CHAPTER IV CONTENTS

                     IV.  Mass Support of the Political System  

                         Note: entries are in alphabetical order



                                                                      
Please see p.xxix "HOW TO READ A CONTINUITY GUIDE ENTRY" before
consulting individual entries



   IV.A.  Evaluation of Government Institutions
              1.  BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT. . . . . . . . . . . . .  517
                       a. Comparison. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  517
                       b. Congress. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  519
                       c. President . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  522
                       d. Supreme Court/courts. . . . . . . . . .  522
              2.  LEVELS OF GOVERNMENT. . . . . . . . . . . . . .  523
                       a. Comparison or in general. . . . . . . .  523
                       b. Federal government. . . . . . . . . . .  524
                       c. Government in General . . . . . . . . .  525
                       d. State and local government. . . . . . .  527


   IV.B.  Evaluation of Government Performance
              1.  BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT. . . . . . . . . . . . .  529
                       a. Comparison. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  529
                       b. Congress. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  531
                       c. President . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  532
                       d. Supreme Court/courts. . . . . . . . . .  533
              2.  LEVELS OF GOVERNMENT. . . . . . . . . . . . . .  534
                       a. Federal government. . . . . . . . . . .  534
                       b. State and local government. . . . . . .  537


   IV.C.  Evaluation of Government Responsiveness
              1.  GOVERNMENT ATTENTION TO AVERAGE CITIZEN . . . .  539
              2.  INFLUENCE/POWER OF AVERAGE CITIZEN/R. . . . . .  542


   IV.D.  Evaluation of the Political Process 
              1.  GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  547
              2.  PARTIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  550
              3.  POLITICAL CAMPAIGNS/ ELECTIONS. . . . . . . . .  551







                         Chapter IV contents, cont'd.



                                                                      
Please see p.xxix "HOW TO READ A CONTINUITY GUIDE ENTRY" before
consulting individual entries





   IV.E.  Traditional Mass Support Components
              1.  CITIZEN DUTY COMPONENT . . . . . . . . . . . .  553
              2.  EXTERNAL POLITICAL EFFICACY COMPONENT. . . . .  554
              3.  GOVERNMENT RESPONSIVENESS COMPONENT. . . . . .  555
              4.  INTERNAL POLITICAL EFFICACY COMPONENT. . . . .  556
              5.  TRUST IN GOVERNMENT COMPONENT. . . . . . . . .  557










                     MASS SUPPORT OF THE POLITICAL SYSTEM






                                     IV.A

                     Evaluation of Government Institutions



          For R's evaluation of the condition of the U.S. ('as a whole') see
            Chapter III, Section J, Most Important Problems/Issues/Goals/ 
              Conditions.
          For R's evaluation of individual candidates or political parties,
            see Chapter II, Section A, Evaluation and Knowledge of Candidates.
          For R's evaluation and knowledge of political parties, see Chapter II,
              Section B, Evaluation and Knowledge of Parties.
          For R's level of knowledge about politics, the government, or the
              political process, see Chapter V, Section C.2, Knowledge of
              Political Information.
          For power of the federal government, perceived government stands (not
            performance) on issues, government intervention and related topics,
            see Chapter III, Section F.7, Power of the Federal Government,
              Government Regulation and Intervention.



 Branches of Government                                 IV.A.1 

        COMPARISON                       IV.A.1.a 

       - Is the President in the Best Position to See What the Country
           Needs or, Although the President May Have Good Ideas, is it
           Up to the Congress to Decide What Ought to be Done
            58: V154  

       - Which Part of Government Can Be Trusted Most Often to Do
           What's Right:  Congress, the Supreme Court, the President
           or Political Parties. Next Most Often. Least Often
            72: V450*-452*       74: V2241-2243       76: V3590-3592
            CF: V632-634

       - In general, Thinking of the Important Problems Facing the
           Country, Which Has the Most Say in What Our Government
           Does:  Congress, the President, or About Equal
            78: V320 

       - In general, Which Does R Think Has the Most Say in the Way
           Our Government is Run, the Congress, the President, or are
           They About Equal
            58: V152  

       - Which Part of the Government is the Most Powerful, Congress, 
           the Supreme Court, the President, or Political Parties. 
           Second Most Powerful.   Least Powerful.
            72: V447*-449*

       - Does R Trust the Supreme Court or Congress More
            66: V148
                --(if R has opinion) Strength of Feeling (FOLLOWUP)
                     66: V149

       - Which Has the Most Say About the Handling of Inflation, the
           Congress, the President, or is There Not Much Difference
            78: V342 

       - Which Has the Most Say About the Handling of Unemployment,
           Congress, the President, or is There Not Much Difference
            78: V345 

       - When it Comes to Doing Something About Problems Like
           Unemployment and Recession, Which is More Important, the
           Congress or the President, or are They About Equally
           Important 
            58: V153  

       - In the Last Year or So, Who Has Had the Most Say About the
           Government's Handling of the Economy, Congress, the
           President, or About the Same for Both
            82: V340[C] 

       - Is it Better When one Party Controls Presidency and Congress;
           Better when Control is Split Between Democrats and
           Republicans; or Doesn't it Matter
            92: V5732




                                                  
          CONGRESS                       IV.A.1.b 
                                                  

       - How Much Influence and Power Should Congress Have (Much Less,
           Less, a Little Less, Same as Now, a Little More, More, Much
           More)
            74: V2262            76: V3558  


       - How Much of the Time Can R Trust the U.S. Congress to Do What
           Is Right 
            78: V498 

       - Is the U.S. Congress Run by a Few Big Interests Looking Out
           for Themselves or is it Run for the Benefit of All the
           People
            78: V499 

       - Sometimes the Voters Want a Congressmen to Do Something s/he
           Disagrees With.  Should s/he do What the Voters Think Best
           or Should s/he Do What S/he Thinks Best
            58: V150             78: V246 

       - On Most Issues Should a Congressman Support the Position
           His/her Party Takes or Should s/he Make up Own Mind
           Regardless of How the Party Wants him/her to Vote
            58: V151             78: V247 

       - How Would R Rank the Importance of the Following Activities
           as Part of the Job of U.S. House Representatives: [list shown to R]
        . Helping People in the District who Have Personal Problems
           with the Government
            78: V248    
        . Making Sure the District Gets its Fair Share of Government
           Money and Projects 
            78: V249
        . Keeping Track of the Way Government Agencies are Carrying
           Out Laws Passed out by Congress
            78: V250
        . Keeping in Touch with the People About What the Government
           is Doing
            78: V251
        . Working in Congress on Bills Concerning National Issues
            78: V251          
        . All/None Important
            78: V253

       - How Important are These Activities for the U.S. House
           Representative [from 'extremely important' to 'not at all important']
        . Helping People in the District who Have Personal Problems
           with the Government
               PS: V484*
        . Working in Congress on Bills Concerning National Issues
               PS: V485*
        . Making Sure the District Gets its Fair Share of Government
           Money and Projects
               PS: V486*

       - How Would R Rank the Importance of the Following Activities
           of the U.S. House Representative:
        . Helping People in the District who Have Personal Problems
           with the Government
        . Working in Congress on Bills Concerning National Issues
        . Making Sure the District Gets its Fair Share of Government
           Money and Projects
              PS: V490-492*

       - How Would R Rank the Importance of the Following Activities
           as Part of the Job of U.S. Senators: [list shown to R]
        . Helping People in the State who Have Personal Problems
           with the Government
            78: V304    
        . Making Sure the State Gets its Fair Share of Government
           Money and Projects 
            78: V305
        . Keeping Track of the Way Government Agencies are Carrying
           Out Laws Passed out by Congress
            78: V306
        . Keeping in Touch with the People About What the Government
           is Doing
            78: V307
        . Working in Congress on Bills Concerning National Issues
            78: V308          
        . All/None Important
            78: V309

       - How Important are These Activities for the U.S. House
           Representative [from 'extremely important' to 'not at all important']
        . Helping People in the State who Have Personal Problems
           with the Government
            PS: V481*
        . Working in Congress on Bills Concerning National Issues
            PS: V482*
        . Making Sure the State Gets its Fair Share of Government
           Money and Projects
            PS: V483*

       - How Would R Rank the Following Activities of the U.S.
           Senator:
        . Helping People in the State who Have Personal Problems
           with the Government
        . Working in Congress on Bills Concerning National Issues
        . Making Sure the State Gets its Fair Share of Government
           Money and Projects
            PS: V487-489*

       - Generally Speaking, Those we Elect to Congress Lose Touch
           with the People Pretty Quickly (Agree/Disagree)
            68: V521             70: V148             72: V273,563*
            74: V2226            76: V3819            78: V355 
            80: V1034;I425       CF: V610

       - Does R Favor or Oppose a Law Which Would Limit Members of
           Congress to No More Than 12 Years of Service in Their
           Office
            CWP:V2480            92: V3747

       - Feeling Thermometer for Congress (U.S. Senate and House of
           Representatives
            80: V882;I690        88: V628[&672]       92: V5337

       - US House of Representatives Candidates, Feeling
           Thermometers:
        . Challenger to Running House Incumbent Candidate
            78: V2008            PS: V691*            CF: V909
         . Democratic House Candidate  [incumbent or not]
            78: V2005            80: V855             82: V132[C]
            84: V753             86: V136[&163]       88: V601[&645]
            90: V145[&179]       CWP:V145[&179]       92: V5311[&6311]
            PS: V109*,644*       CF: V906
        . House Incumbent Not Running for Re-election  ['retiring']
            80: V858             92: V5313             PS: V111*
                                     [&6313]
        . House Representative  [running OR 'retiring']
            78: V150             CWP:V2219[&2264]
        . Independent/ Third Party House Candidate
            80: V857             82: V134[C]          84: V755
            86: V138[&165]       88: V603[&647]
        . Republican House Candidate  [incumbent or not]
            78: V2006            80: V856             82: V133[C]
            84: V754             86: V173[&164]       88: V602[&646]
            90: V146[&180]       CWP:V146[&180]       92: V5312[&6312]
            PS: V110*,645*       CF: V907
        . Running Incumbent House Candidate
            78: V2007            PS: V690*            CF: V908
        . Third Party House Candidate
            78: V153

       - US Senate Candidates, Feeling Thermometers:
        . Challenger to Running Senate Incumbent Candidate
            78: V2004            PS: V783             CF: V9059
        . Democratic Senate Candidate  [incumbent or not]
            78: V2001            80: V848             82: V126
            86: V131[&158]       88: V596[&640]       90: V140[&174]
            CWP:V140[&174]       92: V5304,5306       PS: V104,736
            CF: V9056                [&6304,6306]
        . Independent/ Third Party Senate Candidate
            78: V154             80: V850             82: V128
        . Republican Senate Candidate  [incumbent or not]
            78: V2002            80: V849             82: V127   
            86: V132[&159]       88: V597[&641];      90: V141[&175]
            CWP:V141[&175]       92: V5305,5307       PS: V105,737     
            CF: V9057                [&6305,6307]      
        . Running Incumbent Senate Candidate
            78: V2003            PS: V782             CF: V9058
        . Senate Incumbent Not Running for Re-election  ['retiring']
            80: V851             PS: V103*
        . Senator #1, Senator #2  [term not up or no race in state]
            78: V145,148,149     80: V852-854         82: V129-131
            86: V133-135         88: V598-600[&642-   90: V142-144
                [&160-162]           644]                 [&176-178]
            CWP:V142-144[&176-   92: V5308-5310       PS: V106-108     
                178];2217,2218       [&6308-6310]          
                [&2262,2263]     CF: V9060-9062
        . Seat #1, Seat #2 Senators
            PS: V828,829



                                                  
         PRESIDENT                       IV.A.1.c 
                                                  

       - How Much Influence and Power Should the President Have
           (Much Less, Less, a Little Less, Same as Now, a Little
           More, More, Much More)
            74: V2261            76: V3557  


                                                             
         SUPREME COURT/COURTS                       IV.A.1.d 
                                                             

       - How Much Influence and Power Should the Supreme Court Have
           (Much Less, Less, a Little Less, Same as Now, a Little
           More, More, Much More)
            74: V2263            76: V3559  

       - Does the Supreme Court Get Too Mixed Up in Politics (Yes/No)
            66: V146

                --(if R has opinion) Strength of Opinion (FOLLOWUP)
                     66: V147  

       - Does R Think the Supreme Court in its Decisions Favors Any
           Particular Group or Groups in This Country
            66: V150  

                --(if yes) Which Group(s) Favored (FOLLOWUP)
                     66: V151  

       - What is the Supreme Court's Main Job in the Government (3
           mentions)
            66: V144  

                --(if R makes mention) How Well Does the Supreme Court Do 
                   its Job (FOLLOWUP)
                     66: V145  

       - Does R Remember Hearing About any Suggestions for Changing
           the Supreme Court (IF YES) What (2 mentions)
            66: V171
            
                --(if R makes mention) Does R Agree or Disagree (FOLLOWUP)
                     66: V172

       - Would a Supreme Court Decision Whether Blacks Have the Right
           to Live in Any Part of Town They Want Change R's Feelings
           Toward the Supreme Court
            66: V156,158

       - How Much of the Time Does R Think that Courts in the U.S.
           Guarantee Everyone a Fair Trial, 7-Point Scale ('None' to
           'a Great Deal')
            76: V3355 

       - Generally Everyone Is Treated Equally by the Law in this
           Country (Agree/Disagree)
            74: V2228  


                                                                   
  Levels of Government                                     IV.A.2  
                                                                   

                                                                 
         COMPARISON OR IN GENERAL                       IV.A.2.a 
                                                                 

       - Should Candidates for High Office Display Higher Moral
           Standards than the Average Citizen
            92: V3519

       - Does R Have More Faith in the National Government, R's State
           Government, or R's Local Government 
            68: V508             72: V453*            74: V2244  
            76: V3593            CF: V630


                --(if R has opinion other than 'none') Reasons (FOLLOWUP)
                     68: V509            74: V2245,2246  
                     76: V3594,3595 

       - Which Level of Government Does R Have the Least Faith in
            68: V510,512         72: V454*,455*       74: V2247  
            76: V3596            CF: V631

                --(if R has opinion other than 'none') Reasons (FOLLOWUP)
                     68: V511,511        72: V456*,457*
                     74: V2248,2249      76: V3597,3598 


                                                           
         FEDERAL GOVERNMENT                       IV.A.2.b 
                                                           

       - How Much Influence and Power Should the Federal Government in
           Washington Have (Much Less, Less, a Little Less, Same as
           Now, a Little More, More, Much More)
            74: V2258            76: V3554  

       - How Much of the Time Can the Government in Washington Be
           Trusted to Do What Is Right: Just About Always, Most of the
           Time or Only Some of the Time
            58: V157             64: V403             66: V173  
            68: V504             70: V151             72: V90*,571  
            74: V2230            76: V3163            78: V347 
            80: V402;I429        82: V529             84: V1064 
            86: V548(A)          88: V955             90: V504
            CWP:V504,2487        92: V6120            CF: V604

       - How Much Difference Does it Make to People Like R What the
           Government in Washington Does:  a Good Deal, Some or Not
           Much
            66: V174  

       - Are the People Running the Federal Government Now More Honest
           or Less Honest than Those Who Were Running the Government
           in 1980 or Hasn't This Changed Much
            88: V1038[&1050,1063]

                --(if more or less honest) Much More/Less Honest or Somewhat
                   More/Less Honest (FOLLOWUP)
                     88: V1039

       - Does R Know What the Branch of the Federal Government that
           Works on Problems of Air Safety Does
            62: V63

       - Federal Government in Washington, Feeling Thermometer
            80: V868;I676        88: V615[&659]       92: V5325



                                                              
         GOVERNMENT IN GENERAL                       IV.A.2.c 
                                                              

       - Are Quite a Few People Running the Government (1958-1972: a
           Little) Crooked or are Not Very Many or Hardly Any Crooked
           (1958-1972: at All)
            58: V155             64: V401             68: V507  
            70: V154             72: V93*,574         74: V2233  
            76: V3166            78: V350             80: V405;I432
            84: V1066            88: V958             90: V507
            CWP:V507             92: V6123            CF: V608

       - Are Quite a Few People Running the Government Dishonest or
           are Not Very Many or Hardly Any Dishonest
            72: V937

       - Do the People in Government Waste a Lot of the Money We Pay
           in Taxes or Waste Some of it or Don't Waste Very Much of it
            58: V156             64: V402             68: V503  
            70: V150             72: V89*,570         74: V2229  
            76: V3162            78: V346             80: V401;I428
            82: V528             84: V1063            88: V956
            90: V505             CWP:V505             92: V6121
            CF: V606

       - Are Almost All of the People Running the Government Smart
           People (1958-1972: Who Usually Know What They are Doing) or
           Don't Quite a Few of Them Seem to Know What They are Doing
            58: V159             64: V404             68: V506  
            70: V153             72: V92*,573         74: V2232  
            76: V3165            78: V349             80: V404;I431
            CF: V607

       - Is the Government Run by a Few Big Interests Looking Out for
           Themselves or is it Run for the Benefit of All the People
            58: V158             64: V405             66: V176  
            68: V505             70: V152             72: V91*,572  
            74: V2231            76: V3164            78: V348 
            80: V403;I430        82: V530             84: V1065  
            88: V957             90: V506             CWP:V506,2488
            92: V6122            CF: V605

       - Do the High-Up People in Government Give Everyone a Fair
           Break or Do Some of Them Pay More Attention to Big Business
              58: V158

       - Sometime Politics and Government Seem So Complicated That a
           Person Like R Can't Really Understand What's Going on
           (Agree/Disagree)
            52: V125             56: V112             60: V111  
            64: V176             66: V117             68: V143,519  
            70: V146             72: V271,561*        74: V2224  
            76: V3817            78: V353             80: V1032;I423
            84: V314;1072        88: V939[&978,1075]  90: V510
            CWP:V510             92: V6104            CF: V614

       - Would R Say S/he is Proud of Many Things About Our Form of
           Government OR S/he Can't Find Much in Our Form of
           Government to be Proud of
            72: V100*,556*       76: V3365  

       - With the Talk About Watergate, Sex Scandals and Corruption in
           the Government, Does R Think These Problems are Just the
           Result of What Individual Politicians Have Done or is it
           Because There's Something More Seriously Wrong with
           Government in General and the Way it Operates
            76: V3167 

       - Does the Thought of America's 200 Year History Make R Feel
           Very Proud, Somewhat Proud, Not Very Proud, or Doesn't it
           Really Make Much Difference to R
            76: V3223 

       - Does R Feel a Change in Our Whole Form of Government is
           Needed to Solve the Problems Facing our Country or is no
           Real Change Necessary
            72: V98*,554*        76: V3361  

                --(if change needed) What Change(s) Does R Have in Mind
                   (FOLLOWUP)
                     72: V555*           76: V3362-3364 

       - With the Recent Talk About How People Have Lost Faith and
           Confidence in the Government in Washington, Does R Think
           this Lack of Trust in the Government is Just Because of the
           Individuals in Office or is There Something More Seriously
           Wrong with Government in General and the Way it Operates
            76: V3366 

       - Is the Present Form of American Government Capable of Solving
          the Race Problems in America
            72: V99*,700*

       - Government Officials Usually Pay Less Attention to a Request
           or Complaint from a Black Person than from a White Person 
            86: V567[&573((B) 

       - Trust in Government Index, 6-Point Scale [created from the following
            questions: 1) How much of the time can the government in Washington
            be trusted to do what's right;  2) Is the government run by a few
            big interests looking out for themselves or for all the people;
            3) Do the people in government waste a lot/some/not much tax dollars;
            4) Are people running the government smart or don't quite a few
            know what they are doing;  5) Are quite a few/not very many/hardly
            any people running the government crooked.]
            CF: V635

       - Trust in Government Index, Collapsed 6-Point Scale
            CF: V643

       - Trust in Government Index, 5-Point Scale [created from questions 1),
           2), 3) and 5) listed above in the 6-point trust in government index]
            CF: V646

       - Trust in Government Index, Collapsed 5-Point Scale
            CF: V647

       - Which of These Statements is Closest to the Way R Feels
           Things Actually Are:  Most of the Time R Can't Undrstand
           Why Politicians Behave the Way They Do  OR:  In the Long
           Run, the People are Responsible for Bad Government on a
           National as Well as on a Local Level
            72: V84

       - People Working for the Federal Government, Feeling
           Thermometer 
            80: V879;I687 



                                                                    
          STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT                       IV.A.2.d 
                                                                    

       - How Much Influence and Power Should State Governments Have
           (Much Less, Less, a Little Less, Same as Now, a Little
           More, More, Much More)
            74: V2259            76: V3555  

       - How Much Influence and Power Should Local Governments Have
           (Much Less, Less, a Little Less, Same as Now, a Little
           More, More, Much More)
            74: V2260            76: V3556  

       - How Much of the Time Can R Trust His/Her Local Government to
           Do What is Right
            76: V3907 

       - Is R's Local Government Run by a Few Big Interests Looking
           Out for Themselves or is it Run for the Benefit of all the
           People
            76: V3908 

       - Sometime Local Politics and Government Seem So Complicated
           That a Person Like R Can't Really Understand What's Going
           on (Agree/Disagree)
            76: V3905 

       - Generally Speaking, Those we Elect to Local Government Lose
           Touch with the People Pretty Quickly (Agree/Disagree)
            76: V3906 

       - A Good Many Local Elections Not Important Enough to Bother
           With  
            52: V121             56: V114             60: V113  
            72: V290             76: V3351            78: V425 
            80: V146;I436        CF: V618

       - How Does R Feel About What R's Local Government Is Doing  
            72: V807*  











                                     IV.B

                     Evaluation of Government Performance





          For performance of specific presidents, see:  Chapter II, Sections 
              A.2.a(11)(b), A.2.a(11)(c), and A.2.a(11)(d), for evalutions of
              the performances of President Carter, President Reagan and
              President Bush.
          For performance of specific members of Congress, see Chapter II,
              Sections A.3.b and A.4.b, for evaluations at the U.S. House and
              U.S. Senate Levels.
          For power of the federal government, government stands (not
              performance) on issues, government intervention and related
              topics, see Chapter III, Section F.7, Power of the Federal
              Government, Government Regulation and Intervention.





                                                                   
  Branches of Government                                   IV.B.1  
                                                                   

                                                            
                  COMPARISON                       IV.B.1.a 
                                                            

       - Which Part of Government Which Has Done Best Job in the Past
           Couple of Years:  Congress, President, Supreme Court or
           Political Parties.  Second Best. Worst
            72: V444*,445*,446*

       - In the Last Year or So, Who Has Had the Most Say About the
           Government's Handling of the Economy, Congress, the
           President, or About the Same for Both
            82: V340[C] 

       - Who Does R Think is Most Responsible (1992: More to Blame)
           for the Budget Deficit:  Congress or the President
            86: V383              92: V3551

       - Who Does R Blame for the Economic Problems of the Last Few
           Years:  Congress, the President, Labor Unions or Big
           Business
            76: V3750 

       - Has R Heard or Read Anything About the Problems in the
           Savings and Loan Business
            90: V473              CWP:V473            92: V3748

                --(if yes) Who Does R Think is More to Blame-- Reagan,
                   Bush, Congress or the Owners and Managers of the
                   Savings and Loans (FOLLOWUP)
                     90: V474            CWP:V474  
                     92: V3749
                         ---(if owners and managers) Leaving Aside Owners
                             and Managers, Who is More to Blame--
                             Reagan, Bush or Congress
                              90: V475
                              CWP:V475

       - Does R Have an Opinion on Recent (1986) Changes in the Tax
           Laws.
            86: V494[&499]

                --(if yes) Does R Approve or Disapprove of the Changes 
                     (FOLLOWUP)
                     86: V495[&500]
                         ---(if approve or disapprove) Approve/Disapprove
                             Strongly  or Approve/Disapprove Not
                             Strongly 
                              86: V496[&501]
                         ---(if approve or disapprove) Is the President or
                             is Congress More Responsible for What R
                             Likes/ Doesn't Like About the New Tax
                             Laws
                              86: V497[&502]
                                      (if congress or equally) Which Party in
                                       Congress is Most Responsible
                                       for the Things R Likes/ Doesn't
                                       Like
                                          86: V498[&503]

       - Who is More Responsible for the Problems in the Savings and
           Loan Business-- the President or Congress
            PS: V223*






                                                  
          CONGRESS                       IV.B.1.b 
                                                  

       - Does R Approve or Disapprove of the Way the U.S. Congress Is
           Handling Its Job 
            80: V783;I449        82: V63[C]           84: V843 
            86: V100             88: V880             90: V164
            CWP:V164,2300,2303   92: V5949            CF: V992

                --(if approve or disapprove) Strongly or Not Strongly (FOLLOWUP)
                     80: V784;I450       82: V64 
                     84: V844            86: V101 
                     88: V881            90: V165
                     CWP:V165,2301,2302  92: V5950

       - How Good a Job Is Being Done for the Country as a Whole by:  
           (9-Point Scale)
        . Congress  
            74: V2255            76: V3552            80: V766;I445 
            CF: V654

       - How Would R Rate the Job that the U.S. Congress Has Been
           Doing Over the Past Two Years
            78: V85 

                --(if R has opinion) Reasons (FOLLOWUP)
                     78: V86-89 

       - Has R Read/Heard about the U.S. Representatives Writing "Bad
           Checks" on House Bank Accounts?
            92: V5715

                --(if yes) Should such "Bad Check" Representatives be:
                    Voted out of Office; Not Disqualified for Office;
                    Depends on Whether Representative Wrote Few or
                    Many "Bad Checks".
                     92: V5716
                --(if yes) Did R's Running Incumbent Representative Write
                    any Bad Checks
                     92: V5718
                           ---(if yes) Did Incumbent Candidate Write a Lot
                               of Bad Checks, or Just a Few
                                92: V5719
                --(if yes) Does R Think Representatives Who Wrote Bad
                    Checks Broke Any Laws
                     92: V5720









                                                   
          PRESIDENT                       IV.B.1.c 
                                                   

          See notes at beginning of IV.B.


         - How Good a Job Is Being Done for the Country as a Whole by:
           (9-Point Scale)
          . The Presidency 
            74: V2254            76: V3551            80: V765;I444 
            CF: V653

         - Approve/Disapprove Way President Is Handling/Has Handled
            Job as President 
            68: V47              72: V46              74: V2157  
            76: V3135            78: V441             80: V62;I467 
            82: V65[C]           84: V258,845;CM301   86: V96 
            88: V140,1042[&1052, 90: V98              CWP:V98,2112,
                 1065]; ST117,   92: V3319                 2115
                 119             PS: V36,39           CF: V450
                     

                --(if approve) Strength; (if disapprove) Strength (FOLLOWUP)
                        80: V63;I468         82: V66
                        84: V259,846;CM302   86: V97
                        88: V141,1043;ST118  90: V99
                        CWP:V99,2113,2114    92: V3320
                        PS: V37,38           CF: V451

         - How Does R Rate Job President Has Been Doing 
            78: V80 

                --(if rating chosen) Reasons for Rating (FOLLOWUP)
                     78: V81-84 

         - Feeling Thermometers for Presidents Currently in Office
            68: V484             70: V231             72: V255,702
            74: V2339            76: V3299            78: V137
            80: V154,844,I195    82: V123[C]          84: V290,750;
            86: V130[&157]       88: V158[&174];          CM219
            90: 134[&168]            ST187,1317       CWP:V134,2205
            92: V3305,5301       PS: V98*                  [&2250]
                [&6301]             

         - Feeling Thermometers for Vice-Presidents Currently in 
            Office. 
            68: V479             70: V237             72: V265,704
            74: V2342            76: V3304            78: V143
            80: V161,I203        82: V135[C]          84: V292,756; 
            86: V144[&171]       88: V154,592[&170,       CM228
            90: 137[&171]            636];ST178,      CWP:V137,2212
            92: V3308[&4227]         1301                 [&171,2257]
                                                          

                                                              
          SUPREME COURT/COURTS                       IV.B.1.d 
                                                              

       - How Good a Job Is Being Done for the Country as a Whole by:  
           (9-Point Scale)
        . The Supreme Court  
            74: V2256            76: V3553            80: V767;I446 
            CF: V655

       - Has R Paid Attention to What the Supreme Court Has Been Doing
           in the Past Few Years (IF YES) Is There Anything in
           Particular That it Has Done That R Has Liked or Disliked. 
           What.  Anything Else.
            64: V357-359         66: V140-143  

       - Does R Know the Names of Any of the Justices of the Supreme
           Court.  Number of Correct Responses.
            66: V166,167  

                --(if R does not know any names) Has R Ever Heard or Read
                   Anything about Any of the Justices of the Supreme
                   Court (FOLLOWUP)
                     66: V168  
                --(if R knows name or had heard of at least one justice) Is
                   There Any Supreme Court Justice in Particular Who R Feels
                   is Doing a Good Job (4 mentions) (FOLLOWUP)
                     66: V169
                --(if R knows name or had heard of at least one justice) Is
                   There Any Supreme Court Justice in Particular Who R Feels is
                   Not Doing a Very Good Job (4 mentions) (FOLLOWUP)
                     66: V170

       - What is the Supreme Court's Main Job in the Government (3
           mentions)
            66: V144  

                --(if R makes mention) How Well Does the Supreme Court Do 
                   its Job (FOLLOWUP)
                     66: V145  

       - Would a Supreme Court Decision Whether Blacks Have the Right
           to Live in Any Part of Town They Want Change R's Feelings
           on This Issue  [asked of Rs who had given an opinion of their own on this]
            66: V155,157

       - How Much of the Time Does R Think that Courts in the U.S.
           Guarantee Everyone a Fair Trial, 7-Point Scale ('None' to
           'a Great Deal')
            76: V3355 

       - Generally Everyone Is Treated Equally by the Law in this
           Country (Agree/Disagree)
            74: V2228  


                                                                   
  Levels of Government                                     IV.B.2  
                                                                   

                                                            
          FEDERAL GOVERNMENT                       IV.B.2.a 
                                                            

     SEE ALSO:  Chapter III, Sections F.7.a, for the topic of government  
        Intervention in Issues, and F.7.c, for government Regulation of
        Business.


       - How Good a Job Is Being Done for the Country by (9-Point
           Scale): 
        . Federal Government  
            74: V2251            76: V3548            80: V762;I441 
            CF: V650

       - How Does R Feel About What our National Government Is Doing
            72: V799*,925* 

       - Thinking only of Self and R's Needs, How Does R Feel About
           What the National Government is Doing
            72: V926*  

       - With R's Values of What Is Appropriate and Fair, How Does R
           Feel About What the National Government is Doing
            72: V927*  

       - How Does R Feel About What our National Government Is Doing
           Considering the Resources of Money, Time and Energy Being
           Put into it
            72: V928*  

       - Considering What it Would Take to Change What the
           Government is Doing, How Does R Feel About What our
           National Government Is Doing
            72: V929*  

       - Thinking of R's Age and Position in Life, How Does R Feel
           About What our National Government Is Doing
            72: V931*  

       - How Does R Think Other People Feel about the Things that our
           National Government is Doing
            72: V930*  

       - How Does R Feel About What Government Is Doing About the
           Economy
            72: V780*  

       - How Good a Job Does R Think the Government Is Doing with
           Economic Policy, Particularly with Inflation and
           Unemployment
            72: V512*            74: V2317            76: V3748  
            CF: V822

       - Does R Think the Economic Policies of the Federal Government
           Have Made the Nation's Economy Better, Worse or Haven't
           Made Much Difference
            84: V244             86: V374             88: V245
            92: V3541

                --(if better or worse) Much Better/Worse or Somewhat Better/
                   Worse (FOLLOWUP)
                     84: V245             86: V375 
                     88: V246             92: V3542

       - Have the Economic Policies of the Federal Government Made R
           Better Off, Worse Off or Not Made Much Difference
            84: V167             88: V212             92: V3431

                --(if better or worse) Much Better/Worse or Somewhat Better/
                   Worse (FOLLOWUP)
                     84: V168             88: V213
                     92: V3432

       - How Good a Job Has the Government Been Doing with Inflation 
            76: V3142            78: V340 

       - How Good a Job Has the Government Been Doing with Solving
           Unemployment 
            76: V3144            78: V343 

       - How Good a Job is the Government Doing in Dealing with the
           'Most Important Problem' [as cited by R]
            72: V549*            74: V2108            76: V3691
            78: V316             80: V984;I663        84: V994 
            86: V307             88: V818             92: V5727

       - Do the People in Government Waste a Lot of the Money We Pay
           in Taxes or Waste Some of it or Don't Waste Very Much of it
            58: V156             64: V402             68: V503  
            70: V150             72: V89*,570         74: V2229  
            76: V3162            78: V346             80: V401;I428
            82: V528             84: V1063            88: V956
            90: V505             CWP:V505             92: V6121
            CF: V606

         Is the Government Currently Doing Too Much or Too Little on:
       - Cutting Taxes (Even If Some Important Things Must be Put Off
            56: V30

         Is the Government Currently Doing Too Much or Too Little on:
       - Dealing with Communist Countries by Acting Just as Tough as
           They Do
            56: V51  

         Is the Government Currently Doing Too Much or Too Little on:
       - Fair Treatment for Blacks in Jobs and Housing
            56: V45  

         Is the Government Currently Doing Too Much or Too Little on:
       - Firing any Government Worker who is Accused of being a
           Communist (Even Though They Don't Prove it)
            56: V69

         Is the Government Currently Doing Too Much or Too Little on:
       - Giving Money to Cities which Need Help to Build More Schools
            56: V54

         Is the Government Currently Doing Too Much or Too Little on:
       -  Government Guaranteed Job/Standard of Living
            56: V33  

         Is the Government Currently Doing Too Much or Too Little on:
       - Government Help for People to Get Medical Care at Low Cost
            56: V39  

         Is the Government Currently Doing Too Much or Too Little on:
       - Isolationist Attitudes:  U.S. Better Off Not to Concern
           Itself with Problems Elsewhere
            56: V36  

         Is the Government Currently Doing Too Much or Too Little on:
       - Keeping Soldiers Overseas Where They Can Help Countries that
           Are Against Communism
            56: V57  

         Is the Government Currently Doing Too Much or Too Little on:
       - Leaving Things Like Electric Power and Housing for Private
           Businessmen to Handle 
            56: V60

         Is the Government Currently Doing Too Much or Too Little on:
       - Seeing to it That Big Business Doesn't Have Much to Say about
           How Government is Run
            56: V48

         Is the Government Currently Doing Too Much or Too Little on:
       - Seeing to it That Labor Unions Don't Have Much to Say about
           How Government is Run
            56: V63

         Is the Government Currently Doing Too Much or Too Little on:
       - Staying Out of the Question of Whether White and Black
           Children Go to the Same School
            56: V75  

         Is the Government Currently Doing Too Much or Too Little on:
       - U.S. Economic Help to Poorer Countries Even if They Can't Pay
           for It
            56: V42

         Is the Government Currently Doing Too Much or Too Little on:
       - U.S. Help to Foreign Countries Even if They Are Not as Much
           Against Communism as We Are
            56: V72  

         Is the Government Currently Doing Too Much or Too Little on:
       - U.S. Willingness to Go More Than Half-Way in Being Friendly
           with the Rest of the World
            56: V66  

       - Does Federal Government Have Too Much/Too Little Control
           Over Local Education  
            68: V456  

       - In General, People Getting Together in Their Own Communities
           Can Solve Their Problems Better Than the Government in
           Washington
            86: V514(B) 

         Behavior - Pres. Candidate: 
       - Make Government More Efficient:  Does R Think Candidate as
           President Would (7-Pt. Agree/Disagree)
        . Carter 
            76: V3238 
        . Ford 
            76: V3231 



                                                                   
         STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT                       IV.B.2.b 
                                                                   

       - How Good a Job Is Being Done for the Country by (9-Point
           Scale): 
        . State Governments  
            74: V2252            76: V3549            80: V763;I442 
            CF: V651
        . Local Governments  
            74: V2253            76: V3550            80: V764;I443 
            CF: V652

       - How Does R Feel About What R's Local Government Is Doing  
            72: V807*  















                                     IV.C

                    Evaluation of Government Responsiveness





         The 'traditional' NES government responsiveness items are repeated in
           Chapter IV, Section E.

         For responsiveness of specific members of Congress, i.e., R's  senator
           or House representative, see Chapter II.  R-initiated contact with
           representative or with senator (to express an opinion, seek
           information or seek help) as well as contact initiated by
           acquaintances of R with representative or with senator (for the same
           reasons) in Chapter II, Sections A.3.g and A.4.f, include questions
           which determine whether R/acquaintance received a response and R's/
           acquaintance's satisfaction with the response.




                                                                   
  Government Attention to Average Citizen                  IV.C.1  
                                                                   

       - Generally Speaking, Those we Elect to Congress Lose Touch
           with the People Pretty Quickly (Agree/Disagree)
            68: V521             70: V148             72: V273,563*
            74: V2226            76: V3819            78: V355 
            80: V1034;I425       CF: V610

       - Generally Speaking, Those we Elect to Local Government Lose
           Touch with the People Pretty Quickly (Agree/Disagree)
            76: V3906 



       - Over the Years, How Much Attention Does the Government Pay to
           What the People Think When it Decides What to Do: A Good
           Deal, Some, or Not Much
            64: V390             68: V490             70: V155*  
            72: V94*,575         74: V2234            76: V3741  
            78: V416             80: V888;I437        82: V527 
            84: V310,1068        88: V960             92: V6125
            CF: V622

       - How Much Attention Do Congressmen Pay to the People Who Elect
           Them when They Decide What to do in Congress:  a Good Deal,
           Some or Not Much
            64: V393             68: V493             70: V158*  
            72: V97*,578         74: V2237            76: V3744  
            78: V419             80: V891;I440        CF: V625

       - Sometimes the Voters Want a Congressperson to Do Something
           s/he Disagrees With.  Should s/he do What the Voters Think
           Best or Should Congressperson Do What S/he Thinks Best
            58: V150             78: V246 

       - How Much Do Political Parties Help Make the Government Pay
           Attention to What the People Think: A Good Deal, Some or
           Not Much
            64: V391             68: V491             70: V156*  
            72: V95*,576         74: V2235            76: V3742  
            78: V417             80: V889;I438        CF: V623

       - How Much Do Elections Make Government Pay Attention to What
           the People Think : a Good Deal, Some or Not Much
            64: V392             66: V177             68: V492  
            70: V157*            72: V96*,577         74: V2236  
            76: V3743            78: V418             80: V890;I439 
            84: V309,1067        88: V959             92: V6124
            CF: V624

       - How Much Does Having Interest Groups Make Government Pay
           Attention to What the People Think: a Good Deal, Some or
           Not Much
            72: V579  

       - Public Officials Don't Care Much What People Like R Think
           (Agree/Disagree)
            52: V118             56: V115             60: V114  
            64: V177             66: V118             68: V141,520  
            70: V147             72: V272,562*        74: V2225  
            76: V3818            78: V354             80: V1033;I424
            82: V532             84: V313,1071        86: V549(A) 
            88: V938[&977,1072]  90: V508             CWP:V508
            92: V6103            CF: V609

       - Do the High-Up People in Government Give Everyone a Fair
           Break or Do Some of Them Pay More Attention to Big Business
            58: V158

       - Does R Think that the Parties Pretty Much Keep Their Campaign
           Promises or do They Usually do What They Want After the
           Election is Over
            68: V494  

       - How Would R Rank the Importance of the Following Activities
           as Part of the Job of U.S. House Representatives: [list shown to R]
        . Helping People in the District who Have Personal Problems
           with the Government
            78: V248    
        . Keeping in Touch with the People About What the Government
           is Doing
            78: V251

       - How Important are These Activities for the U.S. House
           Representative [from 'extremely important' to 'not at all important']
        . Helping People in the District who Have Personal Problems
           with the Government
               PS: V484*

       - How Would R Rank the Importance of the Following Activities
           of the U.S. House Representative:
        . Helping People in the District who Have Personal Problems
           with the Government
              PS: V490-492*
                  
       - How Would R Rank the Importance of the Following Activities
           as Part of the Job of U.S. Senators: [list shown to R]
        . Helping People in the State who Have Personal Problems
           with the Government
            78: V304    
        . Keeping in Touch with the People About What the Government
           is Doing
            78: V307

       - How Important are These Activities for the U.S. House
           Representative [from 'extremely important' to 'not at all important']
        . Helping People in the State who Have Personal Problems
           with the Government
              PS: V481*
       - How Would R Rank the Following Activities of the U.S.
           Senator:
        . Helping People in the State who Have Personal Problems
           with the Government
              PS: V487-489*

       - Government Responsiveness Index, Full [created from the following
           questions:  1) How much attention does the government pay to what
           the people think when it decides what to do;  2) How much do
           political parties help make the government pay attention to what
           the people think;  3) How much do elections make the government
           pay attention to what the people think;  4) How much attention do
           congressmen pay to the people who elect them when they decide what
           to do in Congress]
            CF: V641

       - Government Responsiveness Index, Collapsed
            CF: V644

       - External Political Efficacy Index [created from the following questions:
           1) Public officials don't care much what people like R think;
           2) Those we elect to Congress lose touch with the people pretty
           quickly;  3) Parties are only interested in people's votes but
           not their opinions]
            CF: V637



                                                                   
  Influence/Power of Average Citizen/R                     IV.C.2  
                                                                   

          For protest activities, see Chapter III, Section A.4, for the Issues
           of: Civil Order and Crime, Protest, Civil Disobedience, Unrest.


       - If a Regulation Were Being Considered by R's Local Government
           that R Considered Very Unjust or Harmful, What Could R Do
           About it.  Anything Else.
            66: V184             68: V513  

       - If a Regulation Were Being Considered by R's Local Government
           that R Considered Very Unjust or Harmful and R Made an
           Effort to Change This Regulation, How Likely is it That R
           Would Succeed: Very, Somewhat or Not Very Likely
            66: V185             68: V514  

       - If a Regulation Were Being Considered by R's Local Government
           that R Considered Very Unjust or Harmful, How Likely is it
           That R Would Actually Try to Do Something About it
            66: V186  

       - Has R Ever Done Anything to Try to Influence a Local Decision
           (IF YES) What
            66: V187  

       - If a Regulation Were Being Considered by Congress in
           Washington that R Considered Very Unjust or Harmful, What
           Could R Do About it.  Anything Else.
            66: V188             68: V515  







       - If a Regulation Were Being Considered by Congress in
           Washington that R Considered Very Unjust or Harmful and R
           Made an Effort to Change This Regulation, How Likely is it
           That R Would Succeed: Very, Somewhat or Not Very Likely
            66: V189             68: V516  

       - If a Regulation Were Being Considered by Congress in
           Washington that R Considered Very Unjust or Harmful, How
           Likely is it That R Would Actually Try to Do Something
           About it
            66: V190  

       - Has R Ever Done Anything to Try to Influence an Act of
           Congress. (IF YES) What
            66: V191  

       - If R Had Some Question to Take to a Government Office, How
           Would R be Treated: Given a Harder Time than Other People,
           the Same as Anyone Else, or a Little Better than Most Other
           People
            66: V182  

                --(if R has opinion) Would R be Better Off if R Went to an
                   Elected Official and Had Hime Talk to the People in
                   the Government Office for R, or Wouldn't it Make
                   any Difference or Would R be Worse Off [IF BETTER
                   OFF] How Much Good Would it do: Very Much, Some or
                   Not Much (FOLLOWUP)
                     66: V183  

       - If R Had Some Trouble with the Police, How Would R be
           Treated: Given a Harder Time than Other People, the Same as
           Anyone Else, or a Little Better than Most Other People
            66: V180  

                --(if R has opinion) Would R be Better Off if R Went to an
                   Elected Official and Had Hime Talk to the Police
                   for R, or Wouldn't it Make any Difference or Would
                   R be Worse Off [IF BETTER OFF] How Much Good Would
                   it do: Very Much, Some or Not Much (FOLLOWUP)
                     66: V181  

       - How Much Does R Feel that R and R's Friends are Represented
           in our Political System, 7-Point Scale ('None' to 'a Great
           Deal')
            76: V3354 

       - Sometime Politics and Government Seem So Complicated That a
           Person Like R Can't Really Understand What's Going on
           (Agree/Disagree)
            52: V125             56: V112             60: V111  
            64: V176             66: V117             68: V143,519  
            70: V146             72: V271,561*        74: V2224  
            76: V3817            78: V353             80: V1032;I423
            84: V314;1072        88: V939[&978,1075]  90: V510
            CWP:V510             92: V6104            CF: V614  

       - How Much Political Power Do People Like R Have: A Great Deal,
           Some, Not Very Much, or None
            66: V138  

       - Do People Like R Have Too Little Political Power or Just
           About the Right Amount
            66: V175  

       - Sometimes the Voters Want a Congressperson to Do Something
           s/he Disagrees With.  Should s/he do What the Voters Think
           Best or Should s/he Do What Congressperson Thinks Best
            58: V150             78: V246 

       - The Way People Vote is the Main Thing That Decides How
           Things are Run in this Country (Agree/Disagree)
            52: V119  

       - People Like R Have No Say About What the Local Government
           Does (Agree/Disagree)
            76: V3904 

       - People Like R Have No Say About What the Government Does
           (Agree/Disagree)
            52: V123             56: V108             60: V107  
            64: V174             66: V115             68: V144,517  
            70: V144             72: V269,559*        74: V2222  
            76: V3815            78: V351             80: V1030;I421
            82: V531             84: V312,1070        88: V937[&976,
            90: V509             CWP:V509,2489             1070]
            92: V6102            CF: V613

       - Voting is the Only Way People Like R Can Have Any Say About
           How the Government Runs Things (Agree/Disagree)
            52: V120             56: V109             60: V108  
            64: V175             66: V116             68: V142,518  
            70: V145             72: V270,560*        74: V2223  
            76: V3816            78: V352             80: V1031;I422  
            CF: V612

       - Public Officials Don't Care Much What People Like R Think
           (Agree/Disagree)
            52: V118             56: V115             60: V114  
            64: V177             66: V118             68: V141,520  
            70: V147             72: V272,562*        74: V2225  
            76: V3818            78: V354             80: V1033;I424
            82: V532             84: V313,1071        86: V549(A) 
            88: V938[&977,1072]  90: V508             CWP:V508
            92: V6103            CF: V609

       - Which Statement Does R Feel is Closer to the Way Things
           Really Are:  the Average Citizen Can Have an Influence on
           Government Decisions OR the World Is Run by the Few People
           in Power and There is Not Much the Little Guy Can Do About
           it
            72: V71*  

       - Which Statement Does R Feel is Closer to the Way Things
           Really Are:  With Enough Effort We Can Wipe out Political
           Corruption  OR  it is Difficult for People to Have Much
           Control Over the Things Politicians Do in Office  
            72: V80*  

       - Internal Political Efficacy Index [created from the following
           questions:  1) Voting is the only way that people like R can
           have any say about how the government runs things;  2) People
           like R have no say about the government does;  3) Sometimes
           politics and government seem so complicated that a person
           like R can't really understand what's going on]
            CF: V636

       - Citizen Duty Index [created from the following questions:
           1) So many other people vote in the national elections that
           it doesn't matter much to R whether R votes or not;  2) If
           a person doesn't care about how an election comes out then
           s/he shouldn't vote in it;  3) It isn't so important to vote
           when you know your party doesn't have a chance to win;
           4) A good many local elections are not important enough to
           bother with]
            CF: V638















                                     IV.D

                      Evaluation of the Political Process





          For protest activities, see Chapter III, Section A.4, for Issues of:
              Civil Order and Crime, Protest, Civil Disobedience, Unrest.
          For evaluations of parties in toto see Chapter II, Section B, for  
              Evaluation and Knowledge of Parties.




                                                                   
  General                                                  IV.D.1  
                                                                   

       - To What Extent Would R Say that the Leading Politicians Have
           Had Good Intentions , 7-Point Scale ('None' to 'a Great
           Deal')
            76: V3356 

       - Generally Everyone Is Treated Equally by the Law in this
           Country (Agree/Disagree)
            74: V2228  

       - Sometime Politics and Government Seem So Complicated That a
           Person Like R Can't Really Understand What's Going on
           (Agree/Disagree)
            52: V125             56: V112             60: V111  
            64: V176             66: V117             68: V143,519  
            70: V146             72: V271,561*        74: V2224  
            76: V3817            78: V353             80: V1032;I423
            84: V314;1072        88: V939[&978,1075]  90: V510
            CWP:V510             92: V6104            CF: V614



       - Sometime Local Politics and Government Seem So Complicated
           That a Person Like R Can't Really Understand What's Going
           on (Agree/Disagree)
            76: V3905 

       - How Much Does Having Interest Groups Make Government Pay
           Attention to What the People Think: a Good Deal, Some or
           Not Much
            72: V579  

       - If a Regulation Were Being Considered by R's Local Government
           that R Considered Very Unjust or Harmful and R Made an
           Effort to Change This Regulation, How Likely is it That R
           Would Succeed: Very, Somewhat or Not Very Likely
            66: V185             68: V514  

       - If a Regulation Were Being Considered by Congress in
           Washington that R Considered Very Unjust or Harmful and R
           Made an Effort to Change This Regulation, How Likely is it
           That R Would Succeed: Very, Somewhat or Not Very Likely
            66: V189             68: V516  

       - How Much Does R Feel that R and R's Friends are Represented
           in our Political System, 7-Point Scale ('None' to 'a Great
           Deal')
            76: V3354 

       - People Like R Have No Say About What the Local Government
           Does (Agree/Disagree)
            76: V3904 

       - People Like R Have No Say About What the Government Does
           (Agree/Disagree
            52: V123             56: V108             60: V107  
            64: V174             66: V115             68: V144,517  
            70: V144             72: V269,559*        74: V2222  
            76: V3815            78: V351             80: V1030;I421
            82: V531             84: V312,1070        88: V937[&976,
            90: V509             CWP:V509                  1070]
            92: V6102            CF: V613

       - R Feels That R Has a Pretty Good Understanding of the
           Important Political Issues Facing Our Country (Agree/
           Disagree)
            88: V940[&979,1078]  92: V6105

       - R Considers Self Well Qualified to Participate in Politics
           (Agree/Disagree)
            88: V941[&980,1084]  92: V6106

       - R Feels R Could Do as Good a Job in Public Office as Most
           People (Agree/Disagree)
            88: V942[&981,1092]  92: V6107


       - R Thinks R is Better Informed About Politics and Government
           than Most People (Agree/Disagree)
            88: V943[&982,1095]  92: V6108

       - How R Feels About the Way Our Political Leaders Think and
           Act
            72: V805*  

       - Which Statement Does R Feel is Closer to the Way Things
           Really Are:  the Average Citizen Can Have an Influence on
           Government Decisions OR the World Is Run by the Few People
           in Power and There is Not Much the Little Guy Can Do About
           it
            72: V71*  

       - A Few Strong Leaders Could Make this Country Better Than All
           the Laws and Talk (Agree/Disagree)
            52: V221*  

       - Is the Present Form of American Government Capable of Solving
          the Race Problems in America
            72: V99*,700*

       - Government Officials Usually Pay Less Attention to a Request
           or Complaint from a Black Person than from a White Person 
            86: V567[&573((B) 

       - Does R Favor or Oppose a Law Which Would Limit Members of
           Congress to No More Than 12 Years of Service in Their
           Office
            CWP:V2480            92: V3747

       - Internal Political Efficacy Index [created from the following
           questions:  1) Voting is the only way that people like R can
           have any say about how the government runs things;  2) People
           like R have no say about what the government does;  3) Sometimes
           politics and government seem so complicated that a person like
           R can't really understand what's going on]
            CF: V636

       - External Political Efficacy Index [created from the following
           questions:  1) Public officials don't care much what people
           like R think;  2) Those we elect to Congress lose touch with
           the people pretty quickly;  3) Parties are only interested
           in people's votes but not their opinions]
            CF: V637

       - Citizen Duty Index [created from the following questions:
           1) So many other people vote in the national elections that
           it doesn't matter much to R whether R votes or not;  2) If
           a person doesn't care about how an election comes out then
           s/he shouldn't vote in it;  3) It isn't so important to vote
           when you know your party doesn't have a chance to win;
           4) A good many local elections are not important enough to
           bother with]
            CF: V638








                                                                   
  Parties                                                  IV.D.2  
                                                                   

       - Parties are Only Interested in People's Votes But Not
           Their Opinions (Agree/Disagree)
            68: V523             70: V149             72: V274,564*  
            74: V2227            76: V3820            78: V356 
            80: V1035;I426       CF: V611

       - It Isn't so Important to Vote When You Know Your Party
           Doesn't Have Any Chance to Win
            52: V117             56: V110             60: V109  
            72: V287             76: V3348            78: V422 
            80: V143;I433        CF: V617

       - How Good a Job Is Being Done for the Country as a Whole by:  
           (9-Point Scale)
        . Political Parties 
            80: V768;I447 

       - Over the Years, Should Control of the Government Pass From
           One Party to the Other Every So Often or is it All Right
           for One Party to Have Control for a Long Time
            64: V394  

       - Are Party Conventions a Good Way to Nominate Candidates for
           President or is There a Better Way. Reasons (If Better)
           What Would R Suggest
            52: V93-95  

       - How Much Do Political Parties Help Make the Government Pay
           Attention to What the People Think: A Good Deal, Some or
           Not Much
            64: V391             68: V491             70: V156*  
            72: V95*,576         74: V2235            76: V3742  
            78: V417             80: V889;I438        CF: V623

       - Does R Think that the Parties Pretty Much Keep Their Campaign
           Promises or do They Usually do What They Want After the
           Election is Over
            68: V494  

       - Best to Pick Candidate Regardless of Party Label (Agree/
           Disagree)
            80: V357;I414 

       - Better to be Party Supporter Than Independent (Agree/
           Disagree)
            80: V358;I415 

       - Parties Confuse Issues (Agree/Disagree)
            80: V359;I416 


       - Ballots Better Without Party Labels (Agree/Disagree)
            80: V360;I417 

       - America Doesn't Need Political Parties (Agree/Disagree)
            80: V361;I418 



                                                                   
  Political Campaigns/ Elections                           IV.D.3  
                                                                   

       - Best to Pick Candidate Regardless of Party Label (Agree/
           Disagree)
            80: V357;I414 

       - Ballots Better Without Party Labels (Agree/Disagree)
            80: V360;I417 

       - How Much Do Elections Make Government Pay Attention to What
           the People Think : a Good Deal, Some or Not Much
            64: V392             66: V177             68: V492  
            70: V157*            72: V96*,577         74: V2236  
            76: V3743            78: V418             80: V890;I439 
            84: V309,1067        88: V959             92: V6124
            CF: V624

       - A Good Many Local Elections Not Important Enough to Bother
           With  
            52: V121             56: V114             60: V113  
            72: V290             76: V3351            78: V425 
            80: V146;I436        CF: V618

       - If Person Doesn't Care About How an Election Comes Out then
           S/he Shouldn't Vote in it 
            52: V124             56: V113             60: V112  
            72: V289             76: V3350            78: V424 
            80: V145;I435        84: V311,1069        88: V936[&975,
            92: V6101            CF: V616                 1067]

       - It Isn't so Important to Vote When You Know Your Party
           Doesn't Have Any Chance to Win
            52: V117             56: V110             60: V109  
            72: V287             76: V3348            78: V422 
            80: V143;I433        CF: V617

       - Does R Think that the Parties Pretty Much Keep Their Campaign
           Promises or do They Usually do What They Want After the
           Election is Over
            68: V494  

       - So Many Other People Vote in the National Elections that it
           Doesn't Matter Much to R Whether R Votes or Not
            52: V122             56: V111             60: V110  
            72: V288             76: V3349            78: V423 
            80: V144;I434        CF: V615

       - The Way People Vote is the Main Thing That Decides How
           Things are Run in this Country (Agree/Disagree)
            52: V119  

       - Voting is the Only Way People Like R Can Have Any Say About
           How the Government Runs Things (Agree/Disagree)
            52: V120             56: V109             60: V108  
            64: V175             66: V116             68: V142,518  
            70: V145             72: V270,560*        74: V2223  
            76: V3816            78: V352             80: V1031;I422  
            CF: V612

      - Which of the Following Qualities Make a 'True American:'
       . Voting in Elections
            CWP:V2601










                                     IV.E

                      Traditional Mass Support Components





         All items appearing in section IV.E. also appear elsewhere in Chapter
           IV, however these items are not organized elsewhere according to the
           5 'traditional' NES mass support categories, which correspond to the
           topics of 5 derived mass support measures appearing in the American
           National Election Studies Data Sourcebook [Chapter 4] and in the
           National Election Studies Cumulative Data File, 1952-1988 [v635,636,
           637,638,641; in addition, v643 collapses v635, and v644 collapses
           v641].

         The IV.E.1-IV.E.5. components are the ingredients and results of these
           5 Sourcebook and Cumulative File derived measures for:  citizen duty,
           external political efficacy, internal political efficacy, government
           responsiveness, and trust in government.





                                                                   
  Citizen Duty Component                                   IV.E.1  
                                                                   

       - So Many Other People Vote in the National Elections that it
           Doesn't Matter Much to R Whether R Votes or Not
            52: V122             56: V111             60: V110  
            72: V288             76: V3349            78: V423 
            80: V144;I434        CF: V615

       - If Person Doesn't Care About How an Election Comes Out then
           S/he Shouldn't Vote in it 
            52: V124             56: V113             60: V112  
            72: V289             76: V3350            78: V424 
            80: V145;I435        84: V311,1069        88: V936[&975,
            92: V6101            CF: V616                 1067]


       - It Isn't so Important to Vote When You Know Your Party
           Doesn't Have Any Chance to Win
            52: V117             56: V110             60: V109  
            72: V287             76: V3348            78: V422 
            80: V143;I433        CF: V617

       - A Good Many Local Elections Not Important Enough to Bother
           With  
            52: V121             56: V114             60: V113  
            72: V290             76: V3351            78: V425 
            80: V146;I436        CF: V618

       - Citizen Duty Index [created from the following questions:
           1) So many other people vote in the national elections that
           it doesn't matter much to R whether R votes or not;  2) If a
           person doesn't care about how an election comes out then s/he
           shouldn't vote in it;  3) It isn't so important to vote when
           you know your party doesn't have a chance to win;  4) A good
           many local elections are not important enough to bother with]
            CF: V638



                                                                   
  External Political Efficacy Component                    IV.E.2  
                                                                   

       - Public Officials Don't Care Much What People Like R Think
           (Agree/Disagree)
            52: V118             56: V115             60: V114  
            64: V177             66: V118             68: V141,520  
            70: V147             72: V272,562*        74: V2225  
            76: V3818            78: V354             80: V1033;I424
            82: V532             84: V313,1071        86: V549(A) 
            88: V938[&977,1072]  90: V508             CWP:V508
            92: V6103            CF: V609

       - Generally Speaking, Those we Elect to Congress Lose Touch
           with the People Pretty Quickly (Agree/Disagree)
            68: V521             70: V148             72: V273,563*
            74: V2226            76: V3819            78: V355 
            80: V1034;I425       CF: V610

       - Parties are Only Interested in People's Votes But Not
           Their Opinions (Agree/Disagree)
            68: V523             70: V149             72: V274,564*  
            74: V2227            76: V3820            78: V356 
            80: V1035;I426       CF: V611

       - External Political Efficacy Index [created from the following
           questions:  1) Public officials don't care much what people
           like R think;  2) Those we elect to Congress lose touch with
           the people pretty quickly;  3) Parties are only interested in
           people's votes but not their opinions]
            CF: V637






                                                                   
  Government Responsiveness Component                      IV.E.3  
                                                                   

       - Over the Years, How Much Attention Does the Government Pay to
           What the People Think When it Decides What to Do: A Good
           Deal, Some, or Not Much
            64: V390             68: V490             70: V155*  
            72: V94*,575         74: V2234            76: V3741  
            78: V416             80: V888;I437        82: V527 
            84: V310,1068        88: V960             92: V6125
            CF: V622

       - How Much Do Political Parties Help Make the Government Pay
           Attention to What the People Think: A Good Deal, Some or
           Not Much
            64: V391             68: V491             70: V156*  
            72: V95*,576         74: V2235            76: V3742  
            78: V417             80: V889;I438        CF: V623

       - How Much Do Elections Make Government Pay Attention to What
           the People Think : a Good Deal, Some or Not Much
            64: V392             66: V177             68: V492  
            70: V157*            72: V96*,577         74: V2236  
            76: V3743            78: V418             80: V890;I439 
            84: V309,1067        88: V959             92: V6124
            CF: V624

       - How Much Attention Do Congressmen Pay to the People Who Elect
           Them when They Decide What to do in Congress:  a Good Deal,
           Some or Not Much
            64: V393             68: V493             70: V158*  
            72: V97*,578         74: V2237            76: V3744  
            78: V419             80: V891;I440        CF: V625

       - Government Responsiveness Index, Full [created from the following
           questions:  1) How much attention does the government pay to what
           the people think when it decides what to do;  2) How much do
           political parties help make the government pay attention to what
           the people think;  3) How much do elections make the government
           pay attention to what the people think;  4) How much attention do
           congressmen pay to the people who elect them when they decide what
           to do in Congress]
            CF: V641

       - Government Responsiveness Index, Collapsed
            CF: V644


                                                                   
  Internal Political Efficacy Component                    IV.E.4  
                                                                   

       - Voting is the Only Way People Like R Can Have Any Say About
           How the Government Runs Things (Agree/Disagree)
            52: V120             56: V109             60: V108  
            64: V175             66: V116             68: V142,518  
            70: V145             72: V270,560*        74: V2223  
            76: V3816            78: V352             80: V1031;I422  
            CF: V612

       - People Like R Have No Say About What the Government Does
           (Agree/Disagree)
            52: V123             56: V108             60: V107  
            64: V174             66: V115             68: V144,517  
            70: V144             72: V269,559*        74: V2222  
            76: V3815            78: V351             80: V1030;I421
            82: V531             84: V312,1070        88: V937[&976,
            90: V509             CWP:V509,2489             1070]
            92: V6102            CF: V613

       - Sometime Politics and Government Seem So Complicated That a
           Person Like R Can't Really Understand What's Going on
           (Agree/Disagree)
            52: V125             56: V112             60: V111  
            64: V176             66: V117             68: V143,519  
            70: V146             72: V271,561*        74: V2224  
            76: V3817            78: V353             80: V1032;I423
            84: V314;1072        88: V939[&978,1075]  90: V510
            CWP:V510             92: V6104            CF: V614

       - R Feels That R Has a Pretty Good Understanding of the
           Important Political Issues Facing Our Country (Agree/
           Disagree)
            88: V940[&979,1078]  92: V6105

       - R Considers Self Well Qualified to Participate in Politics
           (Agree/Disagree)
            88: V941[&980,1084]  92: V6106

       - R Feels R Could Do as Good a Job in Public Office as Most
           People (Agree/Disagree)
            88: V942[&981,1092]  92: V6107

       - R Thinks R is Better Informed About Politics and Government
           than Most People (Agree/Disagree)
            88: V943[&982,1095]  92: V6108

       - Internal Political Efficacy Index [created from the following
           questions:  1) Voting is the only way that people like R can
           have any say about how the government runs things;  2) People
           like R have no say about what the government does;  3) Sometimes
           politics and government seem so complicated that a person like
           R can't really understand what's going on]
            CF: V636


                                                                   
  Trust in Government Component                            IV.E.5  
                                                                   

       - How Much of the Time Can the Government in Washington Be
           Trusted to Do What Is Right: Just About Always, Most of the
           Time or Only Some of the Time
            58: V157             64: V403             66: V173  
            68: V504             70: V151             72: V90*,571  
            74: V2230            76: V3163            78: V347 
            80: V402;I429        82: V529             84: V1064 
            86: V548(A)          88: V955             90: V504
            CWP:V504,2487        92: V6120            CF: V604 

       - Is the Government Run by a Few Big Interests Looking Out for
           Themselves or is it Run for the Benefit of All the People
            58: V158             64: V405             66: V176  
            68: V505             70: V152             72: V91*,572  
            74: V2231            76: V3164            78: V348 
            80: V403;I430        82: V530             84: V1065  
            88: V957             90: V506             CWP:V506,2488
            92: V6122            CF: V605

       - Do the People in Government Waste a Lot of the Money We Pay
           in Taxes or Waste Some of it or Don't Waste Very Much of it
            58: V156             64: V402             68: V503  
            70: V150             72: V89*,570         74: V2229  
            76: V3162            78: V346             80: V401;I428
            82: V528             84: V1063            88: V956
            90: V505             CWP:V505             92: V6121
            CF: V606

       - Are Almost All of the People Running the Government Smart
           People (1958-1972: Who Usually Know What They are Doing) or
           Don't Quite a Few of Them Seem to Know What They are Doing
            58: V159             64: V404             68: V506  
            70: V153             72: V92*,573         74: V2232  
            76: V3165            78: V349             80: V404;I431
            CF: V607

       - Are Quite a Few People Running the Government (1958-1972: a
           Little) Crooked or are Not Very Many or Hardly Any Crooked
           (1958-1972: at All)
            58: V155             64: V401             68: V507  
            70: V154             72: V93*,574         74: V2233  
            76: V3166            78: V350             80: V405;I432
            84: V1066            88: V958             90: V507
            CWP:V507             92: V6123            CF: V608







       - Trust in Government Index, 6-Point Scale [CREATED FROM THE FOLLOWING
           QUESTIONS:  1) HOW MUCH OF THE TIME CAN THE GOVERNMENT IN WASHINGTON
           BE TRUSTED TO DO WHAT'S RIGHT;  2) IS THE GOVERNMENT RUN BY A FEW
           BIG INTERESTS LOOKING OUT FOR THEMSELVES OR FOR ALL THE PEOPLE;
           3) DO THE PEOPLE IN GOVERNMENT WASTE A LOT/SOME/NOT MUCH TAX
           DOLLARS;  4) ARE PEOPLE RUNNING THE GOVERNMENT SMART OR DON'T QUITE
           A FEW KNOW WHAT THEY ARE DOING;  5) ARE QUITE A FEW/NOT VERY
           MANY/HARDLY ANY PEOPLE RUNNING THE GOVERNMENT CROOKED.]
            CF: V635

       - Trust in Government Index, Collapsed 6-Point Scale
            CF: V643

       - New Trust in Government Index, 5-Point Scale [CREATED FROM QUESTIONS
           1), 2), 3) AND 5) LISTED ABOVE IN THE 6-POINT TRUST IN GOVERNMENT
           INDEX]
            CF: V646

       - New Trust in Government Index, Collapsed 5-Point Scale
            CF: V647