House (by Name) 
            84: V1044            86: V432[&442] 
         . Walter Mondale 
            84: V390,1041 
         . Most Conservatives 
            84: V1046 
         . Most Liberals 
            84: V1045 
         . Ronald Reagan 
            84: V389,1040        86: V429[&439]
         . Republican Candidate for House (by Name) 
            84: V1043            86: V431[&441] 
         . Republican Candidate for Senate (by Name) 
            86: V434 [&444] 
         . Republican Party 
            84: V392             86: V436[&446] 
         . What Federal Government Is Doing 
            84: V393             86: V437[&447] 

       - Degree of Involvement in the Internal Affairs of Central
          America, Branching Format:  Does R Have an Opinion
            84: CM838            88: ST508

                --(if R has opinion) Increase or Decrease Involvement or 
                   In-Between (FOLLOWUP)
                     84: CM839           88: ST509





                         ---(if increase or decrease) Increase/Decrease to Some
                             Extent or Increase/Decrease to a Great
                             Extent
                               84: CM840 
                               88: ST510,511

       - Degree of Involvement in the Internal Affairs of Central
           America, Branching Format, Perceived Positions of:
         . Gary Hart 
            84: CM845,846 
         . Jesse Jackson 
            84: CM847,848 
         . Walter Mondale 
            84: CM843,844 
         . Ronald Reagan 
            84: CM841,842 

       - If R Had a Say in the Federal Budget, for Which Programs
           Would R Like to See Spending Increased or Decreased [list shown to
           R]
         . Aid to the Contras in Nicaragua
            88: V350[&357];ST524   PS: V502*
                


                                                          
                         Communist Countries III.D.4.b(2) 
                                                          

       - Should Americans Be Allowed to Trade with Communist Countries
           (1972: Does R Have an Opinion, [if yes] Opinion)
            64: V347             68: V100             72: V54*,55*  

                --(if R has opinion) Is R's Mind Made Up or Does R Have Some
                   Doubts (FOLLOWUP)
                     64: V348  
                --(if R has opinion) Which Party is More Likely to Favor
                   Trade with Communist Countries (FOLLOWUP)
                     64: V349            68: V101 

       - Should the U.S. Government Have Talks with Communist
           Countries to Try to Settle Differences or Not
            64: V87              68: V98  

                --(if R has opinion) Is R's Mind Made Up or Does R Have Some
                   Doubts (FOLLOWUP)
                     64: V88  
                --(if R has opinion) Which Party is More Likely to Favor
                   Talk with Communist Countries (FOLLOWUP)
                     64: V89             68: V99 




       - The Best Way for the U.S. to Deal with Communist Countries is
           to Act Just as Tough as They Do (Agree/Disagree)
            56: V50  

                --(if R has opinion) Is the Government Currently Going Too
                   Far in Being Tough With Coummunist Countries or is
                   it Doing Less Than it Should  (FOLLOWUP)
                     56: V51  
                --(if R has opinion) Which Party is Closer to R's View
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     56: V52  

       - Should the U.S. Give Help to Foreign Countries Even if They
           Are Not as Much Against Communism as We Are (Agree/
           Disagree)
            56: V71

                --(if R has opinion) Is the Government Currently Doing Too
                   Much or Not Enough with Foreign Aid (FOLLOWUP)
                     56: V72  
                         ---(if R rates government action) Which Party is Closer
                             to R's View
                               56: V73 

       - The U.S. Should Keep Soldiers Overseas Where They Can Help
           Countries that Are Against Communism (Agree/Disagree)
            56: V56              58: V33              60: V64  

                --(if R has opinion) Is the Government Currently Going Too
                   Far in Keeping Soldiers Overseas or Not Doing
                   Enough (FOLLOWUP)
                     56: V57  
                --(if R has opinion) Which Party is Closer to R's View
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     56: V58             58: V34  
                --(if R has opinion) Which Party is More Likely to Favor
                   Keeping Soldiers Overseas (FOLLOWUP)
                     60: V65  

       - Any Time a Country Goes Communist, it Should be Considered a
           Threat to the Vital Interests and Security of the U.S.
           (Agree/Disagree)
            88: V973[&1000,1086]

       - The U.S. Should do Everything it Can to Prevent the Spread of
           Communism to any Other Part of the World (Agree/Disagree)
            88: V974[&1001,1093]

       - How Much Has R Heard or Read About Changes in Soviet Union
           and Eastern Europe
            90: V351(B)            CWP:V351(B)




       - Does R Think the Cold War is Coming to an End
            90: V352(B)            CWP:V352(B),2400

       - Should the U.S. Give Economic Assistance to East European
          Countries That Have Turned Toward Democracy
            90: V353(B)            CWP:V353(B),2401

       - If R Had a Say in the Federal Budget, Which Programs Would
           R Like to See Increased and Which Decreased [list shown to R]
         . Aid to Countries of the Former Soviet Union
            92: V3731



                                            
                         Japan III.D.4.b(3) 
                                            

          SEE ALSO:  Imports, Balance of Trade, III.C.3.


       - Which is a Bigger Threat to the U.S.--the Military Power of
           the Soviet Union or the Economic Power of Japan
            90: V354(B)            CWP:V354(B)

       - Do Japanese Companies Compete Unfairly or is the U.S. to
           Blame for its Own Economic Problems
            90: V492               CWP:V492             92: V3803

       - Japan, Feeling Thermometer
            CWP:V2223



                                                  
                         Middle East III.D.4.b(4) 
                                                  

       - Does R Favor or Oppose Using American Military Forces in the
           Middle East to Protect Oil Shipments
            88: V366

                --(if favors or opposes) favor/oppose strongly or favor/oppose
                   not strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                     88: V367

       - Does R Approve or Disapprove of Carter's Handling of the
           Hostage Crisis in Iran
            80: V210;I469 

                --(if approve or disapprove) Does R Approve/Disapprove Strongly
                   or Approve/Disapprove Not Strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                     80: V211;I469 




       - Did U.S. Do the Right Thing by Sending Military Forces to the
           Persian Gulf or Should We Have Stayed Out
            90: V357               CWP:V357,2408        92: V3608

       - How Important is Persian Gulf Issue to R
            CWP:V2409

       - What Should U.S. Do Now in Persian Gulf:  Pull Out Entirely,
           Try Harder to Find a Diplomatic Solution, Tighten the
           Economic Embargo, or Take Tougher Military Action
            90: V358               CWP:V358             PS: V598-601*
            

       - Does R Approve or Disapprove of the Way George Bush is
           Handling the Crisis in the Persian Gulf
            90: V359               CWP:V359,2410,2413   92: V3325

                --(if approve or disapprove) Does R Approve/Disapprove Strongly
                   or Not Strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                     90: V360                CWP:V360,2411,2412
                     92: V3326

       - Does R Approve or Disapprove of the Way George Bush Handled 
           the Crisis in the Persian Gulf
            92: V3615

                --(if approve or disapprove) Does R Approve/Disapprove Strongly
                   or Not Strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                     92: V3616   

       - Before the Persian Gulf War Started, Did R Favor the Use of
           Military Force or Reliance on Economic Sanctions
            CWP:V2500              PS: V517*

       - Does R Remember How U.S. House Representative Voted on the
           Use of Force in the Persian Gulf
            CWP:V2501              92: V3612

                --(if yes) Did Representative Vote For or Against
                     CWP:V2502               92: V3613
                --(if no) How Would R Guess Representative Voted
                     CWP:V2503               92: V3614
                --(if R has recalls/opinion) Summary: R's Recall/Opinion
                     CWP:V2504

       - Does R Remember How U.S. Senator #1 Voted on the Use of Force
           in the Persian Gulf
            CWP:V2505              PS: V518*

                --(if yes) Did Senator #1 Vote For or Against
                     CWP:V2506               PS: V519*
                --(if no) How Would R Guess Senator # 1 Voted
                     CWP:V2507               PS: V520*


                --(if R has recalls/opinion) Summary: R's Recall/Opinion
                     CWP:V2508

       - Does R Remember How U.S. Senator #2 Voted on the Use of Force
           in the Persian Gulf
            CWP:V2509              PS: V522*

                --(if yes) Did Senator #2 Vote For or Against
                     CWP:V2510               PS: V523*
                --(if no) How Would R Guess Senator # 2 Voted
                     CWP:V2511               PS: V524*
                --(if R has recalls/opinion) Summary: R's Recall/Opinion
                     CWP:V2512

       - Before the War Started, Was One Party More in Favor of Using
           Military Force in the Persian Gulf Than the Other or Were
           the Parties About Equal in Support for Military Force
           Before the War
            CWP:V2513,2515         92: V3609

                --(if one party supported more) Which Party (FOLLOWUP)
                     CWP:V2514               92: V3610

       - Which of the Following Feelings Did R Have During the Persian
           Gulf War:
        . Proud
            CWP:V2516
        . Upset
            CWP:V2518
        . Sympathy for the Iraqui People
            CWP:V2520
        . Worried That the Fighting Might Spread
            CWP:V2522
        . Angry at Saddam Hussein
            CWP:V2524
        . Disgusted at the Killing
            CWP:V2526
        . Afraid for the American Troops
            CWP:V2528

                --(if R felt) Did R Feel Proud Strongly or Not Strongly
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     CWP:V2517 
                --(if R felt) Did R Feel Upset Strongly or Not Strongly
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     CWP:V2519 
                --(if R felt) Did R Feel Sympathy for the Iraqui People
                   Strongly or Not Strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                     CWP:V2521 
                --(if R felt) Did R Feel Worried That the Fighting Might
                   Spread Strongly or Not Strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                     CWP:V2523 


                --(if R felt) Did R Feel Angry at Saddam Hussein
                   Strongly or Not Strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                     CWP:V2525 
                --(if R felt) Did R Feel Disgusted at the Killing
                   Strongly or Not Strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                     CWP:V2527 
                --(if R felt) Did R Feel Afraid for the American Troops
                   Strongly or Not Strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                     CWP:V2529

       - How Much Attention Did R Pay to News About the War in the
           Persian Gulf
            CWP:V2530

       - After the War Started, Was One Party More in Favor of the
           War in the Persian Gulf Than the Other or Were the Parties
           About Equal in Support of the War After it Started
            CWP:V2531,2533

                --(if one party supported more) Which Party (FOLLOWUP)
                     CWP:V2532

       - Did Anything Good for the U.S. Come Out of the War in the
           Persian Gulf
            CWP:V2534              92: V3617

                --(if yes) What (FOLLOWUP)
                     CWP:V2535-2539          92: V3618-3622

       - Other Than Loss of Lives, Did Anything Bad for the U.S. Come
           Out of the War in the Persian Gulf
            CWP:V2540              92: V3623

                --(if yes) What (FOLLOWUP)
                     CWP:V2541-2545          92: V3624-3628

       - All Things Considered, Was the Persian Gulf War Worth the
           Cost or Not
            CWP:V2546              92: V3629

       - How Worried Is R That Another War Will Break Out in the
           Middle East in the Next Few Years
            CWP:V2547

       - Which is Closer to R's Position:  There Should Be No Bombing
           Near Where Civilians Live;  OR:  Such Bombing May be
           Necessary in Wartime
            CWP:V2548

                --(if R has opinion) Does R Feel Strongly or Not Strongly
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     CWP:V2549
                --(if R has recalls/opinion) Summary: R's Opinion (FOLLOWUP)
                     CWP:V2550


       - Does R Have Any Relatives or Close Friends Who Were Called Up
           for or Who Served in the Persian Gulf War
            CWP:V2551

                --(if yes) Who (FOLLOWUP)
                     CWP:V2552-2555

       - Does R Think the U.S. and Allies Should Have Continued to
           Fight Iraq Until Saddam Hussein Was Driven From Power or
           Was the U.S. Right to Stop Fighting After Kuwait was
           Liberated
            CWP:V2556              92: V3630

       - Which Statement is Closer to R's View:  the U.S. Did Not Act
           Quickly Enough to Give Aid to the Kurdish People After the
           Fighting Stopped;  OR:  the Kurdish Situation is an
           Internal Iraqi Problem and We Should Not be Involved at All
            CWP:V2557

       - Palestinians:  Feeling Thermometer
            88: V623[&667]         CWP:V2221

       - Israel:  Feeling Thermometr
            CWP:V2225



                                                 
                      Miscellaneous III.D.4.b(5) 
                                                 

       - Does R Think it Was the Fault of the U.S. Government that
           China Went Communist
            52: V53 

       - Does R Know the Type of Government in Mainland China. Does R
           Know if China is a U.N. Member
            64: V352             68: V107             72: V59*,60* 

                --(if R's knowledge is correct) Does R Think Communist China
                   Should be Admitted to the U.N. (FOLLOWUP)
                     64: V353            68: V108  
                     72: V61*  
                --(if R's knowledge is correct) Does R Think the U.S. Should
                   Recognize Mainland China (FOLLOWUP)
                     72: V62*  

       - Does R Know the Type of Government in Cuba  
            64: V354             68: V109  

                --(if R knows) Should the U.S. Try to Oust the Communist
                   Cuban Government   (FOLLOWUP)
                     64: V355            68: V109  



       - Is R Most Worried About Vietnam, China or Cuba. Which is R
           Least Worried About.  
            64: V356             68: V110,111  

       - R's Opinion of Jimmy Carter's Actions After Soviet Invasion
           of Afghanistan 
            80: V212;I470 



                                                
                      South Africa III.D.4.b(6) 
                                                

       - Does R Have an Opinion on What U.S. Policy Toward South
           Africa Should Be
            86: V489[&492]       88: V860

                --(if yes) Should the U.S. Apply Economic Pressure to
                   South Africa to Change their Racial Laws 
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     86: V490[&493]      88: V861[&888]
                         ---(if R gives opinion) Does R Hold This Opinion
                             Strongly or Not Strongly 
                               86: 491
                               88: V862

       - Summary:  R's Opinion of U.S. Stand Toward South Africa
            88: RV863

       - ## Should Economic Sanctions Against South Africa Be
           Increased or Decreased, 7-Point Scale
            90: V433(A)            CWP:V433(A)

       - ## Should Economic Sanction Against South Africa Be Increased
           or Decreased, Branching Format
            90: V436(B)             CWP:V436(B)

                --(if increased/decreased) Increased/Decreased a Lot or a Little
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     90: V437(B)             CWP:V437(B)



                                                                
               Soviet Union/Commonwealth of States III.D.4.b(7  
                                                                

       - Cooperate More With Russia or Be Tougher with Russia (1980:
           Try to Get Along With or Big Mistake to Try Hard to Get
           Along with Russia), 7-Point Scale, R's Opinion
            80: V1078;I575       84: V408             86: V487 
            88: V368             CF: V841,842



       - Cooperate More With Russia or Be Tougher with Russia (1980:
           Try to Get Along With or Big Mistake to Try Hard to Get
           Along with Russia), 7-Point Scale, Perceived Positions of:
         . John Anderson 
            80: V1081;I578 
         . Howard Baker 
            80: I582 
         . Jerry Brown 
            80: I581 
         . George Bush 
            80: I583             88: V370
         . Jimmy Carter 
            80: V1079;I576 
         . John Connally 
            80: I580 
         . Democratic Candidate for House (by name) 
            80: V1083 
         . Democratic Candidate for Senate (by name) 
            80: V1086 
         . Democratic Party 
            80: V1090;I585       84: V411             88: V374
            CF: V545,546
         . Democratic Presidential Candidate
            CF: V9082
         . Michael Dukakis
            88: V369
         . Independent/Third Party Candidate for House (by name) 
            80: V1085 
         . Independent/Third Party Candidate for Senate (by name) 
            80: V1088 
         . Jesse Jackson
            88: V371
         . Ted Kennedy 
            80: V1082;I579 
         . Walter Mondale 
            84: V410 
         . President
            CF: V9074
         . Ronald Reagan 
            80: V1080;I577       84: V409             88: V375
         . Republican Candidate for House (by name) 
            80: V1084 
         . Republican Candidate for Senate (by name) 
            80: V1087 
         . Republican Party 
            80: V1089;I584       84: V412             88: V373
            CF: V546,548
         . Republican Presidential Candidate
            CF: V9090
         . What Federal Government is Doing 
            80: V1091;I586       84: V413             88: V372
            CF: V9117



       - Checkpoint:  R's Position and Perceived Government Position
           on 7-Point Scale for Cooperation with Russia Compared 
            80: V1092;I587 

                --(if R rated self and government) How Important is it to R
                   that the Government Stays Close to/ Comes Closer to R's
                   Position (FOLLOWUP)
                     80: V1093;I588 

       - Perceived Distance Between Parties on Issues:
         . Cooperation with Russia, 7-Point Scale
            CF: RV562

       - Perceived Proximity of R to Democratic or Republican Party:
         . Cooperation with Russia, 7-Point Scale
            CF: RV573

       - Cooperate with Russia or Be Tougher, Branching Format, Does R
           Have an Opinion
            84: CM913 

                --(if yes) Does R Think It Important for U.S. to Cooperate
                   with Russia or to Get Tougher in Dealings with
                   Russia or In Between (FOLLOWUP)
                     84: CM914 
                         --(if cooperate or get tougher) Cooperate/Get Tougher
                            Somewhat or Cooperate/Get Tougher a Lot
                               84: CM915 

       - Cooperate with Russia or Be Tougher, Branching Format,
           Perceived Positions of:
         . Gary Hart 
            84: CM920,921 
         . Walter Mondale 
            84: CM918,919 
         . Ronald Reagan 
            84: CM916,917 

       - Should the U.S. Increase or Decrease of Trade and Business
           with the Soviet Union, 7-Point Scale, R's Opinion
            82: V462 

       - Does R Approve or Disapprove of Reagan's Handling of
           Relations with Soviet Union 
            82: V67[C] 

       - In Recent Dealings with the Soviet Union Has the U.S. Given
           Up Far More Than we Received
            76: V3352 






       - Should the U.S. Freeze Production of Nuclear Weapons 
           Unilaterally or Only if the Soviet Union Freezes Production
           Also or Should the U.S. Not Freeze Production at All
            82: V305[C] 

       - What is the Likelihood of a U.S.-Soviet Agreement on Freeze 
           of Nuclear Weapon Production
            82: V306 

       - Does R Approve or Disapprove of the Recent Agreements Between
           the U.S. and the Soviet Union to Reduce the number of
           Nuclear Arms
            88: V364

                 --(if approve or disapprove) approve/disapprove strongly or
                    approve/disapprove not strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                     88: V365

       - Should Military Spending Be Cut or Continue at Least at the
           Present Level
            72: V588*            76: V3357           CF: V828

                 --(if cut) Should it Still be Cut Even If U.S. Military
                    Strength Would Fall Behind that of the Soviets 
                    (FOLLOWUP)
                     76: V3358 
                 --(if continue at least at present level) Even If Could be
                    Sure that Cut Would Not Mean U.S. Military Strength Falls
                    Behind that of the Soviets  (FOLLOWUP)
                     76: V3358 

       - R's Opinion of Jimmy Carter's Actions After Soviet Invasion
           of Afghanistan 
            80: V212;I470 

       - How Much Has R Heard or Read About Changes in Soviet Union
           and Eastern Europe
            90: V351(B)            CWP:V351(B)

       - Does R Think the Cold War Between the U.S. and the Soviet
           Union is Coming to an End
            90: V352(B)            CWP:V352(B),2400

       - Should the U.S. Give Economic Assistance to East European
          Countries That Have Turned Toward Democracy
            90: V353(B)            CWP:V353(B),2401

       - Which is a Bigger Threat to the U.S.--the Military Power of
           the Soviet Union or the Economic Power of Japan
            90: V354(B)            CWP:V354(B)

       - Should Federal Spending on Aid to Countries of the Soviet 
           Union be Increased, Decreased, or Kept About the Same
            92: V3731



                                                                   
  War, the Military, National Defense                     III.D.5  
                                                                   

          For patriotism and nationalism, see III.F.6.
          For defense spending, see III.D.2.
          For R's/head's military service record, see I.A.12., Demographics,
             Military Service.



                                                                            
             PERCEPTIONS ABOUT THE MILITARY                       III.D.5.a 
                                                                            

       - The Military, R's Opinion of Influence of
            74: V2386  

       - The Military, Feeling Thermometer  
            64: V243             68: V231             70: V246  
            72: V717             74: V2362            76: V3831  
            80: V869;I677        84: V781             88: V618[&662]
            92: V5328            CF: V213,239

       - Would R Favor or Oppose a Law Requiring That All Young Adults
           Serve Their Country by Spending Time in the Military, the
           Peace Corps, or in Some Other Kind of National Service
            90: V489             CWP:V489

       - Does R Think Both Men and Women Should Be Subject to the
           Draft, or Should Only Men be Drafted
            CWP:V2709

       - Does R Think Homosexuals Should Be Allowed to Serve in the 
           U.S. Armed Forces, Or Does R Not Think So
            92: V5925

                 --(if yes, think so/don't think so) Does R Feel Strongly/Not
                    Strongly that Homosexuals Should/Should Not be 
                    Allowed to Serve in the U.S. Armed Forces 
                    (FOLLOWUP)
                     92: V5926  








                                                                                
          USE OF THE MILITARY, NATIONAL DEFENSE                       III.D.5.b 
                                                                                

          See note above, III.D.5.

          See also III.D.5.c(1) - III.D.5.c(5) for military engagements in war
          (conventional war, Korea, nuclear war, Persian Gulf, Vietnam).


       - In the Future, How Willing Should the U.S. be to Use Military
           Force to Solve International Problems
            CWP:V2402              92: V3605

       - Does R Favor or Oppose Using American Military Forces in the
           Middle East to Protect Oil Shipments
            88: V366

                --(if favors or opposes) favor/oppose strongly or favor/oppose
                   not strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                     88: V367

       - If R Had a Say in the Federal Budget, for Which Programs
           Would R Like to See Spending Increased or Decreased [list shown to
           R]
         . Aid to the Contras in Nicaragua
            88: V350[&357];ST524   PS: V502*
         . Star Wars
            88: V351[&358];ST525   PS: V504*

       - The U.S. Should Keep Soldiers Overseas Where They Can Help
           Countries that Are Against Communism (Agree/Disagree)
            56: V56                58: V33            60: V64  

                --(if R has opinion) Is the Government Currently Going Too
                   Far in Keeping Soldiers Overseas or Not Doing
                   Enough (FOLLOWUP)
                     56: V57  
                --(if R has opinion) Which Party is Closer to R's View
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     56: V58             58: V34  
                --(if R has opinion) Which Party is More Likely to Favor
                   Keeping Soldiers Overseas (FOLLOWUP)
                     60: V65  

       - Which is the Best Way to Keep Peace:  Have a Strong Military
           or Work out Disagreements at the Bargaining Table
            88: V966[&993];ST512

                --(if R has opinion) Strength of Feeling (FOLLOWUP)
                     88: ST513,514



       - How Important is it for the U.S. to Have a Strong Military in
           Order to Deal Effectively with Our Enemies
            88: V967[&994]         90: V496(B)        CWP:V496(B),2483

       - Have the Policies of the Reagan Administration Made the U.S.
           More Secure or Less Secure From its Foreign Enemies Since
           1980 or Hasn't it Changed Much
            88: V1034[&1048,1061]

                --(if more or less secure) Much More/Less Secure or Somewhat
                   More/Less Secure (FOLLOWUP)
                     88: V1035

       - The U.S. Should Maintain its Position as the World's Most
           Powerful Nation Even if it Means Going to the Brink of War
           (Agree/Disagree)
            88: V972[&999]

       - The U.S. Should Remain the World's Strongest Military Power 
           Even if it Means Continued High Defense Spending (5-point 
           (Agree/Disagree)
            92: V3603

       - Should Military Spending Be Cut or Continue at Least at the
           Present Level
            72: V588*              76: V3357            CF: V828

                 --(if cut) Should it Still be Cut Even If U.S. Military
                    Strength Would Fall Behind that of the Soviets 
                    (FOLLOWUP)
                     76: V3358 
                 --(if continue at least at present level) Even If Could be
                    Sure that Cut Would Not Mean U.S. Military Strength Falls
                    Behind that of the Soviets  (FOLLOWUP)
                     76: V3358 

       - Any Time a Country Goes Communist, it Should be Considered a
           Threat to the Vital Interests and Security of the U.S.
           (Agree/Disagree)
            88: V973[&1000]

       - The U.S. Should do Everything it Can to Prevent the Spread of
           Communism to any Other Part of the World (Agree/Disagree)
            88: V974[&1001]

       - Does R Approve or Disapprove of the Way Reagan is Handling 
           National Defense 
            82: V376[C] 

       - Did U.S. Do the Right Thing by Sending Military Forces to the
           Persian Gulf or Should We Have Stayed Out
            90: V357               CWP:V357,2408        92: V3608

       - What Should U.S. Do Now in Persian Gulf:  Pull Out Entirely,
           Try Harder to Find a Diplomatic Solution, Tighten the
           Economic Embargo, or Take Tougher Military Action
            90: V358             CWP:V358             PS: V598-601*

       - Does R Approve or Disapprove of the Way George Bush is
           Handling the Crisis in the Persian Gulf
            90: V359             CWP:V359,2410,2413   92: V3325

                --(if approve or disapprove) Does R Approve/Disapprove Strongly
                   or Not Strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                     90: V360                CWP:V360,2411,2412
                     92: V3326

       - Does R Approve or Disapprove of the Way George Bush 
           Handled the Crisis in the Persian Gulf
            92: V3615

                --(if approve or disapprove) Does R Approve/Disapprove Strongly
                   or Not Strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                     92: V3616

       - Does R Approve or Disapprove of Carter's Handling of the
           Hostage Crisis in Iran
            80: V210;I469 

                --(if approve or disapprove) Does R Approve/Disapprove Strongly
                   or Approve/Disapprove Not Strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                     80: V211;I469 

       - Before the Persian Gulf War Started, Did R Favor the Use of
           Military Force or Reliance on Economic Sanctions
            CWP:V2500              PS: V517*

       - Does R Remember How U.S. House Representative Voted on the
           Use of Force in the Persian Gulf
            CWP:V2501              92: V3612

                --(if yes) Did Representative Vote For or Against
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     CWP:V2502               92: V3613
                --(if no) How Would R Guess Representative Voted
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     CWP:V2503               92: V3614
                --(if R has recalls/opinion) Summary: R's Recall/Opinion
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     CWP:V2504

       - Does R Remember How U.S. Senator #1 Voted on the Use of Force
           in the Persian Gulf
            CWP:V2505              PS: V518*
                --(if yes) Did Senator #1 Vote For or Against
                     CWP:V2506               PS: V519*
                --(if no) How Would R Guess Senator # 1 Voted
                     CWP:V2507               PS: V520*
                --(if R has recalls/opinion) Summary: R's Recall/Opinion
                     CWP:V2508

       - Does R Remember How U.S. Senator #2 Voted on the Use of Force
           in the Persian Gulf
            CWP:V2509              PS: V522*

                --(if yes) Did Senator #2 Vote For or Against
                     CWP:V2510               PS: V523*
                --(if no) How Would R Guess Senator # 2 Voted
                     CWP:V2511               PS: V524*
                --(if R has recalls/opinion) Summary: R's Recall/Opinion
                     CWP:V2512

       - Before the War Started, Was One Party More in Favor of Using
           Military Force in the Persian Gulf Than the Other or Were
           the Parties About Equal in Support for Military Force
           Before the War
            CWP:V2513,2515         92: V3609

                --(if one party supported more) Which Party (FOLLOWUP)
                     CWP:V2514               92: V3610

       - After the War Started, Was One Party More in Favor of the
           War in the Persian Gulf Than the Other or Were the Parties
           About Equal in Support of the War After it Started
            CWP:V2531,2533

                --(if one party supported more) Which Party
                     CWP:V2532

       - Which is Closer to R's Position:  There Should Be No Bombing
           Near Where Civilians Live;  OR:  Such Bombing May be
           Necessary in Wartime
            CWP:V2548

                --(if R has opinion) Does R Feel Strongly or Not Strongly
                     CWP:V2549
                --(if R has recalls/opinion) Summary: R's Opinion
                     CWP:V2550

       - Does R Think the U.S. and Allies Should Have Continued to
           Fight Iraq Until Saddam Hussein Was Driven From Power or
           Was the U.S. Right to Stop Fighting After Kuwait was
           Liberated
            CWP:V2556              92: V3630

       - Which Statement is Closer to R's View:  the U.S. Did Not Act
           Quickly Enough to Give Aid to the Kurdish People After the
           Fighting Stopped;  OR:  the Kurdish Situation is an
           Internal Iraqi Problem and We Should Not be Involved at All
            CWP:V2557



                                             
         WAR                       III.D.5.c 
                                             

         - Does R Think the Cold War Between the U.S. and the Soviet
           Union is Coming to an End
            90: V352(B)            CWP:V352(B),2400



                                                               
                       Conventional or in General III.D.5.c(1) 
                                                               

       - Which is True: We Have Wars because People Don't Take Enough
           Interest in Politics  OR  There Will Always be Wars, No
           Matter How Hard People Try to Prevent Them
            72: V64*

       - Human Nature Being What it is, There Must be War (Agree/
           Disagree)
            52: V219*            56: V279*

       - How Worried R Is About U. S. Getting into War (1982-1992:
            Conventional War) 
            56: V84              60: V85              64: V139  
            82: V307[C]          84: V247;CM608       86: V534(A) 
            88: V858             90: V497(B)          CWP:V497(B),2484
            92: V3607            CF: V848

       - In Recent Years, Has the Chance of Staying out of War Gotten
           Better or Worse
            56: V85              60: V86              64: V140  

       - Over the Last Few Years, Have the Chances of the U.S. Getting
           into a War Increased, Decreased or Stayed the Same
            88: V362             

                --(if increased or decreased) Increased/Decreased a Lot or
                   Increased/Decreased a Little (FOLLOWUP)
                     88: V363

       - The U.S. Should Maintain its Position as the World's Most
           Powerful Nation Even if it Means Going to the Brink of War
           (Agree/Disagree)
            88: V972[&999,1081]



       - Which Party is More Likely (1980-1986: in the Next 4 Years)
           to Avoid War (1980-1986: or is it the Same by Both)
            56: V86              60: V87              64: V141
            80: V196;I413        82: V308[C]          84: V249 
            86: V524             88: V253             90: V493
            CWP:V493,2481        92: V3602            PS: V218*
            CF: V522

                --(if R has opinion other than 'same') Why is This (FOLLOWUP)
                     56: V87             60: V88
                     64: V142

       - How Worried Is R That Another War Will Break Out in the
           Middle East in the Next Few Years
            CWP:V2547

       - Anti-War Protesters, Feeling Thermometer
            CWP:V2227



                                                
                             Korea III.D.5.c(2) 
                                                

       - Whether U.S. Right in Getting Into Fighting in Korea
            52: V54              CF: V826[with Vietnam question]

       - What Action Should the U.S. Take in Korea Now
            52: V55              CF: V827[with Vietnam question]



                                                   
                              Nuclear III.D.5.c(3) 
                                                   

       - How Worried R Is About U. S. Getting into Nuclear War 
            84: V248;CM609       88: V859             90: V499(B)
            CWP:V499(B),2486     92: V3606



                                                        
                              Persian Gulf III.D.5.c(4) 
                                                        

       - Did U.S. Do the Right Thing by Sending Military Forces to the
           Persian Gulf or Should We Have Stayed Out
            90: V357               CWP:V357,2408        92: V3608

       - How Important is Persian Gulf Issue to R
            CWP:V2409





       - What Should U.S. Do Now in Persian Gulf:  Pull Out Entirely,
           Try Harder to Find a Diplomatic Solution, Tighten the
           Economic Embargo, or Take Tougher Military Action
            90: V358               CWP:V358             PS: V598-601*

       - Does R Approve or Disapprove of the Way George Bush is
           Handling the Crisis in the Persian Gulf
            90: V359               CWP:V359,2410,2413   92: V3325

                --(if approve or disapprove) Does R Approve/Disapprove Strongly
                   or Not Strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                     90: V360                CWP:V360,2411,2412
                     92: V3326

       - Does R Approve or Disapprove of the Way George Bush 
           Handled the Crisis in the Persian Gulf
            92: V3615  

                --(if approve or disapprove) Does R Approve/Disapprove Strongly
                   or Not Strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                     92: V3616

       - Before the Persian Gulf War Started, Did R Favor the Use of
           Military Force or Reliance on Economic Sanctions
            CWP:V2500              PS: V517*

       - Does R Remember How U.S. House Representative Voted on the
           Use of Force in the Persian Gulf
            CWP:V2501

                --(if yes) Did Representative Vote For or Against
                     CWP:V2502
                --(if no) How Would R Guess Representative Voted
                     CWP:V2503
                --(if R has recalls/opinion) Summary: R's Recall/Opinion
                     CWP:V2504

       - Does R Remember How U.S. Senator #1 Voted on the Use of Force
           in the Persian Gulf
            CWP:V2505              PS: V518*

                --(if yes) Did Senator #1 Vote For or Against
                     CWP:V2506               PS: V519*
                --(if no) How Would R Guess Senator # 1 Voted
                     CWP:V2507               PS: V520*
                --(if R has recalls/opinion) Summary: R's Recall/Opinion
                     CWP:V2508

       - Does R Remember How U.S. Senator #2 Voted on the Use of Force
           in the Persian Gulf
            CWP:V2509              PS: V522*
                --(if yes) Did Senator #2 Vote For or Against
                     CWP:V2510               PS: V523*
                --(if no) How Would R Guess Senator # 2 Voted
                     CWP:V2511               PS: V524*
                --(if R has recalls/opinion) Summary: R's Recall/Opinion
                     CWP:V2512

       - Before the War Started, Was One Party More in Favor of Using
           Military Force in the Persian Gulf Than the Other or Were
           the Parties About Equal in Support for Military Force
           Before the War
            CWP:V2513,2515         92: V3609
                --(if one party supported more) Which Party (FOLLOWUP)
                     CWP:V2514               92: V3610

       - Which of the Following Feelings Did R Have During the Persian
           Gulf War:
        . Proud
            CWP:V2516
        . Upset
            CWP:V2518
        . Sympathy for the Iraqui People
            CWP:V2520
        . Worried That the Fighting Might Spread
            CWP:V2522
        . Angry at Saddam Hussein
            CWP:V2524
        . Disgusted at the Killing
            CWP:V2526
        . Afraid for the American Troops
            CWP:V2528
                --(if R felt) Did R Feel Proud Strongly or Not Strongly
                     CWP:V2517
                --(if R felt) Did R Feel Upset Strongly or Not Strongly
                     CWP:V2519
                --(if R felt) Did R Feel Sympathy for the Iraqui People
                   Strongly or Not Strongly
                     CWP:V2521
                --(if R felt) Did R Feel Worried That the Fighting Might
                   Spread Strongly or Not Strongly
                     CWP:V2523
                --(if R felt) Did R Feel Angry at Saddam Hussein
                   Strongly or Not Strongly
                     CWP:V2525
                --(if R felt) Did R Feel Disgusted at the Killing
                   Strongly or Not Strongly
                     CWP:V2527
                --(if R felt) Did R Feel Afraid for the American Troops
                   Strongly or Not Strongly
                     CWP:V2529


       - How Much Attention Did R Pay to News About the War in the
           Persian Gulf
            CWP:V2530

       - After the War Started, Was One Party More in Favor of the
           War in the Persian Gulf Than the Other or Were the Parties
           About Equal in Support of the War After it Started
            CWP:V2531,2533

                --(if one party supported more) Which Party (FOLLOWUP)
                     CWP:V2532

       - Did Anything Good for the U.S. Come Out of the War in the
           Persian Gulf
            CWP:V2534              92: V3617

                --(if yes) What (FOLLOWUP)
                     CWP:V2535-2539          92: V3618-3622

       - Other Than Loss of Lives, Did Anything Bad for the U.S. Come
           Out of the War in the Persian Gulf
            CWP:V2540              92: V3623

                --(if yes) What (FOLLOWUP)
                     CWP:V2541-2545          92: V3624-3628

       - All Things Considered, Was the Persian Gulf War Worth the
           Cost or Not
            CWP:V2546              92: V3629

       - How Worried Is R That Another War Will Break Out in the
           Middle East in the Next Few Years
            CWP:V2547

       - Does R Have Any Relatives or Close Friends Who Were Called Up
           for or Who Served in the Persian Gulf War
            CWP:V2551

                --(if yes) Who
                     CWP:V2552-2555

       - Does R Think the U.S. and Allies Should Have Continued to
           Fight Iraq Until Saddam Hussein Was Driven From Power or
           Was the U.S. Right to Stop Fighting After Kuwait was
           Liberated
            CWP:V2556              92: V3630

       - Which Statement is Closer to R's View:  the U.S. Did Not Act
           Quickly Enough to Give Aid to the Kurdish People After the
           Fighting Stopped;  OR:  the Kurdish Situation is an
           Internal Iraqi Problem and We Should Not be Involved at All
            CWP:V2557


                                                   
                              Vietnam III.D.5.c(5) 
                                                   

       - Whether U.S. Right in Getting Into Fighting in Vietnam
            64: V350             66: V35              68: V103
            70: V41              72: V50              CF: V826

                --(if R does not reply 'no interest') ## Which Party is Closer
                   to R's Views on Vietnam (FOLLOWUP)
                     66: V38             

       - Are the Chances of the U.S. Getting Into Bigger War in
           Vietnam Greater or Less than a Year Ago
            66: V39              68: V116             70: V45  
            72: V51*             CF: V825

       - How Much Attention Has R Been Paying to Vietnam  
            68: V102             70: V40  

       - ## Which Party is Closer to R's Views on Vietnam
            70: V44  

       - What Action(s) Should the U.S. Take in Vietnam Now
            64: V351             66: V36,37           68: V104,105
            70: V42,43           CF: V827

       - Which Party is More Likely to Take Stronger Stand in Vietnam,
           Even if it Means Invading North Vietnam
            68: V106  

       - How Important Was the Problem of Handling the Vietnam War in
           Deciding R's 1968 Vote for President
            68: V471  

       - How Important to R is the Issue of Handling the Vietnam War
            70: V98  

       - Vietnam Stand, Military Victory or Withdrawal, 7-Point Scale,
           R's Position
            68: V470             70: V92              72: V184*,590*  

       - Vietnam Stand, Military Victory or Withdrawal, 7-Point Scale,
           Perceived Positions of:
         . Democratic Party  
            70: V93              72: V188*,594*  
         . Hubert Humphrey  
            68: V467  
         . Lyndon Johnson  
            68: V466  
         . George McGovern  
            72: V186*,592*  
         . Most Middle Aged People  
            72: V597*  


       VIETNAM POLICY, 7-Point Scale    [con't]
         . Most Young People  
            72: V596*  
         . Edmund Muskie  
            70: V96  
         . Richard Nixon  
            68: V468             70: V95              72: V185*,591*  
         . Republican Party  
            70: V94              72: V189*,595*  
         . George Wallace  
            68: V469             70: V97              72: V187*,593*  

         Behavior - Pres. Candidate:
       - Bring Peace in Vietnam:  Does R Think Candidate as
            President Would (7-Pt. Agree/Disagree)
         . McGovern  
            72: V227  
         . Nixon  
            72: V223  
         . Wallace  
            72: V231  

       - Vietnam Protesters, Feeling Thermometer
            68: V234

       - Which Party is More Likely to Keep the U.S. Out of Bigger War
           in Vietnam
            66: V40              68: V117             70: V46   
            72: V52*  

                --(if R has opinion other than 'same') Why is This (FOLLOWUP)
                     66: V41             68: V118
                     70: V47       

        - Is R Most Worried About Vietnam, China or Cuba. Which is R
            Least Worried About.  
              64: V356             68: V110,111  

        - Was Respondent in the Armed Forces During Last Six Years,
            Whether Due to Vietnam Buildup or Otherwise
              68: V216

                  --(if yes and due to Vietnam buildup) Any Time Served in
                    Vietnam (FOLLOWUP)
                      68: V217

        - Was Anyone in R's Immediate Family in the Armed Forces
             During Last Six Years
              68: V218

                  --(if yes) Was it Due to Vietnam Buildup  (FOLLOWUP)
                     68: V219
                  --(if yes) Any Time Served in Vietnam  (FOLLOWUP)
                     68: V220  

        - Was Anyone Other Relative or Friend in the Armed Forces
             During Last Six Years
              68: V221

                  --(if yes) Was it Due to Vietnam Buildup  (FOLLOWUP)
                     68: V222
                  --(if yes) Any Time Served in Vietnam  (FOLLOWUP)
                     68: V223  

         - Does R Think Those Who Tried to Avoid Military Service  
            During War in Vietnam Should Have Served Despite Personal 
            Beliefs
              92: V3525